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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Charles F. Whitten Papers, 1938-2003

History of Medicine Division
Processed by Jim Labosier
Processing Completed Nov. 2012
Encoded by Jim Labosier


Summary Information
Title: Charles F. Whitten Papers
Creator: Whitten, Charles F.
Dates: 1938-2003
Extent: 1.25 linear feet (4 boxes)
Abstract:
Dr. Whitten's primary research centered on sickle cell anemia. He published several studies and worked to expand awareness and promote education about the disease. Dr. Whitten was instrumental in the foundation, in 1971, of the National Association for Sickle Cell Disease as well as the opening of the Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center at Wayne State University. Predominantly research articles by Dr. Whitten and some biographical information.

Call number: MS C 593
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions on access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Whitten, Charles F. Charles F. Whitten Papers. 1938-2003. Located in: Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 593.

Provenance:

Gift, Eloise Culmer Whitten, July 27, 2012. Acc. 2012-018.


whitten593Finding Aid to the Charles F. Whitten Papers, 1938-2003History of Medicine Division. Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection1.0History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine.
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Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Jim LabosierFinding aid is written in English

National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Charles F. Whitten Papers, 1938-2003

History of Medicine Division
Processed by Jim Labosier
Processing Completed Nov. 2012
Encoded by Jim Labosier

Descriptive Summary

Whitten, Charles F.Charles F. Whitten Papers Dates: 1938-20031.25 linear feet (4 boxes)MS C 593 Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine Collection materials primarily in EnglishAbstract:Dr. Whitten's primary research centered on sickle cell anemia. He published several studies and worked to expand awareness and promote education about the disease. Dr. Whitten was instrumental in the foundation, in 1971, of the National Association for Sickle Cell Disease as well as the opening of the Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center at Wayne State University. Predominantly research articles by Dr. Whitten and some biographical information.Provenance:

Gift, Eloise Culmer Whitten, July 27, 2012. Acc. 2012-018.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions on access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Whitten, Charles F. Charles F. Whitten Papers. 1938-2003. Located in: Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 593.

Biographical Note

Charles F. Whitten was born on February 2, 1922 in Wilmington, Delaware. He left his home town after high school to attend the University of Pennsylvania, where he graduated with a degree in zoology in 1942. He received his medical training at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, graduating in 1945. Dr. Whitten practiced general medicine in Lackawanna, New York for several years before choosing to specialize in pediatric hematology. After receiving advanced training at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School and the Children's Hospital at Buffalo, New York, he moved to Detroit in 1957 where he undertook the dual roles of professor at Wayne State School of Medicine and pediatrician at Detroit Receiving Hospital.

Dr. Whitten's contributions to medical education at Wayne State include the founding of the African Medical Education Fund in 1960, which provided financial assistance for African American Medical students who agreed to serve a specified post-graduate period practicing in Africa, and a post baccalaureate program that enabled non-accepted black applicants an opportunity to enter medical school. His distinguished work at the Detroit Receiving Hospital earned him the position of chief of pediatrics, a first for a black physician in Detroit. Throughout his career, Dr. Whitten's primary research centered on sickle cell anemia. He published several studies and worked to expand awareness and promote education about the disease. Dr. Whitten was instrumental in the foundation, in 1971, of the National Association for Sickle Cell Disease as well as the opening of the Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center at Wayne State the same year. He remained professionally active well into his seventh decade. Charles Whitten died August 14, 2008 at the age of 86.


The collection consists primarily of articles (1960-2003) written or co-authored by Dr. Whitten. Smaller portions provide examples of sickle cell education literature and forms of illustration. Scrapbooks, awards, diplomas and a transcript of a 1998 oral history provide some biographical information. A few folders document his academic philosophy and activities at Wayne State University School of Medicine.

Index Terms

These terms are indexed in the National Library of Medicine's online catalog LocatorPlus. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog using these terms.

    MESH Subjects

    • Anemia, Sickle Cell
    • Hematologic Diseases
    Corporate Names

    • Wayne State University. College of Medicine

    Series Descriptions

    Series 1: Biographical Information, 1938-200311 Dr. Charles F. Whitten [photographs], undated12 Resume, undated13 Howard High School - Charles F. Whitten's diploma, 1938map drawer 171 Howard High School - class of 1938 portrait, 193814 University of Pennsylvania - commencement program, 194215 Notification of Dr. Whitten's National Board of Medical Examiners test results, 1946map drawer 171 City of New York Department of Hospitals - internship diploma, 194616 Correspondence, 1946-199917 Clippings, 1956-200118 Sickle Cell Center - scrapbook, 1969-198719 Notes of congratulations on being selected a Science Trailblazer, 1986-1989map drawer 171 Charles F. Whitten, a Michigan science trailblazer - award, 1986110 2nd annual Michigan Science Trailblazers Recognition Dinner - program, 1987111 A tribute to Charles F. Whitten, M.D., 1993112 Lula Belle Stewart Center's 12th annual awards dinner - program, 2000113 Pathfinders in Medicine Awards - program, 2000114 Michiganians of the Year 25th annual awards - program, 2003115 Retirement scrapbook, 199221 Retirement scrapbook (cont'd.), 199222 Haiti, 1996-199923 Kellogg project - interview, 199824 Exact typewritten copy of a handwritten document found in a trunk on the Mary Carr Greer farmhouse, Charlottesvile, Va., 1976, undated Series 2: Academic Activities, 1977-1979; 1993-200025 My version of draft report on minority medical education at Wayne State University, 197726 Preliminary draft on educational philosophy, 197927 Post bach., 199928 Wayne State University - annual reports, 1993, 2000 Series 3: Sickle Cell Education, 1985-2002; n.d.29 National Association for Sickle Cell Disease / Sickle Cell Disease Association of America - information pamphlets, undated210 Sickle cell information pamplhets and flyers, undated211 Dice for demonstrating sickle cell tendencies, undated212 The management of sickle cell disease - NIH, 20024 Sickle cell - home study kit for families, 1985 Series 4: Writings by Dr. Whitten, 1960-2001; n.d.31 "Sickle cell basics for physicians", undated32 "Highlights of the sickle cell story", undated33 "A brief historical overview of sickle cell research that has been beneficial" - with Wanta Whitten-Shurney, undated34 "Emotional deprivation and growth failure", undated35 "A format for sickle cell trait counseling", undated36 "Neglect - then abuse: will this be the fate of sickle cell disease?", undated37 "A histologic appraisal of the kidney in sickle cell anemia" - with Jay Bernstein, 196038 "An evaluation of early esophagoscopy and corticosteroid therapy in the management of corrosive injury of the esophagus" - with Viscomi and Beekhuis, 196139 "Growth status of children with sickle cell anemia", 1961310 "Managing salicylate poisoning in children" - with Kesaree and Goodwin (1961), undated311 "Accidental iron poisoning in children" (1963), undated312 "Aneurysmal malformation of the great vein of Galen causing heart failure in early infancy, report of five cases" - with Gomez, Nolke, Bernstein, and Meyer, 1963313 "Studies in acute iron poisoning. I. Desferrioxamine in the treatment of acute iron poisoning: clinical observations, experimental studies, and theoretical considerations" - with Gibson, Good, Goodwin, and Brough, 1965314 "A histologic appraisal of the kidney in sickle cell anemia" draft - with Jay Bernstein, 1965315 "Studies in acute iron poisoning. II. Further observations on desferrioxamine in the treatment of acute experimental iron poisoning" - with Chen and Gibson, 1966316 "Intermittent sterior therapy in nephrosis - effect on nitrogen and calcium balances" - with Johnston, Manson, Meyer, and Guillemette, 1966317 "The defect in renal acidification in vitamin D deficiency rickets", 1966318 "Innocuous nature of the sickling (pseudosickling) phenomenon in deer", 1967319 "Effect of dietary protein on the renal concentrating process in sickle cell anemia", 1968320 "A psychiatric study of mothers of infants with growth failure secondary tomaternal deprivations" - with Fischhoff and Pettit, 1971321 "Psychiatric study of mothers of infants with the deprivation syndrome" - with Fischhoff and Pettit, 1971322 "Essential fatty acid deficiency in infants induced by fat-free intravenous feeding" - with Paulsrud, Pensler, Stewart, and Holman, 1972323 "Nitrogen metabolism in GH deficient children receiving oxandrolone and HGH" - with Zafar and Hills, 1973324 "Nitrogen metabolism in growth hormone-deficient children receiving oxandrolone and human growth hormone" - with Zafar, Mellinger, Wolf, Morrow, DeJongh, and Hills, 1974325 "A format for sickle cell trait counseling", 1975326 "The rheology of sickle blood cells" - with Chen and Weng, 1976327 "Failure to thrive - can treatment be effectively investigated?", 1976328 "SCA: tell the facts, quell the fables" - with Desforges, Milner, and Wethers, 1978329 "A primer on sickle cell conditions in children for physicians", 1978330 "Psychosocial problems in families of children with sickle cell anemia" - with Nishiura, 1980331 "Screening for psychosocial problems in health settings" - with Nishiura and Jenkins, 1980332 "Sickle cell trait counseling - evaluation fo counselors and counselees" - with Thomas and Nishiurs, 1981333 "Sickle cell anemia (public policyissues)" - with Eleanor Nishiura, 1985334 "Postbaccalaureate program at Wayne State University School of Medicine: a 30-year report", 1999335 "Sickle cell" - with Wanda Whitten-Shurney, 2001

    Collection Scope and Content Note

    The collection consists primarily of articles (1960-2003) written or co-authored by Dr. Whitten. Smaller portions provide examples of sickle cell education literature and forms of illustration. Scrapbooks, awards, diplomas and a transcript of a 1998 oral history provide some biographical information. A few folders document his academic philosophy and activities at Wayne State University School of Medicine.

    Contents List
    Box | Folder Title
     
    Series 1: Biographical Information, 1938-2003 [series]:
    1 1
    Dr. Charles F. Whitten [photographs], undated
    1 2
    Resume, undated
    1 3
    Howard High School - Charles F. Whitten's diploma, 1938
    map drawer 17 1
    Howard High School - class of 1938 portrait, 1938
    1 4
    University of Pennsylvania - commencement program, 1942
    1 5
    Notification of Dr. Whitten's National Board of Medical Examiners test results, 1946
    map drawer 17 1
    City of New York Department of Hospitals - internship diploma, 1946
    1 6
    Correspondence, 1946-1999
    1 7
    Clippings, 1956-2001
    1 8
    Sickle Cell Center - scrapbook, 1969-1987
    1 9
    Notes of congratulations on being selected a Science Trailblazer, 1986-1989
    map drawer 17 1
    Charles F. Whitten, a Michigan science trailblazer - award, 1986
    1 10
    2nd annual Michigan Science Trailblazers Recognition Dinner - program, 1987
    1 11
    A tribute to Charles F. Whitten, M.D., 1993
    1 12
    Lula Belle Stewart Center's 12th annual awards dinner - program, 2000
    1 13
    Pathfinders in Medicine Awards - program, 2000
    1 14
    Michiganians of the Year 25th annual awards - program, 2003
    1 15
    Retirement scrapbook, 1992
    2 1
    Retirement scrapbook (cont'd.), 1992
    2 2
    Haiti, 1996-1999
    2 3
    Kellogg project - interview, 1998
    2 4
    Exact typewritten copy of a handwritten document found in a trunk on the Mary Carr Greer farmhouse, Charlottesvile, Va., 1976, undated
     
    Series 2: Academic Activities, 1977-1979; 1993-2000 [series]:
    2 5
    My version of draft report on minority medical education at Wayne State University, 1977
    2 6
    Preliminary draft on educational philosophy, 1979
    2 7
    Post bach., 1999
    2 8
    Wayne State University - annual reports, 1993, 2000
     
    Series 3: Sickle Cell Education, 1985-2002; n.d. [series]:
    2 9
    National Association for Sickle Cell Disease / Sickle Cell Disease Association of America - information pamphlets, undated
    2 10
    Sickle cell information pamplhets and flyers, undated
    2 11
    Dice for demonstrating sickle cell tendencies, undated
    2 12
    The management of sickle cell disease - NIH, 2002
    4
    Sickle cell - home study kit for families, 1985
     
    Series 4: Writings by Dr. Whitten, 1960-2001; n.d. [series]:
    3 1
    "Sickle cell basics for physicians", undated
    3 2
    "Highlights of the sickle cell story", undated
    3 3
    "A brief historical overview of sickle cell research that has been beneficial" - with Wanta Whitten-Shurney, undated
    3 4
    "Emotional deprivation and growth failure", undated
    3 5
    "A format for sickle cell trait counseling", undated
    3 6
    "Neglect - then abuse: will this be the fate of sickle cell disease?", undated
    3 7
    "A histologic appraisal of the kidney in sickle cell anemia" - with Jay Bernstein, 1960
    3 8
    "An evaluation of early esophagoscopy and corticosteroid therapy in the management of corrosive injury of the esophagus" - with Viscomi and Beekhuis, 1961
    3 9
    "Growth status of children with sickle cell anemia", 1961
    3 10
    "Managing salicylate poisoning in children" - with Kesaree and Goodwin (1961), undated
    3 11
    "Accidental iron poisoning in children" (1963), undated
    3 12
    "Aneurysmal malformation of the great vein of Galen causing heart failure in early infancy, report of five cases" - with Gomez, Nolke, Bernstein, and Meyer, 1963
    3 13
    "Studies in acute iron poisoning. I. Desferrioxamine in the treatment of acute iron poisoning: clinical observations, experimental studies, and theoretical considerations" - with Gibson, Good, Goodwin, and Brough, 1965
    3 14
    "A histologic appraisal of the kidney in sickle cell anemia" draft - with Jay Bernstein, 1965
    3 15
    "Studies in acute iron poisoning. II. Further observations on desferrioxamine in the treatment of acute experimental iron poisoning" - with Chen and Gibson, 1966
    3 16
    "Intermittent sterior therapy in nephrosis - effect on nitrogen and calcium balances" - with Johnston, Manson, Meyer, and Guillemette, 1966
    3 17
    "The defect in renal acidification in vitamin D deficiency rickets", 1966
    3 18
    "Innocuous nature of the sickling (pseudosickling) phenomenon in deer", 1967
    3 19
    "Effect of dietary protein on the renal concentrating process in sickle cell anemia", 1968
    3 20
    "A psychiatric study of mothers of infants with growth failure secondary tomaternal deprivations" - with Fischhoff and Pettit, 1971
    3 21
    "Psychiatric study of mothers of infants with the deprivation syndrome" - with Fischhoff and Pettit, 1971
    3 22
    "Essential fatty acid deficiency in infants induced by fat-free intravenous feeding" - with Paulsrud, Pensler, Stewart, and Holman, 1972
    3 23
    "Nitrogen metabolism in GH deficient children receiving oxandrolone and HGH" - with Zafar and Hills, 1973
    3 24
    "Nitrogen metabolism in growth hormone-deficient children receiving oxandrolone and human growth hormone" - with Zafar, Mellinger, Wolf, Morrow, DeJongh, and Hills, 1974
    3 25
    "A format for sickle cell trait counseling", 1975
    3 26
    "The rheology of sickle blood cells" - with Chen and Weng, 1976
    3 27
    "Failure to thrive - can treatment be effectively investigated?", 1976
    3 28
    "SCA: tell the facts, quell the fables" - with Desforges, Milner, and Wethers, 1978
    3 29
    "A primer on sickle cell conditions in children for physicians", 1978
    3 30
    "Psychosocial problems in families of children with sickle cell anemia" - with Nishiura, 1980
    3 31
    "Screening for psychosocial problems in health settings" - with Nishiura and Jenkins, 1980
    3 32
    "Sickle cell trait counseling - evaluation fo counselors and counselees" - with Thomas and Nishiurs, 1981
    3 33
    "Sickle cell anemia (public policyissues)" - with Eleanor Nishiura, 1985
    3 34
    "Postbaccalaureate program at Wayne State University School of Medicine: a 30-year report", 1999
    3 35
    "Sickle cell" - with Wanda Whitten-Shurney, 2001