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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Indian Schools of Practical Nursing Collection1936-1998 (bulk 1954-1971)

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by Lloyd S. Williams (History Associates, Inc.)
Processing Completed August 2006
Encoded by Lloyd S. Williams


Summary Information
Title: Indian Schools of Practical Nursing Collection
Creator: Indian School of Practical Nursing
Dates: 1936-1998 (bulk 1954-1971)
Extent: 1.25 linear feet (1 box)
Abstract:
Collection highlights the history of the program. Beginning in Oklahoma in 1935, the program prepared women of Native American decent to become licensed practical nurses.

Call number: MS C 568
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Indian School of Practical Nursing. Indian Schools of Practical Nursing Collection. 1936-1998 (bulk 1954-1971). Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 568.

Provenance:

Gift, PHS Historian's Office, Acc. #2000-013.


ihs568Finding Aid to the Indian Schools of Practical Nursing Collection, 1936-1998 (bulk 1954-1971)Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division1.0History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine.
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, 20894
USA
Phone: (301) 402-8878 (Reference Desk)
Fax: (301) 402-0872
Email: hmdref@nlm.nih.gov
Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Lloyd S. WilliamsFinding aid is written in English

National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Indian Schools of Practical Nursing Collection1936-1998 (bulk 1954-1971)

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by Lloyd S. Williams (History Associates, Inc.)
Processing Completed August 2006
Encoded by Lloyd S. Williams

Descriptive Summary

Indian School of Practical NursingIndian Schools of Practical Nursing Collection Dates: 1936-1998 (bulk 1954-1971)1.25 linear feet (1 box)MS C 568 Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine Collection materials primarily in EnglishAbstract:Collection highlights the history of the program. Beginning in Oklahoma in 1935, the program prepared women of Native American decent to become licensed practical nurses.Provenance:

Gift, PHS Historian's Office, Acc. #2000-013.

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Indian School of Practical Nursing. Indian Schools of Practical Nursing Collection. 1936-1998 (bulk 1954-1971). Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 568.

Historical Note

The Kiowa Nurse Aide School, located in Lawton, Oklahoma, opened in 1935. Miss Martha E. Keaton served as the schools first director and remained in that position until the late 1940s. The first studentss in the program, eleven in total, graduated in 1936. In 1951, the school changed its name to the Kiowa School of Practical Nursing and was approved by the National Association of Practical Nurse Education. The program moved from Oklahoma to Albuquerque, New Mexico in 1955 and changed its name to the Indian School of Practical Nursing.

The mission of the program was to train and educate young women to become licensed practical nurses. In order to enter the program, women had to meet a few requirements, including: having at least a quarter degree of Native American blood, graduated from high school or having passed the equivalency, and be between the ages of 18-50. A 1968 report further stated that women also had to: provide a birth certificate, make arrangements for any children under their care, and sign a two-year contract to work in a federally run hospital upon graduating.

Students admitted into the program were required to live in resident quarters on the campus. Curfews were placed on students as well. The only days which students could either have guests over or go out were Friday-Sunday. Tuition, books, room and board, uniforms, and laundry were provide free of charge for the students. Students also received a stipend each month, part of which was placed into a savings fund and given to them upon graduating. During the program, vacation timed was earned. Once the student graduated, she was given three weeks of vacation, with pay, prior to starting her first assignment. The year long program was divided into three sections: an orientation period (1 week), pre-clinical training (16 weeks), and clinical (32 weeks).

In addition to the school in Albuquerque, another school was established in Alaska. The Mt. Edgecumbe Indian School of Practical Nursing was established in 1952. Unfortunately, the school was not as successful as the original and closed in June of 1961 due to low enrollment numbers. The Albuquerque school remained in operation until 1974.


Administrative material, reports, surveys, photographs, and brochures (1936-1998; bulk 1954-1971) document the history of the Indian School of Practical Nursing. Series 1: Subject Files contains administrative material, reports, surveys, correspondence, brochures, clippings, graduation programs, newsletters, and papers. Material in the series highlights the history of the program. Series 2: Photographs contains both negatives and prints. These images document the history of the program through the images of the students, staff and personnel, events, and the class work and clinical training.

Index Terms

These terms are indexed in the National Library of Medicine's online catalog LocatorPlus. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog using these terms.

    MeSH Subjects

    • Indians, North American
    • Nursing, Practical
    Personal Names

    • Keaton, Martha E.
    Geographic Names

    • Alaska
    • New Mexico
    • Oklahoma

    Series Descriptions

    Series 1: Kiowa School (Lawton, Oklahoma), 1936-197411 History, 1954; 1960; 1968-1970; 197412 Students, 1936-195613 Operations, 1936; 1948; 1954-1958 Series 2: Albuquerque School, 1956-199814 Record of Graduation Programs, classes 24-34, 1957; 1966; 197015-6 Classes 34, 36, 39-50, 58 (photographs), 1961-197417 Students, 195718 25th Graduation Ceremony (film), 195719 Brochures, 1965-1971110 Report, 1972111 Operations, 1973-1976112 Correspondence, 1998113 Clippings, 1956-1968 Series 3: Mt. Edgecumbe School (Alaska), 1951-1961114 Practical Nursing School, Accreditation, 1953-1961115 Practical Nursing School, Affiliation, 1955-1956116 Practical Nursing School, Move to Anchorage, 1957-1959117 Practical Nursing School, Review of, 1961118 Practical Nursing School, Staff & Personnel, 1955119 Practical Nursing School, Enrollment, 1955-1959120 Practical Nursing School, Students, 1956-1961121 Budget & Operations, 1951-1961122 Correspondence, 1957123 Proceedings of the Institute on Practical Nurse Education, 1958124 Report, Survey of School, 1953125 Report, Resurvey of School, 1955; 1958126 Monthly Reports, 1954-1961127 Director's Reports, 1956-1957128 Activity Report, 1959129 Annual Report, 1960130 General Reports, 1953-1959131 Brochure & Articles, 1958 Series 4: Photographs, 1943-1971131 Kiowa (10 images), 1943-1957133-38 Albuquerque (113 images), 1958-1971139 Albuquerque (negative), 1950140 Mt. Edgecumbe, classes 8-12 (album pages; 28 images), [ca.1950s]141 Mt. Edgecumbe, classes 4; 7-8; 15-16 (38 images), [ca.1950s]; 1959142 Mt. Edgecumbe, classes 1-4; 7-8; 12-13 (negatives & prints; 49 images), [ca.1950s]143-44 Mt. Edgecumbe, classes 1-13 (negatives; 95 images), [ca.1950s]145 Large Table Display (7 images), [undated]146 Oversized Table Display (5 images), [undated]

    Collection Scope and Content Note

    Administrative material, reports, surveys, photographs, and brochures (1936-1998; bulk 1954-1971) document the history of the Indian School of Practical Nursing. Series 1: Subject Files contains administrative material, reports, surveys, correspondence, brochures, clippings, graduation programs, newsletters, and papers. Material in the series highlights the history of the program. Series 2: Photographs contains both negatives and prints. These images document the history of the program through the images of the students, staff and personnel, events, and the class work and clinical training.

    Contents List
    Box | Folder Title
     
    Series 1: Kiowa School (Lawton, Oklahoma), 1936-1974 [series]:
    1 1
    History, 1954; 1960; 1968-1970; 1974
    1 2
    Students, 1936-1956
    1 3
    Operations, 1936; 1948; 1954-1958
     
    Series 2: Albuquerque School, 1956-1998 [series]:
    1 4
    Record of Graduation Programs, classes 24-34, 1957; 1966; 1970
    1 5-6
    Classes 34, 36, 39-50, 58 (photographs), 1961-1974
    1 7
    Students, 1957
    1 8
    25th Graduation Ceremony (film), 1957
    1 9
    Brochures, 1965-1971
    1 10
    Report, 1972
    1 11
    Operations, 1973-1976
    1 12
    Correspondence, 1998
    1 13
    Clippings, 1956-1968
     
    Series 3: Mt. Edgecumbe School (Alaska), 1951-1961 [series]:
    1 14
    Practical Nursing School, Accreditation, 1953-1961
    1 15
    Practical Nursing School, Affiliation, 1955-1956
    1 16
    Practical Nursing School, Move to Anchorage, 1957-1959
    1 17
    Practical Nursing School, Review of, 1961
    1 18
    Practical Nursing School, Staff & Personnel, 1955
    1 19
    Practical Nursing School, Enrollment, 1955-1959
    1 20
    Practical Nursing School, Students, 1956-1961
    1 21
    Budget & Operations, 1951-1961
    1 22
    Correspondence, 1957
    1 23
    Proceedings of the Institute on Practical Nurse Education, 1958
    1 24
    Report, Survey of School, 1953
    1 25
    Report, Resurvey of School, 1955; 1958
    1 26
    Monthly Reports, 1954-1961
    1 27
    Director's Reports, 1956-1957
    1 28
    Activity Report, 1959
    1 29
    Annual Report, 1960
    1 30
    General Reports, 1953-1959
    1 31
    Brochure & Articles, 1958
     
    Series 4: Photographs, 1943-1971 [series]:
    1 31
    Kiowa (10 images), 1943-1957
    1 33-38
    Albuquerque (113 images), 1958-1971
    1 39
    Albuquerque (negative), 1950
    1 40
    Mt. Edgecumbe, classes 8-12 (album pages; 28 images), [ca.1950s]
    1 41
    Mt. Edgecumbe, classes 4; 7-8; 15-16 (38 images), [ca.1950s]; 1959
    1 42
    Mt. Edgecumbe, classes 1-4; 7-8; 12-13 (negatives & prints; 49 images), [ca.1950s]
    1 43-44
    Mt. Edgecumbe, classes 1-13 (negatives; 95 images), [ca.1950s]
    1 45
    Large Table Display (7 images), [undated]
    1 46
    Oversized Table Display (5 images), [undated]