Skip Navigation Bar
National Intitutes of Health
This finding aids platform will be replaced in Fall 2022. Please explore the new platform Beta soft release by visiting

Otto Loewi Laboratory Notebooks and Correspondence 1944-1960
full text File Size: 9 K bytes | Add this to my bookbag


Biographical Note

In 1936 Otto Loewi and Sir Henry Hallet Dale were awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine for their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses. Only two years later he was imprisoned in a Nazi concentration camp. Forced to hand over his share of the Nobel Prize money as ransom for his life, Loewi escaped to England without a penny to his name. In June 1940, armed with a doctor's certificate proclaiming his - "senility... not able to earn a living!" Loewi reached the United States to discover the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory in Massachusetts. During the summers he augmented his study of cells, their structure and how they function in relation to each other. As a permanent research professor at New York University College of Medicine, Loewi illustrated how a great mind honed on the classics could perceive scientific truths that might otherwise have been overlooked.