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Adrian Kantrowitz Papers 1944-2004
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Collection Scope and Content Note


Grant material, experiment data, patient medical records, correspondence, publications, conference material, publicity clippings, and audio-visual media (64 linear feet; 1944-2004) document Adrian Kantrowitz's professional career as a cardiovascular surgeon and investigator. Languages include French, Spanish, German, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Russian, Jewish, Slovak, and Serbo-Croatian.

Kantrowitz devoted his research to devising surgical procedures and mechanical assist devices to correct numerous physiological ailments, with a particular focus on aiding or replacing the failing heart. Six research project series (Series 2-7) document the surgical research conducted and mechanical devices developed by Kantrowitz and his colleagues at the Maimonides Hospital in Brooklyn and the Sinai Hospital of Detroit. They contain raw data and patient files from animal and human experiments, along with administrative records, correspondence, publications, and other material related to the development and promotion of their research. Records cover the following projects: Artificial Left Heart, Electronic Physiologic Aids, Mechanical Auxiliary Ventricle, Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump, Heart Transplant, and Other Research Projects. The largest group of records is devoted to Kantrowitz's attempts at heart transplantation, with special attention given to the first human heart transplant performed on an infant in 1967. Information on the ongoing progress of Kantrowitz's research projects can also be found in the reports and invention statements in Series 1: Grants and Funding, which documents the grants and foundations that financed his research.

Many of the films that made Kantrowitz a pioneer in research motion pictures are located in Series 9: Clinical Films. Included are recordings of the experimental dog and human surgeries that furthered his experience in areas such as cardiovascular surgery, electronic physiologic aids, and heart transplants.

Copies of reprints, reports, and other published works from throughout his career are in Series 10: Writings. These articles highlight the ongoing development of Kantrowitz's mechanical devices as well as his circulatory, bladder stimulation, and surgical research. Articles covering Kantrowitz, his colleagues, his competitors, and the medical world at large are located in Series 8: Publicity.

Kantrowitz's professional activities are documented in Series 11: Presentations and Talks; Series 12: Conferences, Meetings, and Events; and Series 13: ASAIO. Series 11 focuses on speeches presented by Kantrowitz and others in his field. Series 12 covers a wide range of regional, national, and international events devoted to topics from cardiovascular and thoracic surgery to medical and biomedical engineering. Series 13 provides information on Kantrowitz's activities as a member of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs (ASAIO)

Show all series level scope and content notes