Skip Navigation Bar
National Intitutes of Health
This finding aids platform will be replaced in Fall 2022. Please explore the new platform Beta soft release by visiting https://archivesspace.nlm.nih.gov

Andrew Glenn Morrow Cardiovascular Research Film Collection 1958-1969
search terms in context | full text File Size: K bytes | 

All Series Level Scope and Content Notes

The collection consists of twenty-three titles created between 1958 and 1969, arranged roughly in chronological order. The films were produced by the Medical Arts and Photography Branch (MAPB) of the National Institutes of Health. Investigators working at the various institutes and centers could request that procedures be filmed, and MAPB recorded the work of more than fifty NIH investigators between the 1950s and the 1970s. In the Morrow collection, most of the films feature Dr. Morrow performing cardiac procedures, chiefly implanting different types of artificial aortic valves. A few of the films include other surgeons or nurses working with Morrow, and several focus on apparatuses used during the surgeries. The surgical suite facilities in the Clinical Center are also shown.


2 reels.

Part 1: A segment of the pulmonary artery is pulled with a tool, and the artery is cut. A tube is inserted to drain the blood, and damaged tissue is removed.

Part 2: The patient is examined by the doctor following a surgery.


1 reel.

Tissue is cut to expand surgical access. The aorta is opened and the valve drained. The valve is expanded to increase blood flow. Note on leader: too dark for use in composite film.


1 reel.

Damaged tissue is removed and the heart is sewn back up.


1 reel.

Tissue in the chest cavity is moved around, and circulation to the valve is restricted. The mitral valve is cut open, and the incision is later closed with stitches.


1 reel.

Can reads ASD-VSD (atrial septal defect/ventricular septal defect); film leader reads Heart Surgery. Part 1 (atrial septal defect): Less-oxygenated blood created as a consequence of the defect is drained from the heart, and damaged tissue is removed. The defect is stitched.

Part 2 (ventricular septal defect):The chest of another patient is opened, and the wall between ventricle chambers is repaired.


2 reels.

Repair of atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defect. No further detail on content available.


2 reels.

Reel 1: The ventricle chambers of the heart are opened to repair the wall after removal of damaged tissue. Blood flow within the heart is tested before closing up the bottom of the heart. Enclosed label reads Work Print VSD, marked and partially cut for final version of VSD Heart Surgery. Contact print.

Reel 2: The torso is drilled and sawed open. Blood is drained, and a tube is inserted into the ventricle as an artery is stitched up. A ventricle is opened and an entire damaged valve removed. Stitches hold the remaining valves open, making a space for the insertion of the ball valve. An extended artificial valve is inserted to replace the atrium. Enclosed note reads Work Print VSD, marked for use in Heart Surgery Composite. Contact print.


3 reels.

The aortic valve is expanded, and tubes are inserted into the aorta so that blood will keep pumping. At the end, the artificial valve is shown.Enclosed note reads Reject Footage, aortic stenosis, for comp. film, opt. print.


11 reels.

Combined A-131, A-137, and A-147.

The parts of the heart pump are featured while a female clinician programs the machine. She points out gauges that monitor the functions of the heart. A red substance is shown flowing through the pump.


1 reel.

The chest is cut open and surgical repairs to the mitral valve are shown.


3 reels.

The atrial valve is cut open, and damaged tissue is removed. A small piece of the heart near the mitral valve is stitched closed. Enclosed label reads Mitral Stenosis, contact work print, marked for cutting original.


1 reel.

The camera pans to the doctors, associates, and machinery in the surgical suite.

Blood is extracted, and damaged tissue is excised from the ventricle. A valve is expanded, and the extracted blood is tested.

The film ends with images of the patient after surgery, and of the Clinical Center at NIH.


1 reel.

Content details unknown.


2 reels.

Marked roll A and roll B.

Roll A begins with title slide: Produced by Surgery Branch, National Heart Institute, National Institutes of Health.


1 reel.

Title slide reads The Correction of Valvular Pulmonic Stenosis. The aortic valve is cut and blood is drained. Tubes are stitched into the valve.

Title slide reads The Surgical Treatment of Ventricular Septal Defect. Surgeons slice the ventricle open, cut tissue out of it, and then suture.

Title slide reads The Treatment of Congenital Aortic Stenosis. The aortic valve is cleared, and tissue is excised.


2 reels.

The mitral valve is cut open, and blood is drained. Damaged tissue is removed followed by suturing around the valve. The Du Plessis Valve is inserted. The prosthetic valve is tested to see if it is securely in place, and the valve and then heart are sutured.


2 reels.

Tissue is removed from around the valve, and stitching around the valve keeps it open. A fabric replacement valve is inserted, and the incision is closed.

The sternum of the patient is opened, and circulation to the aortic valve is cut off. Sutures are attached to the perimeter of the valve, and the fabric replacement valve is inserted.


2 reels.

A tube is placed in the aortic valve to extract and drain blood. Damaged tissue is removed. The doctor attaches the ball valve to the aortic valve.

In the soundtrack for the original and prints of Aortic Valve, Dr. Morrow concludes that the patient had "pure aortic regurgitation" with some calcification and possibly stenosis.


4 reels.

The operation takes place from the side of the torso. Circulation to the mitral valve is halted and the valve drained. Dr. Morrow removes the damaged tissue at the pulmonary artery and conducts a lateral thoracotomy.

Damaged tissue is excised from the mitral valve, and the perimeter of the valve is stitched for the insertion of the Starr-Edwards Ball valve. Morrow states, "A better valve may be able to be produced with better research; this one is not ideal."


1 reel.

The patient's chest is cleaned and then cut open. Tissue is removed from the aorta and is replaced by an artificial valve.


2 reels.

Roll A and roll B.

The chest is cut open, and the myxoma is removed.


5 reels.

The patient's chest is opened, and the main artery is clamped. Blood is drawn from the valve, and the artificial ball valve prosthesis is inserted. The aortic valve is reattached. A neoplasm is removed from a heart. One portion depicts the cutting of a torso, stitching in the area, and an opening of the outer wall of the heart. (This footage could be from a different series. One can contains a note reading reject footage, pulmonic stenosis.)


2 reels.

The artificial mitral valve is cleaned and then sewn into place. The valve is inspected, and sutures are used to repair gaps in the tissue around the artificial valve.


3 reels.

A-roll, B-roll, work print.

Sutures are inserted around the heart to hold back the surrounding muscle. The camera pans to the heart pump machine and then the congenital right atrial aneurysm. The damaged part of the artery is excised.


1 reel.

A shot of the mitral valve with damaged tissue shows it pulsing. The chest has a replacement valve with stiches.