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National Coordination Office for High Performance Computing and Communications Archives 1936-2017 (bulk 1980-2017)
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Access and Use

Provenance:

Transfer and gifts, Sally Howe (NLM/NCOHPCC), James R. Fischer (NASA), Susan Fratkin (CASC), 5/12/2017, Accession #2017-012.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions on access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Federal High Performance Computing Program (U.S.). National Coordination Office for High Performance Computing and Communications Archives. 1936-2017 (bulk 1980-2017). Located in: Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 621.

Acronyms

  • ACCA: American Clinical and Climatological Association
  • ACM: Association for Computing Machinery
  • ACTS: Advanced Communications Technology Satellite
  • AHCPR: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (HHS)
  • AHPCRC: Army HPC Research Center (DoD)
  • AHRQ: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (HHS, successor to AHCPR)
  • AIMBE: American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering
  • ALA: American Library Association
  • AMIA: American Medical Informatics Association
  • ANL: Argonne National Laboratory (DOE)
  • ARC: Ames Research Center (NASA)
  • ARL: Association of Research Libraries
  • ARPA: Advanced Research Projects Agency (sometimes DARPA)
  • ASC MSRC: Aeronautical Systems Center, Major Shared Resource Center (DoD)
  • ATP: Advanced Technology Program (NIST)
  • BAA: Broad Agency Announcement
  • CACM: Communications of the ACM
  • CAEL: Council for Adult and Experiential Learning
  • CAS: Computational Aerosciences (NASA program)
  • CASC: Coalition for Academic Supercomputing Centers (now the Coalition for Academic Scientific Computation)
  • CAT: Committee on Applications and Technology (IITF and NIITF)
  • CAVE: cave automatic virtual environment
  • CCIC: Committee on Computing, Information, and Communications (a successor to HPCCIT Subcommittee)
  • CCSF: Caltech Concurrent Supercomputing Facilities
  • CDC: Center for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS)
  • CDER: Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (FDA)
  • CESDIS: Center of Excellence in Space Data and Information Sciences (NASA)
  • CIC: Committee on Information and Communications (a successor to HPCCIT Subcommittee)
  • CISE: Computer and Information Science and Engineering (NSF Directorate)
  • CMU: Carnegie Mellon University
  • CNI: Coalition for Networked Information
  • CNRI: Corporation for National Research Initiatives
  • CoSEPuP: Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (NAS/NAE/IOM)
  • CPMES: Committee on Physical, Mathematical and Engineering Sciences (FCCSET)
  • CRA: Computing Research Association
  • CRPC: Center for Research on Parallel Computation (Rice U.)
  • CRS: Congressional Research Service
  • CSC and CSCC: Concurrent Supercomputing Consortium (Caltech)
  • CSPP: Computer Systems Policy Project
  • CSTB: Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (NRC)
  • CTC: Cornell Theory Center (now the Cornell University Center for Advanced Computing (CAC)
  • DARPA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (sometimes ARPA) (DoD)
  • DCRT: Division of Computer Research and Technology (NIH)
  • DDR&E: Director of Defense Research and Engineering (DoD)
  • DOC: Department of Commerce
  • DoD: Department of Defense
  • DOE: Department of Energy
  • DOT: Department of Transportation
  • ED: Department of Education
  • EFDPMA: Education Foundation of the Data Processing and Management Association
  • EIA: Electronic Industries Association
  • EOP: Executive Office of the President
  • EOSDIS: Earth Observing System Data and Information System (NASA)
  • EPA: Environmental Protection Agency
  • ESMF: Earth System Modeling Framework
  • ESnet: Energy Sciences Network (DOE)
  • ESS: Earth and Space Science (NASA program)
  • ESTO: Earth Science Technology Office (NASA)
  • FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions
  • FARNET: Federation of American Research Networks
  • FCCSET: Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology (OSTP)
  • FDA: Food and Drug Administration (HHS)
  • FLICC: Federal Library and Information Center Committee (LC)
  • FNC: Federal Networking Council
  • FNCAC: FNC Advisory Committee
  • FNLM: Friends of NLM
  • FY: Fiscal Year
  • GII: Global Information Infrastructure
  • GPO: Government Printing (later Publishing) Office
  • GSA: General Services Administration
  • GSFC: Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA)
  • HCMDSS: High Confidence Medical Device Software and Systems
  • HEC: High End Computing
  • HHS: Department of Health and Human Services
  • HIMSS: Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society
  • HITIDE: Health IT Innovation and Development Environment (HITRD)
  • HITRD: Health IT R&D (NITRD)
  • HPC: High Performance Computing
  • HPCC: High Performance Computing and Communications
  • HPCCIT: High Performance Computing, Communications, and Information Technology
  • HPCI: High Performance Computing Initiative
  • HPCMO: High Performance Computing Modernization Office (DoD)
  • HPCMP: High Performance Computing Modernization Program (DoD)
  • HRSA: Health Resources and Services Administration (HHS)
  • IDC: International Data Corporation
  • IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  • IHS: Indian Health Service (HHS)
  • II: Information Infrastructure
  • IIREN: Interagency Interim NREN
  • IITA: Information Infrastructure and Technology Act
  • IITA: Information Infrastructure Technology and Applications
  • IITF: Information Infrastructure Task Force
  • IMIA: International Medical Informatics Association
  • IOM: Institute of Medicine (NA)
  • ISI: Information Sciences Institute (USC)
  • ISO: Information Systems Office (DARPA)
  • IT**2: Information Technology for the 21st Century
  • ITAA: Information Technology Association of America
  • ITO: Information Technology Office (DARPA)
  • ITRD: Information Technology Research and Development
  • IWG: Interagency Working Group
  • JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association
  • JAMIA: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association
  • JNNIE: Joint NSF-NASA Initiative in Evaluation
  • JPL: Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA)
  • KDI: Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence (NSF program)
  • LANL: Los Alamos National Laboratory (DOE)
  • LBNL: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (DOE)
  • LC: Library of Congress
  • LLNL: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (DOE)
  • LSN: Large Scale Networking (HPCC)
  • MAGIC: Multidimensional Applications and Gigabit Internetwork Consortium (ARPA)
  • MCTC: Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation
  • MEDLARS: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System (NLM)
  • MITI: Ministry of International Trade and Industry (Japan)
  • MLA: Medical Library Association
  • MPP: massively parallel processing
  • NA: National Academies
  • NACUBO: National Association of College and University Business Officers
  • NAE: National Academy of Engineering (NA)
  • NAP: National Academy Press, later National Academies Press (NA)
  • NAP: Network Access Point (NSF)
  • NARA: National Archives and Records Administration
  • NAS: National Academy of Sciences (NA)
  • NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • NASULGC: National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges
  • NCAR: National Center for Atmospheric Research (sponsored by NSF)
  • NCBI: National Center for Biotechnology Information (NLM)
  • NCO: National Coordination Office
  • NCSA: National Center for Supercomputing Applications (also National Computational Science Alliance)
  • NEC: National Economic Council (White House)
  • NEH: National Endowment for the Humanities
  • NERSC: National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (LBNL)
  • NGI: Next Generation Internet
  • NHII: National Health Information Infrastructure
  • NHSE: National HPCC Software Exchange
  • NIH: National Institutes of Health (HHS)
  • NII: National Information Infrastructure
  • NIIAC: National Information Infrastructure Advisory Council
  • NIIT: NII Testbed
  • NIITF: NII Task Force
  • NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology (DOC)
  • NITRD: Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (current successor to HPCC)
  • NLM: National Library of Medicine (NIH)
  • NNSA: National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE)
  • NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (DOC)
  • NPACI: National Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructure
  • NRC: National Research Council (NAS)
  • NREN: National Research and Education Network
  • NREN: NASA Research and Education Network
  • NSA: National Security Agency (DoD)
  • NSB: National Science Board (for NSF)
  • NSF: National Science Foundation
  • NSFNET: NSF network
  • NSTC: National Science and Technology Council (OSTP)
  • NTIA: National Telecommunications and Information Administration (DOC)
  • NTIS: National Technical Information Service (DOC)
  • NTTF: Networking and Telecommunications Task Force (EDUCOM)
  • NYT: New York Times
  • OASC: Office of Advanced Scientific Computing (NSF)
  • OCLC: Online Computer Library Center, Inc.
  • OER: Office of Energy Research (DOE)
  • OMB: Office of Management and Budget (EOP)
  • OSTP: Office of Science and Technology Policy (EOP)
  • OTA: Office of Technology Assessment (U.S. Congress, 1972-1995)
  • PAC-HPCCITNGI: became the PITAC
  • PCAST: President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (administered by OSTP)
  • Petaflops: 10**15 floating point operations per second (flops)
  • PHS: Public Health Service (HHS)
  • PITAC: President's IT Advisory Committee (administered by OSTP, 1997-2005)
  • PL: Public Law
  • PNL: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (DOE)
  • PSC: Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
  • RE&E: Remote Exploration and Experimentation (NASA program)
  • RFC: Request for Comment
  • RSNA: Radiological Society of North America
  • S&ECWG: Scientific and Engineering Computing Working Group (HPCC)
  • SBES: Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences (NSF Directorate)
  • SC: Supercomputing, a conference
  • SCD: Scientific Computing Division (NCAR)
  • SciDAC: Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (DOE program)
  • SDSC: San Diego Supercomputer Center
  • SIAM: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
  • STI: Scientific and Technical Information
  • SURA: Southeastern Universities Research Association
  • TA: Technology Administration (DOC)
  • UCAID: University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development
  • UCAR: University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
  • UCSD: University of California at San Diego
  • UIUC: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
  • USC: University of Southern California
  • USDA: U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • USRA: University Space Research Association
  • USUHS: Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
  • UVA: University of Virginia
  • VA: Department of Veterans Affairs
  • vBNS: very high speed Backbone Network System (NSF)
  • VR: virtual reality
  • W. Post: Washington Post
  • WAIS: Wide Area Information Server
  • WEFA: Wharton Econometric Forecasting Associates
  • WSJ: Wall Street Journal
  • WTEC: World Technology Evaluation Center, Inc.
  • XIWT: Cross-Industry Working Team (CNRI)