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National Intitutes of Health
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Howard B. Calderwood World Health Organization Development Collection 1945-1977 (bulk 1945-1963)
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Historical Note

The World Health Organization (WHO) was established in 1948 in response to the health effects and technical advances during World War II. It absorbed its prececessor, the Health Organization of the League of Nations. WHO exists within general framework of the United Nations, designed as a "single specialized agency with a high degree of independence." (from "Development and constitution of the W.H.O." Chronicle of the World Health Organization, vol. 1, no. 1, 1947). Howard Calderwood was a member of the U.S. delegation to the WHO's formation.