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National Library of Medicine

Finding aid to the Carl Baker papers, 1950-1974

History of Medicine Division





Summary Information
Title: Carl Baker papers
Creator: Baker, Carl
Dates: 1950-1974
Extent: 15.53 linear ft., (16 boxes)
Abstract:
UNPROCESSED COLLECTION. NCI Virus Cancer Program planning and administrative records, subject files.

Call number: HMD MS ACC 2015-028
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Access Restrictions:

Unprocessed collection. Access is restricted. See Reference Librarian for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Provenance:

Transfer, NIH History Office, 7/24/2015, Accession #2015-028, 2016-012.


101674074Finding Aid to the Carl Baker papers, 1950-1974Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division1.0History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine.
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, 20894
USA
Phone: (301) 402-8878 (Reference Desk)
Fax: (301) 402-0872
Email: hmdref@nlm.nih.gov
Machine-readable finding aid derived from MARCedit.Finding aid is written in English

National Library of Medicine

Finding aid to the Carl Baker papers, 1950-1974

History of Medicine Division




Descriptive Summary

Baker, CarlCarl Baker papers Dates: 1950-197415.53 linear ft., (16 boxes)HMD MS ACC 2015-028Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine Collection materials primarily in EnglishAbstract:UNPROCESSED COLLECTION. NCI Virus Cancer Program planning and administrative records, subject files.Provenance:

Transfer, NIH History Office, 7/24/2015, Accession #2015-028, 2016-012.

Access Restrictions:

Unprocessed collection. Access is restricted. See Reference Librarian for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Biographical/Historical Note

Carl G. Baker received his MD in 1944, and then joined the U.S. Navy, where he served shipboard, in shore-based hospitals and at naval-air bases. After he was discharged from the service, he enrolled at the University of California at Berkeley where he earned a master's degree in biochemistry. Baker joined the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in 1949 where he carried out research on cholesterol and amino acid metabolism in the Laboratory of Biochemistry. He had to leave laboratory research behind in 1951, when he developed asthma as a result of an allergy to rat dander. Baker then launched his administrative career as assistant to the Associate Director of NIH. He next took a position in the Research Grants Branch of NCI. Baker left the NCI for the Office of the Associate Director for NIH Intramural Research. He returned to the NCI in 1958, as Assistant Director and (1960 to 1961) as acting scientific director. He was appointed Scientific Director for Cancer Etiology in 1967. Baker was named Acting Director of the NCI in 1969, rising to full director in July 1970. This coincided with President Nixon's declaration of "war on cancer." Baker profited from a clear image of the direction NCI should proceed and provided guidance for Congress, shaping legislation aimed at implementing the increased effort on cancer research. Over his tenure, the NCI budget doubled from $181 million to $378 million (1970s dollars). He concurrently held the rank of Rear Admiral in the Public Health Service. The National Cancer Act of 1971 converted the positions of Director of NIH as well as that of Director of NCI to Presidential appointments. In 1972, when Baker was not reappointed, he resigned to become President of Hazleton Laboratories, a contract toxicology and bioassay firm. There his allergy-caused asthma returned leading him to resign and become a private consultant. After a year-and-a-half he rejoined the Government, taking a position in the Health Resources Administration. In 1976, he accepted an offer to become Medical Director of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, a position he was to hold until his retirement in 1982.


NCI Virus Cancer Program planning and administrative records, subject files.

Index Terms

These terms are indexed in the National Library of Medicine's online catalog LocatorPlus. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog using these terms.

    MeSH Subjects

    • Neoplasms

    Collection Scope and Content Note

    NCI Virus Cancer Program planning and administrative records, subject files.