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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Ludwik Gross Papers1908-1999

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by Edwin Staples
Processing Completed 2002
Encoded by Edwin Staples


Summary Information
Title: Ludwik Gross Papers
Creator: Gross, Ludwik (1904-1999)
Dates: 1908-1999
Extent: 12 linear feet (10 boxes, 30 volumes)
Abstract:
Personal papers of Ludwik Gross, Lasker-Award winning cancer research pioneer who proved that viruses could cause cancer in animals.

Call number: MS C 504
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Gross, Ludwik. Ludwik Gross Papers. 1908-1999. Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 504.

Provenance:

Gift of Augusta H. Gross, M.D., July 2000, Acc. 2000-037.


grossFinding Aid to the Ludwik Gross Papers, 1908-1999Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division2.0History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine.
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Phone: (301) 402-8878 (Reference Desk)
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Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Edwin StaplesFinding aid is written in English

National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Ludwik Gross Papers1908-1999

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by Edwin Staples
Processing Completed 2002
Encoded by Edwin Staples

Descriptive Summary

Gross, Ludwik (1904-1999)Ludwik Gross Papers Dates: 1908-199912 linear feet (10 boxes, 30 volumes)MS C 504 Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine Collection materials primarily in EnglishAbstract:Personal papers of Ludwik Gross, Lasker-Award winning cancer research pioneer who proved that viruses could cause cancer in animals.Provenance:

Gift of Augusta H. Gross, M.D., July 2000, Acc. 2000-037.

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Gross, Ludwik. Ludwik Gross Papers. 1908-1999. Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 504.

Biographical Note

Dr. Ludwik Gross published over 200 scientific papers on cancer and leukemia. His monograph Oncogenic Viruses (Pergamon Press, Oxford and New York), is considered a standard reference book in cancer research laboratories. He also published, in his early years, 2 books in Polish, written for laymen, on Medicine and Medical discoveries. Dr. Gross won an Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation prize in 1974 for his discovery of what became known as the Gross mouse leukemia virus. His work in the 1950s, the Lasker jury said, opened the field of tumor virology in mammals and "laid the foundations for the subsequent discovery by others of cancer-inducing viruses in animals of various species ranging from rodents to primates". Gross continued past retirement as a "Distinguished Physician" with the Veterans Administration Hospital. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Gross was born in Krakow, Poland on September 11, 1904. Both his parents were lawyers and his father was a member of the Austro-Hungarian Parliament. He obtained his medical degree at Jagiellonian University in Krakow in 1929. He trained in internal medicine for three years at the St. Lazar General Hospital there. In the 1930s, he worked at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He immigrated to the United States in 1940 and worked at the Jewish Hospital and Christ Hospital in Cincinnati, where he developed an interest in cancer research. After serving in the army during World War II, he became chief of cancer research at the Bronx VA Hospital.

Dr. Gross received his M.D. degree in 1929 at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. After internship and residency at the St. Lazar Hospital in Krakow, he worked, with some interruptions, on experimental cancer immunity at the Pasteur Institute in Paris (1932-1939). In 1940, after the outbreak of the war, he immigrated to the United States where he continued his studies on cancer immunity at the Institute for Medical Research, and at both the Jewish Hospital and the Christ Hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio, until 1943 when he joined the U.S. Army Medical Corps. Towards the end of the war he was sent by the Army as a Captain, to the Veterans Administration Hospital in the Bronx, New York City. There he organized a small cancer research laboratory, while still in service, in 1945. At first, this laboratory consisted of only a single room, but Gross was later able to gradually expand it into a Cancer Research Unit. Gross remained head of this lab for the remainder of his career, well into the 1990s. Dr. Gross also served simultaneously as a consultant (1953-1956) and later as an associate scientist (1957-1960) at the Sloan Kettering Memorial Center in New York City. In 1971 he received an appointment as Chief Cancer Research Professor of Medicine at Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, of the City University of New York, which is affiliated with the Bronx Veterans Administration Hospital.

Until 1951, scientists believed that mouse leukemia, and many other leukemias, were genetic diseases. Dr. Gross upset that dogma by showing that a virus caused mouse leukemia and could be passed naturally from generation to generation. Before his discovery, scientists had largely ignored the role of viruses in cancer, even though in 1908 researchers had suggested a viral cause by transmitting leukemia and sarcomas in chickens. Also over the next 30 years, scientists experimented with transmitting a type of kidney cancer prevalent in New England lake frogs to other frogs, as well as transmitting breast cancer in mice via milk from mothers to their offspring.

Long before his discovery, Dr Gross had theorized about a virus called mouse leukemia, but had failed to find it. By chance he heard a lecture by a scientist working on a different virus who said he could show its harmful effects by injecting it into suckling mice, though not by injecting it into older mice. Dr. Gross developed a similar experiment by injecting material from leukemic mice into newborn mice known to be free of leukemia. This experiment showed that the virus was passed naturally through successive generations of mice to cause leukemia. Criticism and hostility initially followed his discovery, but they gradually disappeared as his subsequent laboratory research showed that radiation or chemicals could induce leukemia in mice by activating a dormant virus. Also, other scientists would later develop vaccines against the feline leukemia virus in cats and Marek's disease, a cancer found in chickens. Gross's hypothesis that viruses could cause some human cancers was also later supported, specifically by the discovery of HTLV-1 and HTLV-2. These two retroviruses cause rare cases of leukemia and lymphomas -- the Epstein-Barr virus, which is linked to Burkitt's lymphoma and to cancer of the nose and mouth, and the hepatitis B virus, which can cause liver cancer. Dr. Gross's research also influenced the discovery of the AIDS virus.

Among the several prizes and honors which Gross received are the R.R. de Villiers Foundation (Leukemia Society) Award for Leukemia Research (1953), the Walker Prize of the Royal College of Surgeons of England in London (1961), the Pasteur Silver Medal of the Pasteur Institute in Paris (1962), the WHO United Nations Prize for Cancer Research (1962), the Bertner Foundation Award (1963), the Special Virus Cancer Program Award of the National Cancer Institute (1972), the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award (1974), the Principal 1978 Paul Ehrlich-Ludwig Darmstaeder Prize in Frankfurt, and the Griffuel Prize in Paris (1978). In 1973 Gross was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. In recognition of his scientific accomplishments, he received the French Legion of Honor (1977).

Dr. Gross died of stomach cancer in July of 1999 at the age of 94


Biographical material, correspondence, laboratory notebooks, writings and photographs document the research career of Ludwik Gross (1908-1999; 12 linear feet), best known for proving that viruses could cause cancer in animals. The biographical materials primarily document his many awards, most significantly the 1974 Lasker Award, as well as some general information about Gross's life and career. The correspondence series contains extensive professional communication with colleagues, but there is little personal correspondence to be found in any part of the collection. Gross's laboratory notebooks are detailed and relatively comprehensive, but few properly indicate the exact nature of the experiment, thus making it difficult to follow his laboratory and research process for any particular experiment. Reprints of published material and book drafts relating to the process of his experiments can be found in the writings series, providing insight into the various areas of research that interested Dr. Gross. Much of the correspondence in this series consists of general editorial commentary between writer and publisher. Subject files reflect the wide variety of approaches Gross took to formulate his research hypotheses. Photographs and ephemera are both personal and research related.

Separated Material

  • Academie des Sciences, Séance du 4 Mai 1931, 1931
  • Achong, B.G. and M.A. Epstein, Fine Structure of the Burkitt Tumor, 1966
  • Archiv für GeschwulstforschungBd. 1- 1949- Ceased with: Bd. 61, 1991. Dresden, Steinkopff. Dresden Verlag Theodor Steinkoppf
  • Barraud, Jean. Problèmes d'organisation et de fonctions chez les bactéries et les virus .... Paris, Masson, 1958. Exposés actuels de biologie cellulaire, 1958
  • Bernhard, W., Electron Microscopy of Tumor Cells and Tumor Viruses. A Review., 1958
  • Bernhard, W., Elektronenmikroskopischer Beitrag zum Studium der Kanzerisierung und der malignen Zustande der Zelle, 1961
  • Bernard, Claude. Introduction a l'étude de la médecine expérimentale. Paris, Ch. Delagrave, 1903.
  • Bernhard, W. et P. Tournier., Modification Persistante des Mitochondries dans des Cellules Tumorales de Hamster Transformees par L'Adenovirus 12, 1966
  • Besredka, A. The story of an idea: E. Metchnikoff's work: embryo genesis, inflammation, immunity, aging, pathology, Philosophy Bend, Or. : Maverick Publications, 1979.
  • Burrows, William. Textbook of bacteriology. Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders, 1949.
  • Buynak, Eugene et al, Vaccine Against Hepatitis B, 1976
  • B.W. & Co. Products. For the Treatment of Neoplastic Diseases. Burroughs Wellcome & Co.
  • Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. The rauwolfia story, from primitive medicine to alkaloidal therapy. Summit, N. J., 1954
  • Duclaux, Emile, Association des microbiologistes de langue française. Institut Pasteur (Paris, France) Société française de microbiologie. Société française d'immunologie.Ann Inst Pasteur (Paris)
  • Thelma B. Dunn. "Normal and Pathologic Anatomy of the Reticular Tissue in Laboratory Mice," A Publication of the U.S Department of Health, Education, Welfare Public Health Service National Institute of Health, June 1954.
  • Epstein, M.A. and Y.M. Barr, Characteristics and Mode of Growth of a Tissue Culture Strain (EB1) of Human Lymphoblasts from Burkitt's Lymphoma, 1965
  • Epstein, M.A., B.G. Achong et al, Morphological and Virological Investigations on Cultured Burkitt Tumor Lymphoblasts (Strain Raji), 1966
  • Fenner, Frank The biology of animal viruses. New York, London, Academic Press 1968-
  • Ferrer, Jorge F. Antigenic Comparison of Bovine Type C Virus with Murine and Feline Leukemia Viruses, 1972
  • Ferrer, Jorge F. Serological Detection of Type C Viruses Found in Bovine Cultures, 1972
  • Furness, Franklin N. Francis S. Stahl. Annals of the New York Academy of Science. "Subcellular Particles in the Neoplastic Process." New York Oct 21, 1957
  • Gibson, Don C. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.) New Orleans Conference on the Rodent as a Model System for Research in Aging (1970). "Development of the rodent as a model system of aging." Bethesda, Md., National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. DHEW publication; no. (NIH) 72-121, etc.
  • Fraumeni, Joseph F. Persons at high risk of cancer: an approach to cancer etiology and control: proceedings of a conference Key Biscayne, Florida, December 10-12, 1974. New York: Academic Press, 1975.
  • Granboulan, Nicole et al., Electron Microscope Study of the Development of SV40 Virus, 1963
  • Granboulan, Nicole, Joseph Huppert and Fanny Lacour, Examen au Microscope Electronique du RNA du Virus de la Myeloblastose Aviaire, 1966
  • Granboulan, Philippe, Nicole Granboulan et Wilhelm Bernhard, Application de L'Autoradiographie a la Microscopie Electronique, 1962
  • Gross, Ludwik, Oncogenic viruses. New York, Pergamon Press, 1961.
  • Gross, Ludwik. Siewcy chorób i smierci. Warszawa, Trzaska, Evert i Michalski [1947] Biblioteka wiedzy, t. 49
  • Hagenau, F., R.A. Bonaire et al, Ultrastructure of the Rabbit Papiloma Virus, 1959
  • Harris, R.J.C., Aetiology of Central African Lymphomata, 1964
  • Heiniger, Hans-Jörg. Handbook on genetically standardized JAX mice. Bar Harbor, Me. : Jackson Laboratory, 1980-
  • Hilleman, M.R., Yeast Recombinant Hepatitis B Vaccine, 1987
  • Hilleman, Maurice R., Whither Immunization Against Viral Infections?, 1984
  • Hilleman, Maurice R., Vaccinology in Practical Perspective, 1985
  • Hilleman, Maurice R., The Science of Vaccines in Present and Future Perspective, 1986
  • Hilleman, Maurice R., Perspectives in the Quest for a Vaccine Against AIDS, 1988
  • Hilleman, Maurice R., Herpes Simplex Vaccines, 1976
  • Hitchings, George H., Chemotherapy and Comparative Biochemistry: G.H.A. Clowes Memorial Lecture, 1969
  • Hoogstraten, Jan, Observations on Burkitt's Tumour in Central and Northern Canada, 1967
  • Institut Pasteur., Annales. Tome 104, 1964
  • Institut Pasteur., Annales. Tome 107, 1964
  • Institut Pasteur Service des Archives. Inventaire du fonds d'archives. Paul-Louis Simond
  • Lacassagne, A., Sur Les Cancers Glandulaires d'Origine Hormonale, 1959
  • Lancet, the, February 1, 1964, 1964
  • Latta, Harrison, Collagen in Normal Rat Glomeruli, 1961
  • Lepine, Pierre, Rage et Virus Rabique -- Problemes d'Aujourd'hui, 1966
  • Lepine, Pierre, Cancer et Virus, 1963
  • Lunger, Philip D., Isolation and Morphology of the Lucke Frog Kidney Tumor Virus, 1974
  • Lunger, Philip D., Amphibia-Related Viruses, 1966
  • Lwoff, A., Interaction Among Virus, Cell and Organism, 1966
  • Lwoff, A., The Concept of Virus, 1958
  • Lwoff, A., From Protozoa to Bacteria and Viruses. Fifty Years with Microbes, 1971
  • Lwoff, A., Lysogeny, 1953
  • Martinez-Palomo, A. and N. Granboulan, Electron Microscopy of Adenovirus 12 Replication, 1967
  • Miner, Roy Waldo. "Viruses as Causative Agents in Cancer." Annals of New York Academy of Science. New York, July 10, 1952
  • McAleer, Williiam J et al, Human Hepatitis B Vaccine From Recombinant Yeast, 1984
  • Modern Medicine, June 7, 1965, 1964
  • Nature, Vol. 216, No. 5117 re: African Lymphoma Spread by Virus?, 1967
  • New York (State) Dept. of Health. Division of Laboratories and Research. Laboratory manual for physicians; aids in diagnosis and treatment. 13th ed. Albany, 1967.
  • Pollard, Morris. Gustav Stern Symposium on Perspectives in Virology. "Virus-induced immunopathology." New York, Academic Press, 1968. Perspectives in virology, 6
  • Proceedings, annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research. Proceedings, annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Baltimore, Published for Cancer Research, inc., and the American Assn. for Cancer Research by Waverly Pr v. 15-22; Mar. 1974-1981.
  • Ramon. G., Notice sur les Travaux Scientifiques, 1934
  • Roche Handb Differ Diagn Roche handbook of differential diagnosis. [Nutley, N. J., Hoffmann-La Roche, c1967?-1991?]
  • Salomon, J.-Cl., Ultrastructural Aspects of Mouse Tumors Induced by Adenovirus 12, 1967
  • Simard, R. and W. Bernhard, Phenomene de la Segregation Nucleolaire: Specificite d'Action de Certains Antimetabolites, 1966
  • Smith, Emil L. Principles of biochemistry : mammalian biochemistry. New York : McGraw-Hill, c1983.
  • Snow, C.P. The Two Cultures: and a Second Look. The New American Library 1959,1963
  • Spjut, Harlan J., Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (U.S.). Tumors of bone and cartilage
  • Stock, Neal and Jorge Ferrer, Replicating C-Type Virus in Phytohemaglutinin-Treated Buffy-Coat Cultures of Bovine Origin, 1972
  • Stokes, Joseph et al, Trivalent Combined Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine, 1971
  • Surgery in the United States : a summary report of the Study on Surgical Services for the United States ; sponsored jointly by the American College of Surgeons and the American Surgical Association. [Chicago? : s.n.] 1975.
  • Tournier, M. Paul, Nicole Granboulan et Wilhelm Bernard, Examen au Microscope Electronique des Cellules de Rein De Cercopitheque Infectees "In Vitro" par le Virus SV 40, 1961
  • Vaccine, Vol. 4, June 1986, 1986
  • Washington, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1971. Universities Associated for Research and Education in Pathology. Atlas of tumor pathology. Second series, fasc. 5
  • Wintrobe, Maxwell Myer. Wintrobe's clinical hematology. Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1999.
  • Zourban, Jean, Epidemiologie et Prophylaxie de la Poliomyelite dans les Collecitivites de Jeunes Enfants de la Regio Parisienne, 1964
Index Terms

These terms are indexed in the National Library of Medicine's online catalog LocatorPlus. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog using these terms.

    MeSH Subjects

    • Leukemia--prevention & control
    • Mice--virology
    • Neoplasms--prevention & control
    • Oncogenic Viruses--prevention & control
    • Virology
    Personal Names

    • Besredka, Alexandre, 1870-1940
    • Gallo, Robert C.
    • Yalow, Rosalyn S. (Rosalyn Sussman), 1921-
    Corporate Names

    • Institut Pasteur (Paris, France)
    • Veterans Administration Hospital (Bronx, New York, N.Y.)

    Series Descriptions

    Series 1: Personal and Biographical, 1933-1999
    A variety of credentials, administrative information from the Army and beyond, and career-describing work comprise the series. On many occasions over the course of his career Dr. Gross was interviewed or discussed in a cancer research article. Also his own writings were reviewed or praised by other researchers. The series is organized year and name of publication. A Who's Who entry lists the number of professional awards Gross received at over ten. Correspondence and notes describe the decision process as well as the formalities of receiving the awards.

    11 Accomplishments, 1970-198812 American Board of Internal Medicine, 194913 Application for Active Duty in U.S. Army, 195014 Army Report of Separation, 199715 Biography to McGraw-Hill, 197816Cancer Research Lab, 194517 Credentials, 1938-195318 Curriculum Vitae, 1972-198919-10 EKG, ECG, 1980-1989111 Kyoto, Japan, 1976112 Memoirs113 New York State, 1985114 Ohio State Medical Board, 1979115 Pasteur Institute, 1969-1971116 Pasteur Symposium, 1998117 Poetry by Pisetski, J.E., 1979-1982118 Professional Biography, 1990119 Various120 Various Personal Records, 1941-1984121 Veterans Administration Hospital Laboratory122 Veterans Administration Personnel Records, 1940-1979 Clippings, 1933-1999123 Announcements, 1972-1986124Cancer Research, 1971125 Medical Journals, 1953-1968126 Meeting: Scholars of Polish Descent, 1973127 National Academy of Science, 1973128 Newspapers, Poland, 1933-1936129 Obituary. New York Times, 1999130 Oncogenic Viruses, Reviews, 1961-1970131 Oncogenic Viruses, Reviews, 1970-1971132 Polityka, 1974-1976133 Selecta, "12 Dec, 1966"134-39 Various Clippings, 1947-1988140 Who's Who, 1986141 Who's Who Directory of Professionals and Resources in Cancer, 1984142 Who's Who in American Jewry, 1979-1980143 Who's Who in Science, 1966 Honors, 1953-1994144 Alfred Jurzykowski Foundation, 1985-1987145 Bernstein Award, 1971146 Bertner Award, 1963147Cancer Research Institute, 1975148 Distinguished Physician Commendation, 1982149 Katherine Baker Judd Award, 1985150 Lasker Award, 1974-1998151 Legion d'Honneur, 1978152 List of Honors and Awards153 Middleton Award, 1973-1975154 Mt. Sinai Honorary Degree, 1978-1983155 National Cancer Institute, 1972156 Paul Ehrlich Award, 1977-1978157 Polish Institute of Arts & Sciences, 1994158 Polish Oncological Society, 1982159 Prix Griffuel, 1978160 Special Virus Cancer Award, 1972161 United Nations Prize, 1962162-63 Various, 1953-1986164 Veteran's Administration Service Award, 1968 Series 2: Correspondence, 1936-1999
    Dr. Gross maintained direct communications with colleagues in files arranged by last name. In the process of publishing his many scholarly articles Dr. Gross was in touch with editors, publishers and agencies on logistical details, financial considerations and other process-related matters. Only a small amount of written communication pertains to activities outside Dr. Gross's professional life.

    21 Acta Haematologica, 195822 Ahlquist, Raymond P., 197723 American Board of Internal Medicine, 1944-194924 American Cancer Society, 1991-199325 American Society of Hematology, 199226 Animal Research, 1990-199527 Army, 1943-194428 Asua, Felipe Jimenez, 1967-197129 Atanasiu, Irene, 1975-1995210 Bernard, Wilhelm, 1955-1978211 Besredka, Marguerite, 1971-1977212 Besredka Award, 1964-1982213 Bessis, Marcel, 1976-1994214 Biaggio, Mario, 1975-1976215 Bingham, Jonathan B., 1955-1971216 British Medical Journal, 1958217 Broder, Samuel, 1986-1992218 Burkitt, Denis, 1961-1984219 Chase, John D., 1974-1977220 Chief Medical Director (V.A.), 1958-1990221 Chronological, 1971-1973222 Clark, R. Lee, 1972-1994223 Colleagues' Responses to Dr. Gross's Research, 1944-1985224 Cranston, Alan (U.S. Sen.), 1975-1990225 Cronkite, Eugene P., 1986-1997226 Davis, Kenneth L., 1981227 DeGraff, Arthur C., 1970-1973228 Deinhardt, Freidrich, 1977-1992229 Department of Veterans Affairs, 1995230 DeVoe, Arthur G., 1974-1975231 Diamondopolous, George T., 1972-1979232 Dubiel, Jacek, 1976233 Dulbecco, Renato, 1976234 Eddy, Bernice E., 1965-1979235 Elion, Gertrude, 1988-1989236 Epstein, M.A., 1977-1993237 Equipment, 1973238 Essex, Myron E., 1974-1993239 Family Correspondence, 1941-1972240 Faraggiano, Tullio, 1987-1995241 Feldman, Dorothy, 1991-1992242 Foti, Margaret, 1984-1991243 Funding, 1976-1979244-45 Gallo, Robert, 1975-1999246-47 General, 1973-1998248 General Medical Research Post Fund, 1995249 Glenn, James F., 1986250 Graffi, Arnold, 1990-1997251 Greene, Richard, 1981-1988252 Greenspan, Ezra, 1971-1989253 Haddow, Alexander, 1969-1970254 Handler, Philip, 1975-1976255 Hagenau, Francoise, 1959-1997256 Hanus, Hertha, 1997257 Harvard School of Public Health, 1990258 Hausen, Harold zur, 1982-1996259 Hilleman, Maurice R., 1967-1990260 Holland, James F., 1982-1993261 Honors, 1954-1983262 Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1947263 Immunizations, 1987-1998264 International Conference on Human Viral Diseases, 1996265 Ioachim, Harry L., 1973-1990266 Israel, 1962-1973267 Kitahara, Takeshi, 1973-1990268 Koprowski, Hilary, 1993-1994269 Kozarowski, Tadeusz, 1974270 Laird, Helen M., 1968-1974271 Lapin, B.A., 1975-1990272 Lasker Foundation, 1984-1998273 Latarjet, Raymond, 1962-1998274 Lepine, Pierre, 1962-1981275 Leukemia Research Journal, 1983-1984276 Leukemia Society, 1954-195531 London, 1956-196132 Lunger, Philip D., 1964-197633 Marshak, Robert R., 1963-198434 Mason, James B., 197535 Mathe, Georges, 1968-198136 Maxwell, Robert, 1962-198937 Medico Stationery Service, 1984-199138 Miscellaneous, 197439 Montagnier, L., 1983-1986310 National Academy of Sciences, 1997311 NBC Television, 1971-1972312 New York Times, 1963-1983313 Old, Lloyd, 1979-1999314 Oncogenic Viruses, Correspondence re: Gift Copies, 1960-1984315 Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, 1968316 Oncogenic Viruses, Various, 1967-1986317-18 Pasteur Institute, 1936-1998319 Paul Ehrlich Award, 1965-1987320 Pepper, Claude, 1979-1980321 Pergamon Press, 1983-1988322 Perk, Kalman, 1971-1982323 Peterson, Raymond D.A., 1976324 Photographs, 1961-1968325 Physician's Desk Reference, 1974-1991326 Plague, 1995327 Poland, 1979-1997328 Polish Institute of Arts & Sciences, 1960-1998329 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1990-1991330 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1995-1997331 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Yoshida, 1993-1997332 Rauscher, Frank J., 1970-1993333 Reinstatement as Senior Medical Investigator, 1983-1986334 Reprint Requests, 1941-1944335 Rhein, Gabrielle zu, 1965-1998336 Rivensen, Abraham, 1979-1981337 Rouse, Peyton, 1965-1968338 Ruprecht, Ruth M., 1991339 Sabin, Albert B., 1951-1993340 Schwartz, Louis, 1964-1970341 Science, 1965-1997342 Selecta-Verlag, 1974-1975343 Shimkin, Michael B., 1971-1989344 Smithsonian, 1990345 Szymendera, Janusz, 1978-1980346 Thomas, David D., 1983-1984347 Upton, Arthur C., 1981-1991348 U.S.-Poland Program for Cooperation in Health, 1976349 Varmus, Harold, 1985-1993350 Veterans Administration, 1945-1997351 Veterans Administration, Employment, 1977-1981352 Voice of America, 1991353 Ward, Jerrold, 1990-1991354 Wayne, Jerome D., 1988355 Wedum, Arnold G., 1949-1974356 Weiler, Harold F., 1986357 Who's Who in Contemporary Achievement, 1984-1985358 World Foundation of Medical Polonia, 1992359 Wyeth, Inc, 1945 Series 3: Laboratory Notes, 1946-1983
    These handwritten notebooks and memo pads are mainly written in Dr. Gross's own handwriting, usually in a quite direct language, usually without introductory matter to describe the purpose or intent of the activity. Organization is by year.

    41 Alphabetical Notebook, 1946-195542 Alphabetical Notebook, 1955-198343 Alphabetical Notebook, 196944 Alphabetical Notebook, undated45 Guinea Pig Leukemia, 197046 Lectures, 194947 Notebook LV.IX. 398-430, 196048 Permanent Imp. Notes, 1953-195449-10 Untitled Notebook, undated Series 4: Subject Files, 1908-1998
    These vertical files are combinations of Dr. Gross's notes and printed material he gathered by research topics. The level of detail varies from topic to topic, suggesting that these files were created as the doctor considered the possible of a topic for an article or study.

    411 American Cancer Society Statistics, 1979-1989412 Antibiotics, 1990413 Auto-Inoculation, undated414 Beta Blockers, 1978-1983415 Breast Cancer, 1925-1926416 Burkitt's Lymphoma, 1963-1967417 Calcium Blockers, 1987418 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, 1974-1978419 Cholesterol, 1979-1991420 DDT, 1954421 Diet, 1978422 Diet and Drugs, 1988423 Dog, 1961-1968424 Ellerman & Bang, 1908425 Gupta, Sudhir, 1992426 Heimlich Maneuver, 1975-1986427 Hepatitis, 1982-1986428 HIV / AIDS, 1985-1992429 Leukemia, 1948-1959430 London Special Lecture, 1945-1978431 Malaria, 1988432 National Cancer Institute, 1991433 Nobel Prize, 1985-1993434-37 Plague, 1986-1998438 Poland, 1976439 Poland, 1978-1979440 Rabies, 1972-1998441 Radiation Exposure, 1985-1991442 Radioimmunoassay and Review, 1976-1982443 Rats, S-D Origin, 1954-1962444 Reminiscences From My Years at the Pasteur Institute, 1998445 Retirement from U.S. Army, 1946-1962446 Sanarelli, Giuseppe, 1981447 Typhus, 1996448 Viruses, 1964-1965449 Wajda, Stan H., Sponsorship of, 1950-1953450 Yalow, Rosalyn, 1971-1998451 Zycie Warszawy, 1971-19765 Series 5: Publications, 1930-1999
    This series reflects Dr. Gross's topical published matter, including his numerous research articles, criticism of his work, other writers' publications related to his research, and research in general topic areas of basic interest to himself.

    5 Book Chapters, 1960-198451 Oncogenic Viruses, Announcement, 198352 Oncogenic Viruses, Captions, 198153 Oncogenic Viruses, Chapter 4, Lucke Frog Carcinoma, 1960-196154 Oncogenic Viruses, Chapters 8, 9, 10, 1967-197055-6 Oncogenic Viruses, Chapter 11, Mouse Leukemia, 1967-197057 Oncogenic Viruses, Chapters 11 and 12, 1960-196158 Oncogenic Viruses, Chicken Leukosis Chapter, 1960-196159 Oncogenic Viruses, Excerpt, 1982510-11 Oncogenic Viruses, Proof, Third Edition, 1983512 Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Chapters 1-3, 1967513 Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Chapter 13514 Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Chapter 15, 1967-1970515 Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Chapter 18, Parotid Tumor, 1967-1970516 Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Friend Virus, 1983-1984517 Oncogenic Viruses, Subject Index518 Editorials, 1947-1985519 Editorials. JAMA, 1949-1976520 Freud, Paris, 1975 Journal Reprints, 1930-1999521 Abstracts, 1955-1971522 American Association of Cancer Research Meeting, 1954-1970523 International Cancer Congress, 1970524 Interview With Dr. Gross, 1976525-28 Journal Articles by Dr. Gross, 1930-195561-6 Journal Articles by Dr. Gross, 1955-1999volume Reprints on Experimental Cancer, 1932-194267 List of Publications68 Proceedings of National Academy of Science. Spontaneous Leukemia, 1990-199169 Proceedings of National Academy of Science. Studies on Leukemia Developing Spontaneously in an Inbred Family of Rats, 1993610 Reviews by Dr. Gross, [195?-198?]611 Reviews of Gross Publications, 1961-1986612 Vertical Epidemic of Cancer, part 3 Other Researchers, 1932-1981613 Epstein, M.A. (inscribed), 1959-1980614 Furth, Jacob, 1952-1976615 Journal Reprints, Other Researchers, with notes by Dr. Gross, 1936-1955volume Reprints on Experimental Cancer, 1932-1942volume Baudon, Phelippe Pierre, Les Leucemies Radio-Induites. Essai d'introduction aux leucemies experimentales chez la souris, 1947volume Bendixen, H.J., Leukosis Enzootica Bovis, 1963volume Besredka, A., Les Immunites Locales, 1937volume Bessis, Marcel. Living Blood Cells And Their Ultrastructure, 1973volume Bessis, Marcel. Naissance, Vie et Mort des Globules Rouges, 1967volume Bessis, Marcel. Naissance, The Ultrastructure of Cellsvolume Bessis, Marcel. Traite de Cytologie Sanguine, 1954volume L'Epee D'academicien du Professeur Marcel Bessis, 1981volume Burnet, F.M. Principles of Animal Virology, 1955volume Clemmesen, Johannes. Statistical Studies in Malignant Neoplasms, 1943-1967volume Congresos Integrados Latinoamericanos de Cancerologia, 1971volume Decade of Discovery, Advances in Cancer Research [with unsigned note to Dr. Gross], 1971-1981volume Dunn, Thelma B. Normal and Pathologic Anatomy of the Reticular Tissue in Laboratory Mice, 1954volume Nomenclature, definition and classification of the pathology of renal diseases - glomerular diseases, Eaton Laboratories, [inscribed to Dr. Gross], 1967volume Feldman, Dorothy Gelber. Electron Micrographs in the Teaching of Biology, 1962volume Graffi, A. and H. Bielka. Probleme der experimentellen Krebsforschung, 1959volume Guerin, Maurice. Tumeurs Spontanees des Animaux de Laboratoire, 1954volume Hurst, J. Willis and R. Bruce Logue. The Heart, 1971volume Jewell, John B. Beta adrenergic receptor blockade, 1970volume Lambert, Daniele. Les Hematosarcomes de la Face Chez L'enfant en Afrique, 1964volume Lepine, Pierre. Techniques de Laboratoire en Virologie Humaine, 1964volume Mathe, Georges. Dossier Cancer, 1976volume Robert Maxwell and Pergamon Press, 1988volume Muniere, Harve. Biometrie du sarcome de sticker, 1974volume O'Sullivan, D.G. Viruses and the Chemotherapy of Viral Diseases, 1965volume Parney, Vera [title in Russian], undatedvolume Samso, Albert. Recheres Experimentales Sur Le Sarcome De Sticker. Proposotions donnees par la Faculte, 1965volume Weinberg, M. Titres et Travausx Scientifiques, 1932 Series 6: Photographs and Ephemera, 1930-1999
    Many photographs of Gross and Colleagues are collected. Included are posters announcing Gross speaking events, instruments from his laboratory and various personal items

    616 Auto-Inoculation of Human Cancer, 1930-1939617 Average Size of Microbes and Virus, undated618 Bovine Leukemia (Robert Marshak), 1971-1972619 Conferences, 1961-1982620 Drawings. William Sharp621 Duran I Reynals, Fransesc, 1948622 Gallo, Robert C.623 Gallo, HTLV, 1980624-30 Gross Portraits, 1935-1999631 Gross Portrait with VA Hospital Director H. Jaffrey, 1973632 Hagenau Research, 1981633 Hepatitis B Particles, 100 nm., 1982-1983634-36 Honors, 1937-1985637 Inoculation of Extracts638 Ito, Yohet, 1981639 Lasker Award, 1974640 Legion D'Honneur, 1978641 Maxwell, Robert with Dr. Gross, 1962642 Med. Ill. Illustration, Viral Etiology of Certain Tumors643 Middleton Award, 1971644 Oncogenic Viruses, Book Jacket EM (DF)645-47 Oncogenic Viruses, Illustrations648 Oncogenic Viruses, Jacket Art, 1982649-50 Oncogenic Viruses, Photographs71-2 Oncogenic Viruses, Photographs73-4 Oncogenic Viruses, Portraits, 198175 Oncogenic Viruses, Portraits and Figures, 1960-196181-2 Other Researchers, 1949-198283 Paris Match (magazine), 196684 Pasteur Institute (with Besredka), [193-]85 Pasteur Institute Stationery, [193-]86-7 Paul Ehrlich Award, 1977-197888 Polish National Alliance Calendar, 1991-199289 Public Announcement, 1958810 Schidlovsky, George, 1981811 Slides -- Presentations, 1951-1984812 Summers, Jesse, 1982813 Tumor Viruses (Bernhard), 1958-1967814 Veterans Administration Distinguished Service Award, 1979815 Veterans Administration Hospital, 1978816 Walker Prize, 1961817 Weiler, Harold, 19879 Miscellaneous Gifts and Memorabilia, 1950-1980101 Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1946102 Certificates, Various, 1970103 Lasker Award, 1974-1978104 Memberships, 1949-1978105 Military, 1952-1975106 Oncogenic Viruses, Jacket, 1960107 Paul Ehrlich Award, 1978108 Veterans Administration, 1982109 Posters, 1950-19801010 Awards, Original Certificates, 1977-1985

    Collection Scope and Content Note

    Biographical material, correspondence, laboratory notebooks, writings and photographs document the research career of Ludwik Gross (1908-1999; 12 linear feet), best known for proving that viruses could cause cancer in animals. The biographical materials primarily document his many awards, most significantly the 1974 Lasker Award, as well as some general information about Gross's life and career. The correspondence series contains extensive professional communication with colleagues, but there is little personal correspondence to be found in any part of the collection. Gross's laboratory notebooks are detailed and relatively comprehensive, but few properly indicate the exact nature of the experiment, thus making it difficult to follow his laboratory and research process for any particular experiment. Reprints of published material and book drafts relating to the process of his experiments can be found in the writings series, providing insight into the various areas of research that interested Dr. Gross. Much of the correspondence in this series consists of general editorial commentary between writer and publisher. Subject files reflect the wide variety of approaches Gross took to formulate his research hypotheses. Photographs and ephemera are both personal and research related.

    Contents List
    Box | Folder Title
     
    Series 1: Personal and Biographical, 1933-1999 [series]:

    A variety of credentials, administrative information from the Army and beyond, and career-describing work comprise the series. On many occasions over the course of his career Dr. Gross was interviewed or discussed in a cancer research article. Also his own writings were reviewed or praised by other researchers. The series is organized year and name of publication. A Who's Who entry lists the number of professional awards Gross received at over ten. Correspondence and notes describe the decision process as well as the formalities of receiving the awards.

    1 1
    Accomplishments, 1970-1988
    1 2
    American Board of Internal Medicine, 1949
    1 3
    Application for Active Duty in U.S. Army, 1950
    1 4
    Army Report of Separation, 1997
    1 5
    Biography to McGraw-Hill, 1978
    1 6
    Cancer Research Lab, 1945
    1 7
    Credentials, 1938-1953
    1 8
    Curriculum Vitae, 1972-1989
    1 9-10
    EKG, ECG, 1980-1989
    1 11
    Kyoto, Japan, 1976
    1 12
    Memoirs
    1 13
    New York State, 1985
    1 14
    Ohio State Medical Board, 1979
    1 15
    Pasteur Institute, 1969-1971
    1 16
    Pasteur Symposium, 1998
    1 17
    Poetry by Pisetski, J.E., 1979-1982
    1 18
    Professional Biography, 1990
    1 19
    Various
    1 20
    Various Personal Records, 1941-1984
    1 21
    Veterans Administration Hospital Laboratory
    1 22
    Veterans Administration Personnel Records, 1940-1979
     
    Clippings, 1933-1999 [subseries]:
    1 23
    Announcements, 1972-1986
    1 24
    Cancer Research, 1971
    1 25
    Medical Journals, 1953-1968
    1 26
    Meeting: Scholars of Polish Descent, 1973
    1 27
    National Academy of Science, 1973
    1 28
    Newspapers, Poland, 1933-1936
    1 29
    Obituary. New York Times, 1999
    1 30
    Oncogenic Viruses, Reviews, 1961-1970
    1 31
    Oncogenic Viruses, Reviews, 1970-1971
    1 32
    Polityka, 1974-1976
    1 33
    Selecta, "12 Dec, 1966"
    1 34-39
    Various Clippings, 1947-1988
    1 40
    Who's Who, 1986
    1 41
    Who's Who Directory of Professionals and Resources in Cancer, 1984
    1 42
    Who's Who in American Jewry, 1979-1980
    1 43
    Who's Who in Science, 1966
     
    Honors, 1953-1994 [subseries]:
    1 44
    Alfred Jurzykowski Foundation, 1985-1987
    1 45
    Bernstein Award, 1971
    1 46
    Bertner Award, 1963
    1 47
    Cancer Research Institute, 1975
    1 48
    Distinguished Physician Commendation, 1982
    1 49
    Katherine Baker Judd Award, 1985
    1 50
    Lasker Award, 1974-1998
    1 51
    Legion d'Honneur, 1978
    1 52
    List of Honors and Awards
    1 53
    Middleton Award, 1973-1975
    1 54
    Mt. Sinai Honorary Degree, 1978-1983
    1 55
    National Cancer Institute, 1972
    1 56
    Paul Ehrlich Award, 1977-1978
    1 57
    Polish Institute of Arts & Sciences, 1994
    1 58
    Polish Oncological Society, 1982
    1 59
    Prix Griffuel, 1978
    1 60
    Special Virus Cancer Award, 1972
    1 61
    United Nations Prize, 1962
    1 62-63
    Various, 1953-1986
    1 64
    Veteran's Administration Service Award, 1968
     
    Series 2: Correspondence, 1936-1999 [series]:

    Dr. Gross maintained direct communications with colleagues in files arranged by last name. In the process of publishing his many scholarly articles Dr. Gross was in touch with editors, publishers and agencies on logistical details, financial considerations and other process-related matters. Only a small amount of written communication pertains to activities outside Dr. Gross's professional life.

    2 1
    Acta Haematologica, 1958
    2 2
    Ahlquist, Raymond P., 1977
    2 3
    American Board of Internal Medicine, 1944-1949
    2 4
    American Cancer Society, 1991-1993
    2 5
    American Society of Hematology, 1992
    2 6
    Animal Research, 1990-1995
    2 7
    Army, 1943-1944
    2 8
    Asua, Felipe Jimenez, 1967-1971
    2 9
    Atanasiu, Irene, 1975-1995
    2 10
    Bernard, Wilhelm, 1955-1978
    2 11
    Besredka, Marguerite, 1971-1977
    2 12
    Besredka Award, 1964-1982
    2 13
    Bessis, Marcel, 1976-1994
    2 14
    Biaggio, Mario, 1975-1976
    2 15
    Bingham, Jonathan B., 1955-1971
    2 16
    British Medical Journal, 1958
    2 17
    Broder, Samuel, 1986-1992
    2 18
    Burkitt, Denis, 1961-1984
    2 19
    Chase, John D., 1974-1977
    2 20
    Chief Medical Director (V.A.), 1958-1990
    2 21
    Chronological, 1971-1973
    2 22
    Clark, R. Lee, 1972-1994
    2 23
    Colleagues' Responses to Dr. Gross's Research, 1944-1985
    2 24
    Cranston, Alan (U.S. Sen.), 1975-1990
    2 25
    Cronkite, Eugene P., 1986-1997
    2 26
    Davis, Kenneth L., 1981
    2 27
    DeGraff, Arthur C., 1970-1973
    2 28
    Deinhardt, Freidrich, 1977-1992
    2 29
    Department of Veterans Affairs, 1995
    2 30
    DeVoe, Arthur G., 1974-1975
    2 31
    Diamondopolous, George T., 1972-1979
    2 32
    Dubiel, Jacek, 1976
    2 33
    Dulbecco, Renato, 1976
    2 34
    Eddy, Bernice E., 1965-1979
    2 35
    Elion, Gertrude, 1988-1989
    2 36
    Epstein, M.A., 1977-1993
    2 37
    Equipment, 1973
    2 38
    Essex, Myron E., 1974-1993
    2 39
    Family Correspondence, 1941-1972
    2 40
    Faraggiano, Tullio, 1987-1995
    2 41
    Feldman, Dorothy, 1991-1992
    2 42
    Foti, Margaret, 1984-1991
    2 43
    Funding, 1976-1979
    2 44-45
    Gallo, Robert, 1975-1999
    2 46-47
    General, 1973-1998
    2 48
    General Medical Research Post Fund, 1995
    2 49
    Glenn, James F., 1986
    2 50
    Graffi, Arnold, 1990-1997
    2 51
    Greene, Richard, 1981-1988
    2 52
    Greenspan, Ezra, 1971-1989
    2 53
    Haddow, Alexander, 1969-1970
    2 54
    Handler, Philip, 1975-1976
    2 55
    Hagenau, Francoise, 1959-1997
    2 56
    Hanus, Hertha, 1997
    2 57
    Harvard School of Public Health, 1990
    2 58
    Hausen, Harold zur, 1982-1996
    2 59
    Hilleman, Maurice R., 1967-1990
    2 60
    Holland, James F., 1982-1993
    2 61
    Honors, 1954-1983
    2 62
    Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1947
    2 63
    Immunizations, 1987-1998
    2 64
    International Conference on Human Viral Diseases, 1996
    2 65
    Ioachim, Harry L., 1973-1990
    2 66
    Israel, 1962-1973
    2 67
    Kitahara, Takeshi, 1973-1990
    2 68
    Koprowski, Hilary, 1993-1994
    2 69
    Kozarowski, Tadeusz, 1974
    2 70
    Laird, Helen M., 1968-1974
    2 71
    Lapin, B.A., 1975-1990
    2 72
    Lasker Foundation, 1984-1998
    2 73
    Latarjet, Raymond, 1962-1998
    2 74
    Lepine, Pierre, 1962-1981
    2 75
    Leukemia Research Journal, 1983-1984
    2 76
    Leukemia Society, 1954-1955
    3 1
    London, 1956-1961
    3 2
    Lunger, Philip D., 1964-1976
    3 3
    Marshak, Robert R., 1963-1984
    3 4
    Mason, James B., 1975
    3 5
    Mathe, Georges, 1968-1981
    3 6
    Maxwell, Robert, 1962-1989
    3 7
    Medico Stationery Service, 1984-1991
    3 8
    Miscellaneous, 1974
    3 9
    Montagnier, L., 1983-1986
    3 10
    National Academy of Sciences, 1997
    3 11
    NBC Television, 1971-1972
    3 12
    New York Times, 1963-1983
    3 13
    Old, Lloyd, 1979-1999
    3 14
    Oncogenic Viruses, Correspondence re: Gift Copies, 1960-1984
    3 15
    Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, 1968
    3 16
    Oncogenic Viruses, Various, 1967-1986
    3 17-18
    Pasteur Institute, 1936-1998
    3 19
    Paul Ehrlich Award, 1965-1987
    3 20
    Pepper, Claude, 1979-1980
    3 21
    Pergamon Press, 1983-1988
    3 22
    Perk, Kalman, 1971-1982
    3 23
    Peterson, Raymond D.A., 1976
    3 24
    Photographs, 1961-1968
    3 25
    Physician's Desk Reference, 1974-1991
    3 26
    Plague, 1995
    3 27
    Poland, 1979-1997
    3 28
    Polish Institute of Arts & Sciences, 1960-1998
    3 29
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1990-1991
    3 30
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1995-1997
    3 31
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Yoshida, 1993-1997
    3 32
    Rauscher, Frank J., 1970-1993
    3 33
    Reinstatement as Senior Medical Investigator, 1983-1986
    3 34
    Reprint Requests, 1941-1944
    3 35
    Rhein, Gabrielle zu, 1965-1998
    3 36
    Rivensen, Abraham, 1979-1981
    3 37
    Rouse, Peyton, 1965-1968
    3 38
    Ruprecht, Ruth M., 1991
    3 39
    Sabin, Albert B., 1951-1993
    3 40
    Schwartz, Louis, 1964-1970
    3 41
    Science, 1965-1997
    3 42
    Selecta-Verlag, 1974-1975
    3 43
    Shimkin, Michael B., 1971-1989
    3 44
    Smithsonian, 1990
    3 45
    Szymendera, Janusz, 1978-1980
    3 46
    Thomas, David D., 1983-1984
    3 47
    Upton, Arthur C., 1981-1991
    3 48
    U.S.-Poland Program for Cooperation in Health, 1976
    3 49
    Varmus, Harold, 1985-1993
    3 50
    Veterans Administration, 1945-1997
    3 51
    Veterans Administration, Employment, 1977-1981
    3 52
    Voice of America, 1991
    3 53
    Ward, Jerrold, 1990-1991
    3 54
    Wayne, Jerome D., 1988
    3 55
    Wedum, Arnold G., 1949-1974
    3 56
    Weiler, Harold F., 1986
    3 57
    Who's Who in Contemporary Achievement, 1984-1985
    3 58
    World Foundation of Medical Polonia, 1992
    3 59
    Wyeth, Inc, 1945
     
    Series 3: Laboratory Notes, 1946-1983 [series]:

    These handwritten notebooks and memo pads are mainly written in Dr. Gross's own handwriting, usually in a quite direct language, usually without introductory matter to describe the purpose or intent of the activity. Organization is by year.

    4 1
    Alphabetical Notebook, 1946-1955
    4 2
    Alphabetical Notebook, 1955-1983
    4 3
    Alphabetical Notebook, 1969
    4 4
    Alphabetical Notebook, undated
    4 5
    Guinea Pig Leukemia, 1970
    4 6
    Lectures, 1949
    4 7
    Notebook LV.IX. 398-430, 1960
    4 8
    Permanent Imp. Notes, 1953-1954
    4 9-10
    Untitled Notebook, undated
     
    Series 4: Subject Files, 1908-1998 [series]:

    These vertical files are combinations of Dr. Gross's notes and printed material he gathered by research topics. The level of detail varies from topic to topic, suggesting that these files were created as the doctor considered the possible of a topic for an article or study.

    4 11
    American Cancer Society Statistics, 1979-1989
    4 12
    Antibiotics, 1990
    4 13
    Auto-Inoculation, undated
    4 14
    Beta Blockers, 1978-1983
    4 15
    Breast Cancer, 1925-1926
    4 16
    Burkitt's Lymphoma, 1963-1967
    4 17
    Calcium Blockers, 1987
    4 18
    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, 1974-1978
    4 19
    Cholesterol, 1979-1991
    4 20
    DDT, 1954
    4 21
    Diet, 1978
    4 22
    Diet and Drugs, 1988
    4 23
    Dog, 1961-1968
    4 24
    Ellerman & Bang, 1908
    4 25
    Gupta, Sudhir, 1992
    4 26
    Heimlich Maneuver, 1975-1986
    4 27
    Hepatitis, 1982-1986
    4 28
    HIV / AIDS, 1985-1992
    4 29
    Leukemia, 1948-1959
    4 30
    London Special Lecture, 1945-1978
    4 31
    Malaria, 1988
    4 32
    National Cancer Institute, 1991
    4 33
    Nobel Prize, 1985-1993
    4 34-37
    Plague, 1986-1998
    4 38
    Poland, 1976
    4 39
    Poland, 1978-1979
    4 40
    Rabies, 1972-1998
    4 41
    Radiation Exposure, 1985-1991
    4 42
    Radioimmunoassay and Review, 1976-1982
    4 43
    Rats, S-D Origin, 1954-1962
    4 44
    Reminiscences From My Years at the Pasteur Institute, 1998
    4 45
    Retirement from U.S. Army, 1946-1962
    4 46
    Sanarelli, Giuseppe, 1981
    4 47
    Typhus, 1996
    4 48
    Viruses, 1964-1965
    4 49
    Wajda, Stan H., Sponsorship of, 1950-1953
    4 50
    Yalow, Rosalyn, 1971-1998
    4 51
    Zycie Warszawy, 1971-1976
    5
    Series 5: Publications, 1930-1999 [series]:

    This series reflects Dr. Gross's topical published matter, including his numerous research articles, criticism of his work, other writers' publications related to his research, and research in general topic areas of basic interest to himself.

    5
    Book Chapters, 1960-1984 [subseries]:
    5 1
    Oncogenic Viruses, Announcement, 1983
    5 2
    Oncogenic Viruses, Captions, 1981
    5 3
    Oncogenic Viruses, Chapter 4, Lucke Frog Carcinoma, 1960-1961
    5 4
    Oncogenic Viruses, Chapters 8, 9, 10, 1967-1970
    5 5-6
    Oncogenic Viruses, Chapter 11, Mouse Leukemia, 1967-1970
    5 7
    Oncogenic Viruses, Chapters 11 and 12, 1960-1961
    5 8
    Oncogenic Viruses, Chicken Leukosis Chapter, 1960-1961
    5 9
    Oncogenic Viruses, Excerpt, 1982
    5 10-11
    Oncogenic Viruses, Proof, Third Edition, 1983
    5 12
    Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Chapters 1-3, 1967
    5 13
    Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Chapter 13
    5 14
    Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Chapter 15, 1967-1970
    5 15
    Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Chapter 18, Parotid Tumor, 1967-1970
    5 16
    Oncogenic Viruses, Second Edition, Friend Virus, 1983-1984
    5 17
    Oncogenic Viruses, Subject Index
    5 18
    Editorials, 1947-1985
    5 19
    Editorials. JAMA, 1949-1976
    5 20
    Freud, Paris, 1975
     
    Journal Reprints, 1930-1999 [subseries]:
    5 21
    Abstracts, 1955-1971
    5 22
    American Association of Cancer Research Meeting, 1954-1970
    5 23
    International Cancer Congress, 1970
    5 24
    Interview With Dr. Gross, 1976
    5 25-28
    Journal Articles by Dr. Gross, 1930-1955
    6 1-6
    Journal Articles by Dr. Gross, 1955-1999
    volume
    Reprints on Experimental Cancer, 1932-1942
    6 7
    List of Publications
    6 8
    Proceedings of National Academy of Science. Spontaneous Leukemia, 1990-1991
    6 9
    Proceedings of National Academy of Science. Studies on Leukemia Developing Spontaneously in an Inbred Family of Rats, 1993
    6 10
    Reviews by Dr. Gross, [195?-198?]
    6 11
    Reviews of Gross Publications, 1961-1986
    6 12
    Vertical Epidemic of Cancer, part 3
     
    Other Researchers, 1932-1981 [subseries]:
    6 13
    Epstein, M.A. (inscribed), 1959-1980
    6 14
    Furth, Jacob, 1952-1976
    6 15
    Journal Reprints, Other Researchers, with notes by Dr. Gross, 1936-1955
    volume
    Reprints on Experimental Cancer, 1932-1942
    volume
    Baudon, Phelippe Pierre, Les Leucemies Radio-Induites. Essai d'introduction aux leucemies experimentales chez la souris, 1947
    volume
    Bendixen, H.J., Leukosis Enzootica Bovis, 1963
    volume
    Besredka, A., Les Immunites Locales, 1937
    volume
    Bessis, Marcel. Living Blood Cells And Their Ultrastructure, 1973
    volume
    Bessis, Marcel. Naissance, Vie et Mort des Globules Rouges, 1967
    volume
    Bessis, Marcel. Naissance, The Ultrastructure of Cells
    volume
    Bessis, Marcel. Traite de Cytologie Sanguine, 1954
    volume
    L'Epee D'academicien du Professeur Marcel Bessis, 1981
    volume
    Burnet, F.M. Principles of Animal Virology, 1955
    volume
    Clemmesen, Johannes. Statistical Studies in Malignant Neoplasms, 1943-1967
    volume
    Congresos Integrados Latinoamericanos de Cancerologia, 1971
    volume
    Decade of Discovery, Advances in Cancer Research [with unsigned note to Dr. Gross], 1971-1981
    volume
    Dunn, Thelma B. Normal and Pathologic Anatomy of the Reticular Tissue in Laboratory Mice, 1954
    volume
    Nomenclature, definition and classification of the pathology of renal diseases - glomerular diseases, Eaton Laboratories, [inscribed to Dr. Gross], 1967
    volume
    Feldman, Dorothy Gelber. Electron Micrographs in the Teaching of Biology, 1962
    volume
    Graffi, A. and H. Bielka. Probleme der experimentellen Krebsforschung, 1959
    volume
    Guerin, Maurice. Tumeurs Spontanees des Animaux de Laboratoire, 1954
    volume
    Hurst, J. Willis and R. Bruce Logue. The Heart, 1971
    volume
    Jewell, John B. Beta adrenergic receptor blockade, 1970
    volume
    Lambert, Daniele. Les Hematosarcomes de la Face Chez L'enfant en Afrique, 1964
    volume
    Lepine, Pierre. Techniques de Laboratoire en Virologie Humaine, 1964
    volume
    Mathe, Georges. Dossier Cancer, 1976
    volume
    Robert Maxwell and Pergamon Press, 1988
    volume
    Muniere, Harve. Biometrie du sarcome de sticker, 1974
    volume
    O'Sullivan, D.G. Viruses and the Chemotherapy of Viral Diseases, 1965
    volume
    Parney, Vera [title in Russian], undated
    volume
    Samso, Albert. Recheres Experimentales Sur Le Sarcome De Sticker. Proposotions donnees par la Faculte, 1965
    volume
    Weinberg, M. Titres et Travausx Scientifiques, 1932
     
    Series 6: Photographs and Ephemera, 1930-1999 [series]:

    Many photographs of Gross and Colleagues are collected. Included are posters announcing Gross speaking events, instruments from his laboratory and various personal items

    6 16
    Auto-Inoculation of Human Cancer, 1930-1939
    6 17
    Average Size of Microbes and Virus, undated
    6 18
    Bovine Leukemia (Robert Marshak), 1971-1972
    6 19
    Conferences, 1961-1982
    6 20
    Drawings. William Sharp
    6 21
    Duran I Reynals, Fransesc, 1948
    6 22
    Gallo, Robert C.
    6 23
    Gallo, HTLV, 1980
    6 24-30
    Gross Portraits, 1935-1999
    6 31
    Gross Portrait with VA Hospital Director H. Jaffrey, 1973
    6 32
    Hagenau Research, 1981
    6 33
    Hepatitis B Particles, 100 nm., 1982-1983
    6 34-36
    Honors, 1937-1985
    6 37
    Inoculation of Extracts
    6 38
    Ito, Yohet, 1981
    6 39
    Lasker Award, 1974
    6 40
    Legion D'Honneur, 1978
    6 41
    Maxwell, Robert with Dr. Gross, 1962
    6 42
    Med. Ill. Illustration, Viral Etiology of Certain Tumors
    6 43
    Middleton Award, 1971
    6 44
    Oncogenic Viruses, Book Jacket EM (DF)
    6 45-47
    Oncogenic Viruses, Illustrations
    6 48
    Oncogenic Viruses, Jacket Art, 1982
    6 49-50
    Oncogenic Viruses, Photographs
    7 1-2
    Oncogenic Viruses, Photographs
    7 3-4
    Oncogenic Viruses, Portraits, 1981
    7 5
    Oncogenic Viruses, Portraits and Figures, 1960-1961
    8 1-2
    Other Researchers, 1949-1982
    8 3
    Paris Match (magazine), 1966
    8 4
    Pasteur Institute (with Besredka), [193-]
    8 5
    Pasteur Institute Stationery, [193-]
    8 6-7
    Paul Ehrlich Award, 1977-1978
    8 8
    Polish National Alliance Calendar, 1991-1992
    8 9
    Public Announcement, 1958
    8 10
    Schidlovsky, George, 1981
    8 11
    Slides -- Presentations, 1951-1984
    8 12
    Summers, Jesse, 1982
    8 13
    Tumor Viruses (Bernhard), 1958-1967
    8 14
    Veterans Administration Distinguished Service Award, 1979
    8 15
    Veterans Administration Hospital, 1978
    8 16
    Walker Prize, 1961
    8 17
    Weiler, Harold, 1987
    9
    Miscellaneous Gifts and Memorabilia, 1950-1980
    10 1
    Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1946
    10 2
    Certificates, Various, 1970
    10 3
    Lasker Award, 1974-1978
    10 4
    Memberships, 1949-1978
    10 5
    Military, 1952-1975
    10 6
    Oncogenic Viruses, Jacket, 1960
    10 7
    Paul Ehrlich Award, 1978
    10 8
    Veterans Administration, 1982
    10 9
    Posters, 1950-1980
    10 10
    Awards, Original Certificates, 1977-1985