Skip Navigation Bar
Pope A. Lawrence Papers 1924-1983
search terms in context | standard view | full text File Size: 210 K bytes | Add this to my bookbag

Box | Folder Title
 
Series 3: Air Pollution Control Office, 1924-1979 [series]:

This series highlights technical advice given to states and regions regarding atmospheric concentrates in use by chemical companies to the United States Air Force. During this time period Pope Lawrence became Chief of the Federal Agency Section, Abatement Branch and he kept a tight handle on information regarding environmental pollution by military operations; industrial activities and research development on beryllium and toxicology matters. This series demonstrates Lawrence's files on the use of beryllium in American society by companies and how they were to comply with federal law. Also important to note is the subseries on rocket propellants used at Edwards Air Force Base. Published testimony from the Edmund S. Muskie Senate Subcommittee on Air and Water Pollution pertains to public health and welfare associated with the use of beryllium and other highly toxic substances. There are also aerial maps designating work areas of industries that involved controversial mineral resources.

This series also documents Lawrence's participation in a fifteen state study on respiratory cancer to identify specific types of cancer deaths due to oral and pulmonary cancer. HEW provided assistance to state health agencies by providing research scientists and research materials in order to advance collaborative efforts on finding the causes of environmental cancer and creating potential solutions. The states involved were Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Utah. States were selected based on evidence of unusual mortality rates from respiratory cancer; observations were made throughout a ten year period between 1939-1948. The study compared those with respiratory cancer on the basis of age, site of occurrences, sex, and race (white male, white female, non-white male, non-white female). This series contains records produced by different field offices and with information on their specific research area. Several reports are also included in this series from various organizations and support systems of the federal government, such as the PHS; occupational health agencies of various states; the Cancerigenic Research Studies Section, Cancer Control Branch, NCI; the U.S. Department of Commerce; U.S. military branches; and many others.

Series highlights include correspondence files and the original field investigations reports made by the Field Investigations and Demonstrations Branch of NCI under the direction of Lawrence. Field studies were made for veterans who smoked, uranium mining and mill workers, railroad workers, firemen and diesel workers, occupational and industrial workers. The study on uranium miners were made with miners in the Colorado Plateau region who were suspect to highly toxic conditions. Other field studies monitored physiological changes, measured sputum cytology and created pulmonary function tests.

9 3
Program Authority and Organization: Federal Facilities air pollution abatement control, 1971 [view online]
9 4
Meeting and Field Visit Notebook, 1970 [view online]
 
General Articles and Reports [subseries]:
9 5
Be Air Samples (Tables), 1961-1966 [view online]
9 6
Be Alloy Study [view online]
9 7
Be Studies, Reports, Articles, 1959; 1966-1968 [view online]
9 8
Effect of Beryllium Compounds on Sewage Effluents and Streams, 1949 [view online]
9 9
Analytical Methods for Determining Be Pressure, 1954; 1965 [view online]
9 10
"Health Protection in Beryllium Facilities" Brush Be Company, 1958 [view online]
9 11
Be and Its Compounds, 1964 [view online]
9 12
"Biological Action of Beryllium", 1964 [view online]
9 13
"A Pre-Proposal for Contractual Research on Chronic Be Toxicity as seen in the Eye", [ca. 1965] [view online]
9 14-15
Policy Statements, 1965-1967 [view online]
9 16
EPA National Emission Standard for Be; Notice of Proposed Standard, 1971 [view online]
9 17
EPA Control Techniques for Beryllium Emissions, 1971 [view online]
10 1
EPA Control Techniques for Beryllium Emissions (cont'd.), 1971 [view online]
10 2
"Proposed Study of the Biological Effects of Beryllium Oxide", 1968 [view online]
10 3
NAS Committee on Toxicology: Air Quality Criteria for Beryllium and its Compounds, 1965 [view online]
 
Recombinant DNA controversy [subseries]:
10 4
General Correspondence, 1978 [view online]
10 5-6
NIH Recombinant DNA Research Environmental Impact, 1976-1977 [view online]
 
Beryllium as Rocket Propellant [subseries]:
 
Correspondence [subseries]:
10 7
10 8
10 9
11 1
1966 (cont'd.) [view online]
11 2-3
11 4
11 5
 
Subject Files and Research Articles [subseries]:
11 6
Aerojet General Corp. Air Sampling Results, 1965 [view online]
11 7
Air Quality Criteria, 1966-67 [view online]
11 8
"Beryllium Enriched Solid Propellant Rocket Motor Accident-Eniwetok", 1968 [view online]
11 9
"Development of High-Energy Solid Propellant Formulations Final Summary Report Vol. 2", 1964 [view online]
11 10
"Guidelines for the Operation of a Beryllium Research Facility" NAVWEPS Report 7198, 1961 [view online]
11 11
"Guidelines for the Operation of a Beryllium Research Facility" NAVWEPS Report 7198 Revised, 1963 [view online]
11 12
"Research and Development of an Automatic Beryllium-In-Air Monitor", 1963 [view online]
11 13-14
Rocket Testing Criteria, 1965 [view online]
12 1
"A Study of Launch Operation with a Beryllium Motor Injection Stage" Boeing Co., 1968 [view online]
 
Air Quality [subseries]:
12 2
Beryllium Progress Report, 1966 [view online]
12 3
Beryllium Poisoning, 1966 [view online]
12 4
Minutes of the Conference on the Epidemiology of Air Pollution (HEW), Sept. 14, 1956 [view online]
12 5
Alleghany Ballistics Laboratory Hercules Powder Co., 1966 [view online]
12 6
Industrial Hygiene, 1967-68 [view online]
 
Court Cases [subseries]:
12 7-9
Heck vs. the Beryllium Corp., 1962-70 [view online]
12 10-11
John N. Begay vs. United States Deposition, 1981-83 [view online]
13 1-7
John N. Begay vs. United States Deposition (cont'd.), 1981-83 [view online]
 
Uranium Miner's Study [subseries]:
13 8-12
General Correspondence, 1954-63 [view online]
14 1-4
General Correspondence (cont'd.), 1954-63 [view online]
14 5
Sputum Cytology and Lung Cancer, 1961-1966 [view online]
14 6-7
Equipment and Personnel, 1954-1960 [view online]
14 8-9
NCI/FIDB Administrative Officer Correspondence, 1954-57 [view online]
14 10
Annual Census, 1955-1962 [view online]
14 11-12
Rochester University and St. Mary's Hospital, 1957-1960 [view online]
14 13
Ark. Employee Statistical Juggling, 1953 [view online]
15 1-3
Preliminary Subject File and Hand Notes, 1947-1953 [view online]
15 4
Misc. Field Notes, 1948; 1949 [view online]
 
Field Journals [subseries]:
15 5
15 6
15 7
15 8
15 9
15 10
 
Field Study Sites [subseries]:
16 1
Hot Springs Ark., 1954-1955 [view online]
16 2
Albuquerque, NM, 1962 [view online]
16 3
Colorado Plateau Office, 1952-1966 [view online]
16 4
Pennsylvania Office, 1952 [view online]
16 5-6
Las Vegas, NV, 1953 [view online]
16 7
Salt Lake City, NV, ca. 1949 [view online]
16 8
Pinellas County, FL, 1964 [view online]
16 9
Washington County, MD, 1953-1966 [view online]
16 10
Fifteen State Cancer Study, Report and Data, 1956-1959 [view online]
16 11
Projects of the Field Investigations and Demonstrations Branch, NCI, 18 Oct. 1954 [view online]
16 12
Field Study Unit Reports, 1952-1961 [view online]
16 13
Field Study Board, Minutes, 1961 [view online]
 
Photographs [subseries]:
16 14
Industrial Plant Interiors [Texas Insurance Association], 1949 [view online]
16 15
Uranium Mining Study Site Visits Utah, CO., 1954
16 16
Uranium Mining Study Site Visits Utah, CO; Arizona, 1957
17 1
Partial Correlation Analysis, 1961 [view online]
17 2
Uranium Miner Problems (Clippings), 1967 [view online]
17 3
Beryllium and Uranium Mill Tailings, 1968 [view online]
17 4
Salt Lake Miner Study, Monthly Report, Feb. 1956 [view online]
17 5
Uranium Mill Tailings, 1968 [view online]
17 6
Misc. Clippings, 1968 [view online]
 
Monitoring Cancer Studies [subseries]:
17 7
Cancer Mortality Data by County, 1939-1948 [view online]
17 8-9
Standard Mortality Ratios for Cancer of All Sites by County, 1948-1952 [view online]
17 10-15
Statistical Figures and Tables on Cancer, Amer. Cancer Society, 1933-1948 [view online]
17 16
"Changing Concepts Concerning Cancer", 1960 [view online]
18 1-2
Carcinogen Assessment Guidelines, 1975 [view online]
18 3-5
Carcinogen Risk Assessment Guidelines, 1976 [view online]
18 6
Carcinogen Risk Assessment Guidelines, 1977 [view online]
18 7
"Spectrographic Analysis of the Tissues from Autopsies of Twenty Four Instantaneous Deaths", 10 Dec. 1954 [view online]
 
Air Pollution [subseries]:
18 8-9
State of NJ (Health Dept.) v. Stabilized Pigments Inc., 18-Jul-1963 [view online]
18 10-11
Correspondence, Notes and Drafts (Beryllium), 1965-1968 [view online]
19 1
Special Subcommittee on Air and Water Pollution, 1965-1966 [view online]
19 2
Methyl Bromide-Fumigation Facility NFS Springfield, VA, 1970 [view online]
19 3
Air Pollution Engineering Atmospheric Background Study Rocky Mtn. Arsenal, Denver, Co., 1970 [view online]
19 4
Cooling Powers, 1971 [view online]
19 5
"Guides for Short Term Exposures of the Public to Air Pollutions: Oxides of Nitrogen", 1971 [view online]
19 6
17th Annual Meeting Committee on Toxicology National Academy of Science, 1972 [view online]
19 7
Incineration of Orange Herbicide, 1971 [view online]
19 8-9
Disposal Plan for Anti-Corp Biological Agents Ft. Detrick, MD., 1971-1972 [view online]
19 10
Edgewood Arsenal, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, 1973 [view online]
19 11
Misc. Reports and Notes [view online]
19 12
Major Federal Facilities Out of Compliance with Air and Water Requirements, 1979 [view online]
 
USGS Airborne Radioactivity Surveys [subseries]:
19 13
Folkstone and Charlton Counties, GA and Nassau County, FL, 1954 [view online]
19 14
Painted Desert areas of Cococino and Navajo Counties, AZ, 1955 [view online]
19 15
Gardner De Soto Hardee, Mamatee Sarasota Counties, FL, 1955 [view online]
19 16
Ft. Meyers, Charlotte, Lee Counties FL, 1954 [view online]
19 17
Edisto Island Berkley Charleston, Colleton and Dorchester Counties, SC, 1955 [view online]
19 18
Pinto, Chinle, Apache, Counties, AZ, 1955 [view online]
19 19
Moffat County, CO, 1955 [view online]
19 20
Myton, Duchesne, Uintah Counties, UT, 1955 [view online]
19 21
Thorium and Rare Earth in the US, 1962 [view online]
19 22
"Large Rivers of the US", 1949 [view online]
 
Lung Cancer [subseries]:
19 23-24
Binucleate Lymphocytes and Abnormal Leukocytes Study (Uranium Miners), 1957- 1960 [view online]
19 25
Carcenogenic Aspects of Nickel [Includes Asbestosis], 1956 [view online]
20 1
Veterans and Smoking Study, 1940 [view online]
20 2
Mexican Females dying of Lung Cancer, 1957 [view online]
20 3
Smog, Smoking and Lung Cancer Study, 1960 [view online]
20 4
Specifications for Testing Cigarettes in Considering the Propriety of Advertising, 26-May-58 [view online]
20 5
Tobacco Smoking and Humans Disease, 1960-1961 [view online]
20 6
Occupational Backgrounds of Hospitalized Cases of Lung and Bowel Cancer, 1954-1958 [view online]
20 7
Etiology of Lung Cancer, Laryngeal and Bladder Cancer in New Orleans, 1953; 1956 [view online]
20 8
Misc. Articles and Data, 1924-1960 [view online]
 
Occupational Health [subseries]:
20 9
Industrial Dermatosis Research Papers, 1939-1942 [view online]
20 10
Choronated Hydrocarbons Research Notes and Data, ca. 1947 [view online]
20 11
Industrial Hygiene Reports and Notes, 1946-1950 [view online]
20 12
PHS, Industrial Hygiene Division, Buea of State Services-Org. Charts and Newsletters, 1947-1948 [view online]
20 13
Lab Equipment Requisitions Utah Dept. of Health, 1950 [view online]
20 14-15
Pennsylvania Study of Mortality by Cancer Respiratory System, 1952 [view online]
20 16-18
OSHA Industrial Hygiene Field Operation Manual, 1979 [view online]
20 19
EPA Occupational Health and Study Manual, 1977 [view online]
 
Radiation [subseries]:
21 1
Radium as Therapy Tool Subject Files, 1935-1941 [view online]
21 2
Collecting Atmospheric Radiation Samples, 1952 [view online]
21 3
Radiation Effects in Fish, 1949 1951 [view online]
21 4
Neoplasm Occurrence in Idaho Fish, 1953-1954 [view online]
21 5
Report on Investigation of Milk Contamination, Nevada Proving Grounds, 2-Jun-53 [view online]
21 6
Special Report on the System of Roadblocks Est. on D-Day, Shot Simon, Nevada Proving Grounds, 29 Apr. 1953 [view online]
21 7
"Malignant Tumors and High Polymers" Science v.118 B.S. Openheimer et al., 25 Dec. 1953 [view online]
21 8
Death Rates from Cancer, US (Tables and Charts), 1947-1953 [view online]
21 9
Radioactivity of Water, 1951-1953 [view online]
21 10
NCI Project Report: Irradiation Included Tumors in Children, 1956 [view online]
21 11
Occupational Radiation Control Articles and Reports, 1974-1979 [view online]
21 12
"Hazards to Persons Exposed to Ionizing Radiation...From Dosages Currently Permitted by the NRA" Irwin D.J. Bross, [after 1970] [view online]
21 13
"The Material Requirements of a Disaster Control and Relief Organization in Conducting Radiological Safety Operations" [view online]
21 14
Alleged Radiation Illness, Tempiute, NV, 1953 [view online]
21 15
Radiological Effects on Humans, 1957 [view online]
21 16
Radiological Safety Operation Nevada Proving Ground; Study of Dispersal of Radioactive Aerosis Over CA, 1952; 1953 [view online]
21 17
Radiological Safety Operation, Offsite Activities Journals and Data, March- May 1953 [view online]
22 1
Radiological Safety Operation...(cont'd.) [view online]
22 2
Radiological Health Training, 1954 [view online]
 
Soil Types and Cancer [subseries]:
22 3
NIH-"Results of Examinations of 3 Men Having Relatively Long Continued Occupation Exposure to DDT", 1 Aug. 1944 [view online]
22 4-5
"Report on an Appraisal of the Toxicity...of Methylated Naphthalene as Solvents for DDT Insecticide Mixtures, 1944 [view online]
22 6
Tech Notes and Articles, 1955-1960 [view online]
22 7
Soil Survey Project, Washington County, MD, 1961 [view online]
22 8
"Soils that Support Us" Excerpts and Topo Maps, 1959-1962 [view online]
 
Geographical Distribution and Cancer [subseries]:
22 9
Correspondence, 1956-1960 [view online]
22 10
Cancer in New York, 1954-1959 [view online]
22 11
Historical Observations on Cancer Causations Worldwide [portions of an article] [view online]
22 12
Japan, 1953-1955 [view online]
 
Explosives and Health [subseries]:
22 13
TNT, 1941-1943 [view online]
22 14
"Transactions: Meeting on TNT Poisoning" US War Dept., 2-3 Apr. 1943 [view online]
 
Uranium Miners [subseries]:
23 1-8
General Correspondence, 1952-1962 [view online]
23 9-10
General Correspondence-Uranium Study Advisory Committee, 1953-1960 [view online]
24 1-2
An Interim Report of a Health Study of the Uranium Mines and Mills-Div. Occup. Health, PHS and Colo. Dept Public Health, 1952 [view online]
24 3
Minutes of the Uranium Study Advisory Committee Meeting, Dec. 3, 1953 [view online]
24 4
Phase I-Progress Report Uranium Study, 1965 [view online]
24 5
Phase II-Progress Report Uranium Study, 1966 [view online]
25 1
"Disposition and Control of Uranium Mill Tailings Piles in the Colorado River Basin", 1966 [view online]
25 2
Uranium Tailings Piles, 1967-1978 [view online]
25 3-4
Uranium Tailings and Radon, 1967-1971 [view online]
25 5-6
Uranium Tailings Piles and Radon Committee, 1959-1968 [view online]
25 7
"Uranium Miners Life Table Analysis Report" Joseph K. Wagoner, 1958 [view online]
25 8
"Radon Daughter Product Samples: 1957" Blanche M. Zeman, 1958 [view online]
25 9
"Seven-State Uranium Mining Conference on Health Hazards: Proceedings", 1955 [view online]
25 10
Radiation Exposure: Congressional Testimony, 1967 [view online]