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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Ogden C. Bruton Papers, 1925-1994

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by HMD Staff
Completed November 2000
Encoded by John P. Rees


Summary Information
Title: Ogden C. Bruton Papers
Creator: Bruton, Ogden C.
Dates: 1925-1994
Extent: .4 linear feet (1 box)
Abstract:
The collection focuses on Dr. Bruton's medical career as a distinguished Chief of Pediatric Service at Walter Reed Army Hospital from 1946-1959 and Army Major Colonel, who first reported a children's disease in 1951 which he named agammaglobulinemia.

Call number: MS C 498
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

[Call Number, Collection Name, Series Number], Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, USA.

Provenance:

Gift, 1/1/1995. Accession 817.


brutonFinding Aid to the Ogden C. Bruton Papers, 1925-1994Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division Version 1.0 History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine.
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, 20894
USA
Phone: (301) 402-8878 (Reference Desk)
Fax: (301) 402-0872
Email: hmdref@nlm.nih.gov
Machine-readable finding aid encoded by John P. ReesFinding aid is written in EnglishMarch 23, 2004PUBLIC "-//National Library of Medicine::History of Medicine Division//TEXT (US::DNLM::MS C 498::Ogden C. Bruton Papers)//EN" "bruton" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the Ogden C. Bruton Papers, 1925-1994

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by HMD Staff
Completed November 2000
Encoded by John P. Rees

Descriptive Summary

Bruton, Ogden C.Ogden C. Bruton Papers Dates: 1925-1994.4 linear feet (1 box)MS C 498 Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine Abstract:The collection focuses on Dr. Bruton's medical career as a distinguished Chief of Pediatric Service at Walter Reed Army Hospital from 1946-1959 and Army Major Colonel, who first reported a children's disease in 1951 which he named agammaglobulinemia. Collection materials primarily in EnglishProvenance:

Gift, 1/1/1995. Accession 817.

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

[Call Number, Collection Name, Series Number], Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, USA.

Biographical Note

Dr. Ogden Carr Bruton (b. 1908) was born in Mount Gilead, NC. He entered Trinity College (later to become Duke University) at age 16, and graduated from the School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University in the Class of 1933 with honors. All the medical doctors that graduated with Dr. Bruton became outstanding physicians with renowned accomplishments.

Dr. Bruton served three separate tours of duty at Walter Reed Hospital. He went to Europe during World War II briefly and to Tripler General Hospital from 1955-1958 and finally back to Walter Reed for the final time in 1958. He also spent 1946 in private practice in Winston-Salem, NC., where he also acted as a consultant to the Army Surgeon General's Office. During this time he worked on improving care and health conditions offred by the U.S. military for European "war brides" and their babies during their journies to America.

A patient study was first conducted on Joseph S. Holtoner, Jr. and 8-year-old boy in 1951 who Dr. Bruton, Chief of the Pediatric Ward 17, studied for the past 5 years at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D.C. who lacked gamma globulin in human serum. This congenital desease deprives the body of antibodies needed to counter infections. Its discoverery was likened in importance to the discovery of yellow fever by Walter Reed as an epoch-making contribution to medicine. Dr. Bruton started the Pediatric Ward at Walter Reed Army Hospital on the second floor (see color photograph) in the oversize Map Case.

"The disease, also called Bruton's syndrome, a condition existing in children from birth, is one in which gamma globulin is absent in the blood, thereby rendering them unable to destroy harmful bacteria in certain diseases". Dr. Bruton sent a form quiz to all the chiefs of the medical schools in the United States of America where they had a pediatric service if they had a patient with any symbols of agammaglobulinemia. His findings were published in June 1952 "Pediatrics". Also Time magazine featured his outstanding medical discovery in May 18, 1953, and numerous other newspaper articles throughout the United States.


The collection focuses on Dr. Bruton's medical career as a distinguished Pediatric Chief of Pediatric Service at Walter Reed Army Hospital from 1946-1959 and Army Major Colonel, who first reported a children's disease in 1951 which he named agammaglobulinemia. Many black and white photographs and color ones of Dr. Bruton's family and his career with the patient, Joseph S. Holtoner, Jr. the only patient to submit a photograph of himself with this disease. Family Correspondence and magazine articles highlight Dr. Bruton's outstanding achievements in high school, college, medical school and medicine.

Index Terms

These terms are indexed in the National Library of Medicine's online catalog LocatorPlus. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog using these terms.

    MeSH Subjects

    • Agammaglobulinemia
    • Blood Protein Disorders
    • Pediatrics
    Personal Names

    • Holtoner, Joseph S.
    Corporate Names

    • Walter Reed Army Hospital (Washington, D.C.)

    Series Descriptions

    Correspondence, 1925-1994General correspondenceBoxFolderContents11Family, 1925-4912General correspondence, 1953-9413General correspondence, [n.d.]14Tripler, U.S. Army Hospital, 1955-58Professional correspondenceBoxFolderContents15Holtoner family correspondence (first reported case of agammaglobulinemia), 1952-7216American Academy of Pediatrics, 1952-5317Correspondence with Dr. and Mrs. Bruton regarding meeting at West Point, Military Pediatricians Annual award, 1967Agammaglobulinemia Research, 1951-1959BoxFolderContents18Handrwritten case report, original draft?, 195119Holtoner, Joseph S., Jr., Lab data, 1951-59110Holtoner, Jay, photograph, 1951111Holtoner, Jay, photographs from birth - ca. 15 years oldWritings, 1946-1978BoxFolderContents112"Agammaglobulinemia", original with editor's corrections, 1951-52113Working drafts of original paper, before publication, "Aggamaglobulinemia", May 1952114Manuscripts, papers of talks, ca. 1944-62115Writings, notes, ca. 1950's116Miscellaneous notes, ca. 1952-78117Reprints, 1946-62AwardsBoxFolderContents118American Society of Pediatrics elects Col. Bruton, Chief of Pediatric Service, Walter Reed Army Hospital119Col. Ogden C. Bruton, M.D. Award established by Mead Johnson Laboratories at Walter Reed Army Medical Hospital, 1962Biographical, ca. 1948-88BoxFolderContents120Partial curriculum vitae121Holograph article written by Mrs. Bruton for Mt. Gilead, N.C. newspaper122Magazine articles of Dr. Bruton, 1953-67123Newspaper clippings of Dr. Bruton, 1948-88Photographs, 1931-1957BoxFolderContents124Mrs. Bruton serving punch at Carr's birthday party, 1957125Vanderbilt interns, ca. 1931-32126Georgia Blanch McAuley Bruton, 1924127Oliver Craven Bruton, [19050s]128Bart Ramsey and Ogden Bruton, ca. 1953-54129Mrs. Ogden Bruton and daughter, 1947OversizeBoxFolderContents121Newspaper Clippings of Ogden C. Bruton, M.D., 1967-83122Magazine Articles and Walter Reed Medical Center Newspaper, Service Stripe of Ogden C., 1952-1959123Photograph - Walter Reed General Hospital 2nd floor showing Ward 17 the original Pediatric Ward started by Ogden C. Bruton, M.D., 1950's124Ogden C. Bruton, M.D., June 14, 1933125School of Medicine - Vanderbilt Medicine Class of 1933126Degrees, Awards and Certificates of Ogden C. Bruton, M.D.127The First Ogden C. Bruton Award, March 3-7, 1969Abstract: Presented To Alva L. Strickland For The Best Military Presentation at the Fifth Annual Uniformed Services Pediatric Seminar United States Military Academy West Point, New York (Two black-and-white photographs)

    Collection Scope and Content Note

    The collection focuses on Dr. Bruton's medical career as a distinguished Pediatric Chief of Pediatric Service at Walter Reed Army Hospital from 1946-1959 and Army Major Colonel, who first reported a children's disease in 1951 which he named agammaglobulinemia. Many black and white photographs and color ones of Dr. Bruton's family and his career with the patient, Joseph S. Holtoner, Jr. the only patient to submit a photograph of himself with this disease. Family Correspondence and magazine articles highlight Dr. Bruton's outstanding achievements in high school, college, medical school and medicine.

    Contents List
    Box | Folder Title
     
    Correspondence, 1925-1994 [series]:
     
    General correspondence [subseries]:
    1 1
    Family, 1925-49
    1 2
    General correspondence, 1953-94
    1 3
    General correspondence, [n.d.]
    1 4
    Tripler, U.S. Army Hospital, 1955-58
     
    Professional correspondence [subseries]:
    1 5
    Holtoner family correspondence (first reported case of agammaglobulinemia), 1952-72
    1 6
    American Academy of Pediatrics, 1952-53
    1 7
    Correspondence with Dr. and Mrs. Bruton regarding meeting at West Point, Military Pediatricians Annual award, 1967
     
    Agammaglobulinemia Research, 1951-1959 [series]:
    1 8
    Handrwritten case report, original draft?, 1951
    1 9
    Holtoner, Joseph S., Jr., Lab data, 1951-59
    1 10
    Holtoner, Jay, photograph, 1951
    1 11
    Holtoner, Jay, photographs from birth - ca. 15 years old
     
    Writings, 1946-1978 [series]:
    1 12
    "Agammaglobulinemia", original with editor's corrections, 1951-52
    1 13
    Working drafts of original paper, before publication, "Aggamaglobulinemia", May 1952
    1 14
    Manuscripts, papers of talks, ca. 1944-62
    1 15
    Writings, notes, ca. 1950's
    1 16
    Miscellaneous notes, ca. 1952-78
    1 17
    Reprints, 1946-62
     
    Awards [series]:
    1 18
    American Society of Pediatrics elects Col. Bruton, Chief of Pediatric Service, Walter Reed Army Hospital
    1 19
    Col. Ogden C. Bruton, M.D. Award established by Mead Johnson Laboratories at Walter Reed Army Medical Hospital, 1962
     
    Biographical, ca. 1948-88 [series]:
    1 20
    Partial curriculum vitae
    1 21
    Holograph article written by Mrs. Bruton for Mt. Gilead, N.C. newspaper
    1 22
    Magazine articles of Dr. Bruton, 1953-67
    1 23
    Newspaper clippings of Dr. Bruton, 1948-88
     
    Photographs, 1931-1957 [series]:
    1 24
    Mrs. Bruton serving punch at Carr's birthday party, 1957
    1 25
    Vanderbilt interns, ca. 1931-32
    1 26
    Georgia Blanch McAuley Bruton, 1924
    1 27
    Oliver Craven Bruton, [19050s]
    1 28
    Bart Ramsey and Ogden Bruton, ca. 1953-54
    1 29
    Mrs. Ogden Bruton and daughter, 1947
     
    Oversize [series]:
    12 1
    Newspaper Clippings of Ogden C. Bruton, M.D., 1967-83
    12 2
    Magazine Articles and Walter Reed Medical Center Newspaper, Service Stripe of Ogden C., 1952-1959
    12 3
    Photograph - Walter Reed General Hospital 2nd floor showing Ward 17 the original Pediatric Ward started by Ogden C. Bruton, M.D., 1950's
    12 4
    Ogden C. Bruton, M.D., June 14, 1933
    12 5
    School of Medicine - Vanderbilt Medicine Class of 1933
    12 6
    Degrees, Awards and Certificates of Ogden C. Bruton, M.D.
    12 7
    The First Ogden C. Bruton Award, March 3-7, 1969