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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the National Institutes of Health (U.S.) Office of the Director. Congressional Inquiries Correspondence1949-1971

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by John P. Rees
Processing Completed Sept. 2005
Encoded by John P. Rees


Summary Information
Title: National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Office of the Director. Congressional Inquiries Correspondence
Creator: National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Office of the Director
Dates: 1949-1971
Extent: 2.8 linear feet (3 boxes)
Abstract:
Congressional correspondence regarding various aspects of NIH's research programs, appropriations and policy. Topics range from mundane constituent letters to top-level policy questions from Senate and House members.

Call number: MS C 557
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

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Preferred Citation:

National Institutes of Health (U.S.) Office of the Director. Congressional Inquiries Correspondence. 1949-1971. Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 557.

Provenance:

Transfer, George Mider (NIH OD). Later found in stacks. Accession #2003-37.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of Congressional correspondence regarding various aspects of NIH's research programs, appropriations and policy. Topics covered range from mundane constituent letters asking for money to support hospitalization or treatment, to top-level policy questions from Senate and House members. These letters demonstrate the direct access to upper-level NIH administrators once afforded to both Senators, Congressmen and their constituents, and the general public and how discussions of national research policy were openly discussed.

As letters were received by the central NIH congressional liaison office, secretaries classified them using general topical terms and then forwarded them to the institute responsible for the particular research program. Later, each Institute would have their own communications office. Responses were then generated for individual directors by communications staffers for institute directors.

Collectively these correspondence files represent an underdocumented portion of NIH's early years as it was growing into the world's largest biomedical research organization. Known internally as "pinks," so named after the color of the carbon copies, each letter contains the original request and the NIH response, often with preliminary drafts or other related information attached. Much of NIH's research agenda was driven by interpersonal relationships between Institute Directors and Congressional leaders, as demonstrated by the many requests for statistical and policy information coming directly from Senator's offices, with answers coming from Institute leadership. Moreover, the general public had ready access to these same information resources and received personalized responses to their questions, a relationship that would become impossible to maintain by the late 20th century.

The collection is organized by topic or institute and chronologically therein. Little original organization survived before processing but the original categories given by NIH secretaries are written in pen on the upper portion of the letter. In cases where the original topics were too generalized, more definitive terms were supplied, e.g. 'Information' being refined to 'Grants.' In other cases where a generic term was applied to a group of letters devoted to a more specific topic, the topical term was used, e.g. 'Policy' being refined to 'Animal Experimentation.'

The majority of information requested relates to grants, research information, and diseases, however all three terms were often used interchangeably to group letters. For instance, folders titled Research or Information are usually related to specific disease research programs and progress-to-date, but also can include questions about individual grant application status, how much funding is devoted to research on a specific treatment or disease, or public health and population statistics such as race, numbers of people within the U.S. afflicted, or the costs associated with disease treatment (health services research).

Letters to NIMH, or NIMH-related subjects, are the bulk of the collection. Topics include local and national alcohol and drug addiction programs and children mental health services. Other topics of national interest found throughout the collection include national blood blanking policy, sickle cell anemia, cystic fibrosis, kidney disease, anti-vivisection, and program funding

Contents List
Box | Folder Title
 
Series 1: General Subjects [series]:
1 1
DHEW department history
1 2
Animal Experimentation, 1963-1966
1 3
Drugs, polio vaccine, 1955-1957
1 4
Congressional Committees, 1952-1954
1 5
Health Information Dissemination, 1949-1957
1 6
Information, Mixed (Scientific Communications; Education; Program Analysis), 1962-1965
1 7
Information, Mixed (Program Analysis, Appropriations), 1958-1959
1 8
Information, Mixed, 1955; 1963
1 9
Information, Mixed, 1956
1 10
Old legislation letters (photocopies), 1952; 1954
1 11
Miscellaneous research program Advisory Reports, 1960s-1971
 
Series 2: NIH, General [series]:
1 12
Appropriations, 1952-1956
1 13
Equipment; Contracting, 1963-1968
1 14
General Information (Campus; Personnel), 1953-1954
1 15
Grants Policy and Regulation, 1953; 1963; 1968
1 16
Legislation, 1952-1956; 1963-1966
1 17
Research Development Policy, 1964
 
Series 3: Office of the Director [series]:
1 18
Grants in Aid, 1952-1959
1 19
Appropriations; Research Programs (polio), 1950-1953
1 20
Clinical Center, 1961
 
Series 4. NIH Divisions [series]:
1 21
Division of Biologics Standards (DBS), 1955; 1968
 
Division of Research Facilities and Resources (DRFR) [subseries]:
1 22
Grants, 1963-1968
 
Division of Research Grants (DRG) [subseries]:
1 23
1958-1959
1 24
1962-1968
 
Division of Regional Medical Programs (DRMP) [subseries]:
1 25
Heart Disease, Cancer, Stroke Ammemdment, 1965
 
Applications; Appropriations; General Information [subseries]:
1 26
Jan.-April, 1966
1 27
April.-Aug., 1966
1 28
July-Dec. 1967
1 29
Jan.-July, 1968
 
Series 5: NIH Institutes [series]:
 
National Cancer Institute (NCI) [subseries]:
1 30
Appropriations; Research Information, 1959-1960; 1967-1968
1 31
Diseases; Drugs, 1952-1965
1 32
Information (Appropriations; Diseases), 1962-1965
1 33
Grants, 1959-1966
1 34
Research Programs; Funding, 1951; 1958-1959
 
National Heart Institute (NHI) [subseries]:
2 1
Appropriations; Public Relations, 1962-1968
2 2
Diseases, 1957-1960
2 3
Grants, 1951-1952; 1964-1965
2 4
Grants--Monkeys (Yerkes primate lab relcation), 1962
2 5
Research Programs, 1967-1968
 
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NAIAD) [subseries]:
2 6
Appropriations; Legislation, 1958; 1963-1965
2 7
Information, 1962-1965
2 8
Research, 1958-1968
 
National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Disease (NIAMD) [subseries]:
2 9
Drugs; Information; Grants, 1955-1966
2 10
Diabetes Research, North Dakota, 1958
 
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) [subseries]:
2 11
Grants, 1964-1965
 
National Institute of General Medical Services (NIGMS) [subseries]:
2 12
Grants, 1964; 1967-1968
 
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) [subseries]:
2 13
Information, 1951
2 14
Diseases, 1951-1957
2 15
Diseases; Information (Research), 1951-1954
2 16
Dr. Jordan Scher, schizophrenia research controversy, 1957
2 17
Diseases, Feb. 1956-May 1957
2 18
Diseases, April-Dec. 1957
2 19
Diseases; Appropriations; Program Development, 1957-1958
2 20
Diseases, Jan.-April, 1958
2 21
Grants, 1958-1962
2 22
Diseases, May-Nov., 1959
2 23
Treatment Information, April-Dec. 1959
2 24-26
Treatment Programs; Grants; Child Research (Ritalin, "Brainwashing with Drugs"), 1960
2 27
Appropriations; Treatment Programs; Drugs, 1962
2 28-30
Grants (Harlow monkey research controversy), 1962
2 31
Treatment Information; Diseases, Aug.-Dec. 1962
2 32
Diseases; Legislation, 1962; 1964
2 33
Information, misc., 1962-1965
2 34-35
Diseases, 1964
2 36
Treatment; Program Development, June-Oct. 1965
2 37
Treatment Information, Oct. -Dec. 1965
3 1
Treatment; Program Development; Research Information, Jan.-May, 1965
3 2
Diseases, Jan.-May, 1965
3 3
Policy; Legislation; Health Information Dissemination, May-Dec., 1965
3 4
Grants, Jan.-March, 1966
3 5
Grants, March-April, 1966
 
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Blindness (NINDB) [subseries]:
3 6
Diseases, 1952-1956
3 7
Grants, 1963-1968
3 8
Information, 1965-1968
3 9
Legislation; Appropriations, 1965-1968
 
National Microbiological Institute (NMI) [subseries]:
3 10
Information, 1952; 1954