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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers1937-2003 (bulk 1957-1997)

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by Digital Manuscripts Program Staff
Processing Completed 2007
Encoded by Michele M. Tourney


Summary Information
Title: Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers
Creator: Nirenberg, Marshall W.
Dates: 1937-2003 (bulk 1957-1997)
Extent: 172.5 linear feet (159 boxes + oversize materials)
Abstract:
Marshall W. Nirenberg is best known for his work on deciphering the genetic code by discovering the unique code words for the twenty major amino acids that make-up DNA, for which he won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1968. This collection of correspondence, laboratory administrative and research materials, and publications documents Nirenberg's career as a researcher in biochemical genetics at the National Institutes of Health.

Call number: MS C 566
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: Materials stored offsite. Retrievals made last Friday of the month. Contact reesj@nlm.nih.gov for scheduling.

Access Restrictions:

Portions of the collection are restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Nirenberg, Marshall W. Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers. 1937-2003. Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 566.

Alternate Forms Available:

Portions of the Collection have been digitized and are available at: http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov

Provenance:

Gift of Marshall W. Nirenberg. Acc. #2000-050, etc.


nirenberg566Finding Aid to the Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers, 1937-2003 (bulk 1957-1997)Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division1.0History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine.
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, 20894
USA
Phone: (301) 402-8878 (Reference Desk)
Fax: (301) 402-0872
Email: hmdref@nlm.nih.gov
Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Michele M. TourneyFinding aid is written in English

National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers1937-2003 (bulk 1957-1997)

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by Digital Manuscripts Program Staff
Processing Completed 2007
Encoded by Michele M. Tourney

Descriptive Summary

Nirenberg, Marshall W.Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers Dates: 1937-2003 (bulk 1957-1997)172.5 linear feet (159 boxes + oversize materials)MS C 566 Materials stored offsite. Retrievals made last Friday of the month. Contact reesj@nlm.nih.gov for scheduling. Collection materials primarily in EnglishAbstract:Marshall W. Nirenberg is best known for his work on deciphering the genetic code by discovering the unique code words for the twenty major amino acids that make-up DNA, for which he won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1968. This collection of correspondence, laboratory administrative and research materials, and publications documents Nirenberg's career as a researcher in biochemical genetics at the National Institutes of Health.Provenance:

Gift of Marshall W. Nirenberg. Acc. #2000-050, etc.

Access Restrictions:

Portions of the collection are restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Nirenberg, Marshall W. Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers. 1937-2003. Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 566.

Alternate Forms Available:

Portions of the Collection have been digitized and are available at: http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov

Related Materials/Collections

Appendix A: Photographs Located in Prints and Photographs Collection

  • [Marshall W. Nirenberg receiving the Nobel Prize, 1968]
  • Marshall Nirenberg's Nobel Prize medal and citation, [1968] - Order No. A018377
  • [1968 Award Winner - Marshall W. Nirenberg] - Order No. B09646
  • [Nobel laureate, Marshall Nirenberg with President Johnson and others, ca. 1968] - Order No. A030286
  • [Marshall W. Nirenberg] - Order No. B030075
  • [Dr. Marshall Nirenberg in office with chalkboard and molecular models] - Order No. B010264
  • [Marshall W. Nirenberg in office with chalkboard and molecular models] - Order No. B030099
  • [Marshall W. Nirenberg with molecular models] - Order No. B030076
  • [Marshall W. Nirenberg seated at desk] / Photo by G.V. Hecht. - Order No. B030077
  • [Marshall W. Nirenberg seated at desk] / Photo by G.V. Hecht. - Order No. B030078
  • Breaking the genetic code [poster] - Order No. A025367

Appendix B: Audiovisual Items Located in Historic Audiovisual Collection

  • "Best of neuroblastoma time lapse photography," 1960; 16mm AP, 7 minutes [QZ 380 MP16 no. 1 1960]
  • "Nobel Prize celebration in honor of Marshall W. Nirenberg," 1968; 16mm AP, 21 minutes [WZ 100 MP16 no. 1 1968]
  • "The National Institutes of Health: a short history," 1982; 3/4" U-matic, 8 minutes [WA 24 VC no. 3 1982]
  • "Genetically engineered insulin: ten year perspective," 1988, 3/4" U-matic, 5 hours 29 minutes [WK 820 VC no. 14 1988]
  • "It takes each of us, it takes all of us," 1988, VHS, 43 minutes [W 24 VC no. 2 1988]
  • "The N2K homeobox gene and the early development of the central nervous system," 1995, BetacamSP, 107 minutes [WL 300 VC no. 64 1995]
  • "Neurobiology," 1999, VHS, 56 minutes [WL 100 VC no. 14 1999]
  • "Marshall Nirenberg interview," 2002, Digital Betacam, 34 minutes [WZ 100 VC no. 345 2002]
  • "Nirenberg interview," 2002, MiniDV, 56 minutes [WZ 100 VC no. 352 2002]
  • "Dr. Julius Axelrod," 2003, BetacamSP, 92 minutes [WZ 100 VC no. 270 2003]

Biographical Note

Marshall Warren Nirenberg was born in New York City on April 10, 1927, to Harry and Minerva (Bykowsky) Nirenberg. In 1941, young Marshall developed rheumatic fever, so the Nirenberg family moved to Orlando, Florida to take advantage of the subtropical climate. Surrounded by "a natural paradise," during his teens Nirenberg developed a scientific and aesthetic appreciation for the natural world and became an adept observer of plant life, insects, and birds. He captured these observations through carefully written and maintained notes; these sketches and notes presaged a career in which scientific diaries filled with thorough documentation provided a constant source of inspiration for research and analysis.

In 1945, Nirenberg graduated from high school and enrolled at the University of Florida in Gainesville, earning his B.S. degree in zoology and chemistry in 1948. In 1950, he resumed his studies at Florida and took a M.S. degree in zoology in 1952, writing a master's thesis on caddis flies. Later that year, Nirenberg moved to Ann Arbor to attend the University of Michigan. He earned a Ph.D. in biological chemistry in 1957 by writing a dissertation on the uptake of hexose, a type of sugar, by tumor cells. This work served as the basis of his first published article and shaped the direction of his initial studies after graduate school. Later that year, the American Cancer Society awarded Nirenberg a two-year postdoctoral fellowship to the laboratory of DeWitt Stetten Jr. at the National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism, and Digestive Diseases (NIAMDD), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland. He continued his work as a postdoctoral fellow of the Public Health Service's Section on Metabolic Enzymes at NIAMDD before joining the staff as a research biochemist in 1960.

In 1959, Nirenberg began his investigations into the relationship between deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA) and the production of proteins. With J. Heinrich Matthaei, a young postdoctoral researcher from Bonn, Germany, he initiated a series of experiments using synthetic RNA. These two researchers were able to show how RNA transmits the "messages" that are encoded in DNA and direct how amino acids combine to make proteins. These experiments became the foundation of Nirenberg's groundbreaking work on the genetic code, which he first made public at the International Congress of Biochemistry in Moscow in August 1961. By early 1962, the significance of these early experiments was recognized throughout the world, after the popular media highlighted the importance of their work as a major scientific breakthrough. As a result, less than one year after he had first announced his successful experiment with synthetic RNA, Nirenberg received the Molecular Biology Award from the National Academy of Sciences.

During this same period, Nirenberg was offered professorships at a number of major universities across the United States. He also was offered a research position with Francois Jacob--who would become the 1965 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine--at the Institut Pasteur, one of the world's leading centers of molecular genetics. Nirenberg, however, declined all offers and chose to stay at the National Institutes of Health, believing that a steady annual research budget would enable him to remain devoted to his work rather than spend his time pursuing outside grants. In 1962, he was appointed Chief of the Section on Biochemical Genetics at the NIH's National Heart Institute (NHI).

After Matthaei's departure from the NIH in 1962, Nirenberg continued his work on the genetic code with a team of postdoctoral fellows and research technicians. By 1966, Nirenberg had deciphered all the RNA "codons"--the term used to describe the "code words" of messenger RNA--for all twenty major amino acids. Two years later, in 1968, Nirenberg received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for "interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis." He shared the award with Robert W. Holley of Cornell University and Har Gobind Khorana of the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Despite his successes, by the time he won the Nobel Prize Nirenberg had turned from research on the genetic code to the field of neurobiology. He chose neurobiology because it is the only other biological system besides the genetic code that is designed for information processing. DNA processes genetic information, and the brain processes mental information. The new scientific arena gave him the freedom to ask new questions, solve new problems, and explore new biological puzzles. Nirenberg would devote the next thirty years of his scientific career to the investigation of various aspects of neurobiology, including neural cell receptors and Homeobox genes.

Dr. Nirenberg has been honored for his work by many prestigious scientific organizations, including the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Gairdner Foundation, and the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation. President Lyndon B. Johnson awarded Nirenberg the National Medal of Science in 1966 and the National Medal of Honor in 1968. He is an active member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, a part of the Vatican. Since 1966 Nirenberg has maintained his current position as Senior Research Biochemist and Chief of the Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics at the NHI, later named the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. He also serves as a research professor in molecular and cell biology at the University of Maryland at College Park, and as an adjunct professor of biochemistry and molecular biology at The George Washington University Medical Center in Washington, D.C. In 2001, Dr. Nirenberg was elected to the American Philosophical Society.

Brief Chronology

1927Born Marshall Warren Nirenberg in New York, New York (April 10)
1941Nirenberg family moved to Orlando, Florida
1948Received B.S. (Zoology and Chemistry), University of Florida at Gainesville
1952Received M.S. (Zoology), University of Florida
1957Received Ph.D. (Biological Chemistry), University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
1957-59American Cancer Society Postdoctoral Fellow, National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolic, and Digestive Diseases [NIAMDD, later NIDDK], National Institutes of Health [NIH]
1959-60Public Health Service Postdoctoral Fellow, NIAMDD; began examining the relationship between DNA, RNA, and protein production
1960-62Research Biochemist, NIAMDD; began poly-U experiments with Heinrich Matthaei
1961Married Perola Zaltzman (d. 2001) in July
1961Described the poly-U experiment at Fifth International Congress of Biochemistry in Moscow in August, related article published in October
1962Molecular Biology Award, National Academy of Sciences
1962-66Chief, Section on Biochemical Genetics, National Heart Institute [NHI], NIH
1963-66Completed sequencing of RNA "code words" for twenty amino acids
1965-69Turned attention and laboratory over to field of neurobiology
1966Senior Research Biochemist and Chief, Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics, NHI
1967Began studying the neuroblastoma system
1968Shared Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for deciphering the genetic code with Robert W. Holley and Har Gobind Khorana
1968Awarded National Medal of Science by President Lyndon B. Johnson
1969Published first article on neurobiology in collaboration with Philip Nelson
1973Began studying the effects of morphine on the nervous system in collaboration with Werner Klee
1976Began work on neural cell receptors using chick retina
1987Began study of Homeobox genes in Drosophila fruit fly
2001Elected to American Philosophical Society
2002Symposium honoring Nirenberg held at NIH

Awards

1962Award in the Biological Sciences, Washington Academy of Sciences
1963Molecular Biology Award, National Academy of Sciences
1964Medal, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Harrison Howe Award, American Chemical Society
Paul-Lewis Award in Enzyme Chemistry, American Chemical Society
1965John Young Award, Florida
National Medal of Science, President Lyndon B. Johnson
1966Hildebrand Award, American Chemical Society
Research Corporation Award
1967American College of Physicians Award
Gairdner Foundation Award, Canada
Prix Charles Leopold Mayer, French Academy of Sciences
1968Distinguished Service Medal, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Franklin Medal, Franklin Institute
Joseph Priestley Award, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research
Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, Columbia University
National Medal of Honor, President Lyndon B. Johnson
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (shared with Robert W. Holley and Har Gobind Khorana)
1975City of Peace Award
1981George Cotzias Memorial Award Lecture, American Society of Neurology
1983A. Ross McIntyre Award, University of Nebraska College of Medicine

Honorary Degrees

1965University of Chicago
University of Michigan
Yale University
1966University of Windsor (Ontario, Canada)
1967University of Pennsylvania
1968Harvard University
1969University of Florida
1972George Washington University
1973University of Pavia (Italy)
1978Weizmann Institute (Israel)
1986State University of New York at Albany
1991West Virginia State College
1996Union University, Albany College of Pharmacy

Editorial Appointments

  • Analytical Biochemistry
  • Annual Review of Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
  • Journal of Neurogenetics
  • Korean Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Neurobiology

Memberships

  • American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Chemical Society
  • American Institute of Chemists
  • American Neurochemistry Society
  • American Neurological Association
  • American Philosophical Society
  • American Society of Biological Chemistry
  • American Society of Biological Chemists
  • Biophysical Society
  • European Academy of Sciences and Arts
  • Federation of American Scientists
  • Harvey Society
  • International Society for Neuroimmunomodulation
  • National Academy of Medicine
  • National Academy of Sciences
  • Pontifical Academy of Sciences
  • Sigma Xi
  • Society for Developmental Biology
  • Society for Neuroscience
  • Washington Academy of Sciences

Correspondence, experimental data, laboratory administration material, publications and manuscripts, photographs, research notes and notebooks, and audiovisual material (1937-2003 [bulk 1957-1997]; 171 linear feet) document Marshall W. Nirenberg's career as a researcher in biochemical genetics at the National Institutes of Health.

Series 3: Lab Administration and Series 4: Lab Research comprise the bulk of the collection. Together the materials in these series paint a comprehensive and detailed portrait of the laboratory's activities. Nirenberg became Head of the National Heart Institute's Section on Biochemical Genetics in 1962. The lab later became the Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics (LBG) of the National Heart, Blood, and Lung Institute (NHBLI), with Nirenberg becoming its Chief and Research Biochemist, a position he has held since 1966. The collection contains a wealth of material regarding the supervision of the LBG, particularly in Series 3: Lab Administration. This series consists mainly of daily books, compiled by Nirenberg and his staff, which detail the everyday operations of the LBG; usually housed within three-ring binders, these volumes contain correspondence, research notes, various lists, conference programs, and other sundry materials received by the lab staff. Daily books exist from the late 1960s until the mid 1990s, providing a long-term view of the lab's operations. Similar materials are to be found in the General Files sub-series.

The collection also chronicles the LBG's shift in focus away from the study of the genetic code to that of neurobiology, reflecting Nirenberg's evolving research interests. The lab diaries, notes, notebooks, and photography within Series 4: Lab Research and the lab's annual reports in Series 3: Lab Administration detail these shifts, which began around 1966 and occurred every few years as Nirenberg explored new research avenues. Written works produced by the LBG also expanded, resulting in a large body of publications by LBG staff and a collection of reprints on various topics annotated by Nirenberg and his staff through the years. In Series 5: Writings, researchers can find these same works as manuscript drafts and reprints.

Best known for his Nobel Prize-winning work on the genetic code, Nirenberg began that career in 1957 when he took a position as a postdoctoral fellow in the National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism, and Digestive Diseases (NIAMDD). His work with J. Heinrich Matthaei to investigate the relationship between DNA and RNA and their successful cracking of the genetic code in 1961 is well documented by this collection. Nirenberg and Matthaei revealed the role of RNA to the world through an article published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in 1961 and again at the Fifth International Congress of Biochemistry in Moscow a few months later. Series 5: Writings includes drafts and reprints of that article, while Series 2: Correspondence contains the dozens of reprint requests Nirenberg and Matthaei received from colleagues worldwide. In addition, Nirenberg's notes for the Moscow presentation are located in Series 6: Professional Activities, which also includes other speeches and presentations delivered by Nirenberg throughout his career. Series 4: Lab Research contains the early notebooks created by Nirenberg and colleagues during the genetic code experiments, as well as the original genetic code chart he and his staff compiled as they worked to decipher the code words which comprise the genetic language.

Nirenberg received the Nobel Prize in 1968 for his work on the genetic code. Materials related to this award, while scarce, do exist within the collection. Series 1: Personal and Biographical includes copies of the notification telegram Nirenberg received as well as drafts of his speech. This series also features articles and clippings regarding the experiments as well as the award. Researchers can find a few photographs and audiovisual recordings of the ensuing celebrations and the Nobel awards ceremony in the Photographs Series (VII) and the Audiovisual Series (VIII).

While the collection is strong in its documentation of Nirenberg's professional career, materials related to his personal life are relatively scarce. The Personal and Biographical Series contains a handful of Nirenberg biographies from Who's Who and other publications as well as his curriculum vitae from circa 1961 to 2000. That series also features over a dozen notebooks from Nirenberg's undergraduate and graduate school careers and copies of both his master's thesis and his Ph. D. dissertation. The Photographs Series (VII), while small, includes several personal photographs of Nirenberg with his family, friends and colleagues over the years, and Series 8: Audiovisual contains reminiscences of Nirenberg in the form of oral history interviews with Nirenberg and former postdoctoral researchers from his lab.

Index Terms

These terms are indexed in the National Library of Medicine's online catalog LocatorPlus. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog using these terms.

    MeSH Subjects

    • Amino Acid Sequence
    • Codon
    • DNA
    • Neurobiology
    • Neuroblastoma
    • Nobel Prize
    • Retina--chemistry
    • RNA
    • Sequence Analysis, DNA
    Personal Names

    • Caryk, Theresa M.
    • Heaton, Norma Z.
    • Matthaei, J. Heinrich
    Corporate Names

    • International Congress of Biochemistry (5th : 1961 : Moscow, Russia)
    • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
    • National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
    • Neurosciences Research Program

    Series Descriptions

    Series 1: Personal and Biographical, 1945-2000 4.5 linear feet
    The Personal and Biographical Series documents personal aspects of Nirenberg's life, most particularly his secondary education and awards such as the Nobel Prize. The series also provides further insight into Nirenberg's professional life through curriculum vitae, articles, and newspaper clippings which chronicle his successful research into the genetic code and subsequent accolades.

    The series is divided into six sub-series: Curriculum Vitae, Education and Coursework, The Nobel Prize, Other Awards and Honors, Articles and Clippings, and Personal Papers. The materials in each of the six sub-series are arranged chronologically. The largest of the sub-series, Education and Coursework, consists mostly of Nirenberg's notebooks from his coursework at the University of Florida and the University of Michigan. Divided into sub-sub-series by institution, these materials attest to Nirenberg's early interest in zoology. The sub-series also includes manuscript drafts for Nirenberg's master's and Ph.D. theses. In addition, the Personal Papers sub-series includes a notebook in which a young Nirenberg recorded some of his observations on the Floridian flora and fauna which sparked his scientific inquisitiveness.

    The Nobel Prize sub-series includes drafts and notes for Nirenberg's Nobel Prize address as well as articles about the prize and copies of the telegram informing him of the award. Researchers can find photographs of Nirenberg receiving the news of the award and the awards ceremony in Series 7: Photographs, as well as images of the scientist with his family, friends, and colleagues. The collection does not include the actual award or certificates. Similarly, the Other Awards and Honors sub-series of Series 1 does not include the awards received by Nirenberg; the materials in this sub-series consist mainly of drafts of acceptance speeches, travel arrangements, correspondence, and the occasional article or event program documenting the occasion.

    11-11 Curriculum Vitae, ca. 1961-2000 Education and Coursework, 1945-1984 Orlando Senior High School, 1945112 Yearbook, Tigando [photocopies], 1945 University of Florida, [1950]-1952; 1984113 Biology 332 - Advanced Invertibrate Drawings, [1950]114-17 [Draft of Master's thesis], [ca. 1952]118 "Geology of Alachua County", [ca. 1952]119-20 [Master's thesis] "The Caddis Flies of Alachua County, with Notes on Those of Florida", 1952 Feb121 University of Florida brochure, 1984 University of Michigan, 1953-1961122 [Notes on journal articles on insulin], [ca. 1953]123 [Notebook containing outline of paper on thyrosine], [ca. 1953]124 Notebook, Carbohydrate Metabolism [Biological Chemistry 203], 1953 Feb-Mar125 Notebook, Carbohydrate Metabolism II [Biological Chemistry 203?], 1953 Apr-Aug126 [Lab notebook - Physiology 121?], 1954 Jun-Sep127 [Abstracts on journal articles on biotin], [ca. 1955]128 [Notebook, Biological Chemistry 160], [ca. 1955]129 Notebook, Enzyme Kinetics [Biological Chemistry 207 Problems in Kinetics], [ca. 1955]130 [NH4+ Data], [ca. 1955]131 Notebook, Abstracts [Zoology 215], 1955132 Experiment 5, Marshall Nirenberg (C. Wagner) Desk #2 Fatique, "The Biotin-Carbon Dioxide Fixation Relationship", 1955 Feb 24133 Anaerobic Glycolysis Data, 1955 Dec-1956 Mar134-36 Books I-III A-Series, 1955-1957137 Book II [experimental data], 1955 Sep-Dec21-4 Books III-VI [experimental data], 1955-195625-9 Books 7-11 [experimental data], 1956-1957210 [American Cancer Society post-doctoral fellowship], 1956-1959211 [Laboratory Biochemistry], [ca. 1957]212 [Dissertation, "semi-final draft"] "Hexose Uptake in Ascites Tumor Cells", 1957 Jan213 Slide materials [for dissertation] - Negatives and originals, [1957 Jan]214 The Society of the Sigma Xi (Michigan Chapter), 1957 Mar215 [Notes on experiments], [1957 Jul]216 Graphs [for Expts 179-181], 1957 Sep217-19 [Dissertation] "Hexose Uptake in Ascites Tumor Cells", 1957 [Jun]220 Form 57 [termination of post-doctoral fellowship and application for employment at NIH], 1957-61221 [Grant application with University of Michigan], 1961Access Restrictions:

    [RESTRICTED]

    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1957-1961222 [Notebook for coursework in Biochemical Genetics], 1957 Oct-1958 Sep223 [Notebook for unknown course], 1958 Oct-1959 Jan224 Notebook, Course in [Biochemical] Genetics, 1958 Oct - 1959 Jan225 MN 1959 [Notebook for coursework in Bacterial Genetics], 1959 Mar-May31 [Notebook, experiments], 1959 Jun32 MN Notes 1959 [Notebook for coursework in Bacterial Genetics], 1959 Jun-Jul33 MN Notes 1960 [Notebook for coursework], 1959 Oct-1960 Jan34 MN 1960 [Notebook for coursework], 1960 Jan-1961 Jan35 Notebook, Course Notes [Mechanisms in Biochemistry?], 1961 Feb-Mar The Nobel Prize, 1968-198336 [Nomination], [1968 Jan-Feb]37 [Telegram announcing award], 1968 Oct 1638 NIH Nobel Prize Celebration in Honor of Dr. Marshall Nirenberg, 1968 Oct 2339 [Articles and clippings], 1968 Oct-Dec310-11 [Preliminary outlines and drafts of speech], 1968 Oct-[Dec]312 "Notes 1" [outlines and notes], 1968 Oct-Nov313 [Draft 1], 1968 Oct-Nov314 "Notes 2" [outlines, notes, figures], 1968 Nov315 [Slides for Nobel talk], [1968 Nov]316-17 [Drafts 6-8 and notes], 1968 Nov-Dec318-21 Draft, "Deciphering the Genetic Code", 1968 Nov-1969 Mar322 [Travel arrangements], [1968 Dec]323-24 Manuscript, "The Genetic Code", [1969 Mar]325 Original MS entered for Nobel Talk -- not used, 1969 Mar 1326 [Draft of conclusion intended for Nobel manuscript -- not used], 1969 Mar 1327 Preprint, "The Genetic Code", 1969 Apr328 [Program listing Nobel Laureates], 1983 Other Awards and Honors, 1962-1988329 National Academy of Science Award in Molecular Biology, 1962 Apr330 Washington Academy of Sciences 1962 Award for Scientific Achievement, 1963 Feb331 [Arthur S. Flemming Award], [1963 Feb-Oct]332 American Heart Association Career Investigatorship, 1963-1964333Modern Medicine 1964 Award for Distinguished Achievement, 1964 Jan334 Pfizer Paul-Lewis Award in Enzyme Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 1964 Jan335 Harrison Howe Award, American Chemical Society (Rochester, NY) [includes notes for speech], 1964 Nov336 National Medal of Science, 1964 Nov337 Hillebrand Award, Chemical Society of Washington [includes notes for speech], 1966 Mar338 Prix Charles Leopold Mayer, French Academy of Sciences (Paris, France), 196741 Research Corporation Award of 1966 (New York, NY) [includes drafts of speech], 1967 Jan42 [American College of Physicians and Surgeons Award (San Francisco, CA)] [includes notes for speech], [1967 Apr]43 Gairdner Foundation Award (Toronto, Ontario, Canada) [includes notes and drafts of speech], 1967 Nov44 Joseph Priestley Award, Dickinson College (Carlisle, PA), 1968 Mar45 Distinguished Service Award, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 1968 Apr46 Honorary degree, Harvard University (Cambridge, MA), 1968 Jun47 The Franklin Medal, The Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, PA), 1968 Oct48-9 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, Columbia University (New York, NY) [includes drafts of speech], 1968 Oct410 Albert Lasker Medical Research Award, Albert Lasker Foundation (New York, NY) [includes notes and drafts of speech], 1968 Nov411 Honorary degree, School of Public Health Services (Albany, NY), 1986 Mar412 Honorary degree, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (Holmdel, NJ), 1988 May Articles and Clippings, 1961-1993413-14 Clippings and miscellany, 1961-1990415-16NIH Record, 1961-1993417 "NIH Researchers Crack Genetic Code," Medical World News, 1962 Jan 5418 "Findings May Speed Solution to Genetic Code," Chemical & Engineering News, 1962 Jan 15419 "Man and Molecule," The Florida Alumnus vol. 16 no. 1, 1963 Dec420 "Marshall Nirenberg," Current Biography, vol. 26 no. 4, 1965 Apr421 Biographical entries in Who's Who, et al., 1966-1988422 "Nobel Laureate Spotlighted at Bennett Research Day," The Ohio State University College of Medicine Journal, 1986 Personal Papers, [ca. 1955]423 Poem, "Who Are You", undated1361 Sketch pad, undated424 [Notes on Florida flora and fauna], [1944]425 [Unsent letter to Nirenberg's parents], [ca. 1955?]Access Restrictions:

    [RESTRICTED]

    426 [List of birthdays and anniversaries], [ca. 1955?] Series 2: Correspondence, 1953-1993 2.25 linear feet
    The Correspondence Series consists of mostly professional correspondence to Nirenberg. Throughout his tenure in the LBG, office practice was to file Nirenberg's correspondence into the lab's daily log books; these volumes are located in Series 3: Laboratory Administration, within the Daily Books sub-series. The letters within the Correspondence Series either were never filed by the lab secretaries, or were removed at some point and never re-filed. The series is organized into four sub-series: General, Invitations, Employment Opportunities, and Reprint Requests. Within each sub-series, the correspondence is arranged chronologically.

    The General correspondence, spanning 1953-1993, encompasses a wide variety of work-related topics such as requests for cell lines and other cultures, professional conferences, and the research of Nirenberg and his peers, although the occasional personal note or card does appear. Included among these are letters from various socially-conscious organizations such as the Committee of Concerned Scientists asking Nirenberg for his support, particularly after he received the Nobel Prize in 1968. The Invitations sub-series includes offers of speaking engagements or tours, while inquiries regarding the availability of space in Nirenberg's lab comprise the majority of the Employment Opportunities sub-series. That sub-series also includes job offers to Nirenberg from other institutions, such as the offer in March 1962 from François Jacob of the Institut Pasteur. Requests for Nirenberg and Matthaei's seminal 1961 publication on their poly-U experiments, "The Dependence of Cell-Free Protein Synthesis in E. coli upon Naturally Occurring or Synthetic Polyribonucleotides," comprise the bulk of the Reprint Requests sub-series, attesting to the widespread interest generated by their presentation at the Moscow conference. Series 5: Writings includes drafts and reprints of the article, while Series 6: Professional Activities includes Nirenberg's notes and drafts for the 1961 poly-U presentation as well as memorabilia from the conference.

    427-45 General, 1953-197751-8 General, 1978-199359-18 Invitations, 1961-1993 Employment Opportunities, 1960-1993519-20 Offers to Nirenberg, 1961-1969521-33 Inquiries and Recommendations, 1960-198661-2 Inquiries and Recommendations, 1987-1993 Reprint Requests, 1960-198763 Letters, 1960-1987133 Cards, 1960-1964 Series 3: Laboratory Administration, [1959]-1993 20.0 linear feet
    The Laboratory Administration Series provides insight into the daily workings of the Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics throughout Nirenberg's tenure. These materials were generated by the LBG staff in the course of their everyday operations. They consist mainly of annual reports and daily log books, which contain correspondence, data, instructions from Nirenberg to the staff, invoices, journal lists, and other related materials. The series is organized into three sub-series: Annual Reports, Daily Books, and General Files.

    The first sub-series, Annual Reports, contains overviews of lab activities for the year, including ongoing projects, with detailed descriptions of lab experiments. The evolution of each report is documented through various drafts as well as photocopied final products. Arranged chronologically, the annual reports are nearly complete for the years 1960-1993.

    The Daily Books sub-series is the largest of the series. To keep track of activities and events pertaining to the lab, Nirenberg and his staff compiled "belts" (dictated messages from Nirenberg to lab secretaries), correspondence, events material, journal subscriptions, shared experimental data, lists of tasks to be performed, and similar materials into three-ring binders. Ranging in date from 1968 to 1997, these binders may span one month or several years. The daily books are numbered chronologically for the most part, but on two occasions the numbering restarted. Daily books which were not numbered have been marked with the notation [unnumbered].

    Although the daily books contain mixed materials, the original order as compiled by lab personnel was retained to maintain their original context. For preservation purposes all materials were removed from the binders. Extraneous materials such as non-Nirenberg reprints, catalogs, blank ballots, and bibliographic search print-outs were deaccessioned. The following five volumes remain unaltered as examples of intact daily books: Mail 1 (1978 Jun-Jul), 151 (1981 Sep-Dec), 201 (1982 Nov-Dec), 342 (1986 Nov), and 442 (1990 Aug). The daily books are arranged chronologically by date, which correlates with the numerical sequencing.

    The last sub-series, General Files, consists of materials which were never filed into the daily books or became separated through early attempts at processing. These files include the same types of materials as the daily books, as well as budget information, equipment inventories, lab redesign documentation, position descriptions, and work orders. The LBG facility underwent a move and major renovations between 1969 and 1971, documented here by blueprints and floor plans. Also of note are the position descriptions for the various personnel in the lab; however, the inclusion of sensitive information has resulted in restrictions to certain items. The General Files are arranged alphabetically by document type, and then chronologically.

    Annual Reports, 1960-199364-321960-198871-71988-1993 Daily Books, 1968-199678 #14A Media and Neurochemistry, 1968-197379-10 Exa I, II, 1968-1969711-12 Helmi III, 1969-1971713 Daily 1: Belts, Correspondences, 1969 Jan-May714 Daily 2: Correspondences, Growth Curve/Neuroblastoma, 1969 Apr-May715 Daily 3: Correspondences, Reprints, 1969 Apr-May716-19 #4 - #12, 1969 May-1970 Apr720 #14, 1969 Nov-1970 Apr721-23 #1, #2 for Norma [Heaton], 1970 Apr-Mar724 #15 Norma [Heaton] - Willy [?] Methods 3, 1970 Jun725 #16, 1970 Jun-Jul81 Form Letters, [1971]82 [unnumbered], 1971 Apr-Jul83-9 #33 - #59, 1971 Oct-1972 Sep810 Procedure Book, [ca. 1974]811 #100, 1975 Oct-Nov812 #173, 1976 Jun813 #258, 1977 Jan814 [unnumbered], 1977 Jan-Jul815-19 Mail 1, 1978 Jan-Jun820 [unnumbered], 1978 Feb821 #265, 1978 Feb822 [unnumbered], 1978 Apr-1979 Feb823 Mail 2, 1978 Jun824 [unnumbered], 1978 Jul825-26 Mail - home 2, 1978 Jul-Dec827 #1, 1978 Oct828-29 [unnumbered], 1979 Jan-Feb830 Mail 5, 1979 Feb91-5 [unnumbered], 1979 Feb-Apr96 M[ail] - 20, 1979 Apr-May97-11 [unnumbered], 1979 Apr-Jun912-33 #12 - #96, 1979 Jul-1980 Oct101-36 #97 - #154 [includes photos], 1980 Oct-1982 Jan111-33 #156 - #188, 1982 Jan-Nov121-33 #189 - #238 [includes slides], 1982 Nov-1984 Jan131-24 #239 - #269, 1984 Jan-Oct141-25 #270 - #296, 1984 Nov -1985 Jun151-28 #297 - #327, 1985 Jun-1986 May161-34 #328 - #360, 1986 May-1987 Aug171-2 [unnumbered], 1987 Aug173-40 #361 - #400, 1987 Aug-1988 Oct181-35 #401 - #429, 1988 Oct-1990 Feb191-35 #430 - #461, 1990 Mar-1991 Sep1936-49 #263 - #322, 1991 Sep-1994 May1950-62 [unnumbered], 1995 May-1996 Jan201-19 [unnumbered], 1996 Jan-1997 Feb General Files, [1959]-19932020 Actions logs, 19812021 [Agendas], [1962-1987]2022 Appointment Administration/HR, 1988-19922023-25 "Old" Belts, 1968-19722026-31 Budget reports [FY 1989 - FY 1991], 1989 Aug-1991 Mar2032-34 [Calendars], 1963-19712035 Data entry logs [blank], undated2036 [Equipment inventories], [1971-1972]2037 [Equipment inventory], 1980 May 32038-40 [Equipment purchases], [1985-1991]2041 Executive Inventory Record - Marshall Nirenberg, 1960-19682042 FY 1990 Congressional Justification for DIR, 1988 Nov 182043 [Honeywell, Inc. - Preventive Maintenance and Emergency Repairs], [1978-1979]2044-45 Instrument orders, 1987211 Intramural Genome Initiative, 1991212 Isotope records, 1979-1984213-4 [Journal] subscriptions, 1973-1979215 Journal lists, book lists, 1980-1981216 [Journal subscriptions], 1982 [Laboratory Renovation], 1968-1972217 [Laboratory - Design sketches and equipment catalogs], [1968-1969]218 [Laboratory - Floor plans], [ca. 1969]219 [Laboratory - Alarm System], [1969]2110-11 [Laboratory] - 2nd and 3rd sets of plans, 1969 Apr-Oct2112 [Laboratory] - Floor plans for Section 4C, [ca. 1969]2113 [Laboratory - Floor plans for 1C and 4C], 1969 Apr-Sep2114 [Laboratory] - Floor plans for 1C, [1969-1971]2115 [Laboratory - Equipment changes], [1970-1972]2116 [Laboratory - Floor plans for] 4C, [ca. 1971]2117 [Laboratory] - Future area Bldg 36 1C08, 1C06, 1C04, 1C07, [1971]2118 [Laboratory personnel], [1967; 1978-1984]Access Restrictions:

    [RESTRICTED]

    2119 [Laboratory] Positions 2, 1974-19802120 [Memoranda], [1976-1985]2121 [Microbiological Associates internal sales requests], 1970-19712122 [Microbiological Associates budget information], [ca. 1972]2123 [Microbiological Associates contract modification], 1978 May2124 Microbiological Associates contract modification], 1981-19822125-26 NIH Position Descriptions, [1956-1982]2127 [Nitrogen freezer and CO2 logs], 1977-19792128 Nitrogen freezer information, 1980-19812129-31 Individual performance plan - Marshall Nirenberg, 1984-19932132 Personnel/Requisitions/Travel, 1983-19842133 Pharmacology Research Associate Program, 19782134 [Proposed training], [ca. 1961]2135-37 Radiation survey reports, 1977-[1987]2138 [Research Fellowship application - J. Heinrich Matthaei], [1959 Jun 24]134 Specimen vials, 1967 Mar 232139-47 [To Do lists], 1967-19872148 [Work orders], [1987] Series 4: Laboratory Research, 1946-2001 117.75 linear feet plus 5 oversized folders
    The Lab Research series comprises the bulk of the collection and documents experiments conducted by Nirenberg and his LBG staff from 1957 to 2001. Included in the series are experiment data, graphs, lab diaries, lab notes and notebooks, manuscript materials, photographs and negatives, and machine print-outs. The materials are organized into three sub-series: Lab Diaries, Lab Notes and Notebooks, and Lab Photography. Each sub-series is arranged chronologically. When reviewed in conjunction with the annual reports in Series 3, these materials paint a detailed portrait of laboratory activities.

    The first sub-series, Lab Diaries, consists mostly of hard-bound notebooks in which Nirenberg tracked the experiments being conducted by himself and his staff. The notebooks contain Nirenberg's instructions and ideas for experiments, tasks to do (and re-do), and requests for articles; many of the diaries also contain shared experimental data, particularly the earlier volumes from Nirenberg's postdoctoral period. In addition, the diaries from 1965 contain notes and ideas about the genetic code, written at a time when Nirenberg was shifting away from the code to neurobiology; as such, these volumes serve as summaries of his work to that point. Numbered sequentially, the diaries are nearly complete from 1957 to 1974, with only volumes 27 and 32 missing; an index compiled in 2000 is included at the end of the sub-series.

    Nirenberg's research material, the most substantial portion of the collection, forms the Lab Notes and Notebooks sub-series. These notes, often assembled into 3-ring binders for easier access, contain experimental data by Nirenberg and his colleagues beginning with his postdoctoral work in DeWitt Stetten's lab at NIAMDD. A combination of original materials and annotated photocopies, the notes consist of experimental data in the form of graphs, charts, lists, and worksheets, and also include memoranda between Nirenberg and his research staff, supplemental articles, scraps of manuscripts, and ideas and thoughts about the work at hand. There are also volumes detailing solutions, methodologies, protocols, and cell inventories. Nearly one hundred different researchers are represented by the fifty years' worth of material, including Nirenberg's wife, Perola Zaltzman. The collection contains numerous notebooks by lab technicians Norma Heaton and Theresa Caryk, who worked with Nirenberg in the LBG for several decades.

    The Lab Notes and Notebooks sub-series has been divided further into six sub-sub-series based upon the experimental focus of the lab: Undated, Genetic Code Experiments, Transition to Neurobiology, Effects of Morphine on the Nervous System, Neural Synapses in Chick Retina, and Homeobox Genes. Researchers should be aware of overlaps between each of the sub-sub-series, particularly in the different phases of the neurobiological studies. For ongoing experiments it was not unusual for more than one investigator to be involved, therefore many volumes contain notes by multiple investigators and can span several years. As such, the date ranges for each sub-sub-series reflect the dates of the materials, not of the actual period of experimentation.

    For all six sub-sub-series, original folder titles were retained whenever possible; missing data which has been provided is denoted by square brackets [ ]. Materials within each sub-sub-series (except for the first, Undated) are arranged chronologically by the year in which they were begun and then alphabetically, first by investigator (when identified) and then by subject. Untitled or unidentified items are housed at the end of each year. Missing dates have been supplied whenever possible; any remaining undated materials have been placed within the first subseries, Undated.

    Nirenberg's early experiments with Heinrich Matthaei on polu-U, as well as the work of the LBG to identify the sixty-four codons (or "code words," as they were first known), are documented through the notebooks in the Genetic Code Experiments sub-sub-series. In addition to volumes created by Nirenberg, the sub-sub-series includes experimental data from lab technicians Caryk and Heaton, postdoctoral fellows Bill Groves, Taysir Jaouni, Charles O'Neal, Sidney Pestka, and others who assisted with deciphering the code.

    Two documents of particular note are the genetic code charts compiled by Nirenberg and staff between 1964 and 1966 as they identified the codons. The original chart is a makeshift one, formed from various pieces of graph paper taped together, with data entered in different colors by different hands. The vertical axis on the left side lists the sixty-four codons in sets of four, while the horizontal axis across the top displays the twenty amino acids; data from repeated experimentation, with other notations and highlights, were filled in over time. The accompanying hand-written note from Nirenberg claims that while this chart was the original, its cluttered appearance necessitated its replacement with a "longer (and neater)" version. The later version, crafted from photocopies taped together and annotated in the same style, is housed within an oversized folder. Negatives of both charts are housed within the regular collection. Due to its fragility and value, the original chart is housed permanently in the History of Medicine Division's Incunabula Room, and is available for viewing upon request.

    Materials in the third sub-series, Lab Photography, also demonstrate the LBG's experimental progression. Beginning in the late 1960s through the mid-1970s, Nirenberg and the LBG researchers used cinemicrography, the photographing of objects by a microscope equipped with a motion picture camera, to document the work they were conducting on neuroblastoma and the neural synapses in chick retina. These experiments resulted in the hundreds of photographs and analyses which form the Lab Photography sub-series.

    Lab Diaries, 1957-1974, 20002149 D4 IV A Series, 1957 Jul-1958 Feb2150 D5 VA, 1957 Oct-1958 Nov221 D6 VIA, 1958 Nov-1959 Sep222 D7 VIIA, 1959 Sep-1960 Mar223 D8 VIIIA, 1960 Apr-Aug224 D9 IXA, 1960 Sep-[1961] May225 D10 A, 1961 Mar-Sep226 D11 XA, 1961 Jun-Dec227 D12 7A, 1961 Dec-1962 May228 D-13 8A, 1962 May-Sep229 D-14 8A-2, 1962 Jul2210 D-15 9A, 1962 Sep-1963 Jan2211 D-16 10A, 1963 Jan-Apr2212 D-17 11A, 1963 Apr-Jul2213 D18 12A, 1963 Jul-Nov2214 D19 I. Brain 12A-2, 1963 Sep2215 D-20 13A, 1963 Nov-1964 Apr2216 D21 14A, 1964 Apr-Oct231 D22 15A, 1964 Oct-1965 Jan232 D23 16A, 1965 [May-Jul]233-4 D-24 [formerly ID-1 17A], 1965 Jun-1966 Mar235 17A [ideas on the genetic code], 1965 Aug-Nov236 D-25 Theory Code [formerly ID-2 18A], 1966 Feb-May237 D-26 [formerly ID-3 19A], 1966 Jun-Sep238 28 - To Do, 1967 Nov-1968 Jan239 29 - To Do, 1969 Jan-Dec2310 29A, 1969 Jan-Mar2311 30A, 1969 Mar-Jun2312 31A, 1969 Jun-Jul2313-14 33A, [1969 Aug-Nov]2315 34A, 1969 Nov-1970 Feb2316 A30 - To Do, 1969 Dec-1971 Jan2317 35-A, 1970 Feb-Sep241 36-A, 1970 Oct-Dec242 37-A, 1971 Jan-Mar243 38-A, [1971 Jun-1972 Jan]244 38 - To Do, [1971 Sep-1973 Mar]245 39A, [1972 Mar-1973 Jul]246 40A, [1973 Mar-1975 Oct]247 40B, [1974 Jan-Dec]248 Index, 2000 Oct Lab Notes and Notebooks, 1946-2001 Undated249 Answered letters [evolution of code notes], undated2410 Art Blume, undated2411 Binding sRNA polynucleotides, undated2412 Code / orders - equipment, undated2413 Cold Spring Harbor slides, undated2414 Current work - Heppel and Sober oligo U-A, undated2415 Current work - miscellaneous, undated2416 [DPN SSA], undated2417 [Effect of 5-phosphate on template activity], undated2418-19 Ex 3. 8100 [graphs], undated2420 [Experiment protocols and methods], undated2421-22 Experiments to do, undated2423 [GLU tRNA and GLN tRNA experiments], undatedMap Drawer 41 [Graph - ApA], undated2424 Hb sequence - AA, undated2425 [Lecture notes], undated2426 Legends and tables finalized, undated2427 Lymphocyte fusion, undated2428 Misc[ellaneous] experiments, undated2429 [Molecular regulations], undated2430-31 [Notes], undated2432 [Notes on code], undated2433 [Notes on tRNA], undated2434 Oligonucleotide probes, undated2435 [Protein graph], undated2436 Protocols, undated2437 Slides, undated2438 Slides [regulatory codewords], undated2439 [Summary of work], undated2440 [Synapse histology], undated2441 [Table 1 - cell lines], undated2442 Theory-Code, undated2443 [Treatment preparations], undated2444 Triplet Pilots, undated2445 [x1A, x1B, etc.], undated Genetic Code Experiments, 1946-19682446 Lawrence Kahana organic chemistry experiments, 1946; 19592447 [Marshall Nirenberg] 12 [experiments 147-206], 19572448 [Marshall Nirenberg] 13 [experiments 207-284], 1957-19582449 [Marshall Nirenberg] 14 [experiments 285-354], 1958251 [Marshall Nirenberg] 15 [experiments 354-361], 1958-1959252 [Marshall Nirenberg] 16, 1959253 [Marshall Nirenberg] 17, 1959-1960254 [Marshall Nirenberg - experiment with Trypsin], [ca.1959 Sep]255 Doyle Mullinax Book 3, 1960-1963256 [Marshall Nirenberg] 18, 1960257 [Marshall Nirenberg] 19, 1960-1961258 Immunology, [ca. 1960]259 Solution book 1, 1960-19642510 L[inda] Greenhouse I, 1961-19622511 D[oyle] Mullinax Note Book #2, 19612512 [Marshall Nirenberg] 20, 1961-[1963]2513 Growth and Enzyme Prep[aration]s, 1961-19672514 Glenna [Bailey] I, 19622515 [Glenna Bailey, Heinrich Matthaei] Leusine substitutes data, 19622516 Linda Greenhouse II, 19622517 Linda Greenhouse 3, 1962-1963261-2 Linda Greenhouse [includes photos], 1962263 [Linda Greenhouse], 1962264 [Bill Groves? - Effects of Aspartic and Glutamic Acids on Polymers], [ca. 1962]265-6 Bill Groves data book I, 1962-1963267 N[aomi] Lynn Hurwitz, 1962268 Naomi Lynn Hurwitz, 1962-1963269-10 O[liver] W. Jones carbon copies, 1962-19632611 Doyle Mullinax computation book 4, 1962-19642612 [Marshall Nirenberg, et.al - possible codewords], [ca. 1962-1963]2613 [Marshall Nirenberg, Theresa M. Caryk], 1962-19642614-17 S[idney] Pestka data, 1962-19642618 Polynucleotides, [1962]2619-20 RNA polymerase, 1962-19632621 Theresa M. Caryk I, 19632622 Theresa M. Caryk II, 1963271 Theresa M. Caryk III, 1963272 Theresa M. Caryk IV, 1963-1964273 Theresa [M. Caryk] Originals, Expt. 2 Protocols, 1963274 Linda Greenhouse 4, 1963275-7 Bill Groves data book II, 1963278-9 Bill Groves data book III, 1963-19642710 Norma [Heaton] methods, 19632711 Norman [Heaton] I, 19632712 Norma [Heaton] II, 19632713 Norma [Heaton] III, 1963-19642714 Taysir Jaouni II, 19632715 Taysir Jaouni III, 1963-19642716 O[liver] W. Jones 4, 19632717 [Judith Levin], [1963]2718 [Marshall Nirenberg], [1963]281 [Marshall Nirenberg] 21, 1963-1964282 C[harles] H. O'Neal carbons, 1963-1964283-4 S[idney] Pestka data II, 1963-1964285 Charts on Genetic Code, 1963286 [Experiment to do lists], 1963-1964287 [Notes on the code], [ca. 1963-ca. 1964]288-9 [Polylysine], 19632810 Radioisotope book I, 19632811 [RNA codewords?], [ca. 1963]2812-14 [Untitled], 1963-19652815 Theresa M. Caryk V, 19642816 Theresa M. Caryk VI, 19642817 Theresa M. Caryk VII, 19642818 Theresa M. Caryk VIII, 19642819 Theresa M. Caryk IX, 1964-19652820-22 B.P. Doctor binding, 1964-1966291-2 Norma [Heaton] IV, 1964293-4 Norma [Heaton] V, 1964295-6 Norma [Heaton] VI, 1964297-8 Norma [Heaton] VII, 1964-1965299 [Wayne Kemper] Oligo Data, [1964-1965]2910-14 Judy Levin, 1964-19672915 [Marshall Nirenberg - notes on triplets], [ca. 1964]2916-17 [Noboru and Tamiko Kano] Sueoka, 1964-1966301-2 Alanine I, 1964-1965303-4θ [Theta] Alanine II, 1964-1965305 Alanine [triplet specificity], 1964-1965306 θ ALII triplet specificity and analogs, 1964-1967307-8 Arginine, 1964-1967309 Aspartic acid/asparagine, 1964-19663010-11 [C 14 -alanine-sRNA], [1964-1966]3012 Cysteine, 1964-19653013 Data VI theory code, 1964-19663014 Doublet and triplet stock, 1964-19653015 Genetic Code charts [includes negatives], 1964-19663016-17 Glutamic acid, 1964-19663018 Histidine, 1964-19663019 Isoleucine, 1964-19653020 Leucine I, 1964-19673021-22 Leucine II, 1964-19653023 Leucine III, 1964-19653024 Lysine II, 1964-19663025 Methionine, 1964-19653026 [Methyl- and Benzyl-compounds], [1964-1968]3027 Mg and diamines, 1964-1965311 Miscellaneous, 1964-1966312-3 Proline, 1964-1966314 Protocols, 196[4-1966]315 Protocols, experiments, 196[4-1966]316 "Replacement" Data, Predictions II, 196[4-1966]317-9 Serine, 1964-19673110-11 Solution book 2, 1964-19663112 Solutions DAK, 1964-1965147 Spectra-binder, 1964-19653113 sRNAs, 1964-19663114-15 Summary triplet purity and sequence, [1964-1965]3116 Theoretical codeword sequence, 19643117-18 Threonine, 1964-19653119 Triplet analyses (purity), [1964-1966]3120 Triplet-sRNA inventories, 1964-19653121 Triplet purity and sequence [AA-AU], 1964-19653122 Triplet purity and sequence [CA-CU], 1964-19653123 Triplet purity and sequence [GA-GU], 1964-19653124 Triplet purity and sequence [UA-UU, plus chart], 1964-19653125 Tryptophane, 1964-19653126 Tyrosine, 1964-19653127 Valine, 1964-1965321 [Untitled], 1964322-3 [Untitled], 1964-1965324 [Untitled], 1964-1966325 French Anderson, 1965326 Ann [Bauer?], [ca. 1965]327 Theresa M. Caryk X, 1965328-9 Theresa M. Caryk XI, 19653210-11 Theresa M. Caryk 12, 19653212 Theresa M. Caryk 13, 19653213 Theresa M. Caryk 14, 19653214-15 T[heresa M.] Caryk adult xenopus liver I A-L, 1965-19663216-17 T[heresa M.] Caryk adult xenopus liver II M-Z, 1965-19663218-19 T[heresa M.] Caryk guinea pig liver, 1965-1966331-2 T[heresa M.] Caryk guinea pig liver [cont'd], 1965-1966333-4 [T. Caryk et al.] Doc's ala, ser, trypt, val-sRNA, 1965335 Dolph [Hatfield], 1965336 D. L. H[atfield] H 3 AAA, [ca. 1965?]337 Norma [Heaton] VIII, 1965338 Norma [Heaton] IX, 1965339 Norma [Heaton] IX [Ala], 19653310 Norma [Heaton] IX [Arg, asp, asp-NH 2 ], 19653311 Norma [Heaton] 10, 19653312-13 Norma [Heaton] 11, 19653314 Norma [Heaton] 12, 19653315 Norma [Heaton] 13, 19653316 Norma [Heaton] 14, 1965-19663317 [Norma Heaton Oligo purification and chromatography], [ca. 1965?]341 Taysir Jaouni IV, 1965342 Taysir Jaouni V, 1965-1966343 [Don Kellogg experiments vol. I and II] [photocopies], [1965]344-7 [Don] Kellogg experiments vol. II, 1965348-10 [Don] Kellogg experiments vol. III, 19653411 Dick [Richard Marshall?], 19653412 "Richard" [Marshall?], 19653413 Doyle Mullinax computation book 5, 1965-19673414-15 [Marshall Nirenberg] 49-MN-66 data, 1965-19673416 [Marshall Nirenberg - notes on brain, neurobiology], 1965-19663417 [Sidney Pestka - Streptomycin], [1965]3418 [J.] Smrt, [G.M.] Tener, [J.G.] Moffatt, 19653419-20 [Noboru and Tamiko Kano] Sueoka I, 1965-19663421-23 [Noboru and Tamiko Kano] Sueoka II, 1965-19673424 Joel [Trupin], 19653425-27 2 stage I, 1965-19683428 2 stage II, 1965-1967351-3 Adult guinea pig liver sRNA, 1965-1966354-5 Adult xenopus liver I A-L neurula and muscle, 1965-1966356 Amb[iguity] 24, 1965357 [Codon notes], 1965-1966358 Conditions Θ ALII, 1965-1966359 Current work - code, [ca. 1965]3510-11 Cys-glu-gly, 19653512 Doc's met-sRNA, 1965-19663513-14 Doc's tyr-sRNA, 1965-19663515-16 Glycine, 19653517 Leucine sRNA, 19653518 Lysine-Lazzarini, 1965-19663519-22 Met/pro/ser, 19653523 Minus ribosomes, 1965-19673524 [Nucleotide sequences], [ca. 1965]3525 [Pseudo U and bases], [ca. 1965]3526-27 R experiments, 19653528 [Research notes, plates, and summaries], 19653529 RNA-DNA nucleotide sequence, 1965-19663530 sRNA summary, 1965-1966361 Summary triplets, 196[5-1966]362 Theory/Lucille, 1965363 To do notebook, 1965364 [Triplets], [ca. 1965]365-6 [Xenopus], 1965-1966367 Xenopus 23, 1965368-9 Xenopus-laevis neurula and muscle, 19653610 Xenopus neurula, 1965-19663611 [Loose notes], [ca. 1965]3612 [Untitled], 1965 Transition to Neurobiology, 1966-19763613 Ames, Silbert, Fine H15 sRNA, 19663614-15 [French] Anderson 104, 1966-19683616 Ann Bauer charging pilots, 19663617 Anne [Bauer?] 1 [Post-doc research journal], 19663618 Anne [Bauer?] 2 [Post-doc research journal], 19663619 Theresa M. Caryk 15, 19663620 Theresa M. Caryk 16, 19663621 Theresa M. Caryk 17, 1966371 Theresa M. Caryk 18, 1966372 Theresa M. Caryk 19, 1966-1967373 [Tom Caskey] 3-Tom Data 105-A (0-66), [1966-1968]374 [Tom Caskey and A. Beaudet] Kelmers-Fracions 105-C-66, g. pig--E. coli--sRNA binding data, 1966375-7 [Tom] Caskey, [A.] Beaudet, Kelmers guinea pig-E. coli binding data 105-B, 1966-1967378-9 [Dolph Hatfield] Chicken sRNA - Dolph binder 1, 19663710-12 [Dolph Hatfield] Sephadex Fractions, 19663713 Dolph [Hatfield] hen sRNA profiles binder 3, 19663714 Norma [Heaton] 15, 19663715 Norma [Heaton] 16, 19663716-17 Norma [Heaton] 17, 1966-1967381 Taysir Jaouni VI, 1966382 Taysir Jaouni VII, 1966-1967383 Wayne Kemper - Charging, 1966384 [Wayne Kemper] Procedures - triplet pilots, [1966-1968]385-6 Wayne Kemper - WN - Exp[eriments], [1966-1967]387-9 Darlene [Levenson] book 1, 1966-19673810 [Doyle Mullinax] Mouse adenovirus and dimethylnitrosamine, [1966]3811-12 Frank [Portugal], 1966-19683813 George Streisinger papers (lysozyme), 1966-19683814 [Michael] Wilcox, 19663815-16 109-6-66 [Michael] Wilcox-Data, [1966-1967]3817-18 [Michael] Wilcox (4) data, 1966-19673819-20 Michael Wilcox, B. Megaterium--protein synthesis, 19663821-22 [Michael Wilcox] Charging data book I, 1966-19673823 Mike [Wilcox] column fractions, 1966-19673824-26 [Michael Wilcox] Kelmers column runs, 1966-1967391-2 [Michael Wilcox] Sephadex columns, 1966-1967393 50 - RNA Phage, 1966-1967394 103-B IPA, 1966-1967395 A-36 ID3, Protein Syn ID (1), [1966-1968]396 Cocarcinogenesis, 1966397 Differential, 1966398 Don MS [tables], 1966399 Doublets and Triplets, 19663910 E. coli, amino acid, metabolism, 19663911 Guinea pig adult xenopus liver, neurula summaries, 19663912 Mac columns, 19663913 Max Kelmers sRNA 2, 1966-19673914 Novelli 2, 19663915 Nucleotide chromatog[raphy], 1966-19673916 [Polypeptides], [ca. 1966]3917-18 Protocols data, 1966-19673919-21 Solution book 3 1730-3075, 1966-19683922-23 French [Anderson], 19673924-25 French [Anderson] poly-U work, 1967-19683926 French [Anderson] (Wayne [Kemper]) 101, 19673927 J. Brensike neural supporting cells, 19673928 Theresa M. Caryk 20, 19673929 Tom [Caskey] - Kelmer, 19673930 Norma [Heaton] 18, 1967401 Norma [Heaton] 19, 1967-1968402 Taysir Jaouni VIII, 1967-1968403 Taysir Jaouni IX, 1967404 Taysir Jaouni X, 1967405 [Wayne Kemper?] Notes on methods triplets, [ca. 1967]406 Darlene [Levenson] 2, 1967407 Darlene [Levenson] 3, 1967-1968408-9 Darlene Levenson books 2 and 3 [photocopies], 19674010 Doyle Mullinax computation book 6, 1967-19684011 Doyle Mullinax Moloney Method/Spinco], [1967-1968]4012 [Marshall Nirenberg] 22, 19674013 [Marshall Nirenberg] 51, 19674014 [Marshall Nirenberg] A-38 [ideas on neurobiology], 1967-19684015 [Marshall Nirenberg] A-39 [ideas on genetic code and neurobiology: triplets inventory], 1967-19684016 [Ruth] Pertel, 1967-19684017 Ruth Pertel nematode transfer book I, 1967411 Bruce [Schrier] 1, 1967412 Ed [Scolnick] 1, 1967413-5 Dick Tompkins, 1967416 [Dick] Tompkins (2), 1967-1968417-8 [Michael Wilcox C 14 - and H 3 -Glutamine], [1967-1968]419-11 Michael Wilcox charging data book II, 19674112-13 Mike [Wilcox] Experiments, 19674114 1 - Nerve Growth Factor, 19674115-16 108A oligo synthesis, 19674117 CAT 1, 19674118-19 [Codons], [ca. 1967]4120 [E. coli tRNA and codon data summaries], 19674121 [Exp. 32 Binding of C14 ser tRNA with oligos], 19674122 [Exp. #696 Kelmer fractions on C14-Iso-leu #2370 W-3100 tRNA], 19674123 [Index S-101--S-115], [1967]4124 Kelmers fractionation of GP liver sub-cellular T-RNAs CTC, 19674125 Logical codes, genetic vs. neural code, 1967-19684126-28 Minus RIB 100 book 1, 19674129-31 Minus RIB 100 book 2, 19674132-33 Minus RIB 100 book 3, 19674134 Nematodes growth curve 4, 1967421 Nematodes growth curve 4 [cont'd], 1967422 Rib[osomes?] data, 1967423 Rotifers, 1967424-6 Termination, 1967-1968427 [Termination notes], [1967-1968]428-9 Termination studies, 19674210 To be filed I, A[lanine]-L[ysine], 19674211 To be filed II, M[ethionine]-Z, 19674212 "Today", 19674213 [Loose notes], 19674214 [Untitled], 19674215 [Art] Blume 1, 19684216 [John Farber - Tyrosine hydroxylase], 1968-19704217-18 [Norma Heaton] Tissue culture experiments [includes photos], 19684219-20 Norma [Heaton] Tissue culture experiments books 19-20, 1968-19694221 Norma [Heaton] 20 [includes photos], 1968-19694222 Norma [Heaton] 21, 1968-19694223 Taysir Jaouni IX, 19684224 Taysir Jaouni X, 19684225-27 Wayne Kemper Spectra Triplets, 1968431 Wayne Kemper Triplet Spectra, 1968432 Darlene [Levenson] 4, 1968433 M[arshall] Nirenberg 28-Expt., 1968434 [Marshall Nirenberg] 45-ID, Madeira, 1968435-9 [Marshall Nirenberg] 74 [ideas on neurobiology], 1968-19754310 Marshall [Nirenberg] raw data / Ed [Scolnick?] / all antibiotic studies, 19684311 Ruth Pertel, 19684312 Ruth Pertel, 1968-19724313 [Roger N.] Rosenberg, 19684314-15 [B.W] Ruffner and [Taysir] Jaouni [includes photos], 1968-19694316-17 [Bruce] Schrier [includes photos], 1968-19694318 Bruce Schrier 2, 19684319-20 [Bruce Schrier] Dissoc[iation] neurons fractionation, 19684321-22 N[ick] W. S[eeds] [includes photos], 1968-19694323 [Nick] Seeds nematodes, 19684324 [Noboru and Tamiko Kano] Sueoka project, 19684325 [Sam] Wilson, 19684326 42 Sam [Wilson] - John [Farber], 1968441 Choline acetylase, 1968-1969442-6 Enzyme assays: CAT, 1968-1970447 General cine[micrography], 1968-1970448 Genetics - hybrids 3, 1968-1981449 HA test, 19684410 Lab 41, 1968-19694411 Methods 10 GABA, 1968-19694412-13 N-biochem 1, pharmacology seminars, 19684414 N-Work in progess 1, 19684415 Nematode genetics, 19684416-17 Retina transmission 1B, 1968-19764418 Solution book 4, 1968-19694419 Spores 27, 19684420-21 [Untitled] [includes photos], 1968-19694422-23 [Takehiko] Amano 1-69, 19694424 [Takehiko Amano] Cloning method with agar for neuroblastoma, 19694425 [Takehiko Amano] Frozen cell II, N1-N9 [includes photos], 1969-19704426 [Takehiko Amano] Frozen cell III, N10-N32 [includes photos], 1969-19704427 Jeanne Barsanti Puppy Tumor Cell Notes, 1969-19754428 J[ohn] Brensike I [includes photos], 1969451-3 [John] Farber brain enzymes 2 [includes photos], 1969-1970454 J[ohn] Farber CAT controls, 1969455-6 J[ohn] Farber 5 CAT controls [includes photos], 1969457 Norma [Heaton] 22, 1969-1970458 R[uth] Ladenson I [includes photos], 1969-1970459 R[uth] Ladenson II, 1969-19704510 [Doyle Mullinax - Bird experiments C001-C003], 19694511 [Doyle Mullinax] Cofal test registry, 19694512 Doyle Mullinax computation book 2, 1969-19704513 R[oger] R[osenberg]-O day BR growth curve 1, 19694514 [Bruce Schrier] Assay methods 3, 19694515-16 Bruce [Schrier] and Ed [Thompson] brain enzymes, 19694517 Carrie Scott [includes photos], 1969-19704518 [Nick] Seeds, 19694519-21 [Nick Seeds] [includes photos], 1969-19704522 Nick [Seeds] - Al [Gilman] axon, 19694523 [Nick Seeds and Al Gilman] Axons data, 19694524 [Ed] Thompson, 19694525-27 Sam Wilson catecholamine experiments [includes photos], 1969-1970461-2 Sam Wilson catecholamine experiments [cont'd] [includes photos], 1969-1970463-5 S[am] H. W[ilson] Culture histories [includes photos], 1969-1970466-9 Sam [Wilson] vesicles, uptake and storage [includes photos] [caution: glass], 1969-19704610-12 P[erola] Z[altzman] 1-69, 1969-19704613 ACE 1, 19694614-15 ACE N-103 growth curve, 1969-19704616-19 Assays: cell growth and harvesting, 19694620-21 COMT, 1969-19704622 Conf[erence]-2 ENZ Checklist, 19694623-24 Conference memos I, 19694625 Conference notes, 19694626-28 Daily work sheets, 1969-1971471-5 Enzyme assays: COMT, GAD tyrosine hydro[cyclase], 1969476-7 Experiment N-8, 1969478-10 Laboratory xeroxes, 19694711 N3.5.6.7.8, 19694712 N4-K and N4-D [includes photos], 1969-19704713 N9.10.11.12.13 [includes photos], 1969-19714714 N14.15.16.17, 1969-19704715 N18 [includes photos], 1969-19724716-19 N-18 growth curve experiment 1, 1969-19704720 N19.20.21.22.23.-- [includes photos], 19694721 NB-1 time curve 47, 19694722-23 NB-2 time curve-2 48, 19694724 Neuroblastoma 4, 19694725-26 Neurophysiology [includes photos], 1969-19734727-30 Neurophysiology rating and index 3, 1969-1973481 Normal brain time curve, 1969482-3 NP data, 1969-1972484 Q[uality] C[ontrol], 1969-1972485 RNA Polymerase, 1969-1970486 Solution book 5, 1969-1970487-8 [To Do list], 1969-1970489-10 [Takehiko] Amano experiments, book I, 1970-19714811-14 [Takehiko] Amano experiments, book III, 19704815 [Takehiko Amano CAT corrections], 19704816 [Takehiko Amano] N-18 time curve, 19704817 T[akehiko] Amano, S-20, 19704818-19 [Takehiko Amano] S:20 time curve, 1970-19714820-21 [Takehiko] Amano and [Eve] Cutler CAT time curve (N-10), 19704822 [Takehiko Amano, Elliott Richelson] S-20 T[yrosine] H[ydroxylase] time curve, 19704823 R[uth] Ladenson III, 19704824 R[uth] Ladenson IV, 1970491 R[uth] Ladenson V (cine) [includes photos], 1970492-5 Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] book 1, 1970-1974496 [John] Minna's cells, 1970-1971497-8 [John] Minna growth curves, 1970499 [John] Minna and [Devi] Glazer workbook, 19704910 M[arshall] Nirenberg Frozen cell inventory, 1970-19714911-12 M[arshall] N[irenberg] and K-line cells stored at MBA, 1970-19714913-14 [Elliott Richelson] N1E, N103, N106, 1970Map Drawer 41 [Elliott Richelson CAT Time Curves], 1970-19714915 [Rosemary] Lee Selinger II [includes photos], 19704916 [Rosemary] Lee Selinger III, 19704917 ACE data 3 cyclohex[imide] experiment, 19704918 ACE-hybrids 1, 1970-19714919-21 ACE MS book 6, 19704922-24 ACE time curve 2 N-18, 19704925-26 Aminopterin 1, 19704927-28 Assay I [includes photos], 19704929-30 Assay II, 1970501-3 Autonomic neurons 1, 1970-1971504 Brain cell data, 1970505 [Cell line data cards], [1970-1973]506 [Electron microscopy - corrections?], 1970507 E. M. data summaries, 1970508 Enzyme data, 1970509 [Frozen cells notebook], [1970-1973]5010-13 Home data, 1970-19735014-15 Hybrid MS I, 19705016-17 Hybrid NP data I, 19705018-19 Hybrid NP data II, 19705020 Hybridization, 19705021-22 Ideas, notes, questions Neuron T-R, 1970[-1971]5023-24 N1.E103 [includes photos], 1970-19715025-29 NB-structure / Biol-1, 1970511-3 NB-structure 2, 1970514 Neurochem[istry] Methods 5A, 1970-1973515-7 Pharmacology methods 3, 1970-1972518 RNA polymerase, 1970519-11 S-series histories book IV, 19705112-13 Solution book 6, 1970-19745114 [Loose notes], 19705115 [Untitled] [includes photos], 19705116-19 [Takehiko Amano] CAT-TH data, 19715120-21 [Takehiko Amano, Eve Cutler] CAT-TH-ACE data for Federation talk, 19715122-24 [Takehiko Amano, Eve Cutler, Elliott Richelson CAT-TH-ACE data?], 19711483 [Tom Caskey and Wayne Kemper] Tetra maps, 19715125 Al [Gilman], cAMP PGE 1 1, 19715126-29 Devi [Glazer] 1, 1971521-2 Devi [Glazer] 2, 1971523-7 [Devi] Glazer experiments 1-175 [includes photos], 1971-1972528-9 Devi [Glazer] 1-174 data, 1971-19725210-14 Devi [Glazer] and M[arshall] N[irenberg], α [Alpha] BT binding 2 data, C1300, s-lines, CEM, 1971-19725215 Lloyd [Greene] - syn[?], 19715216-17 Wayne [Kemper] neurophysiology data I, 1971-19725218-19 Wayne [Kemper] NP experiments, 1971-19735220 Wayne [Kemper] and Devi [Glazer] NP experiments 4, 1971-19725221-22 John Minna ACE, 19715223 [Doyle Mullinax] 14-13K Rat Brain, 19715224 [Doyle Mullinax] Expt 17-13K, MAI dialyzed ser [includes photos], 19715225 AcCh receptor values 6, neurophysiology A, 1971-19725226 [Ache-CAT H1S10?] methods, neuro-muscular synapse 4, 19715227 CAT-TH, 19715228 Copy of freezer cards at MAI contract 2245, 19715229 [Data for computer samples], 1971-1974138-146 Electrophysiology experiment data, 1971-19755230 Gangliosides 1 [includes photos], 1971-1974531-2 Gangliosides 1 [cont'd] [includes photos], 1971-1974533-6 Muscle methods experiments, 1971-1972537-8 Muscle receptor data book 2, CEM-cards N3 data, 1971-1972539 N + AC receptor pharmacology, 19715310 N + receptor 7 [includes photos], 1971-19735311-15 Neurophysiology rating and index 2, 1971-19725316-17 NL-hybrids/ACE assays 1, 19715318-19 Quality Control records 2245, 1971-19745320-21 Receptor toxin methods 5, 1971-19735322 Solution Book 2, tissue culture, 1971-19735323 Toxin notes 3, 19715324 Tyrosine Hydroxylase Assays, 1971-19745325 Vials thawed-sorted strips, 1971-19775326 [Loose notes], 19715327-28 [Don] Bogdanski DA-NE uptake [includes photos], 1972541-2 Theresa [Caryk] 1, 1972-1973543-6 Alcmene [Chalazonitis] 1 [includes photos], 1972547-11 Mary [DeLong] 1, 1972-19775412-13 Bob [Gibbons] chronological experiments 3 [includes photos], 1972-19735414-16 Devi [Glazer] 3, 19725417-18 Devi [Glazer] 4 [includes photos], 19725419-22 Devi [Glazer] 5 [includes photos], 19725423-24 Devi [Glazer] 6, 19725425-27 Devi [Glazer] [experiments] 176-290, 1972551-3 [Devi] Glazer experiments 176-237 [includes photos], 1972554-7 [Devi] Glazer experiments 238-325 [includes photos], 1972-1973558 [Doyle Mullinax - Slides and pathological reports for tumors delivered], 1972-1973559-10 Paul [Simpson] experiments 19-48, acetylcholine release, 1972-19735511-13 Paul [Simpson] experiments 45-64, 1972-19745514-15 Autoradiography 2 index, 19725516 Autoradiography index 2 prints, 19725517-19 Radioautography 1 index, 19725520 Retina and N specificity 2, 19725521-22 Retina 2, 1972-19735523 [Loose notes], 1972 Effects of Morphine on the Nervous System, 1973-19825524-27 [Alcmene Chalazonitis] X-31 MS and data, N+ Alcmene MS 67 [includes photos], 19735528 [Bill Catterall], 1973-1975561-2 Bob [Gibbons] experiments, 1973563-8 Bob [Gibbons] 4, experiments 65-225, 1973-1975569 Devi [Glazer] 7, 19735610-14 [Eli Heldman] Frozen stocks and data, me, Eli-NRE hybrids [includes photos], 1973-19755615-16 Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 5 ray data, 1973-19755617-18 [Marshall Nirenberg] 69, 1973-19745619-20 Paul [Simpson] experiments 34-44 [includes photos], 19735621 [Thomas Ward] Weekly report, 1973 Jun 155622-24 Assay methods--columns, C-nucleotide 6, 19735625 [Bionetics project] 1170, 19735626 C nucleotide 5 NB, 19735627 Guanyl cyclase cGMP-growth, 1973-19745628 Instructions, 19735629 [Methods, 108CC-15], 19735630 Morph[ine] experiments, 1973-19745631 Notebook 66, 1973571-5 P6E1 and other receptors, 1973-1975576 Retina 1, 1973577 Retina [auto-?] 4, 1973578 Z, 1973579 [Untitled], 19735710 [Xandra Breakefield], 19745711-12 Debbie [Carper] notes, 19745713-15 Debbie [Carper] 1, cGMP assay experiments, 19745716-18 Debbie [Carper] 1D, 1974-19765719-20 70 Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 2, 19745721-24 Debbie Carper and Linda Lee 3, 1974-19765725-29 Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 3, cGMP assays 72, experiments 10-18, 1974-19755730 Debbie Carper and Linda Lee 4, index of experiments, 1974-1976581-6 Bob [Gibbons] 5, experiments 226-273, 1974-1975587 Bob [Gibbons] 8, 1974-1975588 Norma [Heaton] book, 1974589-11 Eli [Heldman], 1974-19755812-14 Eli [Heldman] NRE NME MS [includes photos], 1974-19785815-18 Linda [Lee] 1L, experiments 1-15B, 19745819-21 Linda [Lee] and Debbie [Carper] 2, experiments 15-18, 1974-19755822-23 Linda [Lee] and Debbie [Carper] experiments 19a & b, 19745824-25 Linda [Lee] and Debbie [Carper] cGMP experiment 20 #4, 19745826-28 Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 3, 1974-1976591-5 Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 3 [cont'd], 1974-1976596-12 Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 4, specificity data, 1974-19755913-18 Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 7, MS 2 and 3, 1974-19765919 Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 8, 1974-19765920-22 [John] Minna's 1970 cells stored at MBA, 19745923 Doyle Mullinax, 19745924 Doyle [Mullinax], 19745925-30 [Doyle Mullinax Daily growth sheets], 1974-1975601-2 [Doyle Mullinax Daily growth sheets] [cont'd], 1974-1975603-4 Doyle [Mullinax] Frozen cells, 1974-1978605 Doyle [Mullinax] Frozen cells 6E 33, 1974-1978606 Doyle [Mullinax] To Do Freezers, 1974-1978607 [Doyle Mullinax] Weekly reports, 1974608-11 [Steve Sabol] Methods - α [Alpha] - receptors - ad cyclase 1, 1974-19776012 [Shail Sharma] -- Adenyl cyclase experiments, 19746013-16 Shail [Sharma] 2 -- Adenyl cyclase experiments, 19746017-18 Shail [Sharma] 3 -- Addiction, 19746019-22 Shail [Sharma] 4, 1974-19766023-25 Paul [Simpson] experiments 65-82 [includes photos], 1974-19756026 Aggregate experiment, 1974611-2 Aggregate experiment [cont'd], 1974613-5 cAMP binding, 1974-1976616-13 Cell growth research [includes photos], 1974-1976142 Chick neuro retina experiment data, 19746114 C[yclic] GMP assay, 19746115-18 Electrophysiology 7, 1974-19756119 Endorphins 4, 1974-19766120 [Frozen cells], 19746121-22 [Frozen cells - expected vials], 1974621-2 Frozen cells - Freezers, 1974-1978623-4 Frozen cells - N6-108-15 sublines, 1974-1978625-6 Ligand binding analysis 1, 1974-1982627 Mechanism adenylate cyclase 2, 1974-1975628 Morphine 8 notes and data, 1974-1975629-12 Muscarinic receptor 1, 1974-19756213-17 Muscarinic receptor QNB-AT binding 3, 1974-19756218 N + receptor 8 methods, 1974-19756219-22 N115 NP experiments 159-204, 1974-19756223-24 NCE, 19746225 Notebook 71, home-current, 1974-19756226-29 Protein kinase data 2 [includes photos], 1974-19756230 Protein kinase, PO 4 -protein 1, 19746231 Retina 2, [c. 1974]631 Retina aggregate, experiment 100, 1974632-3 Retina experiments NCE hybrid results, 1974634-6 Retina NP, 1974637 Solution book 7, 1974-1976638 [Loose notes], 1974639-11 S[aburo] Ayukawa experiment I, 1975-19766312-15 Debbie [Carper] 5, experiments 32-36, 19756316-22 Debbie [Carper] 7, experiments 37-39, 1975-19766323-24 Debbie [Carper] 16, 1975-19766325 Debbie Carper and Linda Lee 4, experiments 22-32, 1975641-2 Debbie Carper and Linda Lee 4, experiments 22-32 [cont'd], 1975643-6 Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 6, cGMP morphine experiments, 1975647-11 Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 8, experiments 40-49, 1975-19766412-16 Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 9, experiments 50-63, 1975-19766417-21 Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 10, experiments 64-76, 1975-19766422-24 Fernando de Mello, dopamine in retina, cAMP/cGMP, 1975-19766425-26 Gabriella [Giagnoni] 1, 1975-1976651-2 Gabriella [Giagnoni] 1 [cont'd], 1975-1976653-5 Bob [Gibbons] experiments 205-225, 1975656 [Bob] Gibbons electrophysiology experiments #241-254, 1975657 [Orest] Hurko -- Solubilized muscarinic receptor, 1975-1977658-9 [Jim] Kenimer PGE 1 MS data, 1975-19806510 Bill Klein, CEH-JG, 19756511-12 Bill Klein 7, N115, 19756513-14 Arthur [Lampert], 1975-19766515-16 Linda [Lee] 6, experiments 32-38, 1975-19766517-19 Linda [Lee] and Debbie [Carper] 5, 19756520-25 Linda Lee and Debbie Carper 11, experiments 77-88 [includes photos], 1975-1976661-7 Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 6, 5 HT data-1, 1975-1976668-13 Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 8, 5 HT data book 2, 1975-19766614-17 Rick [McGee?] 1, 1975-19766618-21 Rick [McGee?] 2, 1975-19766622 Rick [McGee?] Expt A-14, 19756623 [Doyle Mullinax], [1975-1976]6624-28 Neil [Nathanson] 1, 1975-1976671-3 [Don] Puro experiments, 1975674 [Don] Puro growth sheets, 1975-1976675 Don Puro Solutions, 1975676-7 [Don] Puro summary IIa, 1975-1976678 [Don] Puro summary sheets IIb, 1975-1976679-14 Steve [Sabol] 2, experiments 95-149, 1975-19766715-20 Shail [Sharma] 9, 19756721-26 Shail [Sharma] 10, 19756727-28 75, 1975-19766729-30 77 [includes photos], 1975-1976681 Adenosine, 1975-1976682 Adenylate cyclase PDE modulator, 1975683-6 ATT 20 MS, 1975-1977687 Ca ++ activator 1-NaF, 1975-1977688-11 cAMP and cGMP methods, 1975-19766812 cAMP methods, 19756813-15 Cycloheximide experiments, 1975-19776816-20 Desensitivity, Supersensitivity, 1975-19766821 Duplicate experiments for carb[achol] MS, 19756822 Filtration on media and sera, [ca. 1975?]6823-29 Morph[ine] 5, 1975691-2 Morph[ine] 5 [cont'd], 1975693-6 Morphine 7, 1975697-10 Morphine 11, endorphine experiments, 1975-19766911-13 Morph[ine] MS properties 12, 1975-19776914 N + receptor 9, 1975-19766915 Nervous system antigens, [c. 1975-1980?]6916 Neuromuscular synapse seminars 1, 19756917 [Notes on Hamprecht paper], 19756918-25 Properties MS data, 1975-19786926-28 QNB binding data 2 N115, 19756929 QNB binding experiments 5, 19756930-31 QNB cells MS 1, 1975-1976701-4 QNB cells MS 1 [cont'd], 1975-1976705-8 QNB experiments 4, 1975709-11 QNB experiments 6, 1975-19767012 QNB fig[ure]s-MS 3, 1975-19767013-16 QNB NG108-15 homogenates MS 2A, 1975-19777017-22 QNB retina book 2, 1975-19767023-26 QNB retina MS 4, 1975-19777027 Retina, 1975711-2 Scopolamine binding N115 3, 1975713-5 Synapse specificity data, 1975-1976716 [Loose notes], 1975717 [Untitled], 1975-1978 Neural Synapses in Chick Retina, 1976-1988718-10 Saburo Ayukawa α [Alpha] - adrenergic receptors, 1976-19807111 [Arthur] Blume desensitization 2, ad cyclase, 1976-19777112-17 Debbie [Carper] 13 [includes photos], 19767118-21 Debbie [Carper] 15, 19767122 Debbie [Carper] methods 2, 19767123-27 Debbie [Carper] rate book 1, APPNP and GPPNP experiments, 1976721-6 Gabriella [Giagnoni] 2 endorphin, 1976-1977727-8 Gabriella [Giagnoni] 3, 1976-1977729-11 Haruhiro [Higashida] 1, synapse survey [includes photos], 19767212-16 Haruhiro [Higashida] book 2, reports 12-19 [includes photos], 1976-19777217-20 Haruhiro [Higashida] synapse book 3, reports 20-21, experiments 108-167 [includes photos], 1976-19777221-27 Haruhiro [Higashida] synapse book 4, reports 22-26, meep analysis [includes photos], 1976-1977731-5 Alan [Kahana] book 1 -- QNB binding 7, 1976736 Alan Kahana experiments, 1976737-10 [Jim Kenimer] APPNP 2, 19767311-16 Jim [Kenimer] 3--APPNP--ATP, 1976-19777317-20 Jim [Kenimer] 5, 1976-19777321-24 Linda [Lee] 12, experiments 83-110, 19767325-30 Linda [Lee] 14, experiments 111-130, 1976741-4 Linda [Lee] 17, experiments 131-150, 1976745-8 Rick [Richard McGee] MS, 1976-1977749-10 Doyle [Mullinax] experiments 206-211, 19767411-12 [Don] Puro CAT, B-7 and L-3, 1976-19777413-15 [Don] Puro retina muscle experiments 152-232 III, 1976-19777416-20 [Don] Puro Retina synapse turnover MS 2, 1976-19777421 [Don] Puro Solutions/numbers, 1976-19777422-25 Steve [Sabol] 3, experiments 150-191, 1976751-6 Steve [Sabol] 4, MS-1, 1976-1977757-10 Steve [Sabol] 5, experiments 190-215, 1976-19777511-17 Steve [Sabol] 6, Maria [Shih] 2, ascorbate, Ca ++ , 1976-19777518-21 Steve Sabol α [Alpha]-receptor MS, 1976-19787522-26 Shail [Sharma] 2, carb[achol] MS, 19767527-29 Maria [Shih] 1 [includes photos], 1976-1977761-4 Maria [Shih] 1 [con't] [includes photos], 1976-1977765-8 [Steve] Wilson ACH release 1, 1976-1979769-13 [Steve] Wilson ACH release 2, 1976-19787614-16 76 [includes photos], 19767617-20 α [Alpha]-receptor binding 1, 1976-19777621 [ATT 20 notes], 1976-19777622-24 Brain QNB, 19767625 [Cell data sheets], 1976-19787626-29 Cell growth file [includes photos], 1976771-10 Cell growth file [cont'd] [includes photos], 19767711 Chick retina--muscle EM, 1976-19777712-16 Frozen cells, 1976-19797717 GABA 1, 19767718 GABA 2, 19767719 NG-108-15 cells 3H-scopolamine binding 2, 19767720-22 Pharmacology MS, 1976-19827723-26 QNB NG108-15 homogenates MS 2B, 1976-19777727-28 QNB regulation MS 5, 1976781-5 QNB regulation MS 5 [cont'd], 1976786-7 QNB retina 1, 1976788 QNB retina 3, 1976789-11 Rb 86 1, 1976-19777812-13 Retina synapse data 2, 19767814-16 Retina synapse STD values MS 1, 1976-19787817 Solution book 8, 1976-19787818 [Loose notes], 19767819-21 L[inda] Anderson, biochemical assays, adenyl cyclase, screening for NCB 20, NBr 10A, 1977-19807822 Linda Anderson experiment 58, 1977-19787823-25 Frozen cells - Linda [Anderson] summaries, 1977-19787826 [Linda Anderson] Tissue culture I, 1977-1978791 [Linda Anderson] Tissue culture I [cont'd], 1977-1978792-4 George [Eisenbarth] 1, 1977795-11 [Norma Heaton] NDZH 1, 19777912-16 [Norma Heaton] NDZH 2, 1977-19787917-20 Haruhiro [Higashida] book 5, reports 27-30 [includes photos], 19777921-25 Haruhiro [Higashida] book 6, reports 31-34, experiments 176-219 [includes photos], 1977801-3 Haruhiro [Higashida] hybrid pharmacology book 7, report 33, 1977804-9 Haruhiro [Higashida] hybrid pharmacology receptors book 8, reports 35-37, 19778010-13 Haruhiro [Higashida] book 9, reports 38-39 [includes photos], 19778014-18 Haruhiro [Higashida] book 10, reports 40-41 [includes photos], 1977-19788019-20 Haruhiro [Higashida] ions book 12, experiments 1001-, 1977-19788021-25 Haruhiro [Higashida] book 13, index and summaries [includes photos], 1977-1978811-2 Haruhiro [Higashida] book 13, index and summaries [cont'd] [includes photos], 1977-1978813-6 Haruhiro [Higashida] MS 1, drafts 1-3, 1977-1978817-10 Haruhiro [Higashida] PGE 1 growth conditions, 1977-19788111-16 Jim [Kenimer] 4, 19778117-22 Arthur [Lampert], 19778123 M[arshall] N[irenberg] and Doyle [Mullinax], 19778124 [Don] Puro, 19778125-27 [Robert] Ruffolo [and Jeff Thompson] book 2 [includes photos], 1977821 [Maria Shih], 1977822-5 [Maria Shih] 1, 1977826-12 Maria [Shih] 2 [includes photos], 19778213-15 [Maria Shih] 3, 19778216-18 [Maria Shih] 4 [includes photos], 19778219-21 [Maria Shih] 5, 19778222-26 [Maria Shih] 6 [includes photos], 1977-19788227-29 [Maria Shih] 7 [includes photos], 1977-1978831-7 Jeff [Thompson] 1, 1977838 Jeff [Thompson] data, 1977839 Doug [Wilkening] CAS - Morph[ine] - 5HT - ACH Release, 19778310 [Doug Wilkening] Effect of Morphine and 5HT on ACH Release, 19778311-16 [Steve] Wilson ACH release 3, experiments 70-89, 1977-19788317-20 5-HT data binding N6108-15 2, 1977-19788321-23 α [Alpha]-receptor binding 2, 1977-19798324-28 ACH release, experiments 90-112, 1977-1979841-4 Binding assays, 1977-1978845-9 Cell lines, ACH-synapse summary, 1977-19798410 Forms and solution, 1977-19798411 Guinea pigileum assay, ATT20 crude boiled extract, peak 2-4 biogel, 19778412-13 Lectin summary, 1977-19788414 Methods isolation synaptic proteins, 19778415 N + Hotspots Factor, 19778416-19 NCB-20 data: LSD-5HT binding 3, 1977-19788420 [Neurotoxins], 19778421 [Quality control], [1977]8422-26 Retina age MS 2 summary [includes photos], 19778427-29 Retina synapses, 1977851-2 Retina synapses [cont'd], 1977853 Solution, 1977854 [Loose notes], 1977855 [Untitled], 1977-1981856-8 [Michael] Adler 1 [includes photos], 1978-1981859-14 Haruhiro [Higashida] 14, N115 and hybrid pharmacology, 19788515-16 Haruhiro [Higashida] MS #2 conditions, 1978-19798517-19 Haruhiro [Higashida] MS book 6 [includes photos], 1978-19828520-22 Haruhiro [Higashida] PGE1 conditions reports, 19788523-29 RAD [Radharaman Ray] 2, Ca 45 -ACH, 1978-1979861-3 RAD [Radharaman Ray] 3, 1978-1980864-5 Andrej [Rotter], Ca experiments 3, 1978866-8 Andrej [Rotter], calcium-Ca 45 , 1978869-10 Maria [Shih] 3, 1978-19798611-13 [Maria Shih] 8, 19788614-16 [Maria Shih] 9, 19788617-19 [Maria Shih] 10, 1978-19798620-22 [Maria Shih] 13, 1978-19798623 5 HT Reprints 1 DA, HIST, 19788624 A2B5 Ag purification 4, 1978-19798625 AB [antibodies?], 19788626-27 Ach-syn survey MS, synapse defects, 19788628 Ca data, 1978-19848629 Ca 2+ methods 7, 1978-1979871-5 Ca 45 summary 5A, 1978-1979876-11 Ca 45 uptake by cell lines 4, 1978-19798712 Ca ++ uptake, 19781368 [Chick retina - loss of neuronal ability to synapse], [1978]8713 Choline uptake, 19788714-16 Fusion 12 data 1, 19788717 -Ion / +TEA, NT, BK, ANG II, ACH, 1978-19798718-19 Methylation 1, 19788720 Presynaptic toxins, 19788721 Solution book I, 19788722 [Loose notes], 19788723-26 [Untitled], 1978-19798727-32 [Linda Anderson] 45 Ca uptake experiment I [includes photos], 1979881-2 [Linda Anderson] 45 Ca uptake experiment I [cont'd] [includes photos], 1979883-7 Linda [Anderson] 45 Ca 2 [includes photos], 1979888-10 Linda [Anderson] [ 45 Ca] 3 [includes photos], 19798811-16 Linda [Anderson] 45 Ca 4 [includes photos], 19798817-19 Linda [Anderson] and Maria [Shih] 9 [includes photos], 19798820-22 [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih] 10 [includes photos], 1979-19808823-26 Linda [Anderson] and Maria [Shih] Ca 45 12 [includes photos], 1979-19808827 [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih] Cell line results, 1979-19828828-29 Paul [Darveniza] Ca +2 data, 1979-1980891-2 Paul [Darveniza] Ca +2 data [cont'd], 1979-1980893 Paul [Darveniza] Ca 2+ electrode data, 1979894-7 Andrej [Rotter], 1979-1980898-10 Andrej [Rotter] 6, Ca 45 experiments 83-112, 19798911-12 [Maria Shih] 11, 19798913-15 [Maria Shih] 12, 19798916-18 [Maria Shih] 14, 19798919-23 [Maria Shih] 15 [includes photos], 1979-198013611 [3H Clomidine binding to NG-108-15 P30-2x], 1979-19808924-27 5B Ca 45 summary, 1979-1980901 Ca 2+ 2, 1979902 Ca 2+ electrode PH meters recorder methods 8, 1979903-7 Ca 45 Expt Index Solutions 11, 1979-1980908 Ca 45 program, 1979909-10 Ca 45 summaries, 1979-19809011 [Calcium and Lowry assays, expts 73-75], 19799012 cAMP, 19799013 Cell line data, 19799014 Cell trophic factors, 19799015 [Experiment chart], 19799016-19 Gradient AB 2 data, 1979-19809020-24 Gradient AB 3 data [includes photos], 1979-19809025 [Lipid illustrations], 19799026-29 Methylation 2, 1979-19819030 [Na 22 and Ca 45 ], 19799031 Solution book 9, 1979-1983911 Transmitter catabolism file, 1979-1980912-3 Transmitter catabolism file, experiments 1-7 [includes photos], 1979914 Transmitter catabolism file, experiments A/B [includes photos], 1979915-11 Linda [Anderson] 19, 1980-19819112-14 Linda [Anderson] AB, 19809115-19 [Linda Anderson] 45 Ca uptake experiments II [includes photos], 1980-19839120-22 Linda [Anderson] cell growth experiments [includes photos], 1980-19829123-24 [Linda Anderson Expt 107-120], 19809125-29 Linda [Anderson] and Maria [Shih] 13, 1980921-6 Linda [Anderson] and Maria [Shih] 14, 1980927-12 Angel [De Blas] AB, Neil [Busis] Ca 45 ad cyclase [includes photos], 19809213-15 Joe [Moskal] 1 [includes photos], 1980-19819216-21 Joe [Moskal] 2 [includes photos], 1980-19829222-25 Maria [Shih] [includes photos], 1980-1981931-5 [Maria Shih] 16 [includes photos], 1980936-9 [Maria Shih] 17 [includes photos], 1980-19819310-14 Maria [Shih] experiment B anti SPM AB-Ca 45 , 19809315 Maria [Shih] and Linda [Anderson] experiments, 19809316 Adenylate cyclase, 19809317-21 Ascites fluid, antibody binding assays I, 19809322 [Clone reports], 19809323-27 Conditioned media, antibody binding assays II, 1980-1983941 Experiment book #5 [Ca 2+ ?] studies, 1980942 Fig[ure]s, 1980-1982943 Lowry solutions, 1980-1984944-5 Retina central connections embryology, diencephalon and telencephalon, 1980946-8 Top purification 1, 1980-1981949 [Loose notes], 1980-19889410 [Linda Anderson mycoplasma isolation data], [1981-1982]9411-15 Linda [Anderson] retina AB, data and methods, 1981-19839416-19 Saburo [Ayukawa] manuscript, 1981-19829420-24 [Patricia Bray?] Trish 1 [includes photos], 1981-19849425-26 Paul [Darveniza] MS, 19819427-29 Haruhiro [Higashida] 1, AB effects on synapses [includes photos], 1981-1982951-3 Haruhiro [Higashida] 1, AB effects on synapses [con't] [includes photos], 1981-1982954-5 [Maria Shih], 1981-1982956-7 Maria Shih 18, 1981958-12 [Maria Shih] 19 [includes photos], 19819513 [Maria Shih] 21, 1981-19829514-16 [Maria Shih and Linda Anderson] Ca 2+ experiments [includes photos], 1981-19849517-18 20, 1981-19829519 ACH secretion, 19819520-25 Ca 2+ data, 1981961 Ca 2+ summary TFP, 1981962-5 CAT 1, 1981-1982966 Current Ab binding assay experiments, 1981967 Fluorescent abeys stains, 1981968-11 Nitrendipine experiments 23, 1981-19839612-15 Notebook 22, 1981-19829616 [Linda Anderson CM prep], [1982]9617 [Linda Anderson Expts. 237-238], [1982]9618-23 Linda [Anderson] nitrendipine binding experiments, 198219839624-26 [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih] [includes photos], 1982971 [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih] [cont'd] [includes photos], 1982972-3 [Maria Shih] 24, 1982-1983974-7 21 [includes photos], 1982978 Ascites and conditional media AB, 1982979-12 H3 nit[rendipine] data [includes photos], 1982-19839713 [Loose notes], 19829714-15 [Untitled], 1982-19859716 [Linda Anderson] [includes photos], 19839717 [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih - Calcium and Lowry assays, expts. 402-404] [includes photos], 19839718-22 [Patricia Bray?] Trish experiments 2, 1983-19859723-24 V[icky] Guo 45 Ca uptake experiments I, 1983-19849725 [Vicky Guo - Calcium and Lowry assays, expts. 104-107] [includes photos], 19839726 Haruhiro [Higashida] xenopus, 1983-19849727-28 [Maria Shih] 25, 19839729-30 [Maria Shih] 26, 1983-1984981 [Maria Shih - Calcium and Lowry assays, expts. 411-424] [includes photos], 1983-1984982 8 - azido - cAMP labeling experiments [includes photos], 1983-1985983-5 24, 1983986 [Lowry protein assays] [includes photos], 1983987 Notes, Neuromuscular synapse, 1983-1984988 Solution book 10, 1983-1985989 VO - nucleotides, 19839810 [Untitled], 1983-19879811-13 Ben [Alamadoss] [cloning] experiments 2 [includes photos], 19849814-15 Hemin [Chin] 1 [includes photos], 19849816-19 V[icky] Guo nitrendipine binding experiments I [includes photos], 1984-19859820-22 [Vicky Guo?] [includes photos], 19849823-32 Haruhiro [Higashida] xenopus research progress report #1 - #10, 1984991-5 Haruhiro [Higashida] xenopus research progress report #11 - #15, 1984996 [Bradykinin and Ins P3 experiment data], [1984-1985]997 Ca data and summaries, 1984Map Drawer 131 [Dave's expt. line scans, 14 H3 Dorsal and Ventral], [1984]998 G proteins, 1984999 Oncogenes - PI 1, 1984-19859910 PI 1, 1984-19859911 PI enzymes, etc., 19849912 Xenopus methods BK receptor 14, 1984-19869913 [Untitled], 19849914-45 Haruhiro [Higashida] xenopus research progress reports #[16] - #44, 19851001-6 Haruhiro [Higashida] research progress reports #44 [cont'd] - #47, 19851007 Haruhiro [Higashida] research progress report [unnumbered], 19851008 [Marshall Nirenberg] "MN To Do" [includes photos], [1985]1009 [Cell line data], [1985]10010 RI, RII, 198510011 [Loose notes], 198510012 [Untitled], 198510013-20 Haruhiro [Higashida] research progress reports #49 - #63 [incomplete], 198610021-24 α [Alpha] I 2 , 198610025-31 α [Alpha] O, 1986-19881011-5 α [Alpha]S -3 , 19861016 Ca 2+ , 1986-19871017-9 cAMP somatostatin gene 2, 198610110-16 CAT, 1986-198710117-21 FOS1, 198610122 [Preparation of a replica of rat liver genomic library], 1986 Oct Homeobox Genes, 1987-200110123 [Clones list information], 198710124 "Ideas", 198710125 Polyoma 1 [includes photos], 1987-198810126-29 Polyoma 2, 1987-198810130 Polyoma JC - virus, 1987-198810131 Sequencing notebook [includes photos], 1987-198810132-33 [Untitled], 19871021-4 DNA sequencer experiments 4, 1988-19901025 [Human Genome Project notes], 19881026-7 Peptide synthesis methods, 19881028-10 Sequencing notebook [includes photos], 198810211 Ca channel data, 198910212 [Ca channel data], 198910213 [Cell lines data], 198910214 [NMDA Receptor strain], 198910215 [PLOTSTRUCTURE print-out], 19891374 Ryanodine Receptor (Numa), 198910216 Scrapie background material, 1990-199110217 [Loose notes], 1990-1993135 [Marshall Nirenberg and Norma Heaton - Frozen cell and DNA inventory], 2001 Lab Photography, [ca. 1963]-198510218 Aggregate time curve, undated10219 Chick embryo, undated10220 Film analysis forms, undated10221 IMS [?] chemicals data, undated10222 Laboratory material, undated10223 [loose photos], undated10224 [untitled], undated10225 [Amino acid models], [ca. 1963]10226-27 [F. Eiserling, U. Karlsson, F. Sjostrand] Expt. Rena 1-4 [mRNA binding to ribosomes], 196310228-29 Wayne [Kemper] 1 [effect of serum on N-18 cells], 196910230-32 Rosemary [Lee - effect of serum on N-18 cells], 196910233 Rosemary [Lee] 4 [effect of serum on N-18 cells], 196910234 [Rosemary Lee - effect of serum on N-18 cells], 196910235-36 Nick [Seeds] - Al [Gilman] shift down and up experiments, photos 3, 196910237-38 Cine I, 1969-197010239-41 Cine 1 Data and Analysis, Book 1 - Rolls 1-23, 1969-19701031-3 Cine 2 Data - Rolls 24-79, 1969-19701034-5 Cine Analysis, 1969-19701036 [Cinemicrography log book and inventory], 1969-19701037 Film status 1, 1969-19701038 Neurophysiology 4, STD [values?], 19691039-15 Rolls 13-14, 1969-197010316 Roll 13-14 [Positive transparencies], [1969-1970]10317-19 Roll 14, 1969-197010320-22 Eve Cutler cine I, 197010323-26 Eve Cutler cine II, film analysis--acetate pictures, 197010327 Eve [Cutler] Film Indices / Cine Analysis 2, [ca. 1970]10328 Eve [Cutler] [Overlays from Rolls 112, 113, 3, 13, 14, 88], 19701041-2 [William T.] Hall book 2, dense core vessels, 19701043-5 [William T.] Hall T.E.M. enlargements book 3, 19701046 [William T.] Hall (4), 19701047 [William T. Hall book, 5-6 (2)], 19701048-10 Susan Hodes cinematography, 197010411 Wayne [Kemper] NP book 2, 197010412-13 R[osemary Lee] Selinger plate #1-16, step down 24 hr - step up 30', plus 0', 6-D-18 ex 65208, 197010414 R[osemary Lee] Selinger plate #1-16, step down 24 hr - step up 2 hr, 6-D-18 ex 65208, [1970]10415 [Rosemary Lee Selinger plates], 197010416-19 Richard L. Shames, neurite regeneration, 197010420 [Richard L. Shames] Time-lapse microscopy - severed neurite regeneration surface affinity (Rolls RS1 to RS32), 197010421-23 44x composite of H-2536, 197010424 Cine, 197010425 Cine II, 19701051-2 Cine 3 Data - Rolls 80-139, 19701053 Cine 3 Data - Rolls 81-123, 19701054 Cine Analysis 1 (Lab), 19701055 Cine Analysis 5 [Rolls 13-14B Experiments 100-102], 19701056-7 Cine Ideas, 19701058-11 Cine Prints 2 Pomerat, 197010512-14 Composites H-548-552, 30x enlargements, 197010515 E.Mb with overlay sheets, 197010516 [Film analyses?], 197010517-20 Film rating indices 1, 197010521 Growth cone set A book II, 197010522 Hybrid photos III, 197010523-26 Roll 3 [J176 24856-25055], [1970]10527-28 Roll 3 Snapbacks [24960-25043], 19701061-4 [Roll 53 Cell 3 Movement of Nucleus], 19701065-7 Roll 88 - Cell Prints, 19701068-10 Roll 88 TIP [J245 12629-12690], 197010611 Roll 88 TIP [Transparencies], [1970]10612-13 Rolls 112-113 - Prints, 197010614-15 S.E.M. enlargements, 197010616-17 S.E.M. enlargements duplicates book 7, 197010618 S.E.M. enlargements unsorted book 8, 197010619 S.E.M. enlargements process book 9, 197010620 S.E.M. enlargements, mushrooms book 10, 197010621-22 [Devi] Glazer photos, 1971-197210623-27 AChE staining, [Alice] Ling and Devi [Glazer] experiments, 1971-197210628-29 CEM I, 1971-19721071-4 Theresa [Caryk], CEM-8A = Expt. 100, CEM-8B = Expt. 101, 19721075-8 Bob [Gibbons] experiments 108CC-15 by subline 2, 1972-19731079-15 Bob [Gibbons] NP indices by cell lines 108CC-5 1, 1972-197310716 Autoradiograph 2 slides, [ca. 1972]10717-18 CEM III, 197210719-22 CEM IV, 197210723-24 Clonal muscle ± [plus-minus] neuroblastoma, 197210725-27 NB-N-receptor data 1, 19721081 NB-N-receptor data 1 [cont'd], 19721082 Chick retina aggregates, PAN-1 and PAN-5, [ca. 1973?]1083-7 Chick retina photos, [ca. 1973?]1088-9 Chick retina reagg[regates], 1973-197510810 Chick retina reaggregates 1, 10, 15 days, 197310811 Chick retina reagg[regates] 2 days old, early synapse development, 197310812 Chick retina reagg[regates], 5 days old, 197310813 Chick retina reaggregates 10, 15 days, 197310814 Chick retina reagg[regates], 14 days, 197310815 Chick retina reaggregates 18 days, 197310816 [K159 P3 in Trypsin], 197310817-21 R[obert] Gibbons experiments 159-204 neuroblastoma N115 summary, 1974-197510822-24 Chick neuro retina experiment data [expts. 144-151], 197410825-26 Chicken retina fix test, 197510827-29 Chick embryo retina, 1976-197710830-31 Chick retina - muscle EM, 19761091 Chick retinas, 8 and 6 day, 19761092 Retina and rat muscle, 19761093 [Jeff Thompson film records, rolls 1-90], [ca. 1977]1094-5 [Jeff Thompson negatives, rolls 1-90], [ca. 1977]1096 Steve Wilson Neuroblastoma hybrids 140-141, 19771097 Steve Wilson SB27B, 19771098 108-5, [ca. 1977]1099 [Haruhiro] Higashida - NBR10A, 197810910-14 Fusion 12 hybridomas photos 2, 197810915 [untitled], 197810916-21 45 Ca 8, 197910922 Linda Anderson - AB, 198010923 [Pietro DeCamilli], 198010924-28 Claude Klee calmodulin, 1980-198310929 Maria [Shih] Experiment B anti SPM AB-Ca 45 (experiment photos), 198010930 Top Purification 1, 1980-198110931 Paul [Darveniza?] MS, 19811101 Ca2+ Data, 19811102 Ca2+ experiments, 1981-19841103 #24, 19831104 Haruhiro [Higashida] - Xenopus, 19841105-7 [untitled], 1984-1985 Series 5: Writings, 1937-200319.75 linear feet
    The Writings Series documents Nirenberg's body of published works, which over the course of his career has grown to nearly 200 articles and book chapters. These articles range in subject matter from ascites-tumor cells to the genetic code to neural synapses to, most recently, Homeobox genes. Nirenberg's curriculum vitae in Series 1: Personal and Biographical include bibliographies. Many of Nirenberg's articles were co-authored with his LBG postdoctoral colleagues; he also collected materials by his peers on related topics that were relevant to his work or of general interest to him. The series includes draft manuscripts, illustrations, negatives, photographs, reprints, and slides; it is divided into two sub-series: Unpublished Manuscripts and Reprints and Research Publications.

    The first sub-series, Unpublished Manuscripts, is comprised of the draft versions of written works. The sub-series is further divided into four sub-sub-series: By Marshall Nirenberg, By Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics Personnel, Annotated by Marshall Nirenberg, and Illustrations. The first sub-sub-series contains the drafts of Nirenberg's articles, particularly the poly-U article and "The flow of information from gene to protein," written as a chapter on the genetic code in Aspects of Protein Biosynthesis, edited by Christian Anfinsen. Also of note are the drafts for the series of articles entitled "RNA Codewords and Protein Synthesis" which Nirenberg authored with various members of the LBG staff from 1964 to 1968. These drafts are arranged alphabetically by article title. While Nirenberg often recycled portions of his papers in his speeches and vice versa, this sub-sub-series only includes drafts of written works. Drafts of Nirenberg's Nobel Prize speech are located in Series 1: Personal and Biographical within the Nobel Prize sub-series. Other speeches and lectures can be found in Series 6: Professional Activities.

    Nirenberg often served as editor for papers written by the LBG staff, even when he was not a co-author. Drafts of works independently written by LBG personnel are found in the second sub-sub-series, By Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics Personnel. These drafts often contain annotations, comments, and corrections by Nirenberg. The materials in the third sub-sub-series, Annotated by Nirenberg, also contain markings and commentary. Both of these sub-sub-series are arranged alphabetically by folder title. As each folder contains drafts of numerous articles, the folder title is derived from the first word of the first and last articles in each folder.

    The Illustrations sub-sub-series contains drawings, negatives, photographs, and slides used by Nirenberg and the LBG staff for publications as well as for presentation slideshows. According to Nirenberg, the slides were numbered consecutively as they were made, and then reused over and over again, resulting in several series of numbered slides. Unlike the drafts, the slides used for speeches were the same as those used for publications, making them nearly indistinguishable; therefore all slides have been grouped together numerically. Whenever possible, implied titles have been provided for non-labeled illustrative materials and marked with square brackets [ ].

    Unpublished Manuscripts and Drafts, 1957-2003 By Marshall Nirenberg, 1957-20031108 Abstracts, 1960-20011109-11 The acetylcholine receptor of chick skeletal muscle in tissue culture (with Sytkowski and Vogel), 197211012-13 Acetylcholine receptors expressed in somatic neuroblastoma XL hybrid cells (with Chalazonitis and Minna), 197311014 Acetylcholine receptors of muscle grown in vitro (with Vogel and Sytkowski), 197211015-16 Adenylate cyclase and acetylcholine release regulated by separate serotonin receptors of somatic cell hybrids (with MacDermot, et al.), 197811017-18 α [Alpha] - Bungarotoxin -- a probe for acetylcholine receptors of cultured neurons (with Greene, Sytkowski, Vogel), 197211019 Analysis of retinal pattern formation with monoclonal antibodies (I and II), [ca. 1987]11020 [Ancillary MS], undated11021 Antibodies to an α [Alpha] subunit of skeletal muscle calcium channels regulate parathyroid cell secretion (with Fitzpatrick, Chin, Aurbach), 198811022 Antibodies to calcium channel proteins regulate parathyroid cell secretion (with Fitzpatrick, Chin, Aurbach), 198711023 Approximation of the genetic code via cell-free protein synthesis directed by template RNA, 196211024 [Bibliography and charts on codewords], [ca. 1968]11025 [Bioassay Symposium MS], 198111026-30 A biochemical characteristic of ascites tumor cells, 1957-195911031 Bradykinin-induced membrane potential changes and GTPase activation in neuroblastoma hybrid cells (with Klee and Higashida), 198511032 Breaking the genetic code [compact disc], 20031111 Cell-free peptide synthesis dependent upon synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (with Leder, et al.), 19631112 Cell-free protein synthesis directed by messenger RNA, 19621113 Characteristics and composition of RNA coding units (with Matthaei, Jones, Martin), 19621114 Characteristics and stabilization of DNAase sensitive protein synthesis in E. coli extracts (with Matthaei), 19611115-8 A clonally inherited defect in synapse formation: acetylcholine receptor aggregation protein deficiency (with Busis, et al.) [floppy disks], 1981-19821119-10 Coding properties of two conformations of tryptophanyl-tRNA in E. coli (with Gartland, Ishida, Sueoka), 1967-19691581 Cloning and characterization of four murine homeobox genes (with Rovescalli and Asoh), 199611111 Comparative binding studies with cholinergic ligands and histrionicotoxin at muscarinic receptors of neural cell lines (with Burgermeister, Klein, Witkop), 1977-197811112 Constraints in the determination of active-center topography (with Jacoby), 196011113 Control of opiate receptor-adenylate cyclase interactions by calcium ions and guanosine-5'-triphosphate (with Wilkening and Sabol), 197911114 Cultured cell systems and methods for neurobiology (with Schrier and Wilson), 197411115 Deciphering the genetic code, undated11116 Deciphering the genetic code, 200311117 Degeneracy and coding efficiency in template RNA, 196211118 [Degeneracy in the amino acid code (with O. Jones)], [ca. 1966]11119 The dependence of cell-free protein synthesis in E. coli upon RNA prepared from ribosomes (with Matthaei), 196111120-24 Desensitization of adenylate cyclase to prostaglandin E1 or 2-chloroadenosine (with Kenimer), 1979-198011125 Detection of α [Alpha]-transducin in retinal rods but not cones (with Grunwald, Gierschik, Spiegel), 19861582 Dorsal-ventral patterning genes restrict NK-2 homeobox gene expression to the ventral half of the central nervous system of drosophila embryos (with Mellerick), 199511126 Drosophila NK-homeobox genes (with Kim), 198911127 [Drug binding -- notes on Methods section], [ca. 1973]11128-30 Effect of bacteriophage infection upon the specificity of leucine tRNA for RNA codewords (with Kano-Sueoka and Sueoka), 1966-196711131 The effect of secondary structure of the template activity of polyribonucleotides (with Singer and Jones), 196311132-33 Electrical response of glial cells to acetylcholine [includes photos], 1972-197311134-35 Electrophysiological chracteristics of chick embryo sympathetic neurons in dissociated cell culture (with Chalazonitis and Greene), 19731121-3 [Enzymatic utilization of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (with Jakoby)], 19591124 An enzymic defect in ascites tumor cells, 19581125 An experimental determination of the coding ratio studies on the size of ribosome-synthesized poly-L-phenylalanine (with Pfuderer), 19631126-9 Expression and properties of acetylcholine receptors in several clones of mouse neuroblastoma x L-cell somatic hybrids (with Chalazonitis and Minna), 1973-197611210-11 The fate of a synthetic polynucleotide directing cell-free protein synthesis (with Barondes), 196211212-27 The flow of information from gene to protein [The genetic code], in Aspects of Protein Biosynthesis, 1967-19691583 Formation of synapses between cells of a neuroblastoma glioma hybrid clone and mouse myotubes (with Nelson, et al.), [ca. 1978]11228 Formylation of amino acid analogues of methionine sRNA (with Trupin, Dickerman, Weissbach), [1966]11229 Further attempts to characterize products of TMV-RNA directed protein synthesis (with Aach, Funatsu, Frankel-Conrat), 196411230-31 Genes for neuronal properties expressed in neuroblastoma x L cell hybrids (with Minna, et al.), 1970-19711131 The genetic code II, 19631132 Genetic memory, [1968]1133 The genetic revolution: the importance of flies and worms, 20031134 A gradient of molecules in avian retina with dorsoventral polarity (with Trister, Schneider, Moskal), 19811584 Homeobox gene Prx3 expression in rodent brain and extraneural tissues (with van Shaick, et al.), 19971135 Hox-1.11 and Hox-4.9 homeobox genes, 1991-19921585 Human cDNA clones for an α [alpha]-subunit of Gi signal transduction protein (with Bray, et al.), 19871136 Hybrid cell line synthesizing antibody to chick embryo retina neurons and brain cells (with Eisenbarth and Walsh), 19791137 [The in vitro formation of a DNA-ribosome complex (with Byrne, et al.)], [1964]1138 In vitro retina-muscle synaptogenesis: influence of embryonic retinal development, 19771139 Induction of an enzyme catalyzing a reversible reaction, 196011310-11 The induction of two similar enzymes by one inducer: a test case for shared genetic information, 19601586 Inhibition of choline acetyltransferase by monoclonal antibodies (with Strauss), [1985]11312 Interaction of E. coli ribosomal RNA with synthetic polynucleotides. Sedimentation properties, and thermal stability as measured by fluorescence polarization (with Millard and Cukier), [ca. 1965]1587 Interactions of the vnd/NK-2 homeodomain with DNA by NMR: Basis of binding specificity (with Gruschus, et al.), [1997]11313 Intermediates in the biosynthesis of polyphenylalanine directed by synthetic template RNA (with Matthaei and Jones), 19611588 Kinesin-73 in the nervous system of Drosophila embryos (with Li and Liu), 1996-199711314 Lactose sensitive lectin of chick retina and spinal cord (with Eisenbarth, Ruffolo, Walsh), 197811315 Lipid requirement for long-lived morphine-dependent activations of adenylate cyclase of neuroblastoma x glioma cells (with Wilkening), 197911316-26 Localization of acetylcholine receptors during synaptogenesis in retina (with Vogel) [includes photos], 1974-197611327 [Localization of NE synthesis and storage in dense core vesicles of neuroblastoma (with X. Breakefield, et al.)], [1963-1974]1589 Mode of action of endogenous opiate peptides (with Klee), [1976]11328 Molecules that define a dorsoventral axis of retina can be used to identify cell position (with Trisler, Schneider, Moskal), 198215810 Molecules that identify cell types or position in the retina (with Trisler, et al.), 198215811 Monoclonal antibodies to outer segments of photoreceptor neurons or Muller cells in rabbit retina (with Tsai, Hokoc, and Mariani), undated15812 Monoclonal antibodies to synaptosomal membrane molecules (with De Blas and Busis), 198111329 Monoclonal antibody A2B5, reacts with many gangliosides in neuronal tissue (with Fredman, et al.), [ca. 1983]11330 Monoclonal Antibody to a Plasma Membrane Antigen of Neurons -- with Eisenbarth and Walsh, 197911331-33 Morphine Receptors as Regulators of Adenylate Cyclase Activity -- with Sharma and Klee, PNAS, 197415813 Murine Hox-1.11 homeobox gene structure and expression (with Tan, et al.), 199211334 Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptors in the Developing Retina (with Sugiyama and Daniels), PNAS, 197711335 A Myeloma Hybrid Producing Antibody Specific for the Cell (with Eisenbarth and Walsh), 197815814 Neuroblast pattern formation: Regulatory DNA that confers the vnd/NK-2 homeobox gene pattern of a reporter gene in transgenic lines of drosophila (with Saunders, Koizumi, and Odenwald), 199811336 Neuroblastoma Cell Lines as a Useful Model For Microwave Effects Research, Biological Effects of Electropollution, 1985-198611337 Neuroblastoma cells with one species of PGE 1 receptor coupled to cAMP and the other to cGMP (with Matsuzawa), 19761141 Neuronal tumor cells with excitable membranes grown in vitro (with P. Nelson, W. Ruffner), 196915815 The NK-2 homeobox and the early development of the central nervous system of drosophila (with Nakayama, et al.), 19951142 A novel cluster of Drosophila homeobox genes [Drosophila NK-homeobox genes] (with Kim), 19891143-5 [Novel] Inhibitors of CDP-choline synthesis, action potential calcium channels, and stimulus-secretion coupling (with de Blas, et al.), 1981-19841146-7 Nucleic acids in relation to the coding of genetic information, 1963-19641148-9 On the coding of genetic information (with Jones, et al.), 196311410-11 Ontogeny of neurones and glial cells in brain cell culture (with Schrier, et al.), 1970-197111412 Ornithine and glutamic acid decarboxylase activities in the developing chick retina (with de Mello and Bachrach), 197511413 [Penicillinase -- summary], [n.d.]11414-15 [Peptide chain termination: in vitro assay with codon specificity (with Caskey and Scolnick)], 196815816 Pharmacologic responses of cells of a neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid clone and modulation of synapses between hybrid cells and mouse myotubes (with Christian, et al.), 197811416-20 Pharmacological characterization of synapses between cultured chick embryo retina neurons and rat striated muscle cells (with Ruffolo, Jr.), 197815817 Pharmacology of hybrid cells: Effects of putative neurotransmitters, prostaglandins, and peptide hormones on membrane potentials and synaptic transmission (with Higashida), 197911421 Polyribosomes and DNA-dependent amino acid incorporation in E. coli extracts (with Eiserling, et al.), 196411422 Presence of autoantibody for phospholipase inhibitory protein, lipomodulin, in patients with rheumatic diseases (with Hirata, et al.), [ca. 1981]11423 [Protein synthesis and genetic coding], [ca. 1967]11424-25 Protein synthesis and the RNA code, 196511426-30 Purification of a membrane protein distributed in a topographic gradient in chick retina (with Moskal, Trisler, Schneider), 19851151 Purification of a membrane protein distributed in a topographic gradient in chick retina (with Moskal, Trisler, Schneider) [cont'd], 19851152 Qualitative survey of degeneracy in the genetic code (with O. Jones), 19621153 [Qualitative survey of RNA codewords (with O. Jones)?], [1962]1154 [Reading the genetic code], [n.d.]15818 Receptor mediated shifts in cGMP and cAMP levels in neuroblastoma cells (with Matsuzawa), 19751155-13 [Recognition of mRNA codons by a missense glutamic acid-tRNA -- a precursor of glutamine-tRNA in B. megaterium extracts (with M. Wilcox)], 1967-196811514-16 Regulation of acetylcholine release from neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells (with McGee, et al.), 1972-197811517-20 Regulation of adenylate cyclase of neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells by alpha-adrenergic receptors (with S. Sabol), 1978-197915819 Regulation of adenylate cyclase activity mediated by muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (with Nathanson and Klein), 1977-197811521-24 Regulation of axon formation by clonal lines of a neural tumor (with Seeds, Gilman, and Amano), 197011525 Regulation of synapse formation by cyclic AMP (with Krueger, et al.), [1986]11526 Regulatory mechanisms and protein synthesis. X. Codon recognition on 30 S ribosomes (with Pestka), [ca. 1966]11527 Regulatory mechanisms and protein synthesis XI. Template activity of modified RNA codons (with F. Rottman), 196611528 Release factors differing in specificity for terminator codons (with Scolnick, Tompkins, Caskey), 196811529 Replication of nucleic acids and charge fluctuation forces, 196311530 RNA code [Dependence], 196411531 The RNA code and protein synthesis (with Caskey, et al.), 19661161-4 The RNA code and protein synthesis (with Caskey, et al.) [cont'd], 19661165 [RNA codewords and protein synthesis], [ca. 1965?]1166-11 RNA codewords and protein synthesis. I. The effect of trinucleotides upon the binding of sRNA to ribosomes (with Leder), 196411612-16 RNA codewords and protein synthesis. II. Nucleotide sequence of a valine RNA codeword (with Leder), 196411617-20 RNA codewords and protein synthesis. III. On the nucleotide sequence of a cysteine and a leucine RNA codeword (with Leder), 196411621-22 RNA codewords and protein synthesis. IV. The nucleotide sequence of multiple codewords for phenylalanine, serine, leucine, and proline (with Bernfield), 1964-196511623-24 RNA codewords and protein synthesis. V. Effect of streptomycin on formation of sRNA-ribosome-RNA codon complexes (with Pestka and Marshall), [ca. 1965]1171-2 RNA codewords and protein synthesis. VI. On the nucleotide sequences of degenerate codeword sets for isoleucine, tyrosine, asparagine, and lysine (with Trupin, et al.), 19651173-4 RNA codewords and protein synthesis. VII. On the general nature of the RNA code (with Leder, et al.), [ca. 1965]1175-6 RNA codewords and protein synthesis. VIII. Nucleotide sequences of synonym codons for arginine, valine, cysteine, and alanine (with Brimacombe, et al.), 19651177 RNA codons and protein synthesis. IX. Synonym codon recognition by multiple species of valine-, alanine-, and methionine-sRNA (with Kellogg, Doctor, Loebel), [ca. 1966]1178 RNA codewords and protein synthesis. X. Codon recognition on 30 S ribosomes (with Pestka), [ca. 1966]1179 [RNA codewords and protein synthesis. Recognition of synonym alanine codons by alanine-sRNA of known base sequence (with P. Leder)], [ca. 1966]11710-11 [RNA codons and protein synthesis. XII.] Fine structure of RNA codewords recognized by bacterial, amphibian, and mammalian transfer RNA (with Marshall and Caskey), 196611712-16 RNA codons and protein synthesis. 13. RNA codon recognition by deacylated tRNA and aminoacyl-tRNA (with Levin), 196711717-23 RNA codons and protein synthesis. 15. Dissimilar responses of mammalian and bacterial transfer RNA fractions to messenger RNA codons (with Caskey and Beaudet), 1967-196811724 RNA codons recognized by tRNA from embryos of Xenopus Laevis (with Marshall), 1967-196811725 [RNA polymerase MS], [ca. 1963]11726 [RNA-polymerase notes, edited MS pages], undated15820 Selection of DNA clones with enhancer sequences (with Asoh, Lee-Kwon, and Mouradian), 199415821 Sequence and expression of the murine Hoxd-3 homeobox gene (with Tan, et al.), 199611727 Sequential translation of trinucleotide codons for the initiation and termination of protein synthesis (with Caskey, et al.), 196811728 Size fractionation and properties of mouse neuroblastoma cells (with Littauer, et al.), [ca. 1970]11729 Spectrophotometric assay of penicillinase, [ca. 1961]11730-32 Stimulation of adenylate cyclase mediated by serotonin receptors of cultured neuroblastoma X brain hybrid cells (with MacDermot), 19781181 Structure and evolution of four POU-domain genes expressed in mouse brain (with Hara, Rovescalli, Kim), 19921182 Studies on synapse formation and opiate dependence, 1977-19781183 Summary of Dr. Marshall Nirenberg's work, [ca. 1965]1184-7 Synapse and acetylcholine receptor synthesis by neurons dissociated from retina (with Vogel and Daniels), 1974-19761188 Synapse formation between clonal neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells and striated muscle cells (with Nelson and Christian), 19751189 Synapse formation by neuroblastoma hybrid cells (with Wilson, et al.), 198311810 Synapse plasticity, [ca. 1979]11811-12 Synapse selection based on differences in synapse turnover (with Thompson, Eisenbarth, Ruffalo), 1979-198211813-24 Synapse turnover: the formation and termination of transient synapses (with Puro and de Mello), 197711825 Synaptic interaction between clonal neuronal cells and dissociated mouse skeletal muscle in vitro, 197511826 Synthesis of leucine enkephalin derivatives: structure-function studies (with Agarwal, et al.), 197711827 [Tables], [ca. 1963]11828 Template activity of modified terminator codons (with Smrt, Kemper, Caskey), [1970]11829 Template specificity of oligonucleotides for ribonucleic acid polymerase (with Clark and Jaouni), 196511830-32 Three cholinergic neuroblastoma hybrid cell lines that form few synapses on myotubes are deficient in acetylcholine receptor molecules and large dense core vesicles (with Busis, et al.), 19811191-7 Topographic gradient of cell-membrane molecules in avian neural retina detected with monoclonal antibody (with Trisler and Schneider), 19801198 A topographic gradient of molecules in retina can be used to identify neuron position (with Trisler and Schneider), 1980-198115822 Transcriptional regulation of a neuronal L-type calcium channel α [alpha]1 subunity gene (with Kamp, et al.), 19941199-10 Transfer RNA as a cofactor coupling amino acid synthesis with that of protein (with Wilcox), 196815823 Turnover of opiate receptors in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells (with MacDermot), 197811911 An uncertainty principle for active center topography, [ca. 1960]11912 The use of aminopterin in selecting electrically active neuroblastoma cells (with Peacock, et al.), 197211913-14 [untitled MS], undated By Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics Personnel, 1963-200011915 Abstracts, 1966-200011916 α [Alpha] -- Acetylcholine, 1978-199511917 Action -- Antibody, 1978-[1986]11918 Approaches -- Association, [1976-1989]11919 Basement membrane components and the organization of acetylcholine receptors, 198211920 Binding -- Cell, [1972]-199011921 Cell-free translation and characterization of messenger RNA coding for enkephalin-precursor protein, 1981-198211922 Characterization and generation of Escherichia coli adenylate cyclase deletion mutants, [1991]11923-24 Characterization and partial purification of a neuronal factor which increases acetylcholine receptor aggregation on cultured muscle cells, 1980-198111925 Cholestasis -- Coordinated, 1987-199611926 Coding properties of methyl-deficient leucyl-tRNA, [1966]11927 Cyclic, 197511928 Deduction -- Development, [1983]-199911929 Developmental -- Effect, [1969-ca. 1994]11930 Effect of vinblastine, colcemid, and colchicine on amoeba discoides, [1976]1201-2 Effects of chain length on the template activity of polyribonucleotides, 19631203 Electroconvulsive -- Embryonic, 1981-[1985]1204 Endorphins -- Escherichia, 1978-[1999]1205 Escherichia [cont'd], 1978-19931206 Escherichia coli adenylate cyclase complex, I. Interaction with Enzyme I of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system, 19771207 Estimation -- Expression, [1975]-19961208 Factor -- Fractionation, 1977-19821209 γ [Gamma], [1969-ca. 1995]12010 Glucocorticoids -- High, [1967]-199712011 Histidyl, 1979-198112012 Hox -- Importance, [1998]-199712013 Importance [cont'd], 199512014 In -- Interaction, 1980-198212015 Interaction [cont'd] -- Latrunculins, [1979-1983]12016 Localization, 1976-[1990]15824-25 Membrane, [1978-1988]15826 Metabolism -- Methylglyoxal, 1978-197915827 Molecular -- Neuropeptide, [1982]-199715828 Novel -- Opioid, 1969-[1983]15829 Opposing -- Phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar, 1977-[1988]15830 Polylysine -- Possible, [1986-1988]15831 Potassium -- Proenkephalin, 1981-198915832 Protein -- Rat, 1976-198815833 Reconstitution -- Reduced, [1987]-199915834 Regulation, 1978-199715835 Regulation (cont'd) -- Rodent, [1966]-199915836 Selectivity -- Sequence, 1978-19961591 Simplified -- Specific, 1966-19911592 Storage -- Sulfhydryl, 1979-19831593 Studies on polynucleotide phosphorylase: a thesis presented, 19631594 Synapse -- Synthesis, [1965]-19851595 Thermoregulation -- Topography, 1978-19991596 Transfer -- Transmembrane, 1977-[ca. 1985]1597 Transport -- Two, 1977-19861598 Ultrastructural -- Unique, [1974-1993]1599 [untitled], 1965 Annotated by Marshall Nirenberg, 1961-198812017 Adenosine -- Agonist, [1970]-197912018 α [Alpha] -- Anti, [1976-1978]12019 Apomorphine -- Calcium, 1971-197912020 Characterization, 1968-197212021 Chemical -- Complexing, [1964]-198812022 Degradation -- Expression, 1967-[ca. 1980]12023 Enzymatic synthesis of ribonucleic acid III. The RNA primed synthesis of RNA with M. Lysodeikticus RNA polymerase, 196312024 5' [Five] -- Genetic, [1960]-19761211 The growth of cells in serum free hormone supplemented media, 1974-19801212 High -- Isolation, [1964]-19821213 [Inosital manuscript], 1984-19851214 Ligand -- Multiple, [1963]-19761215 Monoclonal antibodies to central nervous system antigens [includes photos], 1980 Sep1216 Nuclear sites of stereospecific opiate binding in neuroblastoma cells in continuous culture, 19751217 Nucleotide -- Polypeptide, [1962]-19771218 Protein -- Rapid, [1967]-19781219 Recent -- Sodium, 1965-[1981]12110 Some -- Synaptic, 1963-197812111 Synthesis -- Topography, 1961-198412112 Toward -- Transfer, 1969-1978 Illustrations, 1964-198312113 [14C]-GLU-tRNA table, undated12114 [Absorbance of Unknown Substance], undated12115 [Acetylchlorine, Norepinephrine, Scopalamine, Serotonin], [ca. 1976]12116 [Amino acid base table], undated12117 [Amino-acyl RNA], undated12118 [Ascites Tumors and Glucose], undated12119 C14 Amino Acid incorporated into protein [3895, 5490, 8749], undated12120 [C14] Phenylalanine-sRNA Bound to Ribosomes, undated12121 Ca++ graphs and tables, undated12122 Code and slides, [1966]12123 [Codon -- tRNA], undated12124 Codons Recognized By AA-t-RNA Fractions from Different Organisms, undated12125 [Development of Acetylcholine Receptor Clusters on Cultured Muscle Cells (with Sytkowski, Vogel)], 197312126 [DNA, mRNA, Protein, AA Activation], undated12127 [Enzymes] 4397, undated12128 F[ 3 H]-Methionine released, undated12129 [GTP Complex], undated12130 [Hatfield, Ribosome Binding], undated12131 [Incorporation of C14-amino acids in μ(mu) moles], undated12132 Neurobiology slides, 1970-197112133 [Neuroblastoma differentiation cartoon], [ca. 1974]12134 Nucleotide Sequences of RNA Codons Recognized by AA-sRNA from Bacteria and Amphibian and Mammalian Liver, undated149-156 [Oversized charts and graphs used by LBG staff for publications], 1964-[ca. 1985]12135 Pestka - +/- Deacylated sRNA binding curves, undated12136 [Phenylalanine Incorporation], undated12137 [Phenylalanine, Leucine, Valine], undated12138 [Phenylalanyl- and Lys-sRNA Bound to Ribosomes], undated12139 [Phenylalanyl- and Lys-sRNA Bound to Ribosomes With and Without Terminal Phosphates], undated12140 [Phenylalanyl-sRNA, Leuc-sRNA, Seryl-sRNA], undated12141 [Poly AC], undated12142 [Poly-UC and Amino Acid Incorporation], undated12143 [Poly-UG], undated12144 Relative Template Activity of Subsidized Oligonucleotides, undated12145 [Ribosome Structure and Binding], undated12146 [Rick MS 1 and 2], 197712147-49 Slides 1-449, ca. 196712150-51 Negatives for Slides 1-468, ca. 19671221-15 Negatives for Slides 1-468 [cont'd], ca. 196712216 Negatives for Slides (unnumbered), undated12217 Slides - 2nd numbered series, 65-110, [Morphine, Neurite Formation], ca. 197412218 Slides, vol. 3, 413-[430], 1971-197212219 Slides (Base pairing, codon recognition, tRNA concentration), undated12220 Slides (Base sequence codons), undated12221 Slides (Components, tRNA binding characteristics, Base sequence, Rothman), undated12222 Slides ([Intro], Base composite codons, Regulation, [AA] tRNA - Sueoka), undated12223 Slides [Pestka/SM/30S Ribs], 196612224 Slides (RNA code summary, Universality, B. Termination, ALA tRNA), undated12225 Slides (unlabeled), undated12226 Specific DNA squence amplification . . ., 198312227 [sRNA-Ribosome Binding, Judy Levin], 1965-196612228 Stimulation of Amino Acid Incorporation, undated12229 [Taurine, Tyrosine, Dopamine], undated12230 Terminator MS, 196812231 Transfer RNA - Messenger RNA coding, undated12232-33 Unlabeled negatives, undated Reprints and Research Publications, 1937-1999 By Marshall Nirenberg, 1954-19991231 Adenylate -- Dual, 1959-19961232 Effect -- Human, 1962-19971233 The genetic code, The genetic code II, 1963-19691234 In -- Morphine, 1962-19861235 Murine -- Presence, 1963-19921236 Protein -- RNA, 1954-19861237 RNA codewords and protein synthesis, 1964-19681238 Sequence -- Turnover, 1965-1999 By Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics Personnel, 1962-19961239 Accumulation -- Cell, 1967-199012310 Characterization -- Formation, 1962-198912311 Glucose -- Muscarinic, 1971-199012312 New -- Ribonuclease, 1965-198812313 Round -- Uptake, 1965-1996 Annotated by Marshall Nirenberg, 1937-199012314 Abstracts, 1970-198312315 Absence -- Acetylcholine, 1972-198712316 [Acetylcholine storage and release reprints, Ca++ uptake data], 1976-197812317 Acetylcholine [cont'd] -- Actions, [1937]-197612318 Activation -- Acute, 1968-198412319 Adenosine -- ADP, 1968-198412320 Adreno -- Amino, 1971-198812321 Amino [cont'd] -- Analysis, 1962-198812322 Analysis [cont'd] -- Appearance, 1952-198312323 ATP -- Behavioral, 1966-198512324 Belladonna -- Binding, 1962-197812325 Binding [cont'd] -- Blockade, 1972-19831241 Bradykinin -- Calcium, 1972-19861241a Calcium [cont'd] -- Catecholamine, 1973-19811242 Cell -- Changes, 1967-19851243 Characteristics -- Choline, 1958-19881244 Cholinergic -- Complementary, 1947-19911245 Concentrative -- Covalent, 1952-19811246 Crotoxin -- Cytotoxin, 1970-19841247 Deletion -- Development, 1940-19781248 Development [cont'd], 1937-19761249 Development [cont'd] -- Dexetimide, 1939-198412410 Dibutyryl -- Diffusible, 1963-198212411 Dihydroergotamine -- Distribution, 1964-198412412 Divalent -- Effect, 1971-198712413 Effect [cont'd] -- Effects, 1968-198712414 Effects [cont'd] -- Electro, 1952-198112415 Electron -- Enkephalin, 1956-198412416 Environmentally -- Evidence, 1942-198112417 Evidence [cont'd] -- Exchangeability, 1968-198712418 Excitation -- Expression, 1970-198612419 F1 -- FBJ, 1968-198212420 Fine -- Formation, 1957-198112421 Forskolin -- Fusion, 1963-198412422 G -- Glycine, 1963-198812423 Gradual -- Guanyl, 1967-198412424 Halbsynthese -- Hormonal, 1962-198112425 Hormone -- Hypothesis, 1967-198112426 Identification -- Improved, 1961-198712427 In Vitro -- Inducible, 1960-198612428 Induction -- Influence, 1942-19771251 Inhibition, 1968-19841252 Inhibitors -- Interaction, 1965-19851253 Interactions -- Involvement, 1965-19791254 Ionic -- Isolation, 1951-19841255 Isolation [cont'd] -- Kinetic, 1965-19841256 L -- LSD, 1965-19841257 Macromolecules -- Mechanism, 1962-19871258 Mechanism [cont'd] -- Methods, 1958-19881259Metergoline, 197612510 Mode -- Molecular, 1955-198512511 Molecular [cont'd] -- Morphological, 1972-198212512 Morphological [cont'd] -- Muscarone, 1965-197712513 Multiple -- Neurotensin, 1962-198412514 Neurotransmission -- Nucleotides, 1949-198712515 Obesity -- On, 1955-197712516 On [cont'd] -- Optic, 1963-198212517 Organization -- Patterns, 1962-198712518 Peptide -- Pharmacological, 1970-198312519 Phosphatidylinositol -- Photoaffinity, 1966-198412520 Photoreceptor -- Presence, 1934-198712521 Presynaptic -- Properties, 1957-198712522 Prostaglandin -- Protein, 1972-197712523 Proteolytic -- Purification, 1970-198412524 Purification [cont'd] -- Quasi, 1958-198412525 Rabbit -- Reactivation, 1964-198512526 Receptors -- Reexpression, 1970-198812527 Regional -- Regulation, 1955-19831261 Regulation [cont'd] -- Regulatory, 1968-19851262 Relation -- Restoration, 1965-19841263 Retinal -- Role, 1949-19931264 Role [cont'd] -- Rotation, 1957-19771265 Saturable -- Separation, 1960-19901266 Serotonin -- Single, 1954-19831267 Sodium -- Species, 1957-19831268 Specific -- Stimulated, 1965-19841269 Stimulation -- Structure, 1961-198312610 Strychnine -- Studies, 1964-198412611 Studies [cont'd] -- Study, 1963-197812612 Subcellular -- Surface, 1967-198412613 Susceptibility -- Synaptic, 1966-198812614 Synthese -- Systems, 1966-198112615 Target -- Toxological, 1960-198412616 Transducin -- Transport, 1967-199012617 Tritium -- Upper, 1963-198112618 Uptake, 1962-197712619 Uridine -- Z-DNA, 1951-1985 Series 6: Professional Activities, 1951-2002 4.5 linear feet
    During the period of his genetic code experimentation, beginning with the poly-U announcement through the Nobel Prize, Nirenberg was in great demand, presenting at conferences and lecturing at scientific societies and institutions. The Professional Activities Series reflects this flurry of activity. It consists mainly of drafts and notes of lectures and presentations given by Nirenberg at various conferences, as well as notes taken by him; additional materials include articles and clippings, correspondence, and conference and event programs and posters. The series is arranged into three sub-series: Conferences and Symposia, Lectures and Talks, and Professional Organizations.

    The first and largest sub-series, Conferences and Symposia, includes drafts of Nirenberg's talks at annual conferences such as the Gordon Research Conference, Neurosciences Research Program (NRP) meetings, and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory symposia. Most noteworthy among these materials are the three folders regarding the Fifth International Congress of Biochemistry in Moscow in October 1961, at which Nirenberg revealed his work with Matthaei on poly-U. These materials include drafts of his now-famous presentation and memorabilia collected during the trip, particularly pins depicting the icons of the U.S.S.R.

    During this same period Nirenberg also was a featured speaker at such events as the Harvey Society lecture series and the Robbins Lectureship at Pomona College. Materials for such talks are found within the Lectures and Talks sub-series, although some presentations are represented only by a program, flyer, or newspaper clipping. Both the Conferences and Symposia sub-series and the Lectures and Talks sub-series are arranged chronologically; folders containing drafts of presentations are identified as such in square brackets after the folder title.

    Once the fervor of cracking the genetic code dissipated and Nirenberg turned his attention to neurobiology, the demand for him as a featured speaker declined. Nonetheless, he remained a perpetual student, attending conferences as a non-speaker and participating in the NRP intensive study programs and work sessions. The Conferences and Symposia sub-series includes notes taken by Nirenberg on these occasions.

    The final sub-series represents professional organizations in which Nirenberg participated and also organizations which were interested in having him as a member. These materials, which include annual reports, correspondence, newsletters, and programs, are arranged alphabetically by the name of the organization. Similar materials also can be found in the daily books within Series 3.

    Conferences and Symposia, 1951-200212620 Florida Entimological Society, 34th annual meeting (Winter Haven, FL), 1951 Sep 13-1412621 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology [includes draft of paper], 196112622-24 Fifth International Congress of Biochemistry (Moscow, Russia) [includes drafts of 'Poly-U' paper], 1961 Aug12625 Gordon Research Conferences on Nucleic Acids (New Hampton, NH), 1962 Jun 25-2912626 Royaumont Colloquium on Information in Biology (Paris, France), [1962 Jul]12627 2nd Conference on Studies in Brain Function: RNA and Brain Function (Los Angeles, CA), 1962 Nov 16-1912628 IV Congreso National de Microbiologia (Monterrey, NL), 1962 Dec 3-712629 West Central States Biochemistry Conference, [ca. 1963]12630 Cold Spring Harbor meeting (Cold Spring Harbor, NY) [includes notes on Gordon Research Conferences (New Hampton, NH)], 1963; 196512631-32 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (Atlantic City, NJ) [includes draft of paper], 1963 Apr 16-2012633 American Chemical Society symposium (New York, NY) [includes notes for paper], 1963 Sep1271 [Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology], [1964?]1272 American Chemical Society meeting (Denver, CO) [includes notes for paper], 19641273 Sixth International Congress of Biochemistry (New York, NY), 1964 Jul 29-311274 Gordon Research Conferences on Nucleic Acids (New Hampton, NH), 1964 [Aug]1275 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology meeting (Atlantic City, NJ), 1965 Apr1276-7 Gordon Research Conferences on Nucleic Acids (New Hampton, NH) [includes drafts of paper], 1965 Jun1278 Symposium on the Relationship between Biological and Physical Science (Columbia University, New York, NY) [includes draft of paper], [1966]1279 [Unknown conference] (La Jolla, CA), 1966 Feb12710-11 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology meeting (Atlantic City, NJ), 1966 [Apr]12712-14 Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Qualitative Biology, XXI. The Genetic Code (Cold Spring Harbor, NY) [includes drafts of paper], 1966 Jun 2-812715-18 Neurosciences Research Program Intensive Study Program (Boulder, CO) [includes drafts of paper], 1966 Jul 18-Aug 1212719 Centennial Celebration of Thomas H. Morgan's Birth (University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY), 1966 Sep 1912720 [Travel schedules], 1967-196812721 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology meeting [includes draft of paper], 1967 Apr12722 American College of Physicians Forty-Eighth Annual Session (San Francisco, CA), 1967 Apr 10-1412723 Gordon Research Conferences on Nucleic Acids (New Hampton, NH), 1967 Jun 19-2312724 Pathobiology Conference (Aspen, CO) [includes notes for paper], 1967 Aug12725-26 Seventh International Congress of Biochemistry (Tokyo, Japan) [includes drafts of paper], 1967 Aug12727-28 Neurosciences Research Program Associates meeting (Brookline, MA), 1968 Feb 5-71281 6th HEW Forum [includes drafts of paper], 1968 Feb 141282-3 Neurosciences Research Program Intensive Study Program (Boulder, CO), 1969 Jul 21-Aug 81284 Neurosciences Research Program Work Session: Macromolecules in Synaptic Function (MIT, Brookline, MA), 1969 Nov 16-181285 Neurosciences Research Program 20th stated meeting (MIT, Brookline, MA), 1970 Aug 3-51286 Neurosciences Research Program Work Session: Contributions of Clonal Systems to Neurobiology (MIT, Brookline, MA), 1971 Mar 7-91287 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology meeting (San Francisco, CA) [includes draft of paper], 1971 Jun1288 Fourth Tutorial on Clinical Cytology: Human Chromosomes and Chromatin, 1971 Aug 19-211289 Society of Neurosciences meeting (Houston, TX), 1972 Oct 9-1112810 New York Academy of Sciences Conference on the Trophic Function of the Neuron (New York, NY), 1973 Mar 5-712811 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 1973 Apr12812 Molecular Neurobiology Symposium (Given Institute, Aspen, CO), 1973 Jun 18-2212813 Golgi Centennial Symposium of the Discovery of the "Reazione Nera", 1973 Jul 2712814 Neurosciences Research Program Conference: Functional Linkage in Biomolecular Systems (Pebble Beach, CA), 1973 Aug 2-712815 International Symposium on the Structural Basis of Membrane Function (University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran), 1975 May 5-712816 International Narcotic Research Club Symposium (Airlie House, VA), 1975 May 21-2412817-18 Neurosciences Research Program Work Session: Genesis of Neuronal Patterns (MIT, Brookline, MA), 1975 Nov 29-Dec 112819 National Academy of Sciences Bicentennial Symposium (Washington, DC), 1976 Oct 1012820 Neurosciences Research Program Work Session: Neurobiology of Peptides (MIT, Brookline, MA), 1976 Oct 21-2312821 [Conference schedule], 1977-197812822 Institut Pasteur - Weizmann Institute Symposium on Structure and Development of the Nervous System, 1977 Oct 23-2612823 [Endorphins in Mental Health Symposium] (San Juan, Puerto Rico), 1977 Dec12824-25 Study Week of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences (Vatican City) [includes transcript of panel discussion], 1978 Oct 9-1412826 Fogerty Symposium on Membranes (NIH, Bethesda, MD), 1978 Oct 19-2112827 Winter Brain Research Conference (Sun Valley, ID), 1979 Jan12828 American Society for Neurochemistry, 10th meeting, 1979 Mar 11-1612829 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (Dallas, TX) [includes draft of paper], 1979 Apr12830 Gordon Research Conferences on Cyclic Nucleotides (Meriden, NH), 1979 Jun 10-1512831 Federation of European Biochemical Societies, 13th meeting (Jerusalem, Israel), 1980 Aug 24-2912832 Cold Spring Harbor Workshop: Monoclonal Antibodies Against Antigens (Cold Spring Harbor, NY), 1980 Nov 5-812833 Trends in Bioassay Methodology: In vivo, In vitro and Mathematical Approaches Symposium (Washington, DC), 1981 Feb 18-2012834 Gordon Research Conferences on Cyclic Nucleotides (Meriden, NH), 1982 Jan 1301812835 Molecular Approaches to the Nervous System (Cold Spring Harbor, NY), 1982 Aug 9-1412836 Second Biennial Conference on the Fate of the Earth, [ca. 1984]12837 [Neuroscience Society meeting], [1985 Oct 27]12838 Pontifical Academy of Sciences 50th anniversary and plenary session (Vatican City), 1986 Oct 27-3012839 Centenary Symposium on the Impact of Molecular Biology on Medical Research (NIH and Pasteur Institute, Bethesda, MD), 1987 May 26-2812840 Genetically Engineered Insulin: a Ten-Year Perspective Symposium (National Academies of Science and Engineering, Irvine, CA), 1988 Dec 112841 [Conference schedules], 1991-199212842 Conference in honor of Marshall Nirenberg, Genes and Development: Twenty-Five Years after Deciphering the Genetic Code (NIH, Bethesda, MD), 1992 May 7-8Map Drawer 71 Symposium in Functional Genetics in honor of Marshall Nirenberg, The Genetic Code Revisited: the Impact of Functional Genomics in Medical Research (NIH, Bethesda, MD), 2002 Dec 16 Lectures and Talks, [ca. 1957]-198512843 [Untitled draft of talk on problem of genetic coding], undated12844 [Phosphorylase talks], [ca. 1957-1959]12845 [Notes for unknown talk on hormones and enzymes], [ca. 1958]12846 [Notes for miscellaneous talks], [ca. 1961-1963]1291-2 "On the Nature of the Genetic Code," NIH Institute Lecture (Bethesda, MD) [includes drafts and transcripts], 1963 Dec 41293-4 Talks [includes notes and drafts], 1964-19681295-6 ["Protein Synthesis and the RNA Code," Harvey Society Lecture (New York, NY] [includes drafts], [ca. 1964?]1297 [Notes for unknown NIH talk], 19641298 [New slides for Hogg talk], [1965 Nov]1299 International Seminar on Medical Genetics (Birmingham, AL) [includes transcript], 1966 Aug 3012910 ["Fine Structure of the RNA Code"], American Chemical Society (Birmingham, NY), 1966 Sep12911-14 Robbins Lectureship, Pomona College (Claremont, CA) [includes drafts], 1967 Mar12915 "Elucidation of the Genetic Code," Sixtieth Undergraduate Medical Association Day, University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, PA), 1967 Mar 3012916 [Untitled notes for talk, University of Colorado Medical School (Denver, CO)], [1967 May]12917 Remsen Memorial Lecture, Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society, 1967 Jun 212918 "Popular Comparison - Molecular Commentary of Cell as Man's Communication [in the] Future" [includes draft], 1967 Oct12919 "Genetic Versus Neural Information Processing Systems," Genetic, Metabolic and Developmental Aspects of Mental Retardation seminar, Howard University (Washington, DC) [includes transcript], 196912920 [Untitled transcript of talk on NF gene and its products], [ca. 1975?]12921 "Communication between Cultured Neurons," Fifty-First Joseph Henry Lecture, Philosophical Society of Washington, 1982 May 712922 "Synapse Plasticity," Annual Ewing Halsell Lecture, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 1982 Dec 612923 "Genetics -- Prospects and Issues for Society," Morton Levy Memorial Lecture Series (Orlando, FL), 1985 Mar 24 Professional Organizations, 1960-199212924-26 American Academy of Neurology -- Potamkin Prize Award Subcommittee, 1987-198812927 American Chemical Society, 1960-196312928 American Society of Biological Chemists, 1964; 198812929 American Society for Neurochemistry, 197812930Annual Review of Biochemistry -- Editorial Committee, 196912931Biopolymers -- Editorial Board, 1962-196412932 Federal Council for Science and Technology, 196212933 Five Continent Peace Initiative, 198512934 Information Exchange Group 7, 196512935 Institute of Medicine, 1978-199212936 International Council of Human Duties, [1993]12937 Kennedy Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction and Bioethics, 197712938 National Academy of Sciences, 1967-199212939 New York Academy of Sciences, 196812940 Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 197412941 Roche Institute of Molecular Biology, [ca. 1965] Series 7: Photographs, [1932?]-2002 0.5 linear feet
    The collection contains only a few photographs. The majority of these are portraits of Nirenberg, taken particularly during the period between the announcement of the poly-U experiments and the Nobel Prize. Other subjects of note include a young Nirenberg with his parents and his sister Joan, circa 1932, and Nirenberg and his staff celebrating the news of the Nobel Prize. The photographs are organized into two sub-series, Personal and Professional, and are arranged chronologically. They have been grouped together by subject with implied dates provided. Photographs from lab experiments are found in the Lab Photography sub-series of Series 4: Lab Research.

    The Prints and Photographs collection contains additional Nirenberg photographs; a list of these images has been appended to this finding aid. Nearly all of the images from both collections are available on Nirenberg's Profiles in Science exhibit.

    Personal, [1932?]-200212942 Early years, [1932?]; 194312943 College and graduate school, 1947, [ca. 1957]12944-47 Portraits [includes compact disk], [ca. 1945]-200212947 Friends and acquaintances, [ca. 1955]; 1957; 198412948 Home life, 1963-ca. 196812949 Outings and vacations, [1964-1983]12950 Marshall Nirenberg candid, [1983] Professional, 1960s-200212951 Colleagues, [n.d.; 1990s?]12952-53 Lab staff, [1960s-1980s]1301 Working in lab and office, 1963-19751302 Meetings and events, 1968; 1984-20021303 Nobel Prize, 1968 Oct-Dec1304 With test tubes, [ca. 1995]1305 Lab staff, 2000-2002 Series 8: Audiovisual Materials, 1963-2002 1.75 linear feet
    The Audiovisual series is divided into two sub-series by format: Audio Recordings and Video Recordings. The recordings include a Nobel Prize celebration held in honor of Nirenberg in 1968, as well as several interviews with former colleagues conducted by Ruth R. Harris, Ph.D. Several of the video recordings feature symposia or similar engagements in honor of Nirenberg--in particular, a 2002 symposium at NIH in honor of Nirenberg and his work--as well as presentations made by Nirenberg through the years. The rolls of 16mm film document work on axon tips labeled "Pomerant," which possibly refers to B. H. Pomeranz.

    The Historic Audiovisuals collection possesses additional materials relating to Nirenberg; a list of these items has been appended to this finding aid.

    Audio Recordings, 1963-1968; 1995-1996131 Honorary symposium recordings: "The Genetic Code Revisited: The Impact of Functional Genomics in Medical Research" [5 audio cassettes], 20031306 Unlabeled [6 inch vinyl recordings], [ca. 1963]131 "Nobel Prize Celebration: Dr. Marshall Nirenberg" [audio cassette], 1968 Oct 23131 "Interviews with Dr. Nirenberg" by Dr. Ruth Harris [13 audio cassettes], 1995 Sep-1996 May131 "Telephone Interview with Dr. Jim Pittman" by Dr. Ruth Harris [audio cassette], 1995 Dec 13131 "Interview with Dr. [C. Thomas] Caskey" by Dr. Ruth Harris [audio cassette], 1996 Feb [22] Video Recordings, [ca. 1965?]-1968; 1989-2002132 "Best of Neuroblastoma Time Lapse Photography" [VHS tape], [ca. 1965?]132 "Marshall Nirenberg / Nobel Prize Medicine" [2 VHS tapes], 1968132 "Pomerant Film at Tip of Axon" [16mm film], [ca. 1970?]132 "Pomerant (orig) Edited Piece of Axon Tip" [16mm film], [ca. 1970?]132 "Pomerant Copy B" [16mm film], [ca. 1970?]132 "'Genetically Engineered Insulin' N.A.S. and Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope" [2 VHS tapes], 1989 Mar 2132 "Alpha Omega Alpha National Honor Medical Society Leaders in American Medicine/James A. Pittman, Jr. M.D." [VHS tape], 1995 Mar132 "The NK2 Homeobox Gene and Early Development of the Central Nervous System/Marshall Nirenberg at University of Oklahoma" [2 VHS tapes], 1995 May 4132 "Neurobiology / Dr. Marshall Nirenberg and Dr. Ron McKay" [VHS tape], 1999132 "Nobel Prize Celebration in Honor of Dr. Nirenberg" [VHS tape], 2001 Apr 4132 "A Symposium in Honor of Marshall Nirenberg / Masur Auditorium" [9 VHS tapes, 6 Betacam tapes], 2002 Dec 16

    Collection Scope and Content Note

    Correspondence, experimental data, laboratory administration material, publications and manuscripts, photographs, research notes and notebooks, and audiovisual material (1937-2003 [bulk 1957-1997]; 171 linear feet) document Marshall W. Nirenberg's career as a researcher in biochemical genetics at the National Institutes of Health.

    Series 3: Lab Administration and Series 4: Lab Research comprise the bulk of the collection. Together the materials in these series paint a comprehensive and detailed portrait of the laboratory's activities. Nirenberg became Head of the National Heart Institute's Section on Biochemical Genetics in 1962. The lab later became the Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics (LBG) of the National Heart, Blood, and Lung Institute (NHBLI), with Nirenberg becoming its Chief and Research Biochemist, a position he has held since 1966. The collection contains a wealth of material regarding the supervision of the LBG, particularly in Series 3: Lab Administration. This series consists mainly of daily books, compiled by Nirenberg and his staff, which detail the everyday operations of the LBG; usually housed within three-ring binders, these volumes contain correspondence, research notes, various lists, conference programs, and other sundry materials received by the lab staff. Daily books exist from the late 1960s until the mid 1990s, providing a long-term view of the lab's operations. Similar materials are to be found in the General Files sub-series.

    The collection also chronicles the LBG's shift in focus away from the study of the genetic code to that of neurobiology, reflecting Nirenberg's evolving research interests. The lab diaries, notes, notebooks, and photography within Series 4: Lab Research and the lab's annual reports in Series 3: Lab Administration detail these shifts, which began around 1966 and occurred every few years as Nirenberg explored new research avenues. Written works produced by the LBG also expanded, resulting in a large body of publications by LBG staff and a collection of reprints on various topics annotated by Nirenberg and his staff through the years. In Series 5: Writings, researchers can find these same works as manuscript drafts and reprints.

    Best known for his Nobel Prize-winning work on the genetic code, Nirenberg began that career in 1957 when he took a position as a postdoctoral fellow in the National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism, and Digestive Diseases (NIAMDD). His work with J. Heinrich Matthaei to investigate the relationship between DNA and RNA and their successful cracking of the genetic code in 1961 is well documented by this collection. Nirenberg and Matthaei revealed the role of RNA to the world through an article published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in 1961 and again at the Fifth International Congress of Biochemistry in Moscow a few months later. Series 5: Writings includes drafts and reprints of that article, while Series 2: Correspondence contains the dozens of reprint requests Nirenberg and Matthaei received from colleagues worldwide. In addition, Nirenberg's notes for the Moscow presentation are located in Series 6: Professional Activities, which also includes other speeches and presentations delivered by Nirenberg throughout his career. Series 4: Lab Research contains the early notebooks created by Nirenberg and colleagues during the genetic code experiments, as well as the original genetic code chart he and his staff compiled as they worked to decipher the code words which comprise the genetic language.

    Nirenberg received the Nobel Prize in 1968 for his work on the genetic code. Materials related to this award, while scarce, do exist within the collection. Series 1: Personal and Biographical includes copies of the notification telegram Nirenberg received as well as drafts of his speech. This series also features articles and clippings regarding the experiments as well as the award. Researchers can find a few photographs and audiovisual recordings of the ensuing celebrations and the Nobel awards ceremony in the Photographs Series (VII) and the Audiovisual Series (VIII).

    While the collection is strong in its documentation of Nirenberg's professional career, materials related to his personal life are relatively scarce. The Personal and Biographical Series contains a handful of Nirenberg biographies from Who's Who and other publications as well as his curriculum vitae from circa 1961 to 2000. That series also features over a dozen notebooks from Nirenberg's undergraduate and graduate school careers and copies of both his master's thesis and his Ph. D. dissertation. The Photographs Series (VII), while small, includes several personal photographs of Nirenberg with his family, friends and colleagues over the years, and Series 8: Audiovisual contains reminiscences of Nirenberg in the form of oral history interviews with Nirenberg and former postdoctoral researchers from his lab.

    Contents List
    Box | Folder Title
     
    Series 1: Personal and Biographical, 1945-2000 [series]:

    The Personal and Biographical Series documents personal aspects of Nirenberg's life, most particularly his secondary education and awards such as the Nobel Prize. The series also provides further insight into Nirenberg's professional life through curriculum vitae, articles, and newspaper clippings which chronicle his successful research into the genetic code and subsequent accolades.

    The series is divided into six sub-series: Curriculum Vitae, Education and Coursework, The Nobel Prize, Other Awards and Honors, Articles and Clippings, and Personal Papers. The materials in each of the six sub-series are arranged chronologically. The largest of the sub-series, Education and Coursework, consists mostly of Nirenberg's notebooks from his coursework at the University of Florida and the University of Michigan. Divided into sub-sub-series by institution, these materials attest to Nirenberg's early interest in zoology. The sub-series also includes manuscript drafts for Nirenberg's master's and Ph.D. theses. In addition, the Personal Papers sub-series includes a notebook in which a young Nirenberg recorded some of his observations on the Floridian flora and fauna which sparked his scientific inquisitiveness.

    The Nobel Prize sub-series includes drafts and notes for Nirenberg's Nobel Prize address as well as articles about the prize and copies of the telegram informing him of the award. Researchers can find photographs of Nirenberg receiving the news of the award and the awards ceremony in Series 7: Photographs, as well as images of the scientist with his family, friends, and colleagues. The collection does not include the actual award or certificates. Similarly, the Other Awards and Honors sub-series of Series 1 does not include the awards received by Nirenberg; the materials in this sub-series consist mainly of drafts of acceptance speeches, travel arrangements, correspondence, and the occasional article or event program documenting the occasion.

    1 1-11
    Curriculum Vitae, ca. 1961-2000
     
    Education and Coursework, 1945-1984 [subseries]:
     
    Orlando Senior High School, 1945 [subseries]:
    1 12
    Yearbook, Tigando [photocopies], 1945
     
    University of Florida, [1950]-1952; 1984 [subseries]:
    1 13
    Biology 332 - Advanced Invertibrate Drawings, [1950]
    1 14-17
    [Draft of Master's thesis], [ca. 1952]
    1 18
    "Geology of Alachua County", [ca. 1952]
    1 19-20
    [Master's thesis] "The Caddis Flies of Alachua County, with Notes on Those of Florida", 1952 Feb
    1 21
    University of Florida brochure, 1984
     
    University of Michigan, 1953-1961 [subseries]:
    1 22
    [Notes on journal articles on insulin], [ca. 1953]
    1 23
    [Notebook containing outline of paper on thyrosine], [ca. 1953]
    1 24
    Notebook, Carbohydrate Metabolism [Biological Chemistry 203], 1953 Feb-Mar
    1 25
    Notebook, Carbohydrate Metabolism II [Biological Chemistry 203?], 1953 Apr-Aug
    1 26
    [Lab notebook - Physiology 121?], 1954 Jun-Sep
    1 27
    [Abstracts on journal articles on biotin], [ca. 1955]
    1 28
    [Notebook, Biological Chemistry 160], [ca. 1955]
    1 29
    Notebook, Enzyme Kinetics [Biological Chemistry 207 Problems in Kinetics], [ca. 1955]
    1 30
    [NH4+ Data], [ca. 1955]
    1 31
    Notebook, Abstracts [Zoology 215], 1955
    1 32
    Experiment 5, Marshall Nirenberg (C. Wagner) Desk #2 Fatique, "The Biotin-Carbon Dioxide Fixation Relationship", 1955 Feb 24
    1 33
    Anaerobic Glycolysis Data, 1955 Dec-1956 Mar
    1 34-36
    Books I-III A-Series, 1955-1957
    1 37
    Book II [experimental data], 1955 Sep-Dec
    2 1-4
    Books III-VI [experimental data], 1955-1956
    2 5-9
    Books 7-11 [experimental data], 1956-1957
    2 10
    [American Cancer Society post-doctoral fellowship], 1956-1959
    2 11
    [Laboratory Biochemistry], [ca. 1957]
    2 12
    [Dissertation, "semi-final draft"] "Hexose Uptake in Ascites Tumor Cells", 1957 Jan
    2 13
    Slide materials [for dissertation] - Negatives and originals, [1957 Jan]
    2 14
    The Society of the Sigma Xi (Michigan Chapter), 1957 Mar
    2 15
    [Notes on experiments], [1957 Jul]
    2 16
    Graphs [for Expts 179-181], 1957 Sep
    2 17-19
    [Dissertation] "Hexose Uptake in Ascites Tumor Cells", 1957 [Jun]
    2 20
    Form 57 [termination of post-doctoral fellowship and application for employment at NIH], 1957-61
    2 21
    [Grant application with University of Michigan], 1961 [RESTRICTED]
     
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1957-1961 [subseries]:
    2 22
    [Notebook for coursework in Biochemical Genetics], 1957 Oct-1958 Sep
    2 23
    [Notebook for unknown course], 1958 Oct-1959 Jan
    2 24
    Notebook, Course in [Biochemical] Genetics, 1958 Oct - 1959 Jan
    2 25
    MN 1959 [Notebook for coursework in Bacterial Genetics], 1959 Mar-May
    3 1
    [Notebook, experiments], 1959 Jun
    3 2
    MN Notes 1959 [Notebook for coursework in Bacterial Genetics], 1959 Jun-Jul
    3 3
    MN Notes 1960 [Notebook for coursework], 1959 Oct-1960 Jan
    3 4
    MN 1960 [Notebook for coursework], 1960 Jan-1961 Jan
    3 5
    Notebook, Course Notes [Mechanisms in Biochemistry?], 1961 Feb-Mar
     
    The Nobel Prize, 1968-1983 [subseries]:
    3 6
    [Nomination], [1968 Jan-Feb]
    3 7
    [Telegram announcing award], 1968 Oct 16
    3 8
    NIH Nobel Prize Celebration in Honor of Dr. Marshall Nirenberg, 1968 Oct 23
    3 9
    [Articles and clippings], 1968 Oct-Dec
    3 10-11
    [Preliminary outlines and drafts of speech], 1968 Oct-[Dec]
    3 12
    "Notes 1" [outlines and notes], 1968 Oct-Nov
    3 13
    [Draft 1], 1968 Oct-Nov
    3 14
    "Notes 2" [outlines, notes, figures], 1968 Nov
    3 15
    [Slides for Nobel talk], [1968 Nov]
    3 16-17
    [Drafts 6-8 and notes], 1968 Nov-Dec
    3 18-21
    Draft, "Deciphering the Genetic Code", 1968 Nov-1969 Mar
    3 22
    [Travel arrangements], [1968 Dec]
    3 23-24
    Manuscript, "The Genetic Code", [1969 Mar]
    3 25
    Original MS entered for Nobel Talk -- not used, 1969 Mar 1
    3 26
    [Draft of conclusion intended for Nobel manuscript -- not used], 1969 Mar 1
    3 27
    Preprint, "The Genetic Code", 1969 Apr
    3 28
    [Program listing Nobel Laureates], 1983
     
    Other Awards and Honors, 1962-1988 [subseries]:
    3 29
    National Academy of Science Award in Molecular Biology, 1962 Apr
    3 30
    Washington Academy of Sciences 1962 Award for Scientific Achievement, 1963 Feb
    3 31
    [Arthur S. Flemming Award], [1963 Feb-Oct]
    3 32
    American Heart Association Career Investigatorship, 1963-1964
    3 33
    Modern Medicine 1964 Award for Distinguished Achievement, 1964 Jan
    3 34
    Pfizer Paul-Lewis Award in Enzyme Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 1964 Jan
    3 35
    Harrison Howe Award, American Chemical Society (Rochester, NY) [includes notes for speech], 1964 Nov
    3 36
    National Medal of Science, 1964 Nov
    3 37
    Hillebrand Award, Chemical Society of Washington [includes notes for speech], 1966 Mar
    3 38
    Prix Charles Leopold Mayer, French Academy of Sciences (Paris, France), 1967
    4 1
    Research Corporation Award of 1966 (New York, NY) [includes drafts of speech], 1967 Jan
    4 2
    [American College of Physicians and Surgeons Award (San Francisco, CA)] [includes notes for speech], [1967 Apr]
    4 3
    Gairdner Foundation Award (Toronto, Ontario, Canada) [includes notes and drafts of speech], 1967 Nov
    4 4
    Joseph Priestley Award, Dickinson College (Carlisle, PA), 1968 Mar
    4 5
    Distinguished Service Award, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 1968 Apr
    4 6
    Honorary degree, Harvard University (Cambridge, MA), 1968 Jun
    4 7
    The Franklin Medal, The Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, PA), 1968 Oct
    4 8-9
    Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, Columbia University (New York, NY) [includes drafts of speech], 1968 Oct
    4 10
    Albert Lasker Medical Research Award, Albert Lasker Foundation (New York, NY) [includes notes and drafts of speech], 1968 Nov
    4 11
    Honorary degree, School of Public Health Services (Albany, NY), 1986 Mar
    4 12
    Honorary degree, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (Holmdel, NJ), 1988 May
     
    Articles and Clippings, 1961-1993 [subseries]:
    4 13-14
    Clippings and miscellany, 1961-1990
    4 15-16
    NIH Record, 1961-1993
    4 17
    "NIH Researchers Crack Genetic Code," Medical World News, 1962 Jan 5
    4 18
    "Findings May Speed Solution to Genetic Code," Chemical & Engineering News, 1962 Jan 15
    4 19
    "Man and Molecule," The Florida Alumnus vol. 16 no. 1, 1963 Dec
    4 20
    "Marshall Nirenberg," Current Biography, vol. 26 no. 4, 1965 Apr
    4 21
    Biographical entries in Who's Who, et al., 1966-1988
    4 22
    "Nobel Laureate Spotlighted at Bennett Research Day," The Ohio State University College of Medicine Journal, 1986
     
    Personal Papers, [ca. 1955] [subseries]:
    4 23
    Poem, "Who Are You", undated
    136 1
    Sketch pad, undated
    4 24
    [Notes on Florida flora and fauna], [1944]
    4 25
    [Unsent letter to Nirenberg's parents], [ca. 1955?] [RESTRICTED]
    4 26
    [List of birthdays and anniversaries], [ca. 1955?]
     
    Series 2: Correspondence, 1953-1993 [series]:

    The Correspondence Series consists of mostly professional correspondence to Nirenberg. Throughout his tenure in the LBG, office practice was to file Nirenberg's correspondence into the lab's daily log books; these volumes are located in Series 3: Laboratory Administration, within the Daily Books sub-series. The letters within the Correspondence Series either were never filed by the lab secretaries, or were removed at some point and never re-filed. The series is organized into four sub-series: General, Invitations, Employment Opportunities, and Reprint Requests. Within each sub-series, the correspondence is arranged chronologically.

    The General correspondence, spanning 1953-1993, encompasses a wide variety of work-related topics such as requests for cell lines and other cultures, professional conferences, and the research of Nirenberg and his peers, although the occasional personal note or card does appear. Included among these are letters from various socially-conscious organizations such as the Committee of Concerned Scientists asking Nirenberg for his support, particularly after he received the Nobel Prize in 1968. The Invitations sub-series includes offers of speaking engagements or tours, while inquiries regarding the availability of space in Nirenberg's lab comprise the majority of the Employment Opportunities sub-series. That sub-series also includes job offers to Nirenberg from other institutions, such as the offer in March 1962 from François Jacob of the Institut Pasteur. Requests for Nirenberg and Matthaei's seminal 1961 publication on their poly-U experiments, "The Dependence of Cell-Free Protein Synthesis in E. coli upon Naturally Occurring or Synthetic Polyribonucleotides," comprise the bulk of the Reprint Requests sub-series, attesting to the widespread interest generated by their presentation at the Moscow conference. Series 5: Writings includes drafts and reprints of the article, while Series 6: Professional Activities includes Nirenberg's notes and drafts for the 1961 poly-U presentation as well as memorabilia from the conference.

    4 27-45
    General, 1953-1977
    5 1-8
    General, 1978-1993
    5 9-18
    Invitations, 1961-1993
     
    Employment Opportunities, 1960-1993 [subseries]:
    5 19-20
    Offers to Nirenberg, 1961-1969
    5 21-33
    Inquiries and Recommendations, 1960-1986
    6 1-2
    Inquiries and Recommendations, 1987-1993
     
    Reprint Requests, 1960-1987 [subseries]:
    6 3
    Letters, 1960-1987
    133
    Cards, 1960-1964
     
    Series 3: Laboratory Administration, [1959]-1993 [series]:

    The Laboratory Administration Series provides insight into the daily workings of the Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics throughout Nirenberg's tenure. These materials were generated by the LBG staff in the course of their everyday operations. They consist mainly of annual reports and daily log books, which contain correspondence, data, instructions from Nirenberg to the staff, invoices, journal lists, and other related materials. The series is organized into three sub-series: Annual Reports, Daily Books, and General Files.

    The first sub-series, Annual Reports, contains overviews of lab activities for the year, including ongoing projects, with detailed descriptions of lab experiments. The evolution of each report is documented through various drafts as well as photocopied final products. Arranged chronologically, the annual reports are nearly complete for the years 1960-1993.

    The Daily Books sub-series is the largest of the series. To keep track of activities and events pertaining to the lab, Nirenberg and his staff compiled "belts" (dictated messages from Nirenberg to lab secretaries), correspondence, events material, journal subscriptions, shared experimental data, lists of tasks to be performed, and similar materials into three-ring binders. Ranging in date from 1968 to 1997, these binders may span one month or several years. The daily books are numbered chronologically for the most part, but on two occasions the numbering restarted. Daily books which were not numbered have been marked with the notation [unnumbered].

    Although the daily books contain mixed materials, the original order as compiled by lab personnel was retained to maintain their original context. For preservation purposes all materials were removed from the binders. Extraneous materials such as non-Nirenberg reprints, catalogs, blank ballots, and bibliographic search print-outs were deaccessioned. The following five volumes remain unaltered as examples of intact daily books: Mail 1 (1978 Jun-Jul), 151 (1981 Sep-Dec), 201 (1982 Nov-Dec), 342 (1986 Nov), and 442 (1990 Aug). The daily books are arranged chronologically by date, which correlates with the numerical sequencing.

    The last sub-series, General Files, consists of materials which were never filed into the daily books or became separated through early attempts at processing. These files include the same types of materials as the daily books, as well as budget information, equipment inventories, lab redesign documentation, position descriptions, and work orders. The LBG facility underwent a move and major renovations between 1969 and 1971, documented here by blueprints and floor plans. Also of note are the position descriptions for the various personnel in the lab; however, the inclusion of sensitive information has resulted in restrictions to certain items. The General Files are arranged alphabetically by document type, and then chronologically.

     
    Annual Reports, 1960-1993 [subseries]:
    6 4-32
    1960-1988
    7 1-7
    1988-1993
     
    Daily Books, 1968-1996 [subseries]:
    7 8
    #14A Media and Neurochemistry, 1968-1973
    7 9-10
    Exa I, II, 1968-1969
    7 11-12
    Helmi III, 1969-1971
    7 13
    Daily 1: Belts, Correspondences, 1969 Jan-May
    7 14
    Daily 2: Correspondences, Growth Curve/Neuroblastoma, 1969 Apr-May
    7 15
    Daily 3: Correspondences, Reprints, 1969 Apr-May
    7 16-19
    #4 - #12, 1969 May-1970 Apr
    7 20
    #14, 1969 Nov-1970 Apr
    7 21-23
    #1, #2 for Norma [Heaton], 1970 Apr-Mar
    7 24
    #15 Norma [Heaton] - Willy [?] Methods 3, 1970 Jun
    7 25
    #16, 1970 Jun-Jul
    8 1
    Form Letters, [1971]
    8 2
    [unnumbered], 1971 Apr-Jul
    8 3-9
    #33 - #59, 1971 Oct-1972 Sep
    8 10
    Procedure Book, [ca. 1974]
    8 11
    #100, 1975 Oct-Nov
    8 12
    #173, 1976 Jun
    8 13
    #258, 1977 Jan
    8 14
    [unnumbered], 1977 Jan-Jul
    8 15-19
    Mail 1, 1978 Jan-Jun
    8 20
    [unnumbered], 1978 Feb
    8 21
    #265, 1978 Feb
    8 22
    [unnumbered], 1978 Apr-1979 Feb
    8 23
    Mail 2, 1978 Jun
    8 24
    [unnumbered], 1978 Jul
    8 25-26
    Mail - home 2, 1978 Jul-Dec
    8 27
    #1, 1978 Oct
    8 28-29
    [unnumbered], 1979 Jan-Feb
    8 30
    Mail 5, 1979 Feb
    9 1-5
    [unnumbered], 1979 Feb-Apr
    9 6
    M[ail] - 20, 1979 Apr-May
    9 7-11
    [unnumbered], 1979 Apr-Jun
    9 12-33
    #12 - #96, 1979 Jul-1980 Oct
    10 1-36
    #97 - #154 [includes photos], 1980 Oct-1982 Jan
    11 1-33
    #156 - #188, 1982 Jan-Nov
    12 1-33
    #189 - #238 [includes slides], 1982 Nov-1984 Jan
    13 1-24
    #239 - #269, 1984 Jan-Oct
    14 1-25
    #270 - #296, 1984 Nov -1985 Jun
    15 1-28
    #297 - #327, 1985 Jun-1986 May
    16 1-34
    #328 - #360, 1986 May-1987 Aug
    17 1-2
    [unnumbered], 1987 Aug
    17 3-40
    #361 - #400, 1987 Aug-1988 Oct
    18 1-35
    #401 - #429, 1988 Oct-1990 Feb
    19 1-35
    #430 - #461, 1990 Mar-1991 Sep
    19 36-49
    #263 - #322, 1991 Sep-1994 May
    19 50-62
    [unnumbered], 1995 May-1996 Jan
    20 1-19
    [unnumbered], 1996 Jan-1997 Feb
     
    General Files, [1959]-1993 [subseries]:
    20 20
    Actions logs, 1981
    20 21
    [Agendas], [1962-1987]
    20 22
    Appointment Administration/HR, 1988-1992
    20 23-25
    "Old" Belts, 1968-1972
    20 26-31
    Budget reports [FY 1989 - FY 1991], 1989 Aug-1991 Mar
    20 32-34
    [Calendars], 1963-1971
    20 35
    Data entry logs [blank], undated
    20 36
    [Equipment inventories], [1971-1972]
    20 37
    [Equipment inventory], 1980 May 3
    20 38-40
    [Equipment purchases], [1985-1991]
    20 41
    Executive Inventory Record - Marshall Nirenberg, 1960-1968
    20 42
    FY 1990 Congressional Justification for DIR, 1988 Nov 18
    20 43
    [Honeywell, Inc. - Preventive Maintenance and Emergency Repairs], [1978-1979]
    20 44-45
    Instrument orders, 1987
    21 1
    Intramural Genome Initiative, 1991
    21 2
    Isotope records, 1979-1984
    21 3-4
    [Journal] subscriptions, 1973-1979
    21 5
    Journal lists, book lists, 1980-1981
    21 6
    [Journal subscriptions], 1982
     
    [Laboratory Renovation], 1968-1972 [subseries]:
    21 7
    [Laboratory - Design sketches and equipment catalogs], [1968-1969]
    21 8
    [Laboratory - Floor plans], [ca. 1969]
    21 9
    [Laboratory - Alarm System], [1969]
    21 10-11
    [Laboratory] - 2nd and 3rd sets of plans, 1969 Apr-Oct
    21 12
    [Laboratory] - Floor plans for Section 4C, [ca. 1969]
    21 13
    [Laboratory - Floor plans for 1C and 4C], 1969 Apr-Sep
    21 14
    [Laboratory] - Floor plans for 1C, [1969-1971]
    21 15
    [Laboratory - Equipment changes], [1970-1972]
    21 16
    [Laboratory - Floor plans for] 4C, [ca. 1971]
    21 17
    [Laboratory] - Future area Bldg 36 1C08, 1C06, 1C04, 1C07, [1971]
    21 18
    [Laboratory personnel], [1967; 1978-1984] [RESTRICTED]
    21 19
    [Laboratory] Positions 2, 1974-1980
    21 20
    [Memoranda], [1976-1985]
    21 21
    [Microbiological Associates internal sales requests], 1970-1971
    21 22
    [Microbiological Associates budget information], [ca. 1972]
    21 23
    [Microbiological Associates contract modification], 1978 May
    21 24
    Microbiological Associates contract modification], 1981-1982
    21 25-26
    NIH Position Descriptions, [1956-1982]
    21 27
    [Nitrogen freezer and CO2 logs], 1977-1979
    21 28
    Nitrogen freezer information, 1980-1981
    21 29-31
    Individual performance plan - Marshall Nirenberg, 1984-1993
    21 32
    Personnel/Requisitions/Travel, 1983-1984
    21 33
    Pharmacology Research Associate Program, 1978
    21 34
    [Proposed training], [ca. 1961]
    21 35-37
    Radiation survey reports, 1977-[1987]
    21 38
    [Research Fellowship application - J. Heinrich Matthaei], [1959 Jun 24]
    134
    Specimen vials, 1967 Mar 23
    21 39-47
    [To Do lists], 1967-1987
    21 48
    [Work orders], [1987]
     
    Series 4: Laboratory Research, 1946-2001 [series]:

    The Lab Research series comprises the bulk of the collection and documents experiments conducted by Nirenberg and his LBG staff from 1957 to 2001. Included in the series are experiment data, graphs, lab diaries, lab notes and notebooks, manuscript materials, photographs and negatives, and machine print-outs. The materials are organized into three sub-series: Lab Diaries, Lab Notes and Notebooks, and Lab Photography. Each sub-series is arranged chronologically. When reviewed in conjunction with the annual reports in Series 3, these materials paint a detailed portrait of laboratory activities.

    The first sub-series, Lab Diaries, consists mostly of hard-bound notebooks in which Nirenberg tracked the experiments being conducted by himself and his staff. The notebooks contain Nirenberg's instructions and ideas for experiments, tasks to do (and re-do), and requests for articles; many of the diaries also contain shared experimental data, particularly the earlier volumes from Nirenberg's postdoctoral period. In addition, the diaries from 1965 contain notes and ideas about the genetic code, written at a time when Nirenberg was shifting away from the code to neurobiology; as such, these volumes serve as summaries of his work to that point. Numbered sequentially, the diaries are nearly complete from 1957 to 1974, with only volumes 27 and 32 missing; an index compiled in 2000 is included at the end of the sub-series.

    Nirenberg's research material, the most substantial portion of the collection, forms the Lab Notes and Notebooks sub-series. These notes, often assembled into 3-ring binders for easier access, contain experimental data by Nirenberg and his colleagues beginning with his postdoctoral work in DeWitt Stetten's lab at NIAMDD. A combination of original materials and annotated photocopies, the notes consist of experimental data in the form of graphs, charts, lists, and worksheets, and also include memoranda between Nirenberg and his research staff, supplemental articles, scraps of manuscripts, and ideas and thoughts about the work at hand. There are also volumes detailing solutions, methodologies, protocols, and cell inventories. Nearly one hundred different researchers are represented by the fifty years' worth of material, including Nirenberg's wife, Perola Zaltzman. The collection contains numerous notebooks by lab technicians Norma Heaton and Theresa Caryk, who worked with Nirenberg in the LBG for several decades.

    The Lab Notes and Notebooks sub-series has been divided further into six sub-sub-series based upon the experimental focus of the lab: Undated, Genetic Code Experiments, Transition to Neurobiology, Effects of Morphine on the Nervous System, Neural Synapses in Chick Retina, and Homeobox Genes. Researchers should be aware of overlaps between each of the sub-sub-series, particularly in the different phases of the neurobiological studies. For ongoing experiments it was not unusual for more than one investigator to be involved, therefore many volumes contain notes by multiple investigators and can span several years. As such, the date ranges for each sub-sub-series reflect the dates of the materials, not of the actual period of experimentation.

    For all six sub-sub-series, original folder titles were retained whenever possible; missing data which has been provided is denoted by square brackets [ ]. Materials within each sub-sub-series (except for the first, Undated) are arranged chronologically by the year in which they were begun and then alphabetically, first by investigator (when identified) and then by subject. Untitled or unidentified items are housed at the end of each year. Missing dates have been supplied whenever possible; any remaining undated materials have been placed within the first subseries, Undated.

    Nirenberg's early experiments with Heinrich Matthaei on polu-U, as well as the work of the LBG to identify the sixty-four codons (or "code words," as they were first known), are documented through the notebooks in the Genetic Code Experiments sub-sub-series. In addition to volumes created by Nirenberg, the sub-sub-series includes experimental data from lab technicians Caryk and Heaton, postdoctoral fellows Bill Groves, Taysir Jaouni, Charles O'Neal, Sidney Pestka, and others who assisted with deciphering the code.

    Two documents of particular note are the genetic code charts compiled by Nirenberg and staff between 1964 and 1966 as they identified the codons. The original chart is a makeshift one, formed from various pieces of graph paper taped together, with data entered in different colors by different hands. The vertical axis on the left side lists the sixty-four codons in sets of four, while the horizontal axis across the top displays the twenty amino acids; data from repeated experimentation, with other notations and highlights, were filled in over time. The accompanying hand-written note from Nirenberg claims that while this chart was the original, its cluttered appearance necessitated its replacement with a "longer (and neater)" version. The later version, crafted from photocopies taped together and annotated in the same style, is housed within an oversized folder. Negatives of both charts are housed within the regular collection. Due to its fragility and value, the original chart is housed permanently in the History of Medicine Division's Incunabula Room, and is available for viewing upon request.

    Materials in the third sub-series, Lab Photography, also demonstrate the LBG's experimental progression. Beginning in the late 1960s through the mid-1970s, Nirenberg and the LBG researchers used cinemicrography, the photographing of objects by a microscope equipped with a motion picture camera, to document the work they were conducting on neuroblastoma and the neural synapses in chick retina. These experiments resulted in the hundreds of photographs and analyses which form the Lab Photography sub-series.

     
    Lab Diaries, 1957-1974, 2000 [subseries]:
    21 49
    D4 IV A Series, 1957 Jul-1958 Feb
    21 50
    D5 VA, 1957 Oct-1958 Nov
    22 1
    D6 VIA, 1958 Nov-1959 Sep
    22 2
    D7 VIIA, 1959 Sep-1960 Mar
    22 3
    D8 VIIIA, 1960 Apr-Aug
    22 4
    D9 IXA, 1960 Sep-[1961] May
    22 5
    D10 A, 1961 Mar-Sep
    22 6
    D11 XA, 1961 Jun-Dec
    22 7
    D12 7A, 1961 Dec-1962 May
    22 8
    D-13 8A, 1962 May-Sep
    22 9
    D-14 8A-2, 1962 Jul
    22 10
    D-15 9A, 1962 Sep-1963 Jan
    22 11
    D-16 10A, 1963 Jan-Apr
    22 12
    D-17 11A, 1963 Apr-Jul
    22 13
    D18 12A, 1963 Jul-Nov
    22 14
    D19 I. Brain 12A-2, 1963 Sep
    22 15
    D-20 13A, 1963 Nov-1964 Apr
    22 16
    D21 14A, 1964 Apr-Oct
    23 1
    D22 15A, 1964 Oct-1965 Jan
    23 2
    D23 16A, 1965 [May-Jul]
    23 3-4
    D-24 [formerly ID-1 17A], 1965 Jun-1966 Mar
    23 5
    17A [ideas on the genetic code], 1965 Aug-Nov
    23 6
    D-25 Theory Code [formerly ID-2 18A], 1966 Feb-May
    23 7
    D-26 [formerly ID-3 19A], 1966 Jun-Sep
    23 8
    28 - To Do, 1967 Nov-1968 Jan
    23 9
    29 - To Do, 1969 Jan-Dec
    23 10
    29A, 1969 Jan-Mar
    23 11
    30A, 1969 Mar-Jun
    23 12
    31A, 1969 Jun-Jul
    23 13-14
    33A, [1969 Aug-Nov]
    23 15
    34A, 1969 Nov-1970 Feb
    23 16
    A30 - To Do, 1969 Dec-1971 Jan
    23 17
    35-A, 1970 Feb-Sep
    24 1
    36-A, 1970 Oct-Dec
    24 2
    37-A, 1971 Jan-Mar
    24 3
    38-A, [1971 Jun-1972 Jan]
    24 4
    38 - To Do, [1971 Sep-1973 Mar]
    24 5
    39A, [1972 Mar-1973 Jul]
    24 6
    40A, [1973 Mar-1975 Oct]
    24 7
    40B, [1974 Jan-Dec]
    24 8
    Index, 2000 Oct
     
    Lab Notes and Notebooks, 1946-2001 [subseries]:
     
    Undated [subseries]:
    24 9
    Answered letters [evolution of code notes], undated
    24 10
    Art Blume, undated
    24 11
    Binding sRNA polynucleotides, undated
    24 12
    Code / orders - equipment, undated
    24 13
    Cold Spring Harbor slides, undated
    24 14
    Current work - Heppel and Sober oligo U-A, undated
    24 15
    Current work - miscellaneous, undated
    24 16
    [DPN SSA], undated
    24 17
    [Effect of 5-phosphate on template activity], undated
    24 18-19
    Ex 3. 8100 [graphs], undated
    24 20
    [Experiment protocols and methods], undated
    24 21-22
    Experiments to do, undated
    24 23
    [GLU tRNA and GLN tRNA experiments], undated
    Map Drawer 4 1
    [Graph - ApA], undated
    24 24
    Hb sequence - AA, undated
    24 25
    [Lecture notes], undated
    24 26
    Legends and tables finalized, undated
    24 27
    Lymphocyte fusion, undated
    24 28
    Misc[ellaneous] experiments, undated
    24 29
    [Molecular regulations], undated
    24 30-31
    [Notes], undated
    24 32
    [Notes on code], undated
    24 33
    [Notes on tRNA], undated
    24 34
    Oligonucleotide probes, undated
    24 35
    [Protein graph], undated
    24 36
    Protocols, undated
    24 37
    Slides, undated
    24 38
    Slides [regulatory codewords], undated
    24 39
    [Summary of work], undated
    24 40
    [Synapse histology], undated
    24 41
    [Table 1 - cell lines], undated
    24 42
    Theory-Code, undated
    24 43
    [Treatment preparations], undated
    24 44
    Triplet Pilots, undated
    24 45
    [x1A, x1B, etc.], undated
     
    Genetic Code Experiments, 1946-1968 [subseries]:
    24 46
    Lawrence Kahana organic chemistry experiments, 1946; 1959
    24 47
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 12 [experiments 147-206], 1957
    24 48
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 13 [experiments 207-284], 1957-1958
    24 49
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 14 [experiments 285-354], 1958
    25 1
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 15 [experiments 354-361], 1958-1959
    25 2
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 16, 1959
    25 3
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 17, 1959-1960
    25 4
    [Marshall Nirenberg - experiment with Trypsin], [ca.1959 Sep]
    25 5
    Doyle Mullinax Book 3, 1960-1963
    25 6
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 18, 1960
    25 7
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 19, 1960-1961
    25 8
    Immunology, [ca. 1960]
    25 9
    Solution book 1, 1960-1964
    25 10
    L[inda] Greenhouse I, 1961-1962
    25 11
    D[oyle] Mullinax Note Book #2, 1961
    25 12
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 20, 1961-[1963]
    25 13
    Growth and Enzyme Prep[aration]s, 1961-1967
    25 14
    Glenna [Bailey] I, 1962
    25 15
    [Glenna Bailey, Heinrich Matthaei] Leusine substitutes data, 1962
    25 16
    Linda Greenhouse II, 1962
    25 17
    Linda Greenhouse 3, 1962-1963
    26 1-2
    Linda Greenhouse [includes photos], 1962
    26 3
    [Linda Greenhouse], 1962
    26 4
    [Bill Groves? - Effects of Aspartic and Glutamic Acids on Polymers], [ca. 1962]
    26 5-6
    Bill Groves data book I, 1962-1963
    26 7
    N[aomi] Lynn Hurwitz, 1962
    26 8
    Naomi Lynn Hurwitz, 1962-1963
    26 9-10
    O[liver] W. Jones carbon copies, 1962-1963
    26 11
    Doyle Mullinax computation book 4, 1962-1964
    26 12
    [Marshall Nirenberg, et.al - possible codewords], [ca. 1962-1963]
    26 13
    [Marshall Nirenberg, Theresa M. Caryk], 1962-1964
    26 14-17
    S[idney] Pestka data, 1962-1964
    26 18
    Polynucleotides, [1962]
    26 19-20
    RNA polymerase, 1962-1963
    26 21
    Theresa M. Caryk I, 1963
    26 22
    Theresa M. Caryk II, 1963
    27 1
    Theresa M. Caryk III, 1963
    27 2
    Theresa M. Caryk IV, 1963-1964
    27 3
    Theresa [M. Caryk] Originals, Expt. 2 Protocols, 1963
    27 4
    Linda Greenhouse 4, 1963
    27 5-7
    Bill Groves data book II, 1963
    27 8-9
    Bill Groves data book III, 1963-1964
    27 10
    Norma [Heaton] methods, 1963
    27 11
    Norman [Heaton] I, 1963
    27 12
    Norma [Heaton] II, 1963
    27 13
    Norma [Heaton] III, 1963-1964
    27 14
    Taysir Jaouni II, 1963
    27 15
    Taysir Jaouni III, 1963-1964
    27 16
    O[liver] W. Jones 4, 1963
    27 17
    [Judith Levin], [1963]
    27 18
    [Marshall Nirenberg], [1963]
    28 1
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 21, 1963-1964
    28 2
    C[harles] H. O'Neal carbons, 1963-1964
    28 3-4
    S[idney] Pestka data II, 1963-1964
    28 5
    Charts on Genetic Code, 1963
    28 6
    [Experiment to do lists], 1963-1964
    28 7
    [Notes on the code], [ca. 1963-ca. 1964]
    28 8-9
    [Polylysine], 1963
    28 10
    Radioisotope book I, 1963
    28 11
    [RNA codewords?], [ca. 1963]
    28 12-14
    [Untitled], 1963-1965
    28 15
    Theresa M. Caryk V, 1964
    28 16
    Theresa M. Caryk VI, 1964
    28 17
    Theresa M. Caryk VII, 1964
    28 18
    Theresa M. Caryk VIII, 1964
    28 19
    Theresa M. Caryk IX, 1964-1965
    28 20-22
    B.P. Doctor binding, 1964-1966
    29 1-2
    Norma [Heaton] IV, 1964
    29 3-4
    Norma [Heaton] V, 1964
    29 5-6
    Norma [Heaton] VI, 1964
    29 7-8
    Norma [Heaton] VII, 1964-1965
    29 9
    [Wayne Kemper] Oligo Data, [1964-1965]
    29 10-14
    Judy Levin, 1964-1967
    29 15
    [Marshall Nirenberg - notes on triplets], [ca. 1964]
    29 16-17
    [Noboru and Tamiko Kano] Sueoka, 1964-1966
    30 1-2
    Alanine I, 1964-1965
    30 3-4
    θ [Theta] Alanine II, 1964-1965
    30 5
    Alanine [triplet specificity], 1964-1965
    30 6
    θ ALII triplet specificity and analogs, 1964-1967
    30 7-8
    Arginine, 1964-1967
    30 9
    Aspartic acid/asparagine, 1964-1966
    30 10-11
    [C 14 -alanine-sRNA], [1964-1966]
    30 12
    Cysteine, 1964-1965
    30 13
    Data VI theory code, 1964-1966
    30 14
    Doublet and triplet stock, 1964-1965
    30 15
    Genetic Code charts [includes negatives], 1964-1966
    30 16-17
    Glutamic acid, 1964-1966
    30 18
    Histidine, 1964-1966
    30 19
    Isoleucine, 1964-1965
    30 20
    Leucine I, 1964-1967
    30 21-22
    Leucine II, 1964-1965
    30 23
    Leucine III, 1964-1965
    30 24
    Lysine II, 1964-1966
    30 25
    Methionine, 1964-1965
    30 26
    [Methyl- and Benzyl-compounds], [1964-1968]
    30 27
    Mg and diamines, 1964-1965
    31 1
    Miscellaneous, 1964-1966
    31 2-3
    Proline, 1964-1966
    31 4
    Protocols, 196[4-1966]
    31 5
    Protocols, experiments, 196[4-1966]
    31 6
    "Replacement" Data, Predictions II, 196[4-1966]
    31 7-9
    Serine, 1964-1967
    31 10-11
    Solution book 2, 1964-1966
    31 12
    Solutions DAK, 1964-1965
    147
    Spectra-binder, 1964-1965
    31 13
    sRNAs, 1964-1966
    31 14-15
    Summary triplet purity and sequence, [1964-1965]
    31 16
    Theoretical codeword sequence, 1964
    31 17-18
    Threonine, 1964-1965
    31 19
    Triplet analyses (purity), [1964-1966]
    31 20
    Triplet-sRNA inventories, 1964-1965
    31 21
    Triplet purity and sequence [AA-AU], 1964-1965
    31 22
    Triplet purity and sequence [CA-CU], 1964-1965
    31 23
    Triplet purity and sequence [GA-GU], 1964-1965
    31 24
    Triplet purity and sequence [UA-UU, plus chart], 1964-1965
    31 25
    Tryptophane, 1964-1965
    31 26
    Tyrosine, 1964-1965
    31 27
    Valine, 1964-1965
    32 1
    [Untitled], 1964
    32 2-3
    [Untitled], 1964-1965
    32 4
    [Untitled], 1964-1966
    32 5
    French Anderson, 1965
    32 6
    Ann [Bauer?], [ca. 1965]
    32 7
    Theresa M. Caryk X, 1965
    32 8-9
    Theresa M. Caryk XI, 1965
    32 10-11
    Theresa M. Caryk 12, 1965
    32 12
    Theresa M. Caryk 13, 1965
    32 13
    Theresa M. Caryk 14, 1965
    32 14-15
    T[heresa M.] Caryk adult xenopus liver I A-L, 1965-1966
    32 16-17
    T[heresa M.] Caryk adult xenopus liver II M-Z, 1965-1966
    32 18-19
    T[heresa M.] Caryk guinea pig liver, 1965-1966
    33 1-2
    T[heresa M.] Caryk guinea pig liver [cont'd], 1965-1966
    33 3-4
    [T. Caryk et al.] Doc's ala, ser, trypt, val-sRNA, 1965
    33 5
    Dolph [Hatfield], 1965
    33 6
    D. L. H[atfield] H 3 AAA, [ca. 1965?]
    33 7
    Norma [Heaton] VIII, 1965
    33 8
    Norma [Heaton] IX, 1965
    33 9
    Norma [Heaton] IX [Ala], 1965
    33 10
    Norma [Heaton] IX [Arg, asp, asp-NH 2 ], 1965
    33 11
    Norma [Heaton] 10, 1965
    33 12-13
    Norma [Heaton] 11, 1965
    33 14
    Norma [Heaton] 12, 1965
    33 15
    Norma [Heaton] 13, 1965
    33 16
    Norma [Heaton] 14, 1965-1966
    33 17
    [Norma Heaton Oligo purification and chromatography], [ca. 1965?]
    34 1
    Taysir Jaouni IV, 1965
    34 2
    Taysir Jaouni V, 1965-1966
    34 3
    [Don Kellogg experiments vol. I and II] [photocopies], [1965]
    34 4-7
    [Don] Kellogg experiments vol. II, 1965
    34 8-10
    [Don] Kellogg experiments vol. III, 1965
    34 11
    Dick [Richard Marshall?], 1965
    34 12
    "Richard" [Marshall?], 1965
    34 13
    Doyle Mullinax computation book 5, 1965-1967
    34 14-15
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 49-MN-66 data, 1965-1967
    34 16
    [Marshall Nirenberg - notes on brain, neurobiology], 1965-1966
    34 17
    [Sidney Pestka - Streptomycin], [1965]
    34 18
    [J.] Smrt, [G.M.] Tener, [J.G.] Moffatt, 1965
    34 19-20
    [Noboru and Tamiko Kano] Sueoka I, 1965-1966
    34 21-23
    [Noboru and Tamiko Kano] Sueoka II, 1965-1967
    34 24
    Joel [Trupin], 1965
    34 25-27
    2 stage I, 1965-1968
    34 28
    2 stage II, 1965-1967
    35 1-3
    Adult guinea pig liver sRNA, 1965-1966
    35 4-5
    Adult xenopus liver I A-L neurula and muscle, 1965-1966
    35 6
    Amb[iguity] 24, 1965
    35 7
    [Codon notes], 1965-1966
    35 8
    Conditions Θ ALII, 1965-1966
    35 9
    Current work - code, [ca. 1965]
    35 10-11
    Cys-glu-gly, 1965
    35 12
    Doc's met-sRNA, 1965-1966
    35 13-14
    Doc's tyr-sRNA, 1965-1966
    35 15-16
    Glycine, 1965
    35 17
    Leucine sRNA, 1965
    35 18
    Lysine-Lazzarini, 1965-1966
    35 19-22
    Met/pro/ser, 1965
    35 23
    Minus ribosomes, 1965-1967
    35 24
    [Nucleotide sequences], [ca. 1965]
    35 25
    [Pseudo U and bases], [ca. 1965]
    35 26-27
    R experiments, 1965
    35 28
    [Research notes, plates, and summaries], 1965
    35 29
    RNA-DNA nucleotide sequence, 1965-1966
    35 30
    sRNA summary, 1965-1966
    36 1
    Summary triplets, 196[5-1966]
    36 2
    Theory/Lucille, 1965
    36 3
    To do notebook, 1965
    36 4
    [Triplets], [ca. 1965]
    36 5-6
    [Xenopus], 1965-1966
    36 7
    Xenopus 23, 1965
    36 8-9
    Xenopus-laevis neurula and muscle, 1965
    36 10
    Xenopus neurula, 1965-1966
    36 11
    [Loose notes], [ca. 1965]
    36 12
    [Untitled], 1965
     
    Transition to Neurobiology, 1966-1976 [subseries]:
    36 13
    Ames, Silbert, Fine H15 sRNA, 1966
    36 14-15
    [French] Anderson 104, 1966-1968
    36 16
    Ann Bauer charging pilots, 1966
    36 17
    Anne [Bauer?] 1 [Post-doc research journal], 1966
    36 18
    Anne [Bauer?] 2 [Post-doc research journal], 1966
    36 19
    Theresa M. Caryk 15, 1966
    36 20
    Theresa M. Caryk 16, 1966
    36 21
    Theresa M. Caryk 17, 1966
    37 1
    Theresa M. Caryk 18, 1966
    37 2
    Theresa M. Caryk 19, 1966-1967
    37 3
    [Tom Caskey] 3-Tom Data 105-A (0-66), [1966-1968]
    37 4
    [Tom Caskey and A. Beaudet] Kelmers-Fracions 105-C-66, g. pig--E. coli--sRNA binding data, 1966
    37 5-7
    [Tom] Caskey, [A.] Beaudet, Kelmers guinea pig-E. coli binding data 105-B, 1966-1967
    37 8-9
    [Dolph Hatfield] Chicken sRNA - Dolph binder 1, 1966
    37 10-12
    [Dolph Hatfield] Sephadex Fractions, 1966
    37 13
    Dolph [Hatfield] hen sRNA profiles binder 3, 1966
    37 14
    Norma [Heaton] 15, 1966
    37 15
    Norma [Heaton] 16, 1966
    37 16-17
    Norma [Heaton] 17, 1966-1967
    38 1
    Taysir Jaouni VI, 1966
    38 2
    Taysir Jaouni VII, 1966-1967
    38 3
    Wayne Kemper - Charging, 1966
    38 4
    [Wayne Kemper] Procedures - triplet pilots, [1966-1968]
    38 5-6
    Wayne Kemper - WN - Exp[eriments], [1966-1967]
    38 7-9
    Darlene [Levenson] book 1, 1966-1967
    38 10
    [Doyle Mullinax] Mouse adenovirus and dimethylnitrosamine, [1966]
    38 11-12
    Frank [Portugal], 1966-1968
    38 13
    George Streisinger papers (lysozyme), 1966-1968
    38 14
    [Michael] Wilcox, 1966
    38 15-16
    109-6-66 [Michael] Wilcox-Data, [1966-1967]
    38 17-18
    [Michael] Wilcox (4) data, 1966-1967
    38 19-20
    Michael Wilcox, B. Megaterium--protein synthesis, 1966
    38 21-22
    [Michael Wilcox] Charging data book I, 1966-1967
    38 23
    Mike [Wilcox] column fractions, 1966-1967
    38 24-26
    [Michael Wilcox] Kelmers column runs, 1966-1967
    39 1-2
    [Michael Wilcox] Sephadex columns, 1966-1967
    39 3
    50 - RNA Phage, 1966-1967
    39 4
    103-B IPA, 1966-1967
    39 5
    A-36 ID3, Protein Syn ID (1), [1966-1968]
    39 6
    Cocarcinogenesis, 1966
    39 7
    Differential, 1966
    39 8
    Don MS [tables], 1966
    39 9
    Doublets and Triplets, 1966
    39 10
    E. coli, amino acid, metabolism, 1966
    39 11
    Guinea pig adult xenopus liver, neurula summaries, 1966
    39 12
    Mac columns, 1966
    39 13
    Max Kelmers sRNA 2, 1966-1967
    39 14
    Novelli 2, 1966
    39 15
    Nucleotide chromatog[raphy], 1966-1967
    39 16
    [Polypeptides], [ca. 1966]
    39 17-18
    Protocols data, 1966-1967
    39 19-21
    Solution book 3 1730-3075, 1966-1968
    39 22-23
    French [Anderson], 1967
    39 24-25
    French [Anderson] poly-U work, 1967-1968
    39 26
    French [Anderson] (Wayne [Kemper]) 101, 1967
    39 27
    J. Brensike neural supporting cells, 1967
    39 28
    Theresa M. Caryk 20, 1967
    39 29
    Tom [Caskey] - Kelmer, 1967
    39 30
    Norma [Heaton] 18, 1967
    40 1
    Norma [Heaton] 19, 1967-1968
    40 2
    Taysir Jaouni VIII, 1967-1968
    40 3
    Taysir Jaouni IX, 1967
    40 4
    Taysir Jaouni X, 1967
    40 5
    [Wayne Kemper?] Notes on methods triplets, [ca. 1967]
    40 6
    Darlene [Levenson] 2, 1967
    40 7
    Darlene [Levenson] 3, 1967-1968
    40 8-9
    Darlene Levenson books 2 and 3 [photocopies], 1967
    40 10
    Doyle Mullinax computation book 6, 1967-1968
    40 11
    Doyle Mullinax Moloney Method/Spinco], [1967-1968]
    40 12
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 22, 1967
    40 13
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 51, 1967
    40 14
    [Marshall Nirenberg] A-38 [ideas on neurobiology], 1967-1968
    40 15
    [Marshall Nirenberg] A-39 [ideas on genetic code and neurobiology: triplets inventory], 1967-1968
    40 16
    [Ruth] Pertel, 1967-1968
    40 17
    Ruth Pertel nematode transfer book I, 1967
    41 1
    Bruce [Schrier] 1, 1967
    41 2
    Ed [Scolnick] 1, 1967
    41 3-5
    Dick Tompkins, 1967
    41 6
    [Dick] Tompkins (2), 1967-1968
    41 7-8
    [Michael Wilcox C 14 - and H 3 -Glutamine], [1967-1968]
    41 9-11
    Michael Wilcox charging data book II, 1967
    41 12-13
    Mike [Wilcox] Experiments, 1967
    41 14
    1 - Nerve Growth Factor, 1967
    41 15-16
    108A oligo synthesis, 1967
    41 17
    CAT 1, 1967
    41 18-19
    [Codons], [ca. 1967]
    41 20
    [E. coli tRNA and codon data summaries], 1967
    41 21
    [Exp. 32 Binding of C14 ser tRNA with oligos], 1967
    41 22
    [Exp. #696 Kelmer fractions on C14-Iso-leu #2370 W-3100 tRNA], 1967
    41 23
    [Index S-101--S-115], [1967]
    41 24
    Kelmers fractionation of GP liver sub-cellular T-RNAs CTC, 1967
    41 25
    Logical codes, genetic vs. neural code, 1967-1968
    41 26-28
    Minus RIB 100 book 1, 1967
    41 29-31
    Minus RIB 100 book 2, 1967
    41 32-33
    Minus RIB 100 book 3, 1967
    41 34
    Nematodes growth curve 4, 1967
    42 1
    Nematodes growth curve 4 [cont'd], 1967
    42 2
    Rib[osomes?] data, 1967
    42 3
    Rotifers, 1967
    42 4-6
    Termination, 1967-1968
    42 7
    [Termination notes], [1967-1968]
    42 8-9
    Termination studies, 1967
    42 10
    To be filed I, A[lanine]-L[ysine], 1967
    42 11
    To be filed II, M[ethionine]-Z, 1967
    42 12
    "Today", 1967
    42 13
    [Loose notes], 1967
    42 14
    [Untitled], 1967
    42 15
    [Art] Blume 1, 1968
    42 16
    [John Farber - Tyrosine hydroxylase], 1968-1970
    42 17-18
    [Norma Heaton] Tissue culture experiments [includes photos], 1968
    42 19-20
    Norma [Heaton] Tissue culture experiments books 19-20, 1968-1969
    42 21
    Norma [Heaton] 20 [includes photos], 1968-1969
    42 22
    Norma [Heaton] 21, 1968-1969
    42 23
    Taysir Jaouni IX, 1968
    42 24
    Taysir Jaouni X, 1968
    42 25-27
    Wayne Kemper Spectra Triplets, 1968
    43 1
    Wayne Kemper Triplet Spectra, 1968
    43 2
    Darlene [Levenson] 4, 1968
    43 3
    M[arshall] Nirenberg 28-Expt., 1968
    43 4
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 45-ID, Madeira, 1968
    43 5-9
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 74 [ideas on neurobiology], 1968-1975
    43 10
    Marshall [Nirenberg] raw data / Ed [Scolnick?] / all antibiotic studies, 1968
    43 11
    Ruth Pertel, 1968
    43 12
    Ruth Pertel, 1968-1972
    43 13
    [Roger N.] Rosenberg, 1968
    43 14-15
    [B.W] Ruffner and [Taysir] Jaouni [includes photos], 1968-1969
    43 16-17
    [Bruce] Schrier [includes photos], 1968-1969
    43 18
    Bruce Schrier 2, 1968
    43 19-20
    [Bruce Schrier] Dissoc[iation] neurons fractionation, 1968
    43 21-22
    N[ick] W. S[eeds] [includes photos], 1968-1969
    43 23
    [Nick] Seeds nematodes, 1968
    43 24
    [Noboru and Tamiko Kano] Sueoka project, 1968
    43 25
    [Sam] Wilson, 1968
    43 26
    42 Sam [Wilson] - John [Farber], 1968
    44 1
    Choline acetylase, 1968-1969
    44 2-6
    Enzyme assays: CAT, 1968-1970
    44 7
    General cine[micrography], 1968-1970
    44 8
    Genetics - hybrids 3, 1968-1981
    44 9
    HA test, 1968
    44 10
    Lab 41, 1968-1969
    44 11
    Methods 10 GABA, 1968-1969
    44 12-13
    N-biochem 1, pharmacology seminars, 1968
    44 14
    N-Work in progess 1, 1968
    44 15
    Nematode genetics, 1968
    44 16-17
    Retina transmission 1B, 1968-1976
    44 18
    Solution book 4, 1968-1969
    44 19
    Spores 27, 1968
    44 20-21
    [Untitled] [includes photos], 1968-1969
    44 22-23
    [Takehiko] Amano 1-69, 1969
    44 24
    [Takehiko Amano] Cloning method with agar for neuroblastoma, 1969
    44 25
    [Takehiko Amano] Frozen cell II, N1-N9 [includes photos], 1969-1970
    44 26
    [Takehiko Amano] Frozen cell III, N10-N32 [includes photos], 1969-1970
    44 27
    Jeanne Barsanti Puppy Tumor Cell Notes, 1969-1975
    44 28
    J[ohn] Brensike I [includes photos], 1969
    45 1-3
    [John] Farber brain enzymes 2 [includes photos], 1969-1970
    45 4
    J[ohn] Farber CAT controls, 1969
    45 5-6
    J[ohn] Farber 5 CAT controls [includes photos], 1969
    45 7
    Norma [Heaton] 22, 1969-1970
    45 8
    R[uth] Ladenson I [includes photos], 1969-1970
    45 9
    R[uth] Ladenson II, 1969-1970
    45 10
    [Doyle Mullinax - Bird experiments C001-C003], 1969
    45 11
    [Doyle Mullinax] Cofal test registry, 1969
    45 12
    Doyle Mullinax computation book 2, 1969-1970
    45 13
    R[oger] R[osenberg]-O day BR growth curve 1, 1969
    45 14
    [Bruce Schrier] Assay methods 3, 1969
    45 15-16
    Bruce [Schrier] and Ed [Thompson] brain enzymes, 1969
    45 17
    Carrie Scott [includes photos], 1969-1970
    45 18
    [Nick] Seeds, 1969
    45 19-21
    [Nick Seeds] [includes photos], 1969-1970
    45 22
    Nick [Seeds] - Al [Gilman] axon, 1969
    45 23
    [Nick Seeds and Al Gilman] Axons data, 1969
    45 24
    [Ed] Thompson, 1969
    45 25-27
    Sam Wilson catecholamine experiments [includes photos], 1969-1970
    46 1-2
    Sam Wilson catecholamine experiments [cont'd] [includes photos], 1969-1970
    46 3-5
    S[am] H. W[ilson] Culture histories [includes photos], 1969-1970
    46 6-9
    Sam [Wilson] vesicles, uptake and storage [includes photos] [caution: glass], 1969-1970
    46 10-12
    P[erola] Z[altzman] 1-69, 1969-1970
    46 13
    ACE 1, 1969
    46 14-15
    ACE N-103 growth curve, 1969-1970
    46 16-19
    Assays: cell growth and harvesting, 1969
    46 20-21
    COMT, 1969-1970
    46 22
    Conf[erence]-2 ENZ Checklist, 1969
    46 23-24
    Conference memos I, 1969
    46 25
    Conference notes, 1969
    46 26-28
    Daily work sheets, 1969-1971
    47 1-5
    Enzyme assays: COMT, GAD tyrosine hydro[cyclase], 1969
    47 6-7
    Experiment N-8, 1969
    47 8-10
    Laboratory xeroxes, 1969
    47 11
    N3.5.6.7.8, 1969
    47 12
    N4-K and N4-D [includes photos], 1969-1970
    47 13
    N9.10.11.12.13 [includes photos], 1969-1971
    47 14
    N14.15.16.17, 1969-1970
    47 15
    N18 [includes photos], 1969-1972
    47 16-19
    N-18 growth curve experiment 1, 1969-1970
    47 20
    N19.20.21.22.23.-- [includes photos], 1969
    47 21
    NB-1 time curve 47, 1969
    47 22-23
    NB-2 time curve-2 48, 1969
    47 24
    Neuroblastoma 4, 1969
    47 25-26
    Neurophysiology [includes photos], 1969-1973
    47 27-30
    Neurophysiology rating and index 3, 1969-1973
    48 1
    Normal brain time curve, 1969
    48 2-3
    NP data, 1969-1972
    48 4
    Q[uality] C[ontrol], 1969-1972
    48 5
    RNA Polymerase, 1969-1970
    48 6
    Solution book 5, 1969-1970
    48 7-8
    [To Do list], 1969-1970
    48 9-10
    [Takehiko] Amano experiments, book I, 1970-1971
    48 11-14
    [Takehiko] Amano experiments, book III, 1970
    48 15
    [Takehiko Amano CAT corrections], 1970
    48 16
    [Takehiko Amano] N-18 time curve, 1970
    48 17
    T[akehiko] Amano, S-20, 1970
    48 18-19
    [Takehiko Amano] S:20 time curve, 1970-1971
    48 20-21
    [Takehiko] Amano and [Eve] Cutler CAT time curve (N-10), 1970
    48 22
    [Takehiko Amano, Elliott Richelson] S-20 T[yrosine] H[ydroxylase] time curve, 1970
    48 23
    R[uth] Ladenson III, 1970
    48 24
    R[uth] Ladenson IV, 1970
    49 1
    R[uth] Ladenson V (cine) [includes photos], 1970
    49 2-5
    Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] book 1, 1970-1974
    49 6
    [John] Minna's cells, 1970-1971
    49 7-8
    [John] Minna growth curves, 1970
    49 9
    [John] Minna and [Devi] Glazer workbook, 1970
    49 10
    M[arshall] Nirenberg Frozen cell inventory, 1970-1971
    49 11-12
    M[arshall] N[irenberg] and K-line cells stored at MBA, 1970-1971
    49 13-14
    [Elliott Richelson] N1E, N103, N106, 1970
    Map Drawer 4 1
    [Elliott Richelson CAT Time Curves], 1970-1971
    49 15
    [Rosemary] Lee Selinger II [includes photos], 1970
    49 16
    [Rosemary] Lee Selinger III, 1970
    49 17
    ACE data 3 cyclohex[imide] experiment, 1970
    49 18
    ACE-hybrids 1, 1970-1971
    49 19-21
    ACE MS book 6, 1970
    49 22-24
    ACE time curve 2 N-18, 1970
    49 25-26
    Aminopterin 1, 1970
    49 27-28
    Assay I [includes photos], 1970
    49 29-30
    Assay II, 1970
    50 1-3
    Autonomic neurons 1, 1970-1971
    50 4
    Brain cell data, 1970
    50 5
    [Cell line data cards], [1970-1973]
    50 6
    [Electron microscopy - corrections?], 1970
    50 7
    E. M. data summaries, 1970
    50 8
    Enzyme data, 1970
    50 9
    [Frozen cells notebook], [1970-1973]
    50 10-13
    Home data, 1970-1973
    50 14-15
    Hybrid MS I, 1970
    50 16-17
    Hybrid NP data I, 1970
    50 18-19
    Hybrid NP data II, 1970
    50 20
    Hybridization, 1970
    50 21-22
    Ideas, notes, questions Neuron T-R, 1970[-1971]
    50 23-24
    N1.E103 [includes photos], 1970-1971
    50 25-29
    NB-structure / Biol-1, 1970
    51 1-3
    NB-structure 2, 1970
    51 4
    Neurochem[istry] Methods 5A, 1970-1973
    51 5-7
    Pharmacology methods 3, 1970-1972
    51 8
    RNA polymerase, 1970
    51 9-11
    S-series histories book IV, 1970
    51 12-13
    Solution book 6, 1970-1974
    51 14
    [Loose notes], 1970
    51 15
    [Untitled] [includes photos], 1970
    51 16-19
    [Takehiko Amano] CAT-TH data, 1971
    51 20-21
    [Takehiko Amano, Eve Cutler] CAT-TH-ACE data for Federation talk, 1971
    51 22-24
    [Takehiko Amano, Eve Cutler, Elliott Richelson CAT-TH-ACE data?], 1971
    148 3
    [Tom Caskey and Wayne Kemper] Tetra maps, 1971
    51 25
    Al [Gilman], cAMP PGE 1 1, 1971
    51 26-29
    Devi [Glazer] 1, 1971
    52 1-2
    Devi [Glazer] 2, 1971
    52 3-7
    [Devi] Glazer experiments 1-175 [includes photos], 1971-1972
    52 8-9
    Devi [Glazer] 1-174 data, 1971-1972
    52 10-14
    Devi [Glazer] and M[arshall] N[irenberg], α [Alpha] BT binding 2 data, C1300, s-lines, CEM, 1971-1972
    52 15
    Lloyd [Greene] - syn[?], 1971
    52 16-17
    Wayne [Kemper] neurophysiology data I, 1971-1972
    52 18-19
    Wayne [Kemper] NP experiments, 1971-1973
    52 20
    Wayne [Kemper] and Devi [Glazer] NP experiments 4, 1971-1972
    52 21-22
    John Minna ACE, 1971
    52 23
    [Doyle Mullinax] 14-13K Rat Brain, 1971
    52 24
    [Doyle Mullinax] Expt 17-13K, MAI dialyzed ser [includes photos], 1971
    52 25
    AcCh receptor values 6, neurophysiology A, 1971-1972
    52 26
    [Ache-CAT H1S10?] methods, neuro-muscular synapse 4, 1971
    52 27
    CAT-TH, 1971
    52 28
    Copy of freezer cards at MAI contract 2245, 1971
    52 29
    [Data for computer samples], 1971-1974
    138-146
    Electrophysiology experiment data, 1971-1975
    52 30
    Gangliosides 1 [includes photos], 1971-1974
    53 1-2
    Gangliosides 1 [cont'd] [includes photos], 1971-1974
    53 3-6
    Muscle methods experiments, 1971-1972
    53 7-8
    Muscle receptor data book 2, CEM-cards N3 data, 1971-1972
    53 9
    N + AC receptor pharmacology, 1971
    53 10
    N + receptor 7 [includes photos], 1971-1973
    53 11-15
    Neurophysiology rating and index 2, 1971-1972
    53 16-17
    NL-hybrids/ACE assays 1, 1971
    53 18-19
    Quality Control records 2245, 1971-1974
    53 20-21
    Receptor toxin methods 5, 1971-1973
    53 22
    Solution Book 2, tissue culture, 1971-1973
    53 23
    Toxin notes 3, 1971
    53 24
    Tyrosine Hydroxylase Assays, 1971-1974
    53 25
    Vials thawed-sorted strips, 1971-1977
    53 26
    [Loose notes], 1971
    53 27-28
    [Don] Bogdanski DA-NE uptake [includes photos], 1972
    54 1-2
    Theresa [Caryk] 1, 1972-1973
    54 3-6
    Alcmene [Chalazonitis] 1 [includes photos], 1972
    54 7-11
    Mary [DeLong] 1, 1972-1977
    54 12-13
    Bob [Gibbons] chronological experiments 3 [includes photos], 1972-1973
    54 14-16
    Devi [Glazer] 3, 1972
    54 17-18
    Devi [Glazer] 4 [includes photos], 1972
    54 19-22
    Devi [Glazer] 5 [includes photos], 1972
    54 23-24
    Devi [Glazer] 6, 1972
    54 25-27
    Devi [Glazer] [experiments] 176-290, 1972
    55 1-3
    [Devi] Glazer experiments 176-237 [includes photos], 1972
    55 4-7
    [Devi] Glazer experiments 238-325 [includes photos], 1972-1973
    55 8
    [Doyle Mullinax - Slides and pathological reports for tumors delivered], 1972-1973
    55 9-10
    Paul [Simpson] experiments 19-48, acetylcholine release, 1972-1973
    55 11-13
    Paul [Simpson] experiments 45-64, 1972-1974
    55 14-15
    Autoradiography 2 index, 1972
    55 16
    Autoradiography index 2 prints, 1972
    55 17-19
    Radioautography 1 index, 1972
    55 20
    Retina and N specificity 2, 1972
    55 21-22
    Retina 2, 1972-1973
    55 23
    [Loose notes], 1972
     
    Effects of Morphine on the Nervous System, 1973-1982 [subseries]:
    55 24-27
    [Alcmene Chalazonitis] X-31 MS and data, N+ Alcmene MS 67 [includes photos], 1973
    55 28
    [Bill Catterall], 1973-1975
    56 1-2
    Bob [Gibbons] experiments, 1973
    56 3-8
    Bob [Gibbons] 4, experiments 65-225, 1973-1975
    56 9
    Devi [Glazer] 7, 1973
    56 10-14
    [Eli Heldman] Frozen stocks and data, me, Eli-NRE hybrids [includes photos], 1973-1975
    56 15-16
    Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 5 ray data, 1973-1975
    56 17-18
    [Marshall Nirenberg] 69, 1973-1974
    56 19-20
    Paul [Simpson] experiments 34-44 [includes photos], 1973
    56 21
    [Thomas Ward] Weekly report, 1973 Jun 15
    56 22-24
    Assay methods--columns, C-nucleotide 6, 1973
    56 25
    [Bionetics project] 1170, 1973
    56 26
    C nucleotide 5 NB, 1973
    56 27
    Guanyl cyclase cGMP-growth, 1973-1974
    56 28
    Instructions, 1973
    56 29
    [Methods, 108CC-15], 1973
    56 30
    Morph[ine] experiments, 1973-1974
    56 31
    Notebook 66, 1973
    57 1-5
    P6E1 and other receptors, 1973-1975
    57 6
    Retina 1, 1973
    57 7
    Retina [auto-?] 4, 1973
    57 8
    Z, 1973
    57 9
    [Untitled], 1973
    57 10
    [Xandra Breakefield], 1974
    57 11-12
    Debbie [Carper] notes, 1974
    57 13-15
    Debbie [Carper] 1, cGMP assay experiments, 1974
    57 16-18
    Debbie [Carper] 1D, 1974-1976
    57 19-20
    70 Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 2, 1974
    57 21-24
    Debbie Carper and Linda Lee 3, 1974-1976
    57 25-29
    Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 3, cGMP assays 72, experiments 10-18, 1974-1975
    57 30
    Debbie Carper and Linda Lee 4, index of experiments, 1974-1976
    58 1-6
    Bob [Gibbons] 5, experiments 226-273, 1974-1975
    58 7
    Bob [Gibbons] 8, 1974-1975
    58 8
    Norma [Heaton] book, 1974
    58 9-11
    Eli [Heldman], 1974-1975
    58 12-14
    Eli [Heldman] NRE NME MS [includes photos], 1974-1978
    58 15-18
    Linda [Lee] 1L, experiments 1-15B, 1974
    58 19-21
    Linda [Lee] and Debbie [Carper] 2, experiments 15-18, 1974-1975
    58 22-23
    Linda [Lee] and Debbie [Carper] experiments 19a & b, 1974
    58 24-25
    Linda [Lee] and Debbie [Carper] cGMP experiment 20 #4, 1974
    58 26-28
    Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 3, 1974-1976
    59 1-5
    Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 3 [cont'd], 1974-1976
    59 6-12
    Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 4, specificity data, 1974-1975
    59 13-18
    Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 7, MS 2 and 3, 1974-1976
    59 19
    Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 8, 1974-1976
    59 20-22
    [John] Minna's 1970 cells stored at MBA, 1974
    59 23
    Doyle Mullinax, 1974
    59 24
    Doyle [Mullinax], 1974
    59 25-30
    [Doyle Mullinax Daily growth sheets], 1974-1975
    60 1-2
    [Doyle Mullinax Daily growth sheets] [cont'd], 1974-1975
    60 3-4
    Doyle [Mullinax] Frozen cells, 1974-1978
    60 5
    Doyle [Mullinax] Frozen cells 6E 33, 1974-1978
    60 6
    Doyle [Mullinax] To Do Freezers, 1974-1978
    60 7
    [Doyle Mullinax] Weekly reports, 1974
    60 8-11
    [Steve Sabol] Methods - α [Alpha] - receptors - ad cyclase 1, 1974-1977
    60 12
    [Shail Sharma] -- Adenyl cyclase experiments, 1974
    60 13-16
    Shail [Sharma] 2 -- Adenyl cyclase experiments, 1974
    60 17-18
    Shail [Sharma] 3 -- Addiction, 1974
    60 19-22
    Shail [Sharma] 4, 1974-1976
    60 23-25
    Paul [Simpson] experiments 65-82 [includes photos], 1974-1975
    60 26
    Aggregate experiment, 1974
    61 1-2
    Aggregate experiment [cont'd], 1974
    61 3-5
    cAMP binding, 1974-1976
    61 6-13
    Cell growth research [includes photos], 1974-1976
    142
    Chick neuro retina experiment data, 1974
    61 14
    C[yclic] GMP assay, 1974
    61 15-18
    Electrophysiology 7, 1974-1975
    61 19
    Endorphins 4, 1974-1976
    61 20
    [Frozen cells], 1974
    61 21-22
    [Frozen cells - expected vials], 1974
    62 1-2
    Frozen cells - Freezers, 1974-1978
    62 3-4
    Frozen cells - N6-108-15 sublines, 1974-1978
    62 5-6
    Ligand binding analysis 1, 1974-1982
    62 7
    Mechanism adenylate cyclase 2, 1974-1975
    62 8
    Morphine 8 notes and data, 1974-1975
    62 9-12
    Muscarinic receptor 1, 1974-1975
    62 13-17
    Muscarinic receptor QNB-AT binding 3, 1974-1975
    62 18
    N + receptor 8 methods, 1974-1975
    62 19-22
    N115 NP experiments 159-204, 1974-1975
    62 23-24
    NCE, 1974
    62 25
    Notebook 71, home-current, 1974-1975
    62 26-29
    Protein kinase data 2 [includes photos], 1974-1975
    62 30
    Protein kinase, PO 4 -protein 1, 1974
    62 31
    Retina 2, [c. 1974]
    63 1
    Retina aggregate, experiment 100, 1974
    63 2-3
    Retina experiments NCE hybrid results, 1974
    63 4-6
    Retina NP, 1974
    63 7
    Solution book 7, 1974-1976
    63 8
    [Loose notes], 1974
    63 9-11
    S[aburo] Ayukawa experiment I, 1975-1976
    63 12-15
    Debbie [Carper] 5, experiments 32-36, 1975
    63 16-22
    Debbie [Carper] 7, experiments 37-39, 1975-1976
    63 23-24
    Debbie [Carper] 16, 1975-1976
    63 25
    Debbie Carper and Linda Lee 4, experiments 22-32, 1975
    64 1-2
    Debbie Carper and Linda Lee 4, experiments 22-32 [cont'd], 1975
    64 3-6
    Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 6, cGMP morphine experiments, 1975
    64 7-11
    Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 8, experiments 40-49, 1975-1976
    64 12-16
    Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 9, experiments 50-63, 1975-1976
    64 17-21
    Debbie [Carper] and Linda [Lee] 10, experiments 64-76, 1975-1976
    64 22-24
    Fernando de Mello, dopamine in retina, cAMP/cGMP, 1975-1976
    64 25-26
    Gabriella [Giagnoni] 1, 1975-1976
    65 1-2
    Gabriella [Giagnoni] 1 [cont'd], 1975-1976
    65 3-5
    Bob [Gibbons] experiments 205-225, 1975
    65 6
    [Bob] Gibbons electrophysiology experiments #241-254, 1975
    65 7
    [Orest] Hurko -- Solubilized muscarinic receptor, 1975-1977
    65 8-9
    [Jim] Kenimer PGE 1 MS data, 1975-1980
    65 10
    Bill Klein, CEH-JG, 1975
    65 11-12
    Bill Klein 7, N115, 1975
    65 13-14
    Arthur [Lampert], 1975-1976
    65 15-16
    Linda [Lee] 6, experiments 32-38, 1975-1976
    65 17-19
    Linda [Lee] and Debbie [Carper] 5, 1975
    65 20-25
    Linda Lee and Debbie Carper 11, experiments 77-88 [includes photos], 1975-1976
    66 1-7
    Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 6, 5 HT data-1, 1975-1976
    66 8-13
    Hiroshi [Matsuzawa] 8, 5 HT data book 2, 1975-1976
    66 14-17
    Rick [McGee?] 1, 1975-1976
    66 18-21
    Rick [McGee?] 2, 1975-1976
    66 22
    Rick [McGee?] Expt A-14, 1975
    66 23
    [Doyle Mullinax], [1975-1976]
    66 24-28
    Neil [Nathanson] 1, 1975-1976
    67 1-3
    [Don] Puro experiments, 1975
    67 4
    [Don] Puro growth sheets, 1975-1976
    67 5
    Don Puro Solutions, 1975
    67 6-7
    [Don] Puro summary IIa, 1975-1976
    67 8
    [Don] Puro summary sheets IIb, 1975-1976
    67 9-14
    Steve [Sabol] 2, experiments 95-149, 1975-1976
    67 15-20
    Shail [Sharma] 9, 1975
    67 21-26
    Shail [Sharma] 10, 1975
    67 27-28
    75, 1975-1976
    67 29-30
    77 [includes photos], 1975-1976
    68 1
    Adenosine, 1975-1976
    68 2
    Adenylate cyclase PDE modulator, 1975
    68 3-6
    ATT 20 MS, 1975-1977
    68 7
    Ca ++ activator 1-NaF, 1975-1977
    68 8-11
    cAMP and cGMP methods, 1975-1976
    68 12
    cAMP methods, 1975
    68 13-15
    Cycloheximide experiments, 1975-1977
    68 16-20
    Desensitivity, Supersensitivity, 1975-1976
    68 21
    Duplicate experiments for carb[achol] MS, 1975
    68 22
    Filtration on media and sera, [ca. 1975?]
    68 23-29
    Morph[ine] 5, 1975
    69 1-2
    Morph[ine] 5 [cont'd], 1975
    69 3-6
    Morphine 7, 1975
    69 7-10
    Morphine 11, endorphine experiments, 1975-1976
    69 11-13
    Morph[ine] MS properties 12, 1975-1977
    69 14
    N + receptor 9, 1975-1976
    69 15
    Nervous system antigens, [c. 1975-1980?]
    69 16
    Neuromuscular synapse seminars 1, 1975
    69 17
    [Notes on Hamprecht paper], 1975
    69 18-25
    Properties MS data, 1975-1978
    69 26-28
    QNB binding data 2 N115, 1975
    69 29
    QNB binding experiments 5, 1975
    69 30-31
    QNB cells MS 1, 1975-1976
    70 1-4
    QNB cells MS 1 [cont'd], 1975-1976
    70 5-8
    QNB experiments 4, 1975
    70 9-11
    QNB experiments 6, 1975-1976
    70 12
    QNB fig[ure]s-MS 3, 1975-1976
    70 13-16
    QNB NG108-15 homogenates MS 2A, 1975-1977
    70 17-22
    QNB retina book 2, 1975-1976
    70 23-26
    QNB retina MS 4, 1975-1977
    70 27
    Retina, 1975
    71 1-2
    Scopolamine binding N115 3, 1975
    71 3-5
    Synapse specificity data, 1975-1976
    71 6
    [Loose notes], 1975
    71 7
    [Untitled], 1975-1978
     
    Neural Synapses in Chick Retina, 1976-1988 [subseries]:
    71 8-10
    Saburo Ayukawa α [Alpha] - adrenergic receptors, 1976-1980
    71 11
    [Arthur] Blume desensitization 2, ad cyclase, 1976-1977
    71 12-17
    Debbie [Carper] 13 [includes photos], 1976
    71 18-21
    Debbie [Carper] 15, 1976
    71 22
    Debbie [Carper] methods 2, 1976
    71 23-27
    Debbie [Carper] rate book 1, APPNP and GPPNP experiments, 1976
    72 1-6
    Gabriella [Giagnoni] 2 endorphin, 1976-1977
    72 7-8
    Gabriella [Giagnoni] 3, 1976-1977
    72 9-11
    Haruhiro [Higashida] 1, synapse survey [includes photos], 1976
    72 12-16
    Haruhiro [Higashida] book 2, reports 12-19 [includes photos], 1976-1977
    72 17-20
    Haruhiro [Higashida] synapse book 3, reports 20-21, experiments 108-167 [includes photos], 1976-1977
    72 21-27
    Haruhiro [Higashida] synapse book 4, reports 22-26, meep analysis [includes photos], 1976-1977
    73 1-5
    Alan [Kahana] book 1 -- QNB binding 7, 1976
    73 6
    Alan Kahana experiments, 1976
    73 7-10
    [Jim Kenimer] APPNP 2, 1976
    73 11-16
    Jim [Kenimer] 3--APPNP--ATP, 1976-1977
    73 17-20
    Jim [Kenimer] 5, 1976-1977
    73 21-24
    Linda [Lee] 12, experiments 83-110, 1976
    73 25-30
    Linda [Lee] 14, experiments 111-130, 1976
    74 1-4
    Linda [Lee] 17, experiments 131-150, 1976
    74 5-8
    Rick [Richard McGee] MS, 1976-1977
    74 9-10
    Doyle [Mullinax] experiments 206-211, 1976
    74 11-12
    [Don] Puro CAT, B-7 and L-3, 1976-1977
    74 13-15
    [Don] Puro retina muscle experiments 152-232 III, 1976-1977
    74 16-20
    [Don] Puro Retina synapse turnover MS 2, 1976-1977
    74 21
    [Don] Puro Solutions/numbers, 1976-1977
    74 22-25
    Steve [Sabol] 3, experiments 150-191, 1976
    75 1-6
    Steve [Sabol] 4, MS-1, 1976-1977
    75 7-10
    Steve [Sabol] 5, experiments 190-215, 1976-1977
    75 11-17
    Steve [Sabol] 6, Maria [Shih] 2, ascorbate, Ca ++ , 1976-1977
    75 18-21
    Steve Sabol α [Alpha]-receptor MS, 1976-1978
    75 22-26
    Shail [Sharma] 2, carb[achol] MS, 1976
    75 27-29
    Maria [Shih] 1 [includes photos], 1976-1977
    76 1-4
    Maria [Shih] 1 [con't] [includes photos], 1976-1977
    76 5-8
    [Steve] Wilson ACH release 1, 1976-1979
    76 9-13
    [Steve] Wilson ACH release 2, 1976-1978
    76 14-16
    76 [includes photos], 1976
    76 17-20
    α [Alpha]-receptor binding 1, 1976-1977
    76 21
    [ATT 20 notes], 1976-1977
    76 22-24
    Brain QNB, 1976
    76 25
    [Cell data sheets], 1976-1978
    76 26-29
    Cell growth file [includes photos], 1976
    77 1-10
    Cell growth file [cont'd] [includes photos], 1976
    77 11
    Chick retina--muscle EM, 1976-1977
    77 12-16
    Frozen cells, 1976-1979
    77 17
    GABA 1, 1976
    77 18
    GABA 2, 1976
    77 19
    NG-108-15 cells 3H-scopolamine binding 2, 1976
    77 20-22
    Pharmacology MS, 1976-1982
    77 23-26
    QNB NG108-15 homogenates MS 2B, 1976-1977
    77 27-28
    QNB regulation MS 5, 1976
    78 1-5
    QNB regulation MS 5 [cont'd], 1976
    78 6-7
    QNB retina 1, 1976
    78 8
    QNB retina 3, 1976
    78 9-11
    Rb 86 1, 1976-1977
    78 12-13
    Retina synapse data 2, 1976
    78 14-16
    Retina synapse STD values MS 1, 1976-1978
    78 17
    Solution book 8, 1976-1978
    78 18
    [Loose notes], 1976
    78 19-21
    L[inda] Anderson, biochemical assays, adenyl cyclase, screening for NCB 20, NBr 10A, 1977-1980
    78 22
    Linda Anderson experiment 58, 1977-1978
    78 23-25
    Frozen cells - Linda [Anderson] summaries, 1977-1978
    78 26
    [Linda Anderson] Tissue culture I, 1977-1978
    79 1
    [Linda Anderson] Tissue culture I [cont'd], 1977-1978
    79 2-4
    George [Eisenbarth] 1, 1977
    79 5-11
    [Norma Heaton] NDZH 1, 1977
    79 12-16
    [Norma Heaton] NDZH 2, 1977-1978
    79 17-20
    Haruhiro [Higashida] book 5, reports 27-30 [includes photos], 1977
    79 21-25
    Haruhiro [Higashida] book 6, reports 31-34, experiments 176-219 [includes photos], 1977
    80 1-3
    Haruhiro [Higashida] hybrid pharmacology book 7, report 33, 1977
    80 4-9
    Haruhiro [Higashida] hybrid pharmacology receptors book 8, reports 35-37, 1977
    80 10-13
    Haruhiro [Higashida] book 9, reports 38-39 [includes photos], 1977
    80 14-18
    Haruhiro [Higashida] book 10, reports 40-41 [includes photos], 1977-1978
    80 19-20
    Haruhiro [Higashida] ions book 12, experiments 1001-, 1977-1978
    80 21-25
    Haruhiro [Higashida] book 13, index and summaries [includes photos], 1977-1978
    81 1-2
    Haruhiro [Higashida] book 13, index and summaries [cont'd] [includes photos], 1977-1978
    81 3-6
    Haruhiro [Higashida] MS 1, drafts 1-3, 1977-1978
    81 7-10
    Haruhiro [Higashida] PGE 1 growth conditions, 1977-1978
    81 11-16
    Jim [Kenimer] 4, 1977
    81 17-22
    Arthur [Lampert], 1977
    81 23
    M[arshall] N[irenberg] and Doyle [Mullinax], 1977
    81 24
    [Don] Puro, 1977
    81 25-27
    [Robert] Ruffolo [and Jeff Thompson] book 2 [includes photos], 1977
    82 1
    [Maria Shih], 1977
    82 2-5
    [Maria Shih] 1, 1977
    82 6-12
    Maria [Shih] 2 [includes photos], 1977
    82 13-15
    [Maria Shih] 3, 1977
    82 16-18
    [Maria Shih] 4 [includes photos], 1977
    82 19-21
    [Maria Shih] 5, 1977
    82 22-26
    [Maria Shih] 6 [includes photos], 1977-1978
    82 27-29
    [Maria Shih] 7 [includes photos], 1977-1978
    83 1-7
    Jeff [Thompson] 1, 1977
    83 8
    Jeff [Thompson] data, 1977
    83 9
    Doug [Wilkening] CAS - Morph[ine] - 5HT - ACH Release, 1977
    83 10
    [Doug Wilkening] Effect of Morphine and 5HT on ACH Release, 1977
    83 11-16
    [Steve] Wilson ACH release 3, experiments 70-89, 1977-1978
    83 17-20
    5-HT data binding N6108-15 2, 1977-1978
    83 21-23
    α [Alpha]-receptor binding 2, 1977-1979
    83 24-28
    ACH release, experiments 90-112, 1977-1979
    84 1-4
    Binding assays, 1977-1978
    84 5-9
    Cell lines, ACH-synapse summary, 1977-1979
    84 10
    Forms and solution, 1977-1979
    84 11
    Guinea pigileum assay, ATT20 crude boiled extract, peak 2-4 biogel, 1977
    84 12-13
    Lectin summary, 1977-1978
    84 14
    Methods isolation synaptic proteins, 1977
    84 15
    N + Hotspots Factor, 1977
    84 16-19
    NCB-20 data: LSD-5HT binding 3, 1977-1978
    84 20
    [Neurotoxins], 1977
    84 21
    [Quality control], [1977]
    84 22-26
    Retina age MS 2 summary [includes photos], 1977
    84 27-29
    Retina synapses, 1977
    85 1-2
    Retina synapses [cont'd], 1977
    85 3
    Solution, 1977
    85 4
    [Loose notes], 1977
    85 5
    [Untitled], 1977-1981
    85 6-8
    [Michael] Adler 1 [includes photos], 1978-1981
    85 9-14
    Haruhiro [Higashida] 14, N115 and hybrid pharmacology, 1978
    85 15-16
    Haruhiro [Higashida] MS #2 conditions, 1978-1979
    85 17-19
    Haruhiro [Higashida] MS book 6 [includes photos], 1978-1982
    85 20-22
    Haruhiro [Higashida] PGE1 conditions reports, 1978
    85 23-29
    RAD [Radharaman Ray] 2, Ca 45 -ACH, 1978-1979
    86 1-3
    RAD [Radharaman Ray] 3, 1978-1980
    86 4-5
    Andrej [Rotter], Ca experiments 3, 1978
    86 6-8
    Andrej [Rotter], calcium-Ca 45 , 1978
    86 9-10
    Maria [Shih] 3, 1978-1979
    86 11-13
    [Maria Shih] 8, 1978
    86 14-16
    [Maria Shih] 9, 1978
    86 17-19
    [Maria Shih] 10, 1978-1979
    86 20-22
    [Maria Shih] 13, 1978-1979
    86 23
    5 HT Reprints 1 DA, HIST, 1978
    86 24
    A2B5 Ag purification 4, 1978-1979
    86 25
    AB [antibodies?], 1978
    86 26-27
    Ach-syn survey MS, synapse defects, 1978
    86 28
    Ca data, 1978-1984
    86 29
    Ca 2+ methods 7, 1978-1979
    87 1-5
    Ca 45 summary 5A, 1978-1979
    87 6-11
    Ca 45 uptake by cell lines 4, 1978-1979
    87 12
    Ca ++ uptake, 1978
    136 8
    [Chick retina - loss of neuronal ability to synapse], [1978]
    87 13
    Choline uptake, 1978
    87 14-16
    Fusion 12 data 1, 1978
    87 17
    -Ion / +TEA, NT, BK, ANG II, ACH, 1978-1979
    87 18-19
    Methylation 1, 1978
    87 20
    Presynaptic toxins, 1978
    87 21
    Solution book I, 1978
    87 22
    [Loose notes], 1978
    87 23-26
    [Untitled], 1978-1979
    87 27-32
    [Linda Anderson] 45 Ca uptake experiment I [includes photos], 1979
    88 1-2
    [Linda Anderson] 45 Ca uptake experiment I [cont'd] [includes photos], 1979
    88 3-7
    Linda [Anderson] 45 Ca 2 [includes photos], 1979
    88 8-10
    Linda [Anderson] [ 45 Ca] 3 [includes photos], 1979
    88 11-16
    Linda [Anderson] 45 Ca 4 [includes photos], 1979
    88 17-19
    Linda [Anderson] and Maria [Shih] 9 [includes photos], 1979
    88 20-22
    [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih] 10 [includes photos], 1979-1980
    88 23-26
    Linda [Anderson] and Maria [Shih] Ca 45 12 [includes photos], 1979-1980
    88 27
    [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih] Cell line results, 1979-1982
    88 28-29
    Paul [Darveniza] Ca +2 data, 1979-1980
    89 1-2
    Paul [Darveniza] Ca +2 data [cont'd], 1979-1980
    89 3
    Paul [Darveniza] Ca 2+ electrode data, 1979
    89 4-7
    Andrej [Rotter], 1979-1980
    89 8-10
    Andrej [Rotter] 6, Ca 45 experiments 83-112, 1979
    89 11-12
    [Maria Shih] 11, 1979
    89 13-15
    [Maria Shih] 12, 1979
    89 16-18
    [Maria Shih] 14, 1979
    89 19-23
    [Maria Shih] 15 [includes photos], 1979-1980
    136 11
    [3H Clomidine binding to NG-108-15 P30-2x], 1979-1980
    89 24-27
    5B Ca 45 summary, 1979-1980
    90 1
    Ca 2+ 2, 1979
    90 2
    Ca 2+ electrode PH meters recorder methods 8, 1979
    90 3-7
    Ca 45 Expt Index Solutions 11, 1979-1980
    90 8
    Ca 45 program, 1979
    90 9-10
    Ca 45 summaries, 1979-1980
    90 11
    [Calcium and Lowry assays, expts 73-75], 1979
    90 12
    cAMP, 1979
    90 13
    Cell line data, 1979
    90 14
    Cell trophic factors, 1979
    90 15
    [Experiment chart], 1979
    90 16-19
    Gradient AB 2 data, 1979-1980
    90 20-24
    Gradient AB 3 data [includes photos], 1979-1980
    90 25
    [Lipid illustrations], 1979
    90 26-29
    Methylation 2, 1979-1981
    90 30
    [Na 22 and Ca 45 ], 1979
    90 31
    Solution book 9, 1979-1983
    91 1
    Transmitter catabolism file, 1979-1980
    91 2-3
    Transmitter catabolism file, experiments 1-7 [includes photos], 1979
    91 4
    Transmitter catabolism file, experiments A/B [includes photos], 1979
    91 5-11
    Linda [Anderson] 19, 1980-1981
    91 12-14
    Linda [Anderson] AB, 1980
    91 15-19
    [Linda Anderson] 45 Ca uptake experiments II [includes photos], 1980-1983
    91 20-22
    Linda [Anderson] cell growth experiments [includes photos], 1980-1982
    91 23-24
    [Linda Anderson Expt 107-120], 1980
    91 25-29
    Linda [Anderson] and Maria [Shih] 13, 1980
    92 1-6
    Linda [Anderson] and Maria [Shih] 14, 1980
    92 7-12
    Angel [De Blas] AB, Neil [Busis] Ca 45 ad cyclase [includes photos], 1980
    92 13-15
    Joe [Moskal] 1 [includes photos], 1980-1981
    92 16-21
    Joe [Moskal] 2 [includes photos], 1980-1982
    92 22-25
    Maria [Shih] [includes photos], 1980-1981
    93 1-5
    [Maria Shih] 16 [includes photos], 1980
    93 6-9
    [Maria Shih] 17 [includes photos], 1980-1981
    93 10-14
    Maria [Shih] experiment B anti SPM AB-Ca 45 , 1980
    93 15
    Maria [Shih] and Linda [Anderson] experiments, 1980
    93 16
    Adenylate cyclase, 1980
    93 17-21
    Ascites fluid, antibody binding assays I, 1980
    93 22
    [Clone reports], 1980
    93 23-27
    Conditioned media, antibody binding assays II, 1980-1983
    94 1
    Experiment book #5 [Ca 2+ ?] studies, 1980
    94 2
    Fig[ure]s, 1980-1982
    94 3
    Lowry solutions, 1980-1984
    94 4-5
    Retina central connections embryology, diencephalon and telencephalon, 1980
    94 6-8
    Top purification 1, 1980-1981
    94 9
    [Loose notes], 1980-1988
    94 10
    [Linda Anderson mycoplasma isolation data], [1981-1982]
    94 11-15
    Linda [Anderson] retina AB, data and methods, 1981-1983
    94 16-19
    Saburo [Ayukawa] manuscript, 1981-1982
    94 20-24
    [Patricia Bray?] Trish 1 [includes photos], 1981-1984
    94 25-26
    Paul [Darveniza] MS, 1981
    94 27-29
    Haruhiro [Higashida] 1, AB effects on synapses [includes photos], 1981-1982
    95 1-3
    Haruhiro [Higashida] 1, AB effects on synapses [con't] [includes photos], 1981-1982
    95 4-5
    [Maria Shih], 1981-1982
    95 6-7
    Maria Shih 18, 1981
    95 8-12
    [Maria Shih] 19 [includes photos], 1981
    95 13
    [Maria Shih] 21, 1981-1982
    95 14-16
    [Maria Shih and Linda Anderson] Ca 2+ experiments [includes photos], 1981-1984
    95 17-18
    20, 1981-1982
    95 19
    ACH secretion, 1981
    95 20-25
    Ca 2+ data, 1981
    96 1
    Ca 2+ summary TFP, 1981
    96 2-5
    CAT 1, 1981-1982
    96 6
    Current Ab binding assay experiments, 1981
    96 7
    Fluorescent abeys stains, 1981
    96 8-11
    Nitrendipine experiments 23, 1981-1983
    96 12-15
    Notebook 22, 1981-1982
    96 16
    [Linda Anderson CM prep], [1982]
    96 17
    [Linda Anderson Expts. 237-238], [1982]
    96 18-23
    Linda [Anderson] nitrendipine binding experiments, 19821983
    96 24-26
    [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih] [includes photos], 1982
    97 1
    [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih] [cont'd] [includes photos], 1982
    97 2-3
    [Maria Shih] 24, 1982-1983
    97 4-7
    21 [includes photos], 1982
    97 8
    Ascites and conditional media AB, 1982
    97 9-12
    H3 nit[rendipine] data [includes photos], 1982-1983
    97 13
    [Loose notes], 1982
    97 14-15
    [Untitled], 1982-1985
    97 16
    [Linda Anderson] [includes photos], 1983
    97 17
    [Linda Anderson and Maria Shih - Calcium and Lowry assays, expts. 402-404] [includes photos], 1983
    97 18-22
    [Patricia Bray?] Trish experiments 2, 1983-1985
    97 23-24
    V[icky] Guo 45 Ca uptake experiments I, 1983-1984
    97 25
    [Vicky Guo - Calcium and Lowry assays, expts. 104-107] [includes photos], 1983
    97 26
    Haruhiro [Higashida] xenopus, 1983-1984
    97 27-28
    [Maria Shih] 25, 1983
    97 29-30
    [Maria Shih] 26, 1983-1984
    98 1
    [Maria Shih - Calcium and Lowry assays, expts. 411-424] [includes photos], 1983-1984
    98 2
    8 - azido - cAMP labeling experiments [includes photos], 1983-1985
    98 3-5
    24, 1983
    98 6
    [Lowry protein assays] [includes photos], 1983
    98 7
    Notes, Neuromuscular synapse, 1983-1984
    98 8
    Solution book 10, 1983-1985
    98 9
    VO - nucleotides, 1983
    98 10
    [Untitled], 1983-1987
    98 11-13
    Ben [Alamadoss] [cloning] experiments 2 [includes photos], 1984
    98 14-15
    Hemin [Chin] 1 [includes photos], 1984
    98 16-19
    V[icky] Guo nitrendipine binding experiments I [includes photos], 1984-1985
    98 20-22
    [Vicky Guo?] [includes photos], 1984
    98 23-32
    Haruhiro [Higashida] xenopus research progress report #1 - #10, 1984
    99 1-5
    Haruhiro [Higashida] xenopus research progress report #11 - #15, 1984
    99 6
    [Bradykinin and Ins P3 experiment data], [1984-1985]
    99 7
    Ca data and summaries, 1984
    Map Drawer 13 1
    [Dave's expt. line scans, 14 H3 Dorsal and Ventral], [1984]
    99 8
    G proteins, 1984
    99 9
    Oncogenes - PI 1, 1984-1985
    99 10
    PI 1, 1984-1985
    99 11
    PI enzymes, etc., 1984
    99 12
    Xenopus methods BK receptor 14, 1984-1986
    99 13
    [Untitled], 1984
    99 14-45
    Haruhiro [Higashida] xenopus research progress reports #[16] - #44, 1985
    100 1-6
    Haruhiro [Higashida] research progress reports #44 [cont'd] - #47, 1985
    100 7
    Haruhiro [Higashida] research progress report [unnumbered], 1985
    100 8
    [Marshall Nirenberg] "MN To Do" [includes photos], [1985]
    100 9
    [Cell line data], [1985]
    100 10
    RI, RII, 1985
    100 11
    [Loose notes], 1985
    100 12
    [Untitled], 1985
    100 13-20
    Haruhiro [Higashida] research progress reports #49 - #63 [incomplete], 1986
    100 21-24
    α [Alpha] I 2 , 1986
    100 25-31
    α [Alpha] O, 1986-1988
    101 1-5
    α [Alpha]S -3 , 1986
    101 6
    Ca 2+ , 1986-1987
    101 7-9
    cAMP somatostatin gene 2, 1986
    101 10-16
    CAT, 1986-1987
    101 17-21
    FOS1, 1986
    101 22
    [Preparation of a replica of rat liver genomic library], 1986 Oct
     
    Homeobox Genes, 1987-2001 [subseries]:
    101 23
    [Clones list information], 1987
    101 24
    "Ideas", 1987
    101 25
    Polyoma 1 [includes photos], 1987-1988
    101 26-29
    Polyoma 2, 1987-1988
    101 30
    Polyoma JC - virus, 1987-1988
    101 31
    Sequencing notebook [includes photos], 1987-1988
    101 32-33
    [Untitled], 1987
    102 1-4
    DNA sequencer experiments 4, 1988-1990
    102 5
    [Human Genome Project notes], 1988
    102 6-7
    Peptide synthesis methods, 1988
    102 8-10
    Sequencing notebook [includes photos], 1988
    102 11
    Ca channel data, 1989
    102 12
    [Ca channel data], 1989
    102 13
    [Cell lines data], 1989
    102 14
    [NMDA Receptor strain], 1989
    102 15
    [PLOTSTRUCTURE print-out], 1989
    137 4
    Ryanodine Receptor (Numa), 1989
    102 16
    Scrapie background material, 1990-1991
    102 17
    [Loose notes], 1990-1993
    135
    [Marshall Nirenberg and Norma Heaton - Frozen cell and DNA inventory], 2001
     
    Lab Photography, [ca. 1963]-1985 [subseries]:
    102 18
    Aggregate time curve, undated
    102 19
    Chick embryo, undated
    102 20
    Film analysis forms, undated
    102 21
    IMS [?] chemicals data, undated
    102 22
    Laboratory material, undated
    102 23
    [loose photos], undated
    102 24
    [untitled], undated
    102 25
    [Amino acid models], [ca. 1963]
    102 26-27
    [F. Eiserling, U. Karlsson, F. Sjostrand] Expt. Rena 1-4 [mRNA binding to ribosomes], 1963
    102 28-29
    Wayne [Kemper] 1 [effect of serum on N-18 cells], 1969
    102 30-32
    Rosemary [Lee - effect of serum on N-18 cells], 1969
    102 33
    Rosemary [Lee] 4 [effect of serum on N-18 cells], 1969
    102 34
    [Rosemary Lee - effect of serum on N-18 cells], 1969
    102 35-36
    Nick [Seeds] - Al [Gilman] shift down and up experiments, photos 3, 1969
    102 37-38
    Cine I, 1969-1970
    102 39-41
    Cine 1 Data and Analysis, Book 1 - Rolls 1-23, 1969-1970
    103 1-3
    Cine 2 Data - Rolls 24-79, 1969-1970
    103 4-5
    Cine Analysis, 1969-1970
    103 6
    [Cinemicrography log book and inventory], 1969-1970
    103 7
    Film status 1, 1969-1970
    103 8
    Neurophysiology 4, STD [values?], 1969
    103 9-15
    Rolls 13-14, 1969-1970
    103 16
    Roll 13-14 [Positive transparencies], [1969-1970]
    103 17-19
    Roll 14, 1969-1970
    103 20-22
    Eve Cutler cine I, 1970
    103 23-26
    Eve Cutler cine II, film analysis--acetate pictures, 1970
    103 27
    Eve [Cutler] Film Indices / Cine Analysis 2, [ca. 1970]
    103 28
    Eve [Cutler] [Overlays from Rolls 112, 113, 3, 13, 14, 88], 1970
    104 1-2
    [William T.] Hall book 2, dense core vessels, 1970
    104 3-5
    [William T.] Hall T.E.M. enlargements book 3, 1970
    104 6
    [William T.] Hall (4), 1970
    104 7
    [William T. Hall book, 5-6 (2)], 1970
    104 8-10
    Susan Hodes cinematography, 1970
    104 11
    Wayne [Kemper] NP book 2, 1970
    104 12-13
    R[osemary Lee] Selinger plate #1-16, step down 24 hr - step up 30', plus 0', 6-D-18 ex 65208, 1970
    104 14
    R[osemary Lee] Selinger plate #1-16, step down 24 hr - step up 2 hr, 6-D-18 ex 65208, [1970]
    104 15
    [Rosemary Lee Selinger plates], 1970
    104 16-19
    Richard L. Shames, neurite regeneration, 1970
    104 20
    [Richard L. Shames] Time-lapse microscopy - severed neurite regeneration surface affinity (Rolls RS1 to RS32), 1970
    104 21-23
    44x composite of H-2536, 1970
    104 24
    Cine, 1970
    104 25
    Cine II, 1970
    105 1-2
    Cine 3 Data - Rolls 80-139, 1970
    105 3
    Cine 3 Data - Rolls 81-123, 1970
    105 4
    Cine Analysis 1 (Lab), 1970
    105 5
    Cine Analysis 5 [Rolls 13-14B Experiments 100-102], 1970
    105 6-7
    Cine Ideas, 1970
    105 8-11
    Cine Prints 2 Pomerat, 1970
    105 12-14
    Composites H-548-552, 30x enlargements, 1970
    105 15
    E.Mb with overlay sheets, 1970
    105 16
    [Film analyses?], 1970
    105 17-20
    Film rating indices 1, 1970
    105 21
    Growth cone set A book II, 1970
    105 22
    Hybrid photos III, 1970
    105 23-26
    Roll 3 [J176 24856-25055], [1970]
    105 27-28
    Roll 3 Snapbacks [24960-25043], 1970
    106 1-4
    [Roll 53 Cell 3 Movement of Nucleus], 1970
    106 5-7
    Roll 88 - Cell Prints, 1970
    106 8-10
    Roll 88 TIP [J245 12629-12690], 1970
    106 11
    Roll 88 TIP [Transparencies], [1970]
    106 12-13
    Rolls 112-113 - Prints, 1970
    106 14-15
    S.E.M. enlargements, 1970
    106 16-17
    S.E.M. enlargements duplicates book 7, 1970
    106 18
    S.E.M. enlargements unsorted book 8, 1970
    106 19
    S.E.M. enlargements process book 9, 1970
    106 20
    S.E.M. enlargements, mushrooms book 10, 1970
    106 21-22
    [Devi] Glazer photos, 1971-1972
    106 23-27
    AChE staining, [Alice] Ling and Devi [Glazer] experiments, 1971-1972
    106 28-29
    CEM I, 1971-1972
    107 1-4
    Theresa [Caryk], CEM-8A = Expt. 100, CEM-8B = Expt. 101, 1972
    107 5-8
    Bob [Gibbons] experiments 108CC-15 by subline 2, 1972-1973
    107 9-15
    Bob [Gibbons] NP indices by cell lines 108CC-5 1, 1972-1973
    107 16
    Autoradiograph 2 slides, [ca. 1972]
    107 17-18
    CEM III, 1972
    107 19-22
    CEM IV, 1972
    107 23-24
    Clonal muscle ± [plus-minus] neuroblastoma, 1972
    107 25-27
    NB-N-receptor data 1, 1972
    108 1
    NB-N-receptor data 1 [cont'd], 1972
    108 2
    Chick retina aggregates, PAN-1 and PAN-5, [ca. 1973?]
    108 3-7
    Chick retina photos, [ca. 1973?]
    108 8-9
    Chick retina reagg[regates], 1973-1975
    108 10
    Chick retina reaggregates 1, 10, 15 days, 1973
    108 11
    Chick retina reagg[regates] 2 days old, early synapse development, 1973
    108 12
    Chick retina reagg[regates], 5 days old, 1973
    108 13
    Chick retina reaggregates 10, 15 days, 1973
    108 14
    Chick retina reagg[regates], 14 days, 1973
    108 15
    Chick retina reaggregates 18 days, 1973
    108 16
    [K159 P3 in Trypsin], 1973
    108 17-21
    R[obert] Gibbons experiments 159-204 neuroblastoma N115 summary, 1974-1975
    108 22-24
    Chick neuro retina experiment data [expts. 144-151], 1974
    108 25-26
    Chicken retina fix test, 1975
    108 27-29
    Chick embryo retina, 1976-1977
    108 30-31
    Chick retina - muscle EM, 1976
    109 1
    Chick retinas, 8 and 6 day, 1976
    109 2
    Retina and rat muscle, 1976
    109 3
    [Jeff Thompson film records, rolls 1-90], [ca. 1977]
    109 4-5
    [Jeff Thompson negatives, rolls 1-90], [ca. 1977]
    109 6
    Steve Wilson Neuroblastoma hybrids 140-141, 1977
    109 7
    Steve Wilson SB27B, 1977
    109 8
    108-5, [ca. 1977]
    109 9
    [Haruhiro] Higashida - NBR10A, 1978
    109 10-14
    Fusion 12 hybridomas photos 2, 1978
    109 15
    [untitled], 1978
    109 16-21
    45 Ca 8, 1979
    109 22
    Linda Anderson - AB, 1980
    109 23
    [Pietro DeCamilli], 1980
    109 24-28
    Claude Klee calmodulin, 1980-1983
    109 29
    Maria [Shih] Experiment B anti SPM AB-Ca 45 (experiment photos), 1980
    109 30
    Top Purification 1, 1980-1981
    109 31
    Paul [Darveniza?] MS, 1981
    110 1
    Ca2+ Data, 1981
    110 2
    Ca2+ experiments, 1981-1984
    110 3
    #24, 1983
    110 4
    Haruhiro [Higashida] - Xenopus, 1984
    110 5-7
    [untitled], 1984-1985
     
    Series 5: Writings, 1937-2003 [series]:

    The Writings Series documents Nirenberg's body of published works, which over the course of his career has grown to nearly 200 articles and book chapters. These articles range in subject matter from ascites-tumor cells to the genetic code to neural synapses to, most recently, Homeobox genes. Nirenberg's curriculum vitae in Series 1: Personal and Biographical include bibliographies. Many of Nirenberg's articles were co-authored with his LBG postdoctoral colleagues; he also collected materials by his peers on related topics that were relevant to his work or of general interest to him. The series includes draft manuscripts, illustrations, negatives, photographs, reprints, and slides; it is divided into two sub-series: Unpublished Manuscripts and Reprints and Research Publications.

    The first sub-series, Unpublished Manuscripts, is comprised of the draft versions of written works. The sub-series is further divided into four sub-sub-series: By Marshall Nirenberg, By Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics Personnel, Annotated by Marshall Nirenberg, and Illustrations. The first sub-sub-series contains the drafts of Nirenberg's articles, particularly the poly-U article and "The flow of information from gene to protein," written as a chapter on the genetic code in Aspects of Protein Biosynthesis, edited by Christian Anfinsen. Also of note are the drafts for the series of articles entitled "RNA Codewords and Protein Synthesis" which Nirenberg authored with various members of the LBG staff from 1964 to 1968. These drafts are arranged alphabetically by article title. While Nirenberg often recycled portions of his papers in his speeches and vice versa, this sub-sub-series only includes drafts of written works. Drafts of Nirenberg's Nobel Prize speech are located in Series 1: Personal and Biographical within the Nobel Prize sub-series. Other speeches and lectures can be found in Series 6: Professional Activities.

    Nirenberg often served as editor for papers written by the LBG staff, even when he was not a co-author. Drafts of works independently written by LBG personnel are found in the second sub-sub-series, By Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics Personnel. These drafts often contain annotations, comments, and corrections by Nirenberg. The materials in the third sub-sub-series, Annotated by Nirenberg, also contain markings and commentary. Both of these sub-sub-series are arranged alphabetically by folder title. As each folder contains drafts of numerous articles, the folder title is derived from the first word of the first and last articles in each folder.

    The Illustrations sub-sub-series contains drawings, negatives, photographs, and slides used by Nirenberg and the LBG staff for publications as well as for presentation slideshows. According to Nirenberg, the slides were numbered consecutively as they were made, and then reused over and over again, resulting in several series of numbered slides. Unlike the drafts, the slides used for speeches were the same as those used for publications, making them nearly indistinguishable; therefore all slides have been grouped together numerically. Whenever possible, implied titles have been provided for non-labeled illustrative materials and marked with square brackets [ ].

     
    Unpublished Manuscripts and Drafts, 1957-2003 [subseries]:
     
    By Marshall Nirenberg, 1957-2003 [subseries]:
    110 8
    Abstracts, 1960-2001
    110 9-11
    The acetylcholine receptor of chick skeletal muscle in tissue culture (with Sytkowski and Vogel), 1972
    110 12-13
    Acetylcholine receptors expressed in somatic neuroblastoma XL hybrid cells (with Chalazonitis and Minna), 1973
    110 14
    Acetylcholine receptors of muscle grown in vitro (with Vogel and Sytkowski), 1972
    110 15-16
    Adenylate cyclase and acetylcholine release regulated by separate serotonin receptors of somatic cell hybrids (with MacDermot, et al.), 1978
    110 17-18
    α [Alpha] - Bungarotoxin -- a probe for acetylcholine receptors of cultured neurons (with Greene, Sytkowski, Vogel), 1972
    110 19
    Analysis of retinal pattern formation with monoclonal antibodies (I and II), [ca. 1987]
    110 20
    [Ancillary MS], undated
    110 21
    Antibodies to an α [Alpha] subunit of skeletal muscle calcium channels regulate parathyroid cell secretion (with Fitzpatrick, Chin, Aurbach), 1988
    110 22
    Antibodies to calcium channel proteins regulate parathyroid cell secretion (with Fitzpatrick, Chin, Aurbach), 1987
    110 23
    Approximation of the genetic code via cell-free protein synthesis directed by template RNA, 1962
    110 24
    [Bibliography and charts on codewords], [ca. 1968]
    110 25
    [Bioassay Symposium MS], 1981
    110 26-30
    A biochemical characteristic of ascites tumor cells, 1957-1959
    110 31
    Bradykinin-induced membrane potential changes and GTPase activation in neuroblastoma hybrid cells (with Klee and Higashida), 1985
    110 32
    Breaking the genetic code [compact disc], 2003
    111 1
    Cell-free peptide synthesis dependent upon synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (with Leder, et al.), 1963
    111 2
    Cell-free protein synthesis directed by messenger RNA, 1962
    111 3
    Characteristics and composition of RNA coding units (with Matthaei, Jones, Martin), 1962
    111 4
    Characteristics and stabilization of DNAase sensitive protein synthesis in E. coli extracts (with Matthaei), 1961
    111 5-8
    A clonally inherited defect in synapse formation: acetylcholine receptor aggregation protein deficiency (with Busis, et al.) [floppy disks], 1981-1982
    111 9-10
    Coding properties of two conformations of tryptophanyl-tRNA in E. coli (with Gartland, Ishida, Sueoka), 1967-1969
    158 1
    Cloning and characterization of four murine homeobox genes (with Rovescalli and Asoh), 1996
    111 11
    Comparative binding studies with cholinergic ligands and histrionicotoxin at muscarinic receptors of neural cell lines (with Burgermeister, Klein, Witkop), 1977-1978
    111 12
    Constraints in the determination of active-center topography (with Jacoby), 1960
    111 13
    Control of opiate receptor-adenylate cyclase interactions by calcium ions and guanosine-5'-triphosphate (with Wilkening and Sabol), 1979
    111 14
    Cultured cell systems and methods for neurobiology (with Schrier and Wilson), 1974
    111 15
    Deciphering the genetic code, undated
    111 16
    Deciphering the genetic code, 2003
    111 17
    Degeneracy and coding efficiency in template RNA, 1962
    111 18
    [Degeneracy in the amino acid code (with O. Jones)], [ca. 1966]
    111 19
    The dependence of cell-free protein synthesis in E. coli upon RNA prepared from ribosomes (with Matthaei), 1961
    111 20-24
    Desensitization of adenylate cyclase to prostaglandin E1 or 2-chloroadenosine (with Kenimer), 1979-1980
    111 25
    Detection of α [Alpha]-transducin in retinal rods but not cones (with Grunwald, Gierschik, Spiegel), 1986
    158 2
    Dorsal-ventral patterning genes restrict NK-2 homeobox gene expression to the ventral half of the central nervous system of drosophila embryos (with Mellerick), 1995
    111 26
    Drosophila NK-homeobox genes (with Kim), 1989
    111 27
    [Drug binding -- notes on Methods section], [ca. 1973]
    111 28-30
    Effect of bacteriophage infection upon the specificity of leucine tRNA for RNA codewords (with Kano-Sueoka and Sueoka), 1966-1967
    111 31
    The effect of secondary structure of the template activity of polyribonucleotides (with Singer and Jones), 1963
    111 32-33
    Electrical response of glial cells to acetylcholine [includes photos], 1972-1973
    111 34-35
    Electrophysiological chracteristics of chick embryo sympathetic neurons in dissociated cell culture (with Chalazonitis and Greene), 1973
    112 1-3
    [Enzymatic utilization of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (with Jakoby)], 1959
    112 4
    An enzymic defect in ascites tumor cells, 1958
    112 5
    An experimental determination of the coding ratio studies on the size of ribosome-synthesized poly-L-phenylalanine (with Pfuderer), 1963
    112 6-9
    Expression and properties of acetylcholine receptors in several clones of mouse neuroblastoma x L-cell somatic hybrids (with Chalazonitis and Minna), 1973-1976
    112 10-11
    The fate of a synthetic polynucleotide directing cell-free protein synthesis (with Barondes), 1962
    112 12-27
    The flow of information from gene to protein [The genetic code], in Aspects of Protein Biosynthesis, 1967-1969
    158 3
    Formation of synapses between cells of a neuroblastoma glioma hybrid clone and mouse myotubes (with Nelson, et al.), [ca. 1978]
    112 28
    Formylation of amino acid analogues of methionine sRNA (with Trupin, Dickerman, Weissbach), [1966]
    112 29
    Further attempts to characterize products of TMV-RNA directed protein synthesis (with Aach, Funatsu, Frankel-Conrat), 1964
    112 30-31
    Genes for neuronal properties expressed in neuroblastoma x L cell hybrids (with Minna, et al.), 1970-1971
    113 1
    The genetic code II, 1963
    113 2
    Genetic memory, [1968]
    113 3
    The genetic revolution: the importance of flies and worms, 2003
    113 4
    A gradient of molecules in avian retina with dorsoventral polarity (with Trister, Schneider, Moskal), 1981
    158 4
    Homeobox gene Prx3 expression in rodent brain and extraneural tissues (with van Shaick, et al.), 1997
    113 5
    Hox-1.11 and Hox-4.9 homeobox genes, 1991-1992
    158 5
    Human cDNA clones for an α [alpha]-subunit of Gi signal transduction protein (with Bray, et al.), 1987
    113 6
    Hybrid cell line synthesizing antibody to chick embryo retina neurons and brain cells (with Eisenbarth and Walsh), 1979
    113 7
    [The in vitro formation of a DNA-ribosome complex (with Byrne, et al.)], [1964]
    113 8
    In vitro retina-muscle synaptogenesis: influence of embryonic retinal development, 1977
    113 9
    Induction of an enzyme catalyzing a reversible reaction, 1960
    113 10-11
    The induction of two similar enzymes by one inducer: a test case for shared genetic information, 1960
    158 6
    Inhibition of choline acetyltransferase by monoclonal antibodies (with Strauss), [1985]
    113 12
    Interaction of E. coli ribosomal RNA with synthetic polynucleotides. Sedimentation properties, and thermal stability as measured by fluorescence polarization (with Millard and Cukier), [ca. 1965]
    158 7
    Interactions of the vnd/NK-2 homeodomain with DNA by NMR: Basis of binding specificity (with Gruschus, et al.), [1997]
    113 13
    Intermediates in the biosynthesis of polyphenylalanine directed by synthetic template RNA (with Matthaei and Jones), 1961
    158 8
    Kinesin-73 in the nervous system of Drosophila embryos (with Li and Liu), 1996-1997
    113 14
    Lactose sensitive lectin of chick retina and spinal cord (with Eisenbarth, Ruffolo, Walsh), 1978
    113 15
    Lipid requirement for long-lived morphine-dependent activations of adenylate cyclase of neuroblastoma x glioma cells (with Wilkening), 1979
    113 16-26
    Localization of acetylcholine receptors during synaptogenesis in retina (with Vogel) [includes photos], 1974-1976
    113 27
    [Localization of NE synthesis and storage in dense core vesicles of neuroblastoma (with X. Breakefield, et al.)], [1963-1974]
    158 9
    Mode of action of endogenous opiate peptides (with Klee), [1976]
    113 28
    Molecules that define a dorsoventral axis of retina can be used to identify cell position (with Trisler, Schneider, Moskal), 1982
    158 10
    Molecules that identify cell types or position in the retina (with Trisler, et al.), 1982
    158 11
    Monoclonal antibodies to outer segments of photoreceptor neurons or Muller cells in rabbit retina (with Tsai, Hokoc, and Mariani), undated
    158 12
    Monoclonal antibodies to synaptosomal membrane molecules (with De Blas and Busis), 1981
    113 29
    Monoclonal antibody A2B5, reacts with many gangliosides in neuronal tissue (with Fredman, et al.), [ca. 1983]
    113 30
    Monoclonal Antibody to a Plasma Membrane Antigen of Neurons -- with Eisenbarth and Walsh, 1979
    113 31-33
    Morphine Receptors as Regulators of Adenylate Cyclase Activity -- with Sharma and Klee, PNAS, 1974
    158 13
    Murine Hox-1.11 homeobox gene structure and expression (with Tan, et al.), 1992
    113 34
    Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptors in the Developing Retina (with Sugiyama and Daniels), PNAS, 1977
    113 35
    A Myeloma Hybrid Producing Antibody Specific for the Cell (with Eisenbarth and Walsh), 1978
    158 14
    Neuroblast pattern formation: Regulatory DNA that confers the vnd/NK-2 homeobox gene pattern of a reporter gene in transgenic lines of drosophila (with Saunders, Koizumi, and Odenwald), 1998
    113 36
    Neuroblastoma Cell Lines as a Useful Model For Microwave Effects Research, Biological Effects of Electropollution, 1985-1986
    113 37
    Neuroblastoma cells with one species of PGE 1 receptor coupled to cAMP and the other to cGMP (with Matsuzawa), 1976
    114 1
    Neuronal tumor cells with excitable membranes grown in vitro (with P. Nelson, W. Ruffner), 1969
    158 15
    The NK-2 homeobox and the early development of the central nervous system of drosophila (with Nakayama, et al.), 1995
    114 2
    A novel cluster of Drosophila homeobox genes [Drosophila NK-homeobox genes] (with Kim), 1989
    114 3-5
    [Novel] Inhibitors of CDP-choline synthesis, action potential calcium channels, and stimulus-secretion coupling (with de Blas, et al.), 1981-1984
    114 6-7
    Nucleic acids in relation to the coding of genetic information, 1963-1964
    114 8-9
    On the coding of genetic information (with Jones, et al.), 1963
    114 10-11
    Ontogeny of neurones and glial cells in brain cell culture (with Schrier, et al.), 1970-1971
    114 12
    Ornithine and glutamic acid decarboxylase activities in the developing chick retina (with de Mello and Bachrach), 1975
    114 13
    [Penicillinase -- summary], [n.d.]
    114 14-15
    [Peptide chain termination: in vitro assay with codon specificity (with Caskey and Scolnick)], 1968
    158 16
    Pharmacologic responses of cells of a neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid clone and modulation of synapses between hybrid cells and mouse myotubes (with Christian, et al.), 1978
    114 16-20
    Pharmacological characterization of synapses between cultured chick embryo retina neurons and rat striated muscle cells (with Ruffolo, Jr.), 1978
    158 17
    Pharmacology of hybrid cells: Effects of putative neurotransmitters, prostaglandins, and peptide hormones on membrane potentials and synaptic transmission (with Higashida), 1979
    114 21
    Polyribosomes and DNA-dependent amino acid incorporation in E. coli extracts (with Eiserling, et al.), 1964
    114 22
    Presence of autoantibody for phospholipase inhibitory protein, lipomodulin, in patients with rheumatic diseases (with Hirata, et al.), [ca. 1981]
    114 23
    [Protein synthesis and genetic coding], [ca. 1967]
    114 24-25
    Protein synthesis and the RNA code, 1965
    114 26-30
    Purification of a membrane protein distributed in a topographic gradient in chick retina (with Moskal, Trisler, Schneider), 1985
    115 1
    Purification of a membrane protein distributed in a topographic gradient in chick retina (with Moskal, Trisler, Schneider) [cont'd], 1985
    115 2
    Qualitative survey of degeneracy in the genetic code (with O. Jones), 1962
    115 3
    [Qualitative survey of RNA codewords (with O. Jones)?], [1962]
    115 4
    [Reading the genetic code], [n.d.]
    158 18
    Receptor mediated shifts in cGMP and cAMP levels in neuroblastoma cells (with Matsuzawa), 1975
    115 5-13
    [Recognition of mRNA codons by a missense glutamic acid-tRNA -- a precursor of glutamine-tRNA in B. megaterium extracts (with M. Wilcox)], 1967-1968
    115 14-16
    Regulation of acetylcholine release from neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells (with McGee, et al.), 1972-1978
    115 17-20
    Regulation of adenylate cyclase of neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells by alpha-adrenergic receptors (with S. Sabol), 1978-1979
    158 19
    Regulation of adenylate cyclase activity mediated by muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (with Nathanson and Klein), 1977-1978
    115 21-24
    Regulation of axon formation by clonal lines of a neural tumor (with Seeds, Gilman, and Amano), 1970
    115 25
    Regulation of synapse formation by cyclic AMP (with Krueger, et al.), [1986]
    115 26
    Regulatory mechanisms and protein synthesis. X. Codon recognition on 30 S ribosomes (with Pestka), [ca. 1966]
    115 27
    Regulatory mechanisms and protein synthesis XI. Template activity of modified RNA codons (with F. Rottman), 1966
    115 28
    Release factors differing in specificity for terminator codons (with Scolnick, Tompkins, Caskey), 1968
    115 29
    Replication of nucleic acids and charge fluctuation forces, 1963
    115 30
    RNA code [Dependence], 1964
    115 31
    The RNA code and protein synthesis (with Caskey, et al.), 1966
    116 1-4
    The RNA code and protein synthesis (with Caskey, et al.) [cont'd], 1966
    116 5
    [RNA codewords and protein synthesis], [ca. 1965?]
    116 6-11
    RNA codewords and protein synthesis. I. The effect of trinucleotides upon the binding of sRNA to ribosomes (with Leder), 1964
    116 12-16
    RNA codewords and protein synthesis. II. Nucleotide sequence of a valine RNA codeword (with Leder), 1964
    116 17-20
    RNA codewords and protein synthesis. III. On the nucleotide sequence of a cysteine and a leucine RNA codeword (with Leder), 1964
    116 21-22
    RNA codewords and protein synthesis. IV. The nucleotide sequence of multiple codewords for phenylalanine, serine, leucine, and proline (with Bernfield), 1964-1965
    116 23-24
    RNA codewords and protein synthesis. V. Effect of streptomycin on formation of sRNA-ribosome-RNA codon complexes (with Pestka and Marshall), [ca. 1965]
    117 1-2
    RNA codewords and protein synthesis. VI. On the nucleotide sequences of degenerate codeword sets for isoleucine, tyrosine, asparagine, and lysine (with Trupin, et al.), 1965
    117 3-4
    RNA codewords and protein synthesis. VII. On the general nature of the RNA code (with Leder, et al.), [ca. 1965]
    117 5-6
    RNA codewords and protein synthesis. VIII. Nucleotide sequences of synonym codons for arginine, valine, cysteine, and alanine (with Brimacombe, et al.), 1965
    117 7
    RNA codons and protein synthesis. IX. Synonym codon recognition by multiple species of valine-, alanine-, and methionine-sRNA (with Kellogg, Doctor, Loebel), [ca. 1966]
    117 8
    RNA codewords and protein synthesis. X. Codon recognition on 30 S ribosomes (with Pestka), [ca. 1966]
    117 9
    [RNA codewords and protein synthesis. Recognition of synonym alanine codons by alanine-sRNA of known base sequence (with P. Leder)], [ca. 1966]
    117 10-11
    [RNA codons and protein synthesis. XII.] Fine structure of RNA codewords recognized by bacterial, amphibian, and mammalian transfer RNA (with Marshall and Caskey), 1966
    117 12-16
    RNA codons and protein synthesis. 13. RNA codon recognition by deacylated tRNA and aminoacyl-tRNA (with Levin), 1967
    117 17-23
    RNA codons and protein synthesis. 15. Dissimilar responses of mammalian and bacterial transfer RNA fractions to messenger RNA codons (with Caskey and Beaudet), 1967-1968
    117 24
    RNA codons recognized by tRNA from embryos of Xenopus Laevis (with Marshall), 1967-1968
    117 25
    [RNA polymerase MS], [ca. 1963]
    117 26
    [RNA-polymerase notes, edited MS pages], undated
    158 20
    Selection of DNA clones with enhancer sequences (with Asoh, Lee-Kwon, and Mouradian), 1994
    158 21
    Sequence and expression of the murine Hoxd-3 homeobox gene (with Tan, et al.), 1996
    117 27
    Sequential translation of trinucleotide codons for the initiation and termination of protein synthesis (with Caskey, et al.), 1968
    117 28
    Size fractionation and properties of mouse neuroblastoma cells (with Littauer, et al.), [ca. 1970]
    117 29
    Spectrophotometric assay of penicillinase, [ca. 1961]
    117 30-32
    Stimulation of adenylate cyclase mediated by serotonin receptors of cultured neuroblastoma X brain hybrid cells (with MacDermot), 1978
    118 1
    Structure and evolution of four POU-domain genes expressed in mouse brain (with Hara, Rovescalli, Kim), 1992
    118 2
    Studies on synapse formation and opiate dependence, 1977-1978
    118 3
    Summary of Dr. Marshall Nirenberg's work, [ca. 1965]
    118 4-7
    Synapse and acetylcholine receptor synthesis by neurons dissociated from retina (with Vogel and Daniels), 1974-1976
    118 8
    Synapse formation between clonal neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells and striated muscle cells (with Nelson and Christian), 1975
    118 9
    Synapse formation by neuroblastoma hybrid cells (with Wilson, et al.), 1983
    118 10
    Synapse plasticity, [ca. 1979]
    118 11-12
    Synapse selection based on differences in synapse turnover (with Thompson, Eisenbarth, Ruffalo), 1979-1982
    118 13-24
    Synapse turnover: the formation and termination of transient synapses (with Puro and de Mello), 1977
    118 25
    Synaptic interaction between clonal neuronal cells and dissociated mouse skeletal muscle in vitro, 1975
    118 26
    Synthesis of leucine enkephalin derivatives: structure-function studies (with Agarwal, et al.), 1977
    118 27
    [Tables], [ca. 1963]
    118 28
    Template activity of modified terminator codons (with Smrt, Kemper, Caskey), [1970]
    118 29
    Template specificity of oligonucleotides for ribonucleic acid polymerase (with Clark and Jaouni), 1965
    118 30-32
    Three cholinergic neuroblastoma hybrid cell lines that form few synapses on myotubes are deficient in acetylcholine receptor molecules and large dense core vesicles (with Busis, et al.), 1981
    119 1-7
    Topographic gradient of cell-membrane molecules in avian neural retina detected with monoclonal antibody (with Trisler and Schneider), 1980
    119 8
    A topographic gradient of molecules in retina can be used to identify neuron position (with Trisler and Schneider), 1980-1981
    158 22
    Transcriptional regulation of a neuronal L-type calcium channel α [alpha]1 subunity gene (with Kamp, et al.), 1994
    119 9-10
    Transfer RNA as a cofactor coupling amino acid synthesis with that of protein (with Wilcox), 1968
    158 23
    Turnover of opiate receptors in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells (with MacDermot), 1978
    119 11
    An uncertainty principle for active center topography, [ca. 1960]
    119 12
    The use of aminopterin in selecting electrically active neuroblastoma cells (with Peacock, et al.), 1972
    119 13-14
    [untitled MS], undated
     
    By Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics Personnel, 1963-2000 [subseries]:
    119 15
    Abstracts, 1966-2000
    119 16
    α [Alpha] -- Acetylcholine, 1978-1995
    119 17
    Action -- Antibody, 1978-[1986]
    119 18
    Approaches -- Association, [1976-1989]
    119 19
    Basement membrane components and the organization of acetylcholine receptors, 1982
    119 20
    Binding -- Cell, [1972]-1990
    119 21
    Cell-free translation and characterization of messenger RNA coding for enkephalin-precursor protein, 1981-1982
    119 22
    Characterization and generation of Escherichia coli adenylate cyclase deletion mutants, [1991]
    119 23-24
    Characterization and partial purification of a neuronal factor which increases acetylcholine receptor aggregation on cultured muscle cells, 1980-1981
    119 25
    Cholestasis -- Coordinated, 1987-1996
    119 26
    Coding properties of methyl-deficient leucyl-tRNA, [1966]
    119 27
    Cyclic, 1975
    119 28
    Deduction -- Development, [1983]-1999
    119 29
    Developmental -- Effect, [1969-ca. 1994]
    119 30
    Effect of vinblastine, colcemid, and colchicine on amoeba discoides, [1976]
    120 1-2
    Effects of chain length on the template activity of polyribonucleotides, 1963
    120 3
    Electroconvulsive -- Embryonic, 1981-[1985]
    120 4
    Endorphins -- Escherichia, 1978-[1999]
    120 5
    Escherichia [cont'd], 1978-1993
    120 6
    Escherichia coli adenylate cyclase complex, I. Interaction with Enzyme I of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system, 1977
    120 7
    Estimation -- Expression, [1975]-1996
    120 8
    Factor -- Fractionation, 1977-1982
    120 9
    γ [Gamma], [1969-ca. 1995]
    120 10
    Glucocorticoids -- High, [1967]-1997