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John F. Fulton Papers 1929-1953
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Collection Scope and Content Note

Reports, meeting minutes, photographs, and speeches collected by John F. Fulton document military and aviation physiological studies solely related the Yale Aeromedical Research Unit (1940-1951) and from Fulton's membership on the National Research Council's (NRC) Division of Medical Sciences from 1942 to 1945. The NRC, established in 1916, provided independent advice, often to the U.S. Government, on scientific and medical problems. These papers mostly represent data collected from various official sources which formed part of the NRC's research on questions of physiological concern to ground troops and aviators during World War II. Post-war reports and data were obtained in support of the Yale Aeromedical Research Unit's continued studies. Nothing in the collection was created by Dr. Fulton himself.

Series 1, Reports (1935-1953), the largest segment of the collection, is arranged first by country and then by the name of the originating organization. Studies by U.S. Army, Navy, and Air Force on health and survival aspects of military aviation are complemented by reports generated at the National Research Council. Great Britain represents the largest foreign source, with information from the military and government. Air Ministry Flying Personnel Research Committee (FPRC) reports address aviation issues, while Ministry of Home Security's Research and Experiments Department reports such as research committee (R.C.) reports, research experiment notes (R.E.N.), and casualty surveys study the injuring capabilities of different types of explosives. Smaller report groups come from Canada and Australia.

Series 2, Meeting Minutes (1937-1952), originate from the same organizations represented in Series 1 and provide accompanying administrative perspective to those reports. They are arranged first by country and then by organization. Topical conferences and committee meetings conducted by the National Research Council make up the bulk of the American portion, followed by Great Britain's Air Ministry and Medical Research Council. The majority of the meetings were aviation oriented.

Series 3, Speeches (1940-1950), comprises a few addresses on physiology and aviation medicine.

Series 4, Printed Material (1929-1949) provides product manuals, articles, and pamphlets. Most of them are concerned with aviators' oxygen supply and other flight-related health issues.

Series 5, Correspondence and Photographs (1941-1952), holds one folder of letters which accompanied the transmission of the reports and minutes, while the other presents a series of images of staff and equipment at the Yale Aeronautical Research Unit.

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