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Sloan U.S. Army General Hospital Records 1857-1866
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Biography

Historical Note

In the fall of 1863, a site in Montpelier was chosen to erect Vermont's third Civil War hospital. Named after U.S. Army Surgeon William J. Sloan, it had a capacity of 500 in its 25 wards. It operated for 16 months (June 1864-Oct. 1865) and treated approximately 1,670 soldiers. Surgeon Henry Janes, U.S.V. became commander on October 12, 1864, relieving Asst. Surgeon George P. Jaquette. Janes joined the 3rd Vermont in 1861 as the regimental surgeon, and later was given a commission as surgeon of US Volunteers. Following the battle of Gettysburg, Janes was given charge of all the military hospitals in the Gettysburg region - being in charge of some 20,000 wounded soldiers. He then returned to Vermont to take charge of Sloan Hospital.

The hospital was of the pavilion style, in favor with the Surgeon General's office. It's buildings radiated from an octagonal central space, around the whole of which was a covered platform or pathway connecting the whole. The buildings were of wood, lathed and plastered, clap-boarded, shingled and double floored. By December, 1864, there would be 421 patients in this hospital.