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Bernard Glueck Papers 1903-1972
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Biography

Biographical Note

Bernard Glueck, Sr. was born in Bendzin, Poland to Charles and Hannah Gluckstein. His birthdate is uncertain, being cited in different official documents and autobiographical notes as October 3, October 16, and December 10, 1883 or December 10, 1884. Bernard immigrated to the United States in 1900 and from 1904 through 1908 studied medicine at Milwaukee Medical College and Marquette University. In 1909 he earned his M.D. from Georgetown University.

Glueck began practicing psychiatry with the U.S. Public Health Service at St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington, D.C. in 1909. He remained there, excepting the year 1913 when he served as mental examiner of immigrants at Ellis Island, until 1916. On July 1, 1916 Dr. Glueck established the first psychiatric clinic at New York's Sing Sing Prison. For the next several years he studied the mental problems and tendencies of criminals and prison inmates. A brother, Sheldon Glueck, with his wife Eleanor became a renowned team of criminologists and social workers at Harvard beginning in the mid-1920s.

After a year in the U.S. Army Medical Corps, Glueck taught for several years at the New York School for Social Work and New York Postgraduate School and Hospital where he concentrated on childhood development as it related to crime. He started a private practice in 1924. His reputation in criminal psychology led to his defense testimony in the Leopold and Loeb case in 1924.

Between 1925-1926 he studied psychoanalysis in Germany and England with Karl Abraham and Edward Glover. Upon his return he re-entered private practice and in 1928 established the Stony Lodge private mental hospital in Ossining, New York. Initially concerned only with psychoanalysis, the hospital eventually embraced other psychiatric treatments such as insulin shock therapy for schizophrenia. Dr. Glueck remained at Stony Lodge until his retirement in 1947.

For the remainder of his working life he devoted himself to psychiatric teaching and training at New York Medical College (1945-53), the Postgraduate Center for Psychotherapy, Inc. (1952-53), Veterans Administration staff training (1953-56) and at the University of North Carolina (1956-c.1964). He died on October 5, 1972 at Butner, North Carolina.