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National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Human Radiation Studies Task Force Records 1944-1995
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Biography

Historical Note

In response to revelations about unethical human radiation studies carried out on American citizens by government health agencies and ensuing public indignation, President Clinton established the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (ACHRE) by executive order on January 15, 1994. The committee's purpose was to provide advice and recommendations on the ethical and scientific standards applicable to human radiation experiments carried out or sponsored by the U.S. government. The Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments reported to the Human Radiation Interagency Working Group, the members of which include the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the Attorney General, the administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the director of Central Intelligence, and the director of the Office of Management and Budget. Later that same month, Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala instructed all divisions of DHHS to identify records related to experimental human exposure to ionizing radiation conducted between 1944 and 1974. NIH formed the Human Radiation Studies Task Force to research and contribute data related to NIH-supported intramural and extramural human studies research to the ACHRE. The NIH task force was led by Gary B.Ellis, Director, Office for Protection from Research Risks. The committee's final report was released in October, 1995.