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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Richard M. Taylor Papers, 1930-1981

History of Medicine Division
Processed by John P. Rees
Processing Completed June 2018
Encoded by John P. Rees


Summary Information
Title: Richard M. Taylor Papers
Creator: Taylor, Richard M. (Richard Moreland), 1887-1981
Dates: 1930-1981
Extent: 1.88 linear feet (3 boxes)
Abstract:
Taylor was a microbiologist, public health official and Director of the Rockefeller Foundation International Health Division. His specialty was arboviruses. In 1951 he helped establish a program at the U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit (NAMRU-3) in Egypt to study mosquito- and tick-borne viruses and their transmission cycles. Collaborating closely with Telford Work and others, their work helped eradicate yellow fever and identified the West Nile virus.

Call number: MS C 629
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions on access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Taylor, Richard M. Richard M. Taylor Papers. 1930-1981. Located in: Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 629.

Provenance:

Gift, Alexandra Subramanian, March 2018, Accession #2018-005.


taylor629Finding Aid to the Richard M. Taylor Papers, 1930-1981History of Medicine Division. Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection1.0History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine.
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Machine-readable finding aid encoded by John P. ReesFinding aid is written in English

National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Richard M. Taylor Papers, 1930-1981

History of Medicine Division
Processed by John P. Rees
Processing Completed June 2018
Encoded by John P. Rees

Descriptive Summary

Taylor, Richard M. (Richard Moreland), 1887-1981Richard M. Taylor Papers Dates: 1930-19811.88 linear feet (3 boxes)MS C 629History of Medicine Division. National Library of MedicineCollection materials primarily in EnglishAbstract:Taylor was a microbiologist, public health official and Director of the Rockefeller Foundation International Health Division. His specialty was arboviruses. In 1951 he helped establish a program at the U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit (NAMRU-3) in Egypt to study mosquito- and tick-borne viruses and their transmission cycles. Collaborating closely with Telford Work and others, their work helped eradicate yellow fever and identified the West Nile virus.Provenance:

Gift, Alexandra Subramanian, March 2018, Accession #2018-005.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions on access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Taylor, Richard M. Richard M. Taylor Papers. 1930-1981. Located in: Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 629.

Biographical Note

Richard Moreland Taylor was a microbiologist, public health official and Director of the Rockefeller Foundation International Health Division. His specialty was arboviruses. In 1951 he helped establish a program at the U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit (NAMRU-3) in Egypt to study mosquito- and tick-borne viruses and their transmission cycles. Collaborating closely with Telford Work who led the NAMRU-3 lab, their work helped eradicate yellow fever and identified the West Nile Virus.

Taylor was born Oct. 30, 1887 in Owensboro, Ky. and was relative of President Zachary Taylor. Taylor briefly studied civil engineering at the University of Kentucky before matriculating to the University of Michigan in 1905 where he recevied his medical degree in 1910. From 1910-1917 he was an instructor in bacteriology at New York University Medical School (1910-1911) and New York Postgraduate Medical School (1911-1917). He also received a doctorate of public health from John's Hopkins in 1926 while working for the Rockefeller Foundation. Taylor served in the U.S. Army Medical Corps between 1917-1919 rising to the rank of Major. He was awarded the Legion of Honor during World War I for his service in France.

Taylor was medical director of the Red Cross's Typhus Commission work in Poland from 1920-1922. In 1923 he joined the Rockefeller Fundation's International Health Division as a field staffer serving in its Paris, Budapest, Buenos Aires, and Rio de Janeiro stations until 1945. Taylor then become Director of the Division's laboratory in New York from 1945-1952. When he reached the Rockefeller Foundation's mandatory retirement age in 1952, he continued to work as a consultant to the Navy and Rockefeller Foundation's mosquito- and tick-borne virus research programs at NAMRU-3. In 1956 Taylor left NAMRU-3 to join the Yale University Medical School's Arbovirus Research Unit and was lecturer in the school's Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology section until 1960. In 1960 while still at Yale, under the auspices of the Committee on International Exchange of Persons, Conference Board of Associated Research Councils' Subcommittee on Information Exchange Taylor started the Arbovirus Information Exchange along with Telford Work. The Exchange was a newsletter cataloging arthropod-borne diseases submitted by scientists from around the world. It became the international the standard for information exchange in this research community. He also chaired the World Health Organization's study group on arthropod-borne disease meeting in 1960.

Later in 1960, Taylor and his wife Mary Stevic Taylor (herself an accomplished Stanford University graduate and personal secretary to Lou Hoover, wife of President Herbert Hoover) moved to her native northern California where he joined the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health as a lecturere in epidemiology until 1970. In 1966 the Society of Tropical Medicine created the Richard Moreland Taylor Award for Achievement in Arbovirology and was its first recipient.

Taylor and Work became close personal friends during their time in Egypt and remained close family friends throughout the remainder of their careers. Richard Taylor died April 15, 1981 in California.


Diaries, field reports, correspondence, reprints, travel photographs, and 35mm slides partially document the international public health career of Richard Moreland Taylor and his arbovirus research.

The richest content consists of official laboratory and field reports in Series 2 that Taylor compiled for the Rockefeller Foundation International Health Division. Diaries from 1942-1943 cover his work in Brazil at the Servico de Estudos e Pesquisas sobre a Febre Amarela (SEPFA; Yellow Fever Research Service) which was jointly operated by Brazil's Ministry of Education and Health and IHD where he worked to bolster Brazil's rural public health infrastructure and control the incidence of yellow fever. Diaries from 1945-1950 cover his work as director of the IHD laboratories in New York and managing the virus research programs there, especially Coxsackievirus and yellow fever. They include his work to establish a virus laboratory and epidemiological service in Iceland to counter poliomyelitis in 1949. Diaries are missing for 1950-1952 and by 1953 Taylor was in Cairo, Egypt where NAMRU-3 is already established; there are no diaries covering the establishment of NAMRU-3 although there is a short description of its foundations in the 1956 diary. His diaries from 1953-1954 cover the bi-weekly activities of the lab. Also notable is his trip to southern Sudan between Feb.-March, 1954 to investigate yellow fever in collaboration with the Stack Laboratory. Telford Work's films "Yellow Fever in the Sudan" and "Reconnaissance for yellow fever in the Nuba Mountains, southern Sudan, 1954" were also produced as part of the work. Diaries from 1956 diary document Taylor's return to the United States and New Haven, Ct., and consulting project travels to India, Thailand, China, Kula Lumpur, Philippines, Japan, and California. 1958 diaries cover a yellow fever epidemic in Trinidad. The 1959-1960 diary covers Taylor's work in various eastern U.S. states and especially Florida. Taylor returned to Brazil in a 1963 diary. Series 3 contains many photographs and 35mm slides taken during all of Taylor's travels.

Series 1 contains a limited amount of personal and biographical information.

Series 4 contains a large selection of Taylor's reprints although it is not comprehensive.

Index Terms

These terms are indexed in the National Library of Medicine's online catalog LocatorPlus. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog using these terms.

    MESH Subjects

    • Arboviruses
    • Encephalitis, Tick-Borne
    • Virology
    • West Nile virus
    • Tropical Medicine
    • Yellow Fever
    Personal Names

    • Work, Telford H., 1921-1995
    Corporate Names

    • Rockefeller Foundation. International Health Division
    • United States. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3
    Geographic Names

    • Brazil
    • Egypt
    • Florida
    • Sudan

    Series Descriptions

    Series 1: Personal and Biographical, 1934-198111 Biographical sketch, obituaries, tributes, 1970; 1980-198112 Passports, id cards, 1934-197513 90th birthday, 197714 "Dad, what do you do?" [personal reflection] 15 Letters to children, 1952-195416 PHS Panel for Arthropod-borne Viruses certificate, 196517 Personal/professional correspondence, 1962-196318 Personal/professional correspondence, 1964-196519 Personal/professional correspondence, 1966-1968110 Personal/professional correspondence (left on his desk before he left for hospital July 4), 1979111 Hacket, Lewis correspondence, 1958-1960112 Work, Clem, personal correspondence, 1978113 Work, Telford, personal correspondence, 1977-1981114 AMA/AAMC Direcotry of Medical School Personnel questionnaire, 1959115 ASTM Richard M. Taylor award presentation, Nov. 1966 Personal pocket diary/calendar books 1161961117196811819691191970120197112119721221974-1975 Series 2: Photographs and Slides, 1930-1969123 Brazil [?], 1950s?124 Egypt [?], 1950s?125 Sudan [?], 1950s?126 Unidentified fieldwork photograph with male and an instrument, 1950s?127 R.M. Taylor, 1960s?128 Florida, professional, 1959129 United States, landscape slides, 1930s; 1950s130 Trinidad, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Bolivia, 1940s-1950s131 Sudan, Uganda, 1950s?132 Holy Lands (Lebanon + Jordan), Iceland, Italy, France, Arabian peninsula, Bagdad + Iraq, 1950s?133 Sudan 7, 1954134 Sudan 8 southern Sudan, 1954 Series 3: Rockefeller Foundation International Health Division, 1942-1960 Field diaries 1351942136-371943138194513919461401947-1948141194814219491431949 [1950?]1441950-1951145195314619541471956148 NAMRU-3 reports to Telford Work, 1955 Other work diaries 14919581501959-19601511963152 Notes on various short trips, 1956-196021 Work of the Rockefeller Foundation International health Division [speech], undated22 RMT personnel and retirement correspondence, 1952-1960 Series 4: Reprints, 1932-196623 Index to reprints 24 Recherches epidemioliques en cours sur la fievre ondulant wen France, 193225 Classification by the bacteriostatic action of dyes and H2S prodution (Huddleson) of Brucella strains isolated in France, 193226 Recherche sur la l'identification des Brucella isolees en France, 193227 Le fievre ondulant en France d'apres les investigations du "Centre de Recherches sur la Fievre Ondulante" de Montpellier, 193428 An experiment in immunization against influenza with formaldehyde-inactivated virus, 194029 Antigenic behavior of certain Hungarian strains of epidemic influenza virus, 1940210 Detection of human influenza virus in throat washings by immunity response in Syrian hamster, 1940211 Serial passage of the human influenza virus in the European hamste, 1940212 Reactivation of neutralized Influenza A virus by dilution, 1941213 Experimental infection with Influenza A virus in mice, 1941214 Passive immunization against experimental infection of mice with Influenza A virus, 1941215 Certain broad epidemiological aspects of influenza, 1941216 Influenza virus studies during the 1939 epidemic in central Europe, 1941217 Le seccion virus del Instituto Bacteriologica "Dr. Carlos G. Malbran" estudios sobre influenza, 1942218 Bovine plasma albumin in buffered saline solution as a diluent for viruses, 1949219 Studies of survival of influenza virus between epidemics and antigenic variants of the virus, 1949220 The effect of influenza virus infection upon the dispersion of P32 in embryonate eggs, 1949221 Studies of certain viruses isolated in the tropics of Africa and South America: their growth and behavior in the embryonated hen egg, 1952222 I. The presnce of Coxiella burnetii (Q Fever) in Egypt; II. Q Fever in Egypt as revealed by the complement fixation test on human sera, 1952223 The prgram of the Department of Virology of the Naval American Medical Research Unit (NAMRU-3) Cairo, Egypt, 1953224 The isolation of coxsackie-like virus from human blood (preliminary report), 1953225 The isolation of coxsackie and unidentified virus from human blood and mosquitoes, 1953226 Isolation of West Nile Virus from Culex mosquitoes, 1953227 Isolation of West Nile Virus from Hooded Crow and Rock Pigeon in the Nile Delta, 1953228 Report of clinical case of West Nile Virus infection probably acquired in the laboratory, 1954229 Sindbis Virus: a newly recognized arthropod-transmitted virus, 1955230 Indigenous wild birds of the Nile Delta as potential West Nile Virus circulating reservoirs, 1955231 A regional reconnaissance of yellow fever in the Sudan, 1955232 A study of the ecology of West Nile Virus in Egypt, 1956233 A note on typhus in Egypt and Sudan, 1957234 Phlebotomus (Sandfly) fever in the Middle East, 1958235 Study of hibernating mosquitoes in eastern equine encephalomyelitis epidemic areas in Connecticut, 1958236 Studies on the ecology of arthropod-borne (arbor) viruses, 195931 Serological (complement-fixation) surveys for Q Fever in Egypt and Sudan, with special reference to its epidemiology in areas of high endemicity, 195932 Propogation of certain arthropod-borne viruses in avian and primate cells, 196033 Comparative sensitivity of viruses to treatment with diethyl ether and sodium desoxycholate, 196034 Phlebotomus (Sandfly) Fever viruses in tissue culture, 196035 Studies on mechanisms of arthropod-borne virus interference in tissue culure, 196136 A survey for arthropod-borne viruses in South-Central Florida, 196237 Purpose and progress in cataloging and exchanging information on arthropod-borne viruses, 196238 Antigenic variation among strains of western equine encephalomyelitis virus, 196339 Geographic distribition of arboviruses in relation to effective vertebrate hosts, 1963310 The arbovirus catalog, 1966311 Isolation of a virus (Wad Medani) from Rhipicephalus Sanguineus collected in Sudan, 1966312 Antigenic and other characteristics of quaranfil, chenuda, and nyamanini arboviruses, 1966313 Arboviruses isolated from Argas ticks in Egypt; quaranfil, chenuda, and nyamanini, 1966

    Collection Scope and Content Note

    Diaries, field reports, correspondence, reprints, travel photographs, and 35mm slides partially document the international public health career of Richard Moreland Taylor and his arbovirus research.

    The richest content consists of official laboratory and field reports in Series 2 that Taylor compiled for the Rockefeller Foundation International Health Division. Diaries from 1942-1943 cover his work in Brazil at the Servico de Estudos e Pesquisas sobre a Febre Amarela (SEPFA; Yellow Fever Research Service) which was jointly operated by Brazil's Ministry of Education and Health and IHD where he worked to bolster Brazil's rural public health infrastructure and control the incidence of yellow fever. Diaries from 1945-1950 cover his work as director of the IHD laboratories in New York and managing the virus research programs there, especially Coxsackievirus and yellow fever. They include his work to establish a virus laboratory and epidemiological service in Iceland to counter poliomyelitis in 1949. Diaries are missing for 1950-1952 and by 1953 Taylor was in Cairo, Egypt where NAMRU-3 is already established; there are no diaries covering the establishment of NAMRU-3 although there is a short description of its foundations in the 1956 diary. His diaries from 1953-1954 cover the bi-weekly activities of the lab. Also notable is his trip to southern Sudan between Feb.-March, 1954 to investigate yellow fever in collaboration with the Stack Laboratory. Telford Work's films "Yellow Fever in the Sudan" and "Reconnaissance for yellow fever in the Nuba Mountains, southern Sudan, 1954" were also produced as part of the work. Diaries from 1956 diary document Taylor's return to the United States and New Haven, Ct., and consulting project travels to India, Thailand, China, Kula Lumpur, Philippines, Japan, and California. 1958 diaries cover a yellow fever epidemic in Trinidad. The 1959-1960 diary covers Taylor's work in various eastern U.S. states and especially Florida. Taylor returned to Brazil in a 1963 diary. Series 3 contains many photographs and 35mm slides taken during all of Taylor's travels.

    Series 1 contains a limited amount of personal and biographical information.

    Series 4 contains a large selection of Taylor's reprints although it is not comprehensive.

    Contents List
    Box | Folder Title
     
    Series 1: Personal and Biographical, 1934-1981 [series]:
    1 1
    Biographical sketch, obituaries, tributes, 1970; 1980-1981
    1 2
    Passports, id cards, 1934-1975
    1 3
    90th birthday, 1977
    1 4
    "Dad, what do you do?" [personal reflection]
    1 5
    Letters to children, 1952-1954
    1 6
    PHS Panel for Arthropod-borne Viruses certificate, 1965
    1 7
    Personal/professional correspondence, 1962-1963
    1 8
    Personal/professional correspondence, 1964-1965
    1 9
    Personal/professional correspondence, 1966-1968
    1 10
    Personal/professional correspondence (left on his desk before he left for hospital July 4), 1979
    1 11
    Hacket, Lewis correspondence, 1958-1960
    1 12
    Work, Clem, personal correspondence, 1978
    1 13
    Work, Telford, personal correspondence, 1977-1981
    1 14
    AMA/AAMC Direcotry of Medical School Personnel questionnaire, 1959
    1 15
    ASTM Richard M. Taylor award presentation, Nov. 1966
     
    Personal pocket diary/calendar books [subseries]:
    1 16
    1961
    1 17
    1968
    1 18
    1969
    1 19
    1970
    1 20
    1971
    1 21
    1972
    1 22
    1974-1975
     
    Series 2: Photographs and Slides, 1930-1969 [series]:
    1 23
    Brazil [?], 1950s?
    1 24
    Egypt [?], 1950s?
    1 25
    Sudan [?], 1950s?
    1 26
    Unidentified fieldwork photograph with male and an instrument, 1950s?
    1 27
    R.M. Taylor, 1960s?
    1 28
    Florida, professional, 1959
    1 29
    United States, landscape slides, 1930s; 1950s
    1 30
    Trinidad, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Bolivia, 1940s-1950s
    1 31
    Sudan, Uganda, 1950s?
    1 32
    Holy Lands (Lebanon + Jordan), Iceland, Italy, France, Arabian peninsula, Bagdad + Iraq, 1950s?
    1 33
    Sudan 7, 1954
    1 34
    Sudan 8 southern Sudan, 1954
     
    Series 3: Rockefeller Foundation International Health Division, 1942-1960 [series]:
     
    Field diaries [subseries]:
    1 35
    1942
    1 36-37
    1943
    1 38
    1945
    1 39
    1946
    1 40
    1947-1948
    1 41
    1948
    1 42
    1949
    1 43
    1949 [1950?]
    1 44
    1950-1951
    1 45
    1953
    1 46
    1954
    1 47
    1956
    1 48
    NAMRU-3 reports to Telford Work, 1955
     
    Other work diaries [subseries]:
    1 49
    1958
    1 50
    1959-1960
    1 51
    1963
    1 52
    Notes on various short trips, 1956-1960
    2 1
    Work of the Rockefeller Foundation International health Division [speech], undated
    2 2
    RMT personnel and retirement correspondence, 1952-1960
     
    Series 4: Reprints, 1932-1966 [series]:
    2 3
    Index to reprints
    2 4
    Recherches epidemioliques en cours sur la fievre ondulant wen France, 1932
    2 5
    Classification by the bacteriostatic action of dyes and H2S prodution (Huddleson) of Brucella strains isolated in France, 1932
    2 6
    Recherche sur la l'identification des Brucella isolees en France, 1932
    2 7
    Le fievre ondulant en France d'apres les investigations du "Centre de Recherches sur la Fievre Ondulante" de Montpellier, 1934
    2 8
    An experiment in immunization against influenza with formaldehyde-inactivated virus, 1940
    2 9
    Antigenic behavior of certain Hungarian strains of epidemic influenza virus, 1940
    2 10
    Detection of human influenza virus in throat washings by immunity response in Syrian hamster, 1940
    2 11
    Serial passage of the human influenza virus in the European hamste, 1940
    2 12
    Reactivation of neutralized Influenza A virus by dilution, 1941
    2 13
    Experimental infection with Influenza A virus in mice, 1941
    2 14
    Passive immunization against experimental infection of mice with Influenza A virus, 1941
    2 15
    Certain broad epidemiological aspects of influenza, 1941
    2 16
    Influenza virus studies during the 1939 epidemic in central Europe, 1941
    2 17
    Le seccion virus del Instituto Bacteriologica "Dr. Carlos G. Malbran" estudios sobre influenza, 1942
    2 18
    Bovine plasma albumin in buffered saline solution as a diluent for viruses, 1949
    2 19
    Studies of survival of influenza virus between epidemics and antigenic variants of the virus, 1949
    2 20
    The effect of influenza virus infection upon the dispersion of P32 in embryonate eggs, 1949
    2 21
    Studies of certain viruses isolated in the tropics of Africa and South America: their growth and behavior in the embryonated hen egg, 1952
    2 22
    I. The presnce of Coxiella burnetii (Q Fever) in Egypt; II. Q Fever in Egypt as revealed by the complement fixation test on human sera, 1952
    2 23
    The prgram of the Department of Virology of the Naval American Medical Research Unit (NAMRU-3) Cairo, Egypt, 1953
    2 24
    The isolation of coxsackie-like virus from human blood (preliminary report), 1953
    2 25
    The isolation of coxsackie and unidentified virus from human blood and mosquitoes, 1953
    2 26
    Isolation of West Nile Virus from Culex mosquitoes, 1953
    2 27
    Isolation of West Nile Virus from Hooded Crow and Rock Pigeon in the Nile Delta, 1953
    2 28
    Report of clinical case of West Nile Virus infection probably acquired in the laboratory, 1954
    2 29
    Sindbis Virus: a newly recognized arthropod-transmitted virus, 1955
    2 30
    Indigenous wild birds of the Nile Delta as potential West Nile Virus circulating reservoirs, 1955
    2 31
    A regional reconnaissance of yellow fever in the Sudan, 1955
    2 32
    A study of the ecology of West Nile Virus in Egypt, 1956
    2 33
    A note on typhus in Egypt and Sudan, 1957
    2 34
    Phlebotomus (Sandfly) fever in the Middle East, 1958
    2 35
    Study of hibernating mosquitoes in eastern equine encephalomyelitis epidemic areas in Connecticut, 1958
    2 36
    Studies on the ecology of arthropod-borne (arbor) viruses, 1959
    3 1
    Serological (complement-fixation) surveys for Q Fever in Egypt and Sudan, with special reference to its epidemiology in areas of high endemicity, 1959
    3 2
    Propogation of certain arthropod-borne viruses in avian and primate cells, 1960
    3 3
    Comparative sensitivity of viruses to treatment with diethyl ether and sodium desoxycholate, 1960
    3 4
    Phlebotomus (Sandfly) Fever viruses in tissue culture, 1960
    3 5
    Studies on mechanisms of arthropod-borne virus interference in tissue culure, 1961
    3 6
    A survey for arthropod-borne viruses in South-Central Florida, 1962
    3 7
    Purpose and progress in cataloging and exchanging information on arthropod-borne viruses, 1962
    3 8
    Antigenic variation among strains of western equine encephalomyelitis virus, 1963
    3 9
    Geographic distribition of arboviruses in relation to effective vertebrate hosts, 1963
    3 10
    The arbovirus catalog, 1966
    3 11
    Isolation of a virus (Wad Medani) from Rhipicephalus Sanguineus collected in Sudan, 1966
    3 12
    Antigenic and other characteristics of quaranfil, chenuda, and nyamanini arboviruses, 1966
    3 13
    Arboviruses isolated from Argas ticks in Egypt; quaranfil, chenuda, and nyamanini, 1966