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Adolf Nichtenhauser History of Motion Pictures in Medicine Collection circa 1950
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Access and Use

Provenance:

Gift, Malcolm S. Ferguson (Naval Health Sciences Education and Training Command), 12/8/1981, Accession #328.

Gift, Robert T. Joy (USUHS), 3/8/1991, Accession #665.

Custodial History:

In 1954 MOMA offered to the National Library of Medicine Dr. Nichtenhauser's research papers, files, and correspondence. Some time after 1979 MOMA transferred to the Naval Health Sciences Education and Training Command Nichtenhauser's typescript history and accompanying photographs and negatives. The typescript was given to NLM in 1981, while the photographs and a photostat of the typescript were transferred to Robert J.T. Joy, M.D. of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. In 1991 Joy gave to the library the photographs and negatives, completing once more the original Nichtenhauser collection.

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Copyright status is unknown. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Nichtenhauser, Adolf. Adolf Nichtenhauser History of Motion Pictures in Medicine Collection. circa 1950. Located In: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 380.

List of Text Illustrations

  • Vol. 1 pp. 1-10
  • Fig. 1 - thaumatrope (Napoleon on horseback)
  • Fig. 2 - phenakistiscope (woman behind instrument)
  • Fig. 3 - missing
  • Fig. 4 - missing
  • Fig. 5 - missing
  • Fig. 6 - Muybridge experiment at Palo Alto
  • Fig. 7 - Muybridge, "The Horse in Motion" (6 frames)
  • Fig. 8 - electrical diagram of Muybridge experiment
  • Vol. 1 pp. 11-24
  • Fig. 9 - "Animal Locomotion" (33 images, person is supported)
  • Fig. 10 - "Animal Locomotion" (40 images)
  • Fig. 11 - "Animal Locomotion" (woman jumping rope)
  • Fig. 12 - "Animal Locomotion" (galloping elk, side and back views)
  • Unnumbered figure - Etienne-Jules Marey (short white beard & glasses)
  • Fig. 13 - missing
  • Fig. 14 - missing
  • Fig. 15 - horse's hoof with recording device
  • Fig. 16 - person on horse with recording device (drawing)
  • Fig. 17 [80] - photographic gun and its interior
  • Fig. 18 - circle seagulls against black background
  • Fig. 19 [38] - diagram of Marey's 1st camera
  • Fig. 20 - hand moving chronometer dial (successive exposures)
  • Fig. 21 [14] - three chronophotographic cameras and bird (ill.)
  • Fig. 22 - man in black, white line down arm & leg (ill.)
  • Fig. 23a - "geometrical chronophotograph of a running man"
  • Fig. 23b - "geometrical chronophotograph" of a downward jump
  • Fig. 24 - 2 series of seagulls w/1 shutter (black)
  • Fig. 25 [18] - flight of bird --disassociation of images
  • Fig. 26 - lines on black ("course lente")
  • Fig. 27 - chronophotograph of falling ball, man next to it
  • Fig. 28 - chronophotograph of experimental glider (white background)
  • Fig. 29 - Chronograph apparatus for movements in liquids (man near)
  • Fig. 30 - chronophotograph of short choppy waves (F in left corner)
  • Fig. 31 - Chronograph 4 images of man, incl hurdle and sword thrust
  • Fig. 32 - chronophotograph of flight of birds (bottom one landing), 3 images
  • Fig. 33 - 3rd model of chronoph--ill.
  • Fig. 34 [15] - film chamber (box)--ill.
  • Fig. 35 [16] - movement of film chamber ("Fixateur'C'.....")
  • Fig. 36 - modified version of chronophotograph camera (cutaway)
  • Fig. 37 [45] - attachment of microscopic chronophotography
  • Fig. 38 [20] - walking horse (read top to bottom)
  • Fig. 39 - man swinging stick and man rowing (8 images)
  • Fig. 40 - Demeny's Photophone
  • Vol. 1 pp. 25-50
  • Fig. 41 - turtle's heart beating, artificial circulation
  • Fig. 42 - filming marine animals in Marey's lab (ill.)
  • Fig. 43 - undulation of skate
  • Fig. 44 - starfish turning over
  • Fig. 45 - chronophotograph cam for filming insects (ill; black background)
  • Fig. 46 - chronophotograph of flying bee
  • Fig. 47 - microscopic images (newt and alga)
  • Fig. 48 - 3D zootrope of flying gull (ill)
  • Fig. 49 - 1st Xray picture of knee (Macintyre)
  • Fig. 50 - missing
  • Fig. 51 - Doyen leg amputation
  • Fig. 52 - operation of acute osteomyelitis
  • Fig. 53 - Doyen thyroidectomy
  • Fig. 54 - Doyen nephrectomy
  • Fig. 55 - diagram of Bull's ultralight camera
  • Fig. 56 - photograph of Bull's ultralight camera
  • Vol. 1 pp. 51-70
  • Fig. 57 - bullet thru soap bubble (18 images)
  • Fig. 58 - flight of dragonfly (18 images)
  • unnumbered figure - Jean Comandon--white beard (from Leclerc film)
  • Fig. 59 - Commandon's micro cinematograph installation (photo)
  • Fig. 60 - Comandon "Sang d'Ovipares" (blood of frog)
  • Fig. 61 - Comandon ameoboid movement of leukocyte
  • Fig. 62 - Comandon "Hemokonia"
  • Fig. 63 - Comandon "Trypanosoma Brucei"
  • Fig. 64 - Comandon spirochetes from rabbit
  • Fig. 65 - Comandon "Eberth's Bacillus" (with small white cross)
  • Fig. 65a - text of Comandon study guide for film--"Fievre Recurrente"
  • Fig. 66 - Comandon and Lomon arrangement for X-ray motion picture
  • Fig. 67 - fragments from X-ray movie (4 rows, hand on left)
  • Vol. 1 pp. 71-106
  • Fig. 68 - backward somersault (looks like fall)
  • Fig. 69 - missing
  • Fig. 70 - Comandon "Paramecium"
  • Fig. 71 - Comandon and Jelly, mitosis of red blood corpuscles of triton
  • Fig. 72 - flies on meat from anti-fly film
  • Vol. 2 pp. 107-130
  • None
  • Vol. 2 pp. 131-169
  • unnumbered figure - William Otway Owen (glasses at desk)
  • unnumbered figure - Robert Tunstell Taylor (stern army uniform)
  • Vol. 2 pp. 170-189
  • Fig. 73 - filming an operation at Walter Reed (hernia)---Borden
  • Fig. 74 - 3 closeups of same
  • Vol. 2 pp. 190-205
  • Figs. 75-79 - missing
  • Fig. 80 - 4 images from VD film (teeth on bottom)
  • Fig. 81 - "The End of the Road"--Mary refuses suitor
  • Fig. 82 - same---2 images, one of Claire Adams and one of Richard Bennett
  • Fig. 83 - same--"Can't we be married soon?..."
  • Fig. 84 - Vera taken to syphilis hospital
  • Fig. 85 - "A questionable address..."
  • Fig. 86 - motto on screen: "2 roads there are in life..."
  • Fig. 87 - camera trick of Vera daydreaming
  • Vol. 2 pp. 206-225
  • none
  • Vol. 3 pp. 1-34 (typescript II)
  • Fig. 88 - von Rothe's surgical camera (2 ills)
  • Vol. 3 pp. 35-70
  • none
  • Vol. 3 pp. 71-99
  • Fig. 89 - "How We Hear" (2 ills)
  • Fig. 90 - "Action of the Human Heart" (3 ills)
  • Fig. 91 - "Action of the Human Heart" (1 ill, circulatory system)
  • Fig. 92 - "How We Breath"
  • Fig. 93 - "Our Children" (4 images, 1 of black family)
  • Fig. 94 - "Our Children" (father in waiting room full of mothers)
  • Fig. 95 - "Our Children" (3 images, 1 of baby tooth)
  • Fig. 96 - "Our Children" (toothbrush drill)
  • Fig. 97 - "Food for reflection" (2 images, one of family at breakfast
  • Fig. 98 - "Food for Reflection" (hot lunch demonstration)
  • Fig. 99 - "Venereal Diseases Lecture Film" (2 ills, stricture in urethra)
  • Fig. 100 - same; formation and rupture of pus in fallopian tube
  • Fig. 101 - same; animation of fertilization (4 images)
  • Fig. 102 - same; placental circulation (ill)
  • Vol. 3 pp. 100-129
  • none
  • Vol. 3 pp. 130-159
  • Fig. 103 - inability of baby to support head
  • Fig. 104 - 4 images; operation to remove aneurism of tibial artery
  • Fig. 105 - Borden setup for filming of operations (nurse on ladder)
  • Fig. 106 - "Hirschsprung;s disease" (stitching intestine)
  • Fig. 107 - sketch of hetroperitoneal cyst (2 ills)
  • Vol. 3 pp. 160-182
  • none
  • Vol. 4 pp. 1-39 (Typescript III)
  • none
  • Vol. 4 pp. 40-74
  • Fig. 108-119 - missing
  • Fig. 120 - "Posture" (5 images)
  • Fig. 121 - "Sun Babies" (healthy vs. rachitic; 3 images)
  • Fig. 122 - "The Best-Fed Baby" (2 images--promoting breastfeeding)
  • Fig. 123 - same; 3 ills; how air trapped in baby's stomach can escape
  • Vol. 4 pp. 75-84
  • Unnumbered photos belong to Bethesda Naval Center and have their own BuMed.
  • unnumbered figs - 2 photos stapled to p. 83 (suppl. 11) sow petri dishes and woman in lab mixing something in bowl
  • unnumbered fig. - photo stapled to p. 83 (supp. 14) labeled "Back to the Heart"
  • unnumbered fig. - photo stapled to p. 83 (suppl. 15) of heart with pulmonary artery labeled
  • unnumbered fig. - photo stapled to p. 83 (suppl. 20) showing wounded arm and where to apply pressure
  • unnumbered fig. - photo stapled to p. 83 (suppl. 23) showing frowning man with black strip over temple
  • Fig. 124 - "Human Development" (2 images of dividing ovum to baby)
  • Fig. 125 - "Human Development" (3 images, embryo and fetuses)
  • Fig. 126 - "Human Development" (glass cabinet with embryo models)
  • Vol. 4 pp. 85-114
  • Fig. 127 - "The Digestive Tract" (2 images)
  • Vol. 4 pp. 115-139
  • Fig. 128-129 - missing
  • Fig. 130 - "The Diagnosis and Treatment of Infections of the Hand" (3 images)
  • Fig. 131 - same (2 images), woman with hat
  • Fig. 132 - "Direct Inguinal Hernia" (2 images, 1 labeled "Deep Epigastric Vessels")
  • Fig. 133 - "Tests of Vestibular Function" (2 diagrams with eyes)
  • Fig. 134 - same; patient performing test
  • Fig. 135 - "Cardiac Irregularities" (photo of heart still in body)
  • Fig. 136 - same; 2 images of exposed dog heart
  • Vol. 4 pp. 140-160
  • Fig. 139 - "Laparotrachelotomy" (DeLee lecturing on C-section)
  • Fig. 140 - same; operation seen from a distance
  • Fig. 141 - same; closeups of baby emerging
  • Fig. 142 - same; suturing uterus (2 diagrams, 1 photo)
  • Fig. 143 - same; arrangement of camera and lights
  • Vol. 4 pp.161-185
  • Fig. 144 - "Physiology and Conduct of Normal Labor"--"Internal Anterior Rotation" of baby's head
  • Fig. 145 - same; title ("Watchfulness" and Expectancy")
  • Fig. 146 - same; "What is in the Fundus?"
  • Fig. 147 - "Episiotomy and Repair" (hands molding clay model of pelvis; 3 images)
  • Vol. 4 [mislabeled Vol. 3] pp. 186-224
  • None
  • Vol. 4 remainder
  • None
  • Vol. 5
  • None
  • Vol. 6
  • unnumbered figs - 2 loose photographs inserted before 85: "Schema des divers organes de l'appareil cinemicrographique"; "Camera Set-up for Cinebiology"
  • unnumbered fig. - loose photos inserted before 87: "Details de la microfage" (picture of camera)
  • Vol. 6 remainder
  • References to figures in text exist, but no numbers used, i.e., "Fig...."