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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Edward Francis Papers, 1925-1945

History of Medicine Division
Processed by Jim Labosier
Processing Completed Jan. 2013
Encoded by Jim Labosier


Summary Information
Title: Edward Francis Papers
Creator: Francis, Edward, b. 1872
Dates: 1925-1945
Extent: 0.42 linear feet (1 box)
Abstract:
Collection contains correspondence, article drafts, and reprints relating to the identification and transmission of tularemia in Japan and Russia during the 1920s and 1930s.

Call number: MS C 589
Language: Collection materials primarily in English. Some printed materials in Japanese and Russian
Location: Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions on access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

NLM does not possess copyright to the collection. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Francis, Edward. Edward Francis Papers. 1925-1945. Located in: Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD. MS C 589.

Provenance:

Provenance unknown; found in HMD rare books stacks. July 6, 1989. Acc. #0570.


francis589Finding Aid to the Edward Francis Papers, 1925-1945History of Medicine Division. Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection1.0History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine.
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, 20894
USA
Phone: (301) 402-8878 (Reference Desk)
Fax:(301) 402-0872
Email:hmdref@nlm.nih.gov
Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Jim LabosierFinding aid is written in English

National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Edward Francis Papers, 1925-1945

History of Medicine Division
Processed by Jim Labosier
Processing Completed Jan. 2013
Encoded by Jim Labosier

Descriptive Summary

Francis, Edward, b. 1872Edward Francis Papers Dates: 1925-19450.42 linear feet (1 box)MS C 589 Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine Collection materials primarily in English. Some printed materials in Japanese and RussianAbstract:Collection contains correspondence, article drafts, and reprints relating to the identification and transmission of tularemia in Japan and Russia during the 1920s and 1930s.Provenance:

Provenance unknown; found in HMD rare books stacks. July 6, 1989. Acc. #0570.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions on access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

NLM does not possess copyright to the collection. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Francis, Edward. Edward Francis Papers. 1925-1945. Located in: Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD. MS C 589.

Biographical Note

Edward Francis (1872-1957) was born and educated in Ohio. He received his medical degree from the University of Cincinnati in 1897 and began a career in bacteriology with the U.S. Public Health Service in 1900 at the Hygiene Laboratory in Washington, D.C. Dr. Francis studied and wrote on yellow fever, pellagra, tetanus, filariasis, and undulant fever, but is best known for his research on tularemia. His studies during the 1920s proved the connection between deer-fly fever and tularemia, which had been identified in the United States by PHS doctors George McCoy and Charles Chapin. He further identified seven different types of tularemia. In honor of his contributions the name of the tularemia pathogen, Bacterium tularense, was renamed Francisella tularensis. Dr. Francis served as medical director of the Hygiene Laboratory from 1930 until his retirement in 1938.


The papers focus almost entirely on tularemia in Japan and Russia. The Dr. Hachiro Ohara folders contains correspondence (1925-1943) mostly between this Japanese doctor and Public Health Service officers. The discussions seek to prove that the Yato-Byo (rabbit fever) pathogen was the same as that identified by Dr. Francis as the cause of tularemia. Similarly, the folders Tularemia in Russia (1928-1940) contains correspondence between the Public Health Service and Russian bacteriologists Drs. I. Kritschewski, D. Golov, and Gregory Zarhi concerning the Russian scientists' attempts to identify disease outbreaks as tularemia. Material also documents subsequent information about the status of tularemia in both regions.

Index Terms

These terms are indexed in the National Library of Medicine's online catalog LocatorPlus. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog using these terms.

    MESH Subjects

    • Tularemia
    Personal Names

    • Golov, D.
    • Kritschewski, I.
    • Ohara, Hachiro
    • Zarhi, Gregory
    Corporate Names

    • Hygienic Laboratory (U.S.)
    Geographic Names

    • Japan
    • Russia

    Series Descriptions

    Papers, 1925-194511 Charts, 1926-193712-3 Dr. Hachiro Ohara - Fukushima, Japan, 1925-194314-5 Dr. Hachiro Ohara - private lab in Ohara Hospital, Fukushima, Japan, 1929-194016-9 Tularemia in Russia, 1928-1945

    Collection Scope and Content Note

    The papers focus almost entirely on tularemia in Japan and Russia. The Dr. Hachiro Ohara folders contains correspondence (1925-1943) mostly between this Japanese doctor and Public Health Service officers. The discussions seek to prove that the Yato-Byo (rabbit fever) pathogen was the same as that identified by Dr. Francis as the cause of tularemia. Similarly, the folders Tularemia in Russia (1928-1940) contains correspondence between the Public Health Service and Russian bacteriologists Drs. I. Kritschewski, D. Golov, and Gregory Zarhi concerning the Russian scientists' attempts to identify disease outbreaks as tularemia. Material also documents subsequent information about the status of tularemia in both regions.

    Contents List
    Box | Folder Title
     
    Papers, 1925-1945 [series]:
    1 1
    Charts, 1926-1937
    1 2-3
    Dr. Hachiro Ohara - Fukushima, Japan, 1925-1943
    1 4-5
    Dr. Hachiro Ohara - private lab in Ohara Hospital, Fukushima, Japan, 1929-1940
    1 6-9
    Tularemia in Russia, 1928-1945