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National Library of Medicine

Finding Aid to the John Shaw Billings Papers at New York Public Library [microform], 1854-1913

Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division
Processed by HMD Staff
Processing Completed 1988
Encoded by John P. Rees


Summary Information
Title: John Shaw Billings Papers at New York Public Library [microform]
Creator: Billings, John S. (John Shaw), 1838-1913
Dates: 1854-1913
Extent: 61 microfilm reels
Abstract:
When John Shaw Billings left the Army in 1895 to become first a professor at the University of Pennsylvania and shortly thereafter the director of the New York Public Library, he took with him many of his personal and professional papers.

Call number: MS Film 25
Language: Collection materials primarily in English
Location: Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Access Restrictions:

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

NLM does not possess copyright to the collection. Permission of the Manuscript Division, New York Public Library, required to quote, publish, or reproduce material in the collection. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation:

Billings, John Shaw. John Shaw Billings Papers at New York Public Library [microform]. 1854-1913. Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS Film 25.

Provenance:

Purchase from NYPL.


Collection Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and papers relating to Billings' work with the United States Army Medical Department, 1861-1895; Johns Hopkins Hospital (especially building plans), 1873-1890; National Board of Health, 1879-1881; the 10th and 11th Census, University of Pennsylvania Hospital and Laboratory of Hygiene, 1890-1895; as first director of the New York Public Library, 1895-1913; Committee of Fifty on the Liquor Problem, 1893-1904; Carnegie Institute, 1902-1913; National Academy of Science, 1875-1911; and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Family correspondence, including letters from Billings to his wife regarding his Civil War experiences; texts of lectures and addresses; notes; and miscellaneous papers. Also, scrapbooks about the Civil War, National Board of Health and health issues, 1861-1903; diaries; photographs and travel notebooks; and material about infectious diseases and epidemics. Correspondents include Alexander Agassiz, Alexander G. Bell, John Bigelow, Henry P. Bowditch, Henry C. Burdett, John L. Cadwalader, Andrew Carnegie, Melvil Dewey, Robert Fletcher, Francis Galton, Daniel C. Gilman, Silas W. Mitchell, William Pepper, Stephen Smith, and George Sternberg.

When John Shaw Billings left the Army in 1895 to become first a professor at the University of Pennsylvania and shortly thereafter the director of the New York Public Library, he took with him many of his personal and professional papers. These records are now located in the New York Public Library. In 1969 Dr. Peter Olch, Deputy Chief of the History of Medicine Division, had many individual letters in the collection duplicated for the library; these now form MS C 276, "Correspondence in the New York Public Library, 1866-1913."

In 1983 the National Library of Medicine began a project to systematically acquire microfilm copies of almost all the Billings' papers in the New York Public Library. While it is the library's intention to acquire microfilm copies of most of the Billings' papers in the New York Public Library, certain material is of limited researcher value and will probably never be filmed.

Contents List
Box | Folder Title
 
Series 1: General correspondence [series]:
1-2
1862 -- 1875 Sept.
2-3
1875 Oct. -- 1878 Dec
4
1879 -- 1880 Feb.
5-6
1880 Mar. -- Oct.
6-7
1880 Nov. -- 1882 Feb.
7-8
1882 Mar. -- 1883 Aug
8-9
1883 Sept. -- 1885 Jul
9-10
1885 Aug. -- 1887 Jul
10-11
1887 Aug. -- 1889 June
11-12
1889 Jul -- 1890
12-13
1891 -- 1892 Mar.
13-14
1892 Apr. -- 1893 May
14-15
1893 June -- 1894 Sept
15-16
1894 Oct. -- 1895 Jul
16-17
1895 Aug. -- 1897 June
17
1897 Jul -- 1899 Apr.
18
1899 May -- 1901
18-19
1902
19-20
1903 -- 1904 Mar.
20-21
1904 -- 1905 Apr.
21-22
1906 -- 1908 Oct.
22
1908 Nov. -- 1911 Mar.
23
1911 Apr. -- 1913
23-24
N.D., A -- W (alphabetically arranged) and unidentifid
 
Series 2. Outgoing Correspondence, Family Correspondence, Third Party Correspondence [series]:
 
Outgoing correspondence [subseries]:
25
1863 -- 1892
25-26
1893- Nov. 1903
26-27
Dec. 1903 -- 1913
26-27
Unidentified correspondents, N.D.
 
Letters to Katherine Mary Stevens Billings [subseries]:
28
1862 -- 1901
29
1902 -- 1905; n.d.
29
Other family correspondence; misc. correspondence (photostats of letters sent to Surgeon General's Library in 1921; photostats of misc. JSB letters and a fragmentary autobiography; letters re: JSB Memorial Meeting, April 1913; letters re: distribution of Fielding Garrison's memoir of JSB), 1878-1912
 
Third party correspondence (neither to nor from JSB) [subseries]:
59
1863 -- 1901
60
1902 -- 1913; n.d.
 
Series 3. Writings: Lectures, Addresses and Notes [series]:
29-30
Accidents, injuries and first aid
29-30
Air
29-30
Impure Air
29-30
Physics and chemistry of air
29-30
Pollution of air
29-30
Animal heat
29-30
Anthropometry
29-30
Army medical man
29-30
Army Medical School, graduation
29-30
Bacteria
30-31
Bacteria, colon bacilli
30-31
Bacteria, influence of light on
30-31
Baird, Spencer Fullerton
30-31
Bibliography, Medical
30-31
Blood and blood vessels
30-31
Bookseller and librarian
30-31
Boston Medical Library
30-31
Buffalo Public Library
30-31
Cancer statistics
30-31
Card catalog
30-31
Civil War, evening on a hospital beat
30-31
Civil War, medical reminiscences
30-31
College of Physicians, Philadelphia
30-31
Columbia University Library
30-31
Consumption
30-31
Contagion
30-31
Contagion, Epidemic and Quarantine
30-31
Care of dead
30-31
Causes [of] diseases
30-31
Classification of diseases
31-32
Contagious diseases
31-32
Germ diseases
31-32
Occupational diseases
31-32
House drainage
31-32
Dust and dirt
31-32
Medical education
31-32
Germany's medical education
31-32
Ideals [for] medical education
31-32
Ohio's medical education
31-32
Yale's medical education
31-32
Elephantiasis
31-32
Exercise for brain workers
31-32
Fungi
31-32
Engraved gems
31-32
Harvard Medical Alumni
31-32
Heredity
32
History of medicine in the following areas: Primitive; Egypt and India; Greek; Rome; Arab and medieval; 16th cen.; 17th cen.; 18th cen.; 19th cen.
33
History of medicine in the following areas: Early Greek; Roman; Arab and Talmudic; Middle Ages; Rise of anatomy; 16th-17th cen.; Early American; 18th-19th cen. American; miscellaneous
33-34
Oliver Wendell Holmes
33-34
Planning and construction of hospitals
33-34
Hospitals and public health
33-34
Hospital visitors
33-34
How Tom kept Bachelor's Hall
33-34
Hydrophobia
33-34
Hygiene
33-34
History of hygiene
33-34
Laboratory of hygiene
33-34
Lecturing on hygiene
33-34
Military hygiene
33-34
Public hygiene
33-34
Literature of public hygiene
33-34
Columbia School of Mines: Hygiene
34
Students notes [on] hygiene
34
Undergrad[uate] hygiene
34
Immunity
34
Infection in rags
34
Instinct
34
Medical invention and discoveries
34
John Hopkins Hospital opening
34
Jurisprudence
34
Sanitary Jurisprudence
35
Sanitary Jurisprudence
35
King's touch . . . (?)
35
City library
35
Consolidation: Library
35
Medical library
35
New York Club Library
35
New York Public Library
35
19th cen. library
35
Philadelphia library
35
Library problems
35-36
Public library
35-36
Library Specialists
35-36
Medical literature
35-36
Magic & magicians
35-36
Massachusetts Medical Society
35-36
Development medicine
35-36
France: medicine
35-36
Military medicine
35-36
Spain: Medicine
35-36
United States: Medicine
35-36
Miscellaneous notes
35-36
Moulds
35-36
Muscle & exercise
36-37
Medical museums
36-37
Nervous system
36-37
Nursing
36-37
Parks
36-37
Patent system
36-37
Washington Philosophical Society
36-37
British physicians
36-37
Poisoned Indian arrows
36-37
Poisoned wounds
36-37
Population
36-37
Beginnings: Public Health Service
36-37
Opening [of] Radcliffe Library
36-37
Relief organizations for widows and orphans of medical men
36-37
Medical research
36-37
Sanitation
36-37
History of sanitation
36-37
Municipal sanitation
36-37
New York municipal sanitation
36-37
Washington Sanitary League
36-37
Schools
36-37
Science & Greater New York
37
Sewage
37
Sewage systems
37
Shakespearean medicine
37
Smallpox & vaccination
37
Soil & sanitation
37-38
Vital statistics (includes Hollerith template and punched cards)
37-38
Birth rate
37-38
Death rate
37-38
Health
38
Vital: Jewish statistics
38
Medical
38
Mortality
38
Municipal mortality
38
Occupational
38
Reserve
38
War survivors
38
Streets and parks
38
Surgeon General's Library
38
Modern surgery
38
Teaching surgery
38
Tenement houses
38
Typhoid
38
Valedictory address
38
Venereal disease
39
Ventilation
39
Heating and cooling ventilation
39
Respiration ventilation
39
Vitalism
39
Francis Walker
39
Waste
39
Water analysis
39
Water purification
39
Water supply
39
Water supply and sewage
39
Yellow Fever
39
Appendix I. Listing of lecture courses at Columbia's School of Mines
39
Appendix II. Old indexes to John Shaw Billings lectures
 
Series 4: Subject papers [series]:
 
United States Medical Department [subseries]:
39-40
Civil War Papers
39-40
United States Hospitals, blank forms
39-40
Isle of Vache trip, 1864
39-40
Orders, 1861 -- 1895
39-40
Army Medical Museum plans (see also Box 84)
39-40
Miscellaneous Army papers, 1870 -- 1911
 
John Hopkins Hospital and Medical School [subseries]:
40
Building of the hospital; heating and ventilation of the hospital
40
Organization of the hospital
40
List of officers and employees of the hospital
40
Estimates of expenses; memos regarding the organization of the University; miscellaneous papers
40
Charts and drawings re: construction of the hospital and its heating and ventilation
 
Vital Statistics and the 10th United States Census [subseries]:
40-41
Vital statistics
40-41
Statistics on selected occupations
40-41
Military medical statistics
40-41
Hospital statistics, 1875 -- 1888
40-41
10th U.S. Census, 1880
 
11th U.S. Census (census records) [subseries]:
41
Baltimore, MD
41
Boston, Mass.
41
Chicago, Ill.
41
Cleveland, Ohio
41
Minneapolis, Minn.
41
New Orleans, LA.
41
New York City
41
Philadelphia, PA
41
St. Louis, MO
41
St. Paul, MN
41
San Francisco, CA
41
Birth -- Death Rates; Blindness; Deafness; Idiocy
 
University of Pennsylvania Hospital, Laboratory of Hygiene & Training School for Nurses [subseries]:
42
Opening exercises, Laboratory of Hygiene
42
Opening address of John Shaw Billings for the Laboratory of Hygiene
42
Minutes, memos and reports
42
Training School -- Rules and Courses
42
Charts & plans
42
Photographs
42
Inventories of goods
42
Receipts and statements of credit
42
Vouchers for the Laboratory of Hygiene
42
Miscellaneous accounts and papers
42
U. of Pa. -- misc. papers
 
Series 5. Committee of Fifty [series]:
43
Minutes of the Sub-Committee, 1897 -- 1899
43
Reports, 1893 -- 1903
43
Reports of Colonel Jacob Greene, 1900 - 1901
 
Reports [subseries]:
43
Sketch of the summary of the Committee of Fifty
43
Influence of the alcohol on the capacity of work by George P. Dreyer
43
Nutritive value of alcohol by W.O. Atwater.
43
Alcoholic beverages and nutritive value.
43
Nutritive value of alcohol and alcoholic beverages.
43
Summary of the investigation relating to the influence of alcoholism on infection by A.C. Abbott.
43
Relations of the drinking habit to insanity by John Shaw Billings.
43
Critical review of the pharmacological action of ethyl alcohol with a statement of the relative toxicity of the constituents of alcoholic beverages by John Abel. (incomplete)
43
Sub-Committee report on the pathological aspect of the drink question as it relates to insanity.
43
Report of the Economic Sub-Committee submitted to the Committee of Fifty, 1899
43
Draft of the Economic Sub-Committee
43
Report of the Sub-Committee on the legislative aspects of the drink problem.
43
Partial report on the effects of ethyl alcohol upon the susceptibility of animals to infectious diseases by E.A. Darling.
43
Dr. Friedenwald's report: Alcoholic toxicity in rabbits., 1896
43
On the present instruction in the psychological action of alcohol by H.V. Bowditch & C.F. Hodge.
43
Comments and remarks on the work of the Sub-Committee by members.
43
Memorandum of the Sub-Committee, 1899-1904
43
Circulars, 1893-1905
44
Forms and miscellaneous regarding circulars
44
Statistics; accounts; clippings; printed matter; extracts from statements on alcoholic consumption.
45
Notes that were the basic for John Shaw Billings bibliography on the literature of the psychological and pathological aspects of alcohol.
 
Series 6. National Academy of Sciences & National Board of Health (also known as the Committee of 100): [series]:
 
National Academy of Sciences [subseries]:
46
Meetings; memos and reports; nominations; publications of members and candidates; miscellaneous papers
 
National Board of Health & Committee of 100 [subseries]:
46
Controversy regarding the establishment of the Bureau of Public Health; congressional bills regarding the establishment of the Bureau of Public Health; minutes; reports and, miscellaneous papers.
 
Series 7: International Congresses of Hygiene & Demography & International Institute of Statistics [series]:
47
Congresses of Hygiene & Demography, 1891, 1894, 1898, 1912
47
Meeting minutes; Memos & reports, Circulars; Programs & resolutions; miscellaneous papers
 
International Institute of Statistics [subseries]:
47
Circulars; miscellaneous papers
 
Series 8: Various Oganizations [series]:
48
American Academy of Medicine
48
Congress of American Physicians and Surgeons
48
American Public Health Association
48
American Association for the Advancement of Sciences
48
American Library Association
48
Army Medical Aid Association
48
Benevolent Aid Societies
48
Harvard
48
New York Public Library
48
Sanitary League of Washington
49
Sanitary League of Washington
49
State Charities Aid Association, 1893-1913
49
William Street School; miscellaneous papers
 
Series 9: Diaries, calendars, notebooks [series]:
61
Pocket diaries, 1892-1910
61
Calendars of JSB, notated with appointments, 1895; 1899
61
Notebook of Director's letters, 1911-1913
61
Miscellaneous notebooks
61
Katherine Mary Stevens Billings social calendar and, last will and testament
 
Series 10. Volumes [series]:
 
Letterpress Copies [subseries]:
50
1890 Apr. 2 -- 1893
50
1891 Feb. 16 -- 1894 Jan. 5
51
1896 Mar. 3 -- 1898 Mar. 9
51
1898 Mar. 11 -- 1900 Feb. 24
52
1900 Feb. 26 -- 1902 Mar. 1
52
1902 Feb. 28 -- 1903 Dec. 22
53
1903 Dec. 26 -- 1906 Oct. 17
53
1906 Oct. 19 -- 1909 Jan. 22
54
1909 Jan. 22 -- 1910 Mar. 1
54
1910 Mar. 5 -- 1913 Mar. 13
 
Series 12. Scrapbooks [series]:
56
Clippings, 1854-1871
56
Clippings, 1865-1866
56
Clippings and memorabilia, 1874-1880
 
National Board of Health clippings [subseries]:
56
1879-1880
56
1880-1882
57
1882-1883
57
International Medical Congress, 1881
57
University of Edinburgh Tercentenary Festival, 1884
57
Clippings and memorabilia, 1880-1890
57
Clippings, 1880-1890's
58
Public Health, 1880-1882
58
Yellow Fever epidemic in Jacksonville, Florida, 1888
58
Assorted clippings, 1895-1903