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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Sigard Adolphus Knopf Papers1879-1940

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by Amanda Reyes
Processing Completed 2004
Encoded by John P. Rees


Summary Information
Title: Sigard Adolphus Knopf Papers
Creator: Knopf, Sigard Adolphus, 1857-1940
Dates: 1879-1940
Extent: 5.67 linear feet (14 boxes)
Abstract:
S. Adolphus Knopf was the author of over 400 books, brochures, and articles of tuberculosis, school hygiene, pneumonia, medical biography, birth control, alcoholism, and other medical and social subjects. Among the subjects dicussed in the correspondence are tuberculosis, controlled diaphragmatic respiration, birth control, cremation and burial, and psychical research.

Call number: MS C 41
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine


knopfFinding Aid to the Sigard Adolphus Knopf Papers, 1879-1940Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division1.0History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine.
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, 20894
USA
Phone: (301) 402-8878 (Reference Desk)
Fax: (301) 402-0872
Email: hmdref@nlm.nih.gov
Machine-readable finding aid encoded by John P. ReesFinding aid is written in EnglishJuly 2004PUBLIC "-//National Library of Medicine::History of Medicine Division//TEXT (US::DNLM::MS C 41::Sigard Adolphus Knopf Papers)//EN" "knopf" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Sigard Adolphus Knopf Papers1879-1940

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by Amanda Reyes
Processing Completed 2004
Encoded by John P. Rees

Descriptive Summary

Knopf, Sigard Adolphus, 1857-1940Sigard Adolphus Knopf Papers Dates: 1879-19405.67 linear feet (14 boxes)MS C 41 Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine Collection materials primarily in EnglishAbstract:S. Adolphus Knopf was the author of over 400 books, brochures, and articles of tuberculosis, school hygiene, pneumonia, medical biography, birth control, alcoholism, and other medical and social subjects. Among the subjects dicussed in the correspondence are tuberculosis, controlled diaphragmatic respiration, birth control, cremation and burial, and psychical research.Provenance:

Gift from Mrs. S.A. Knopf, 1942-1950.

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Knopf, Sigard Adolphus. Sigard Adolphus Knopf Papers. 1879-1940. Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 41.

Biographical Note

S. Adolphus Knopf (1857-1940) was a pioneer in the campaign for research and treatment of tuberculosis, and spent his entire career combating the disease. His landmark work Pulmonary tuberculosis: its modern prophylaxis and the treatment in special institutions and at home, was the first text book of its kind to appear in English, and won the Alvarenga Prize of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia in 1899. His article "Tuberculosis as a disease of the masses and how to combat it," received the International Congress Prize in 1900. Knopf received numerous other awards for his essays and articles on combating the disease. As part of his public health work, Knopf traveled the world, lecturing on preventative techniques and working to help establish sanitaria, special hospitals, dispensaries, open-air schools and anti-tuberculosis associations. In 1902, he was one of the men responsible for the movement that launched the Committee on the Prevention of Tuberculosis of the Charity Organization Society of New York City. The aim of the committee was to disseminate information that TB was a communicable, preventable, and curable disease. The Committee advanced the movement for hospitals, sanatoriums, and dispensaries for consumptive adults and children. As a result of his focus on the need for a national TB association, in 1904 a voluntary health agency was organized under the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, later renamed the National Tuberculosis Association (NTA) and now known as the American Lung Association. Knopf was the author of over 400 books, brochures, and articles of tuberculosis, school hygiene, pneumonia, medical biography, birth control, alcoholism, and other medical and social subjects.

Brief Chronology

1857Born halle an der Saale, Germany, November 27, 1857
1888M.D., Bellevue Hospital Medical College (New York University)
1889Married Perle Nora Dyar (d. Dec. 24, 1931)
1890A.B., University of Paris (Sorbonne)
1895M.D., Faculty of Medicine, University of Paris
1898Alvarenga Prize. College of Physicians, Philadelphia
1899Published the essay Tuberculosis as a disease of the masses, and how to combat it for which he received International Tuberculosis Congress prize in 1900
1901Official delegate. Tuberculosis Congress, London
1904Advocated the formation of a national tuberculosis association; instrumental in founding of the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis
1904-10Associate Director of the New York Municipal Tuberculosis Clinics
1904-23Physician, Riverside Hospital-Sanatorium
1905Official delegate. Tuberculosis Congress, Paris
1906-22Senior Visiting Physician of the New York City Health Department
1908Vice President. Sect. V of Tuberculosis Congress, Washington. Received prize for the essay, The relation of atmospheric air to tuberculosis
1908-20Professor of Phthisiotherapy, New York Post-Graduate Medical School
1913Official delegate, 4th International Congress on School Hygiene, Buffalo
1920Tuberculosis specialist, U.S.P.H.S.
1932Representative of the United States at the International Union against Tuberculosis, The Hague, Holland
1935Married Julia Marie Off
1940Died in New York, July 15, 1940

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, writings by Knopf, and clippings from journals and newspapers created over the course of his entire career, beginning in medical school. The correspondence includes letters from many historical figures, including (but not limited to) Sir William Osler, Robert Koch, Margaret Sanger, Simon Flexner, Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockfeller. The tuberculosis clippings subseries in Series 6 is arranged alphabetically by author's last name. The bulk of the material is in English, although there are several pieces in other languages, mostly German and French.

The Knopf Papers may be of special interest to those researching the history of tuberculosis and treatment, the history of birth control, and cremation and burial practices. The bulk of the Bruno Heymann correspondence deals with Knopf's efforts from 1934-1935 to bring Heymann from Germany to the United States, and may be of interest to those researching displaced foreign physicians and scholars during this time period. Also of note are two instances where Knopf's authority on tuberculosis was misused. Knopf's was involved in a newspaper slander case in 1907, as well as a dispute over an endorsement of Terpezone, a tuberculosis treatment, in 1933.

Index Terms

These terms are indexed in the National Library of Medicine's online catalog LocatorPlus. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog using these terms.

    MeSH Subjects

    • Family Planning Services
    • Mortuary Practice
    • Parapsychology
    • Respiration, Artificial
    • Tuberculosis

    Series Descriptions

    Series 1: Correspondence, 1890-1940 Chronological11 Undated, undated121890-1904131905141906-190815190961910-1912171913-1920181921191922110January-March 192321April-December 1923221924231925-1927241928-1929251930-193126193227January-June 193328July-December 193329January-June 193431July-December 193432193533193634January-June 193735July-December 193736193837193938January-June 194039 Drafts, undated310 Personal Correspondence, 1889-1932 Individuals and Organizations, undated41 Cleveland, Grover, 190642 Coolidge, Calvin, 192543 Harding, Warren G., 192244 Heymann, Bruno, 1932-193545 Jacobi, Abraham, 1904-190946 Knopf, Julia M., 1940-194147 Koch, Robert, 1903-191048 Koch, Mrs. Robert, 1908-193749 Morton, W.T.G., 1920-1939410 Osler, William, 1904-1919411 Roosevelt, Theodore, 1911-1913412 Welch, William H., 1917-1932413 Correspondence Relating to Essay, 1900414 Newspaper Slander, 1909415 Society and Association Membership, 1896-1931 Series 2: Personal and Biographical, 1879-1940416 Biographical Sketch, 1940417 Blizzard Class (Bellevue, 1888) Reunions, 1923-1939418 Certificates and Affidavits, 1879-1934419 Certificates-Societies and Associations, 1896-1939420 Clippings-Knopf Obituaries, July, 1940421 Souveniers of Boyhood, 1879Map Drawer #14 Certificates, Diplomas, and Documents, undated Series 3: Writings and Lectures, 1895-1939422 History of the Anti-Tuberculosis Movement, undated423 Notes, undated424 Poetry, undated425 Speeches, undated426 Tuberculosis Articles, undated51 Bibliographic Information, undated52 Birth Control Articles, undated53 Birth Control Galley Proof, undated54 "Cremation versus Burial", April 193255 General Articles, undated56 Knopf Anthology, January 191757 "Modern Medicine in the United States", undated58 Morton, W.T.G., 1920-192159 "The Three Greatest Things on Earth", undated510 Tributes, 1910-1939511 Reviews: Report to the U.S. Government on Tuberculosis with Suggestions, 1933-19346 Booklets on tuberculosis and treatment, mostly Tuberculosis as a Disease of the Masses, and How to Combat It [translations in various languages], 1899-19387 "The Valuable Adjuvants in the Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis"--Essay in competition for the Alvarenga Prize of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia [translations in various languages], 1924-19257 "On the Relation of Atmospheric Air to Tuberculosis" [translations in various languages], undated7 "Preventive Medicine and its Mission as a Physical, Moral and Social Factor in the Improvement of the Race" [translations in various languages], undated7 "State Control of Tuberculosis" [translations in various languages], undated8 Scrapbook of reviews of Pulmonary Tuberculosis, 1899-19008 Index to reviews of Pulmonary Tuberculosis, 1899-19008 Scrapbook of reviews of Tuberculosis: A Preventable and Curable Disease, 1907-19188 Index to Reviews of Tuberculosis: A Preventable and Curable Disease, 1907-19188 Scrapbook of reviews of Les Sanatoria and Tuberculosis as a Disease of the Masses, and How to Combat it, 1895-19089 Scrapbook of Notices of Lectures and Programs, 1899-19279 Index to Lectures, 1899-1927 Series 4: Research, 1901-1924101 Case Notes, 1901-1924102 Chemical Notes, undated103 Medical Notes and Photos, undated Series 5: Professional Activities, 1890-1925104 Faculté de Médecine de Paris, 1890-1894105 Newspaper Slander Materials, 1907-1908106 Notes, 1902-1925 Series 6: Clippings and Printed Matter, 1899-1940111 General, 1899-1909; n.d. Programs and Invitations112 1899-1909, 1899-1909113 1910-1914, 1910-1914114 1915-1919, 1915-1919115 1920-1926, 1920-1926116 Psychical Research, undated Tuberculosis Clippings, Mostly 1899-1901117 A118 B119 C1110 D1111 E1112 F1113 H-K1114 L1115 M1116 N-O1117 P1118 R1119 S1120 T1121 W1122 Various Press Clippings Scrapbooks12 1899-1905, 1899-190512 1905-1908, 1905-190813 1907-1940, 1907-194013 1908-1912, 1908-191214 1912-1915, 1912-191514 1915-1917, 1915-1917

    Collection Scope and Content Note

    The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, writings by Knopf, and clippings from journals and newspapers created over the course of his entire career, beginning in medical school. The correspondence includes letters from many historical figures, including (but not limited to) Sir William Osler, Robert Koch, Margaret Sanger, Simon Flexner, Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockfeller. The tuberculosis clippings subseries in Series 6 is arranged alphabetically by author's last name. The bulk of the material is in English, although there are several pieces in other languages, mostly German and French.

    The Knopf Papers may be of special interest to those researching the history of tuberculosis and treatment, the history of birth control, and cremation and burial practices. The bulk of the Bruno Heymann correspondence deals with Knopf's efforts from 1934-1935 to bring Heymann from Germany to the United States, and may be of interest to those researching displaced foreign physicians and scholars during this time period. Also of note are two instances where Knopf's authority on tuberculosis was misused. Knopf's was involved in a newspaper slander case in 1907, as well as a dispute over an endorsement of Terpezone, a tuberculosis treatment, in 1933.

    Contents List
    Box | Folder Title
     
    Series 1: Correspondence, 1890-1940 [series]:
     
    Chronological [subseries]:
    1 1
    Undated, undated
    1 2
    1890-1904
    1 3
    1905
    1 4
    1906-1908
    1 5
    1909
    6
    1910-1912
    1 7
    1913-1920
    1 8
    1921
    1 9
    1922
    1 10
    January-March 1923
    2 1
    April-December 1923
    2 2
    1924
    2 3
    1925-1927
    2 4
    1928-1929
    2 5
    1930-1931
    2 6
    1932
    2 7
    January-June 1933
    2 8
    July-December 1933
    2 9
    January-June 1934
    3 1
    July-December 1934
    3 2
    1935
    3 3
    1936
    3 4
    January-June 1937
    3 5
    July-December 1937
    3 6
    1938
    3 7
    1939
    3 8
    January-June 1940
    3 9
    Drafts, undated
    3 10
    Personal Correspondence, 1889-1932
     
    Individuals and Organizations, undated [subseries]:
    4 1
    Cleveland, Grover, 1906
    4 2
    Coolidge, Calvin, 1925
    4 3
    Harding, Warren G., 1922
    4 4
    Heymann, Bruno, 1932-1935
    4 5
    Jacobi, Abraham, 1904-1909
    4 6
    Knopf, Julia M., 1940-1941
    4 7
    Koch, Robert, 1903-1910
    4 8
    Koch, Mrs. Robert, 1908-1937
    4 9
    Morton, W.T.G., 1920-1939
    4 10
    Osler, William, 1904-1919
    4 11
    Roosevelt, Theodore, 1911-1913
    4 12
    Welch, William H., 1917-1932
    4 13
    Correspondence Relating to Essay, 1900
    4 14
    Newspaper Slander, 1909
    4 15
    Society and Association Membership, 1896-1931
     
    Series 2: Personal and Biographical, 1879-1940 [series]:
    4 16
    Biographical Sketch, 1940
    4 17
    Blizzard Class (Bellevue, 1888) Reunions, 1923-1939
    4 18
    Certificates and Affidavits, 1879-1934
    4 19
    Certificates-Societies and Associations, 1896-1939
    4 20
    Clippings-Knopf Obituaries, July, 1940
    4 21
    Souveniers of Boyhood, 1879
    Map Drawer #14
    Certificates, Diplomas, and Documents, undated
     
    Series 3: Writings and Lectures, 1895-1939 [series]:
    4 22
    History of the Anti-Tuberculosis Movement, undated
    4 23
    Notes, undated
    4 24
    Poetry, undated
    4 25
    Speeches, undated
    4 26
    Tuberculosis Articles, undated
    5 1
    Bibliographic Information, undated
    5 2
    Birth Control Articles, undated
    5 3
    Birth Control Galley Proof, undated
    5 4
    "Cremation versus Burial", April 1932
    5 5
    General Articles, undated
    5 6
    Knopf Anthology, January 1917
    5 7
    "Modern Medicine in the United States", undated
    5 8
    Morton, W.T.G., 1920-1921
    5 9
    "The Three Greatest Things on Earth", undated
    5 10
    Tributes, 1910-1939
    5 11
    Reviews: Report to the U.S. Government on Tuberculosis with Suggestions, 1933-1934
    6
    Booklets on tuberculosis and treatment, mostly Tuberculosis as a Disease of the Masses, and How to Combat It [translations in various languages], 1899-1938
    7
    "The Valuable Adjuvants in the Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis"--Essay in competition for the Alvarenga Prize of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia [translations in various languages], 1924-1925
    7
    "On the Relation of Atmospheric Air to Tuberculosis" [translations in various languages], undated
    7
    "Preventive Medicine and its Mission as a Physical, Moral and Social Factor in the Improvement of the Race" [translations in various languages], undated
    7
    "State Control of Tuberculosis" [translations in various languages], undated
    8
    Scrapbook of reviews of Pulmonary Tuberculosis, 1899-1900
    8
    Index to reviews of Pulmonary Tuberculosis, 1899-1900
    8
    Scrapbook of reviews of Tuberculosis: A Preventable and Curable Disease, 1907-1918
    8
    Index to Reviews of Tuberculosis: A Preventable and Curable Disease, 1907-1918
    8
    Scrapbook of reviews of Les Sanatoria and Tuberculosis as a Disease of the Masses, and How to Combat it, 1895-1908
    9
    Scrapbook of Notices of Lectures and Programs, 1899-1927
    9
    Index to Lectures, 1899-1927
     
    Series 4: Research, 1901-1924 [series]:
    10 1
    Case Notes, 1901-1924
    10 2
    Chemical Notes, undated
    10 3
    Medical Notes and Photos, undated
     
    Series 5: Professional Activities, 1890-1925 [series]:
    10 4
    Faculté de Médecine de Paris, 1890-1894
    10 5
    Newspaper Slander Materials, 1907-1908
    10 6
    Notes, 1902-1925
     
    Series 6: Clippings and Printed Matter, 1899-1940 [series]:
    11 1
    General, 1899-1909; n.d.
     
    Programs and Invitations [subseries]:
    11 2
    1899-1909, 1899-1909
    11 3
    1910-1914, 1910-1914
    11 4
    1915-1919, 1915-1919
    11 5
    1920-1926, 1920-1926
    11 6
    Psychical Research, undated
     
    Tuberculosis Clippings, Mostly 1899-1901 [subseries]:
    11 7
    A
    11 8
    B
    11 9
    C
    11 10
    D
    11 11
    E
    11 12
    F
    11 13
    H-K
    11 14
    L
    11 15
    M
    11 16
    N-O
    11 17
    P
    11 18
    R
    11 19
    S
    11 20
    T
    11 21
    W
    11 22
    Various
     
    Press Clippings Scrapbooks [subseries]:
    12
    1899-1905, 1899-1905
    12
    1905-1908, 1905-1908
    13
    1907-1940, 1907-1940
    13
    1908-1912, 1908-1912
    14
    1912-1915, 1912-1915
    14
    1915-1917, 1915-1917