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George Miller Sternberg Papers 1861-1917
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Biography

Biographical Note

Born at Hartwick Seminary, Otsego County, New York, on June 8, 1838, George Miller Sternberg received a medical degree from Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1860. He was appointed Assistant Surgeon, United States Army, on May 28, 1861; Captain, May 28, 1866; Major (Surgeon), December 1, 1873; Lieutenant Colonel (Surgeon), January 12, 1891, Brigadier General, Surgeon General, May 30, 1893; and retired from the Army on June 8, 1902.

During the Civil War, he began his service with the Army of the Potomac, later transferring to the Department of the Gulf. At the end of the war, he was in command of the US General Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio. He served throughout the Cholera and Yellow Fever epidemics along with Walter Reed in the United States and was a member of the Yellow Fever Commission, and the National Board of Health. He was widely credited with the development of ambulance services for wounded soldiers in the Civil War. Sternberg also oversaw the establishment of the Army Medical School (1893; now the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research) and of the U.S. Army Nurse Corps (1901). Later he became interested in collecting fossils from the Dakota Sandstone (early Cretaceous) Formation while stationed in Kansas.

He died on November 3, 1915 and was buried in Section 2 of Arlington National Cemetery.